Virtues of the Mind: An Inquiry Into the Nature of Virtue and the Ethical Foundations of Knowledge
Almost all theories of knowledge and justified belief employ moral concepts and forms of argument borrowed from moral theories, but none of them pay attention to the current renaissance in virtue ethics. This remarkable book is the first attempt to establish a theory of knowledge based on the model of virtue theory in ethics. The book develops the concept of an intellectual virtue, and then shows how the concept can be used to give an account of the major concepts in epistemology, including the concept of knowledge.
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acquired act-based acts of intellectual agent akrasia argued argument arise Aristotle Aristotle's belief-forming processes chicken sexer claim concept of virtue connected consequentialist contemporary courage defined definition of knowledge deontological Descartes desire discussion distinction emotions epis epistemic community epistemic duty epistemic evaluation epistemic virtue epistemology Ernest Sosa eudaimonia example external externalist fact faculties feelings function Gettier problems human idea important intellectual virtues justified belief knowl lead matter Montmarquet moral evaluation moral luck moral theory moral virtues motivation for knowledge motivation to know motivation-based motivational component nature Nicomachean Ethics normative object one's open-mindedness perceptual philosophers phronesis Plantinga Plato practical wisdom praiseworthy pure virtue theory question rational reason reliabilism reliably successful right act sense skills Sosa things tion tive traits true belief truth conducive understanding virtue approach virtue epistemology virtue ethics virtues and vices virtuous motivations virtuous person voluntary warrant wrong