Vitamins: Their Role in the Human Body

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John Wiley & Sons, Apr 15, 2008 - Medical - 448 pages
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This single-source reference draws together the current knowledge of the vitamins' biological properties in the context of human nutrition. Vitamins are co-enzymes, antioxidants or precursors of hormones and are therefore involved in a great many biochemical and physiological processes. They play a vital role in the maintenance of health, and there is evidence that dietary sources of vitamins have beneficial effects in the prevention of heart-related diseases, bone diseases and possibly cancer.



Following introductory chapters on historical and nutritional aspects of vitamins, the next four chapters cover relevant and detailed aspects of physiology and functional anatomy, biochemistry, immunology and the regulation of protein synthesis by nuclear hormone receptors. These background chapters, supported by a glossary of terms, provide the scientific principles upon which vitamin functions are based. The following thirteen chapters deal with each vitamin in turn. Subject areas include chemical structure, intestinal absorption, transport, metabolism, biochemical and physiological actions, immunoregulatory properties, deficiency-related diseases and potential toxicity. An extensive bibliography refers the reader to the original research literature.



Vitamins is aimed at nutritionists, biochemists, physiologists and physicians whether they be researchers, teachers or students. Food scientists, food technologists and many others working in the health professions will also find much of use and interest in the book. The inclusion of the theoretical principles in the background chapters makes the book an ideal starting point for those working outside the area who need a solid overview of the subject.
 

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I am considering this book for a reference collection resources section to be accessible by the public through our organization, Friends of the Library. An English and Spanish version will be needed. However, in this consideration, when I see mistakes like this ( Vitamins is aimed at nutritionists, biochemists, physiologists and physicians whether they be researchers, teachers or students.) I wonder if there are mistakes throughout the publication. I am seeking professional health resources for my community and hopefully encourage interest in the nutrition field. The physiology and functional anatomy pictorials and readings seem very interesting to encourage an interest in health. Life is more enjoyable with a good understanding of good health habits. Finding the correct information to achieve health throughout is invaluable.  

Contents

1 Historical Events Leading to the Establishment of Vitamins
1
2 Nutritional Aspects of Vitamins
8
3 Background Physiology and Functional Anatomy
12
4 Background Biochemistry
67
5 Background Immunology
94
6 The Genetic Control of Protein Synthesis and its Regulation by Nuclear Hormone Receptors
110
Retinoids and Carotenoids
133
8 Vitamin D
188
Nicotinic Acid and Nicotinamide
301
14 Vitamin B6
310
15 Pantothenic Acid and Coenzyme A
326
16 Biotin
337
17 Folate
347
18 Vitamin B12
383
19 Vitamin C
393
Abbreviations
421

9 Vitamin E
234
10 Vitamin K
256
11 Thiamin Vitamin B1
273
Riboflavin FMN and FAD Vitamin B2
289
Glossary
423
Index
429
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