What is Genocide?
In this intellectually and politically potent new book, Martin Shaw proposes a way through the confusion surrounding the idea of genocide. He considers the origins and development of the concept and its relationships to other forms of political violence. Offering a radical critique of the existing literature on genocide, Shaw argues that what distinguishes genocide from more legitimate warfare is that the enemies targeted are groups and individuals of a civilian character. He vividly illustrates his argument from a wide range of historical episodes, and shows how the question 'What is genocide?' matters politically whenever populations are threatened by violence.
This compelling book will undoubtedly open up vigorous debate, appealing to students and scholars across the social sciences and in law. Shaw's arguments will be of lasting importance.
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1 The Sociological Crime
Contradictions of Genocide Theory
2 Neglected Foundations
3 The Maximal Standard
4 The Minimal Euphemism
5 Conceptual Proliferation
Sociology of Genocide
6 From Intentionality to a Structural Concept
7 Elements of Genocidal Conflict
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action actors aﬀect argued armed power organizations Armenian attacked Axis Rule campaign Charny cide civilian populations classiﬁcation combatants common concept of genocide conﬂict context Convention’s crimes against humanity cultural Darfur Dark Side debate deﬁne genocide deﬁned deﬁnition destroy developed diﬀerent diﬃcult distinction eﬀect Emphasis in original Eric Reeves ethnic cleansing ethnic conﬂict ethnic group ethnocide explain expulsion extermination Fein ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬁt forces framework gendercide geno Genocide Convention genocide studies genocide’s genocidists German historical Holocaust Hutu idea of genocide identity ideological individual inﬂuence international law involved Janjaweed Jewish Jews laws of war Lemkin Mann Mann’s maquis Masalit mass killing meaning military modern Nazi oﬀered oﬃcials perpetrators physical destruction political politicide quoted ibid racial recognized reﬂected regimes relations relationship Rwanda Schabas sense signiﬁcant social destruction social groups society sociological speciﬁc target group territory tion Tutsis type of genocidal unarmed understanding victims violence Weber Zaghawa