Women in Soviet Society: Equality, Development, and Social Change

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University of California Press, Jan 1, 1978 - Children - 381 pages
"From the earliest years of the Soviet regime, deliberate transformation of the role of women in economic, political, and family life aimed at incorporating female mobilization into a larger strategy of national development. Addressing a neglected problem in the literature on modernization, the author brings an interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of the motivations, mechanisms, and consequences of the official Soviet commitment to female liberation, and its implications for the role of women in Soviet society today. She argues that Soviet policy was shaped less by the individualistic and libertarian concerns of nineteenth-century feminism or Marxism than by a strategy of modernization in which the transformation of women's roles was perceived by the Soviet leadership as the means of tapping a major economic and political resource. Bringing together the available data, the author analyzes the scope and limits of sexual equality in the Soviet system, and at the same time places the Soviet pattern in a broader historical and comparative perspective."--Jacket.
 

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Contents

Changing
17
Revolutionary Transformation
54
Economic Mobilization and
95
Affirmative Action
123
Proportion of Women in Soviet Higher Educational Institutions
149
Male and Female Educational Attainments USSR 19391977
160
Changing Economic Roles
161
Female Workers and Employees in the National Economy
166
Percent of Women Among Deputies to Soviets by Level
205
Women Elected to Central Committee of the CPSU 25th Party
218
Changing Attitudes and Behavior
232
Registered Marriages and Divorces USSR 19401976
251
A Comparison of Time Budgets of Male and Female Workers
271
The Spectrum of Reassessments
285
Number of Births per Thousand Females by Age of Mother
294
Women as a Productive
309

Changes in the Distribution of Female Employment by Economic
172
Percentage of Women Among Collective and State Farmers Engaged
178
Women in Responsible Positions in Economic Enterprises
184
Average Annual Wages in the Education Sector and the National
191
Changing Political Roles
198
Toward a Comparative
335
Selected Bibliography
347
Index
363
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