Work-Lifestyle Choices in the 21st Century: Preference Theory
In this book, Hakim presents a new, multi-disciplinary theory for explaining and predicting current and future patterns of women's choice between employment and family work. Preference theory is the first theory developed specifically to explain women's behaviour and choices. As such, it constitutes a major break from male-centred theorizing to date in sociology and economics. Preference theory is grounded on the substantial body of new research on women's work and fertility that has flourished within feminist scholarship. It identifies five major historical changes that collectively are producing a qualitatively new scenario for women in prosperous societies in the 21st century. Throughout the analysis, the USA and Britain illustrate what the new scenario means for women, how it alters their preferences and work-lifestyles choices. Hakim also reviews research evidence on contemporary developments across Europe, Canada, Australia, Japan, and the far East to develop a new theory that is genuine international in perspective.
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The Failure to Predict
Causes of the New Scenario
The Polarization of Preferences and Behaviour
Things are Different in the Younger Generations Evidence from Longitudinal Studies
Marriage Markets and Educational Equality
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20th century A-levels achieved activities adaptive women analysis attitudes attractive behaviour benefits breadwinner Britain child-bearing childcare childfree childless cohort contraceptive revolution couples cultural developed division of labour dual-earner earnings economic educational homogamy educational qualifications egalitarian employers equal opportunities revolution Eurobarometer Europe European Commission example factors fertility full-time homemakers gender groups Hakim heterogeneity higher education home-centred women household husband impact important Joshi labour economics labour market less majority male marriage markets modern societies motherhood mothers NCDS Netherlands Nordic countries noted in Chapter OECD paid part-time jobs patriarchy pay gap policies predict Preference theory priority pronatalist rates role segregation scenario secondary earners sex differences sex-role ideology sexual division social class spouses status studies substantial survey Sweden Table tion trade unions trend values West Germany wife wives marrying women aged women's employment work-centred women work-lifestyle preferences workers workforce young women
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