Plant Genetic Resources of Ethiopia

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 21, 1991 - Medical - 383 pages
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One of the world centers of crop evolution and origin, Ethiopia has long been recognized as an important area of diversity for several major and various minor crops. Based on an international conference held in Addis Ababa, this book describes how plant genetic diversity in Ethiopia is of vital importance in breeding new varieties of crops with desirable characteristics, such as increased resistance to pests and diseases and greater adaptation to heat and drought. The three main sections in the book consider the Ethiopian center of diversity, germ plasm or genetic material collection and conservation in Ethiopia, and the evaluation and utilization of Ethiopian genetic resources. A broad range of food and feed crops and plants of medicinal and industrial importance are discussed, both at a national and international level. A brief account of conservation strategies and gene bank problems unique to Ethiopia is also given. The importance of Ethiopia's plant genetic resources to world agriculture has been demonstrated on more than one occasion. Plant breeders, geneticists, and botanists throughout the world will, therefore, find this unique book a valuable source of information and an essential reference work.
 

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Contents

An Ethiopian perspective on conservation and utilization
3
The Ethiopian gene centre and its genetic diversity
23
Crops with wild relatives found in Ethiopia
42
Diversity of the Ethiopian flora
75
Forest genetic resources of Ethiopia
82
Plants as a primary source of drugs in the traditional health
101
Traditional aromatic and perfume plants in central Ethiopia a
114
Spice germplasm in Ethiopia
123
Documentation at PGRCE
235
Germplasm evaluation with special reference to the role
247
Crop germplasm multiplication characterization evaluation
258
Evaluation methods and utilization of germplasm of annual
268
Evaluation and utilization of Ethiopian forage species
278
Ethiopia
288
resistance
296
Indigenous barley germplasm in the Ethiopian breeding
303

A diversity study in Ethiopian barley
131
Sorghum history in relation to Ethiopia
140
contacts through sorghum
160
Konso agriculture and its plant genetic resources
169
Theory and practice of collecting germplasm in a centre of
189
Collection of Ethiopian forage germplasm at the International
218
Germplasm conservation at PGRCE
226
Germplasm evaluation and breeding work on teff Eragrostis
323
genetic resources and their utilization
329
a vital resource for the plant breeder
344
improvement
354
programmes
360
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