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according afterwards ancient appear arms authority barons became bishops called cause century character Charles charter chief church civil claim clergy commons consent considered constitution continued council count court crown custom death duke ecclesiastical Edward effect election emperor empire England English equally especially established Europe feudal former France French frequently gave Germany give granted held Henry important instance Italy John jurisdiction justice king king's kingdom knights land Languedoc latter least less liberty lord Louis means mentioned middle natural never nobility obtained original parliament party passed perhaps period persons Philip pope possessed present princes principles privileges probably provinces reign remarkable rendered respect Roman Rome royal says seems sometimes sovereign spirit statute succession tion took towns whole writers
Page 433 - The constitution of England has indeed no single date from which its duration is to be reckoned. The institutions of positive law, the far more important changes which time has wrought in the order of society during six hundred years subsequent to the Great Charter, have undoubtedly lessened its direct application to our present circumstances. But it is still the keystone of English liberty.
Page 662 - This was an inestimable advantage to the poorer nobility, who could hardly otherwise have given their children the accomplishments of their station. From seven to fourteen these boys were called pages or varlets ; at fourteen they bore the name of esquire.
Page 102 - In every age and country, until times comparatively recent, personal servitude appears to have been the lot of a large, perhaps the greater, portion of mankind.
Page 87 - It was a breach of faith to divulge the lord's counsel, to conceal from him the machinations of others, to injure his person or fortune, or to violate the sanctity of his roof and the honour of his family. In battle he was bound to lend his horse to his lord when dismounted ; to adhere to his side, while fighting; and to go into captivity as a hostage for him, when taken. His attendance was due to the lord's courts, sometimes to witness, and sometimes to bear a part in, the administration of justice.
Page 667 - The spirit of chivalry left behind it a more valuable successor. The character of knight gradually subsided in that of gentleman ; and the one distinguishes European society in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, as much as the other did in the preceding ages. A jealous sense of...
Page 16 - ... of every country ; founding schools, and collecting libraries ; interfering, but with the tone of a king, in religious controversies ; aiming, though prematurely, at the formation of a naval force ; attempting, for the sake of commerce, the magnificent enterprise of uniting the Rhine and Danube t ; and meditating to mould the discordant codes of Roman and barbarian laws into an uniform system.
Page 598 - Eligius, a saint of the seventh century, who comes frequently to church ; who presents an oblation that it may be offered to God on the altar, who does not taste the fruits of his land till he has consecrated a part of them to God ; who can repeat the creed or the Lord's prayer. Redeem your souls from punishment while it is in your power ; offer presents and tithes to churches, light candles in holy places, as much as you can afford, come more frequently to church, implore the protection of the saints...
Page 604 - The condition even of internal trade was hardly preferable to that of agriculture. There is not a vestige, perhaps, to be discovered for several centuries of any considerable manufacture...
Page 657 - Next therefore, or even equal to devotion, stood gallantry among the principles of knighthood. But all comparison between the two was saved by blending them together. The love of God and the ladies was enjoined as a single duty.
Page 432 - Norman innovations, than any written and definitive system. from any share in the administration, provoked every one of the nobility. A convention of these, the king's brother placing himself at their head, passed a sentence of removal and banishment upon the chancellor. Though there might be reason to conceive that this would not be unpleasing to the king, who was already...