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of the arch

terbury, and o her bithe

to the fame, decry the power of all provin: cial or national synods, for making any các nons cr conftitutions, which could bind the

subject, until they were confirmed by an act Impasekment of parliament. And having brought this gebihop of Can. neral terror on the bishops and clergy, they

impeach the archbishop of high treason, au clergy.

cause him to be committed to the Black Rod, and from thence to the Tower. Which being done, some other of the bishops and clergy must be singled out, informed against by scandalous articles, and those articles printed, without any consideration either true or false.

" And though a convocation were at that time sitting, yet to increase the miseries of a falling-church, it is permitted, that a private meeting should be held in the deanry of Westminster, to which some orthodox and conformable divines were called, as a foil to the rest, which generally were of presby

terian or puritan principles. By them it was Doctrinal Cal. vinilm entaban proposed, that many passages in the liturgy

the should be expunged, and others altered to Westminster.

the worse. That decency and reverence in officiating God's public service should be brought within the compass of innovations. That doctrinal Calvinism should be entertained in all parts of the church; and all

lithe meeting in


their Sabbath speculations, though contrary to Calvin's judgment, superadded to it. But before any thing could be concluded in those weighty matters, the commons set their bill on foot against root and branch, for putting down all bishops and cathedral churches, which put a period to that meeting without doing any thing. And though the bill, upon a full debate thereon amongst the peers, was cast out of that house, and was not, by the course of parliaments, to be offered again ; yet contrary to all former custom, it was prest from one tiine to another, till in the end they gained the point, which they so much aimed at.”

By the personal insults offered to the king, The rebellion and the open ufurpation of the executive part menced at of the government by the house of commons, his majesty was necessitated to fly into Yorkshire, where the party at Hull and elsewhere unmasked their designs by open armed rebellious resistance. And now, as Heylin observes, * “ comes Calvin's doctrine for restraining the power of kings to be put in practice.” From henceforth the very relation of sovereign and subject seems to have ceased between that party and the king, as

formally com



Heylin's Aerius Redivivus, p. 144.


the rebe's.


appears upon the face of all their future acts: The demands of Thev insisted, by their nineteen propositions

to the king, amongst many other insolent demands, * « That all the lords of bis majely's ccurcil, all the great cfficers both of court and fiate, the two chief justices, and the chief barons of the excbequer, should be from benceforib nominated and approved by both houses of parliament. Tbat all the great affairs of the kingdom spou!d be managed by them, even unto ibe naming of a governor for bis majesty's children, and for di posing them in marriage at the will of the bcuies. That no popijl lord (as long as be continued such) should vote in par. liament. And amongst many other things of like importance, Tbat be would give consent to fuch a reformation of church-government and liturgy, as both the bcuses pould advije. But he knew well enough that to grant all this was plainly to divest himself of all regal power, which God had put into his hands ; and therefore he returned such an answer to them, as the necessity of his affairs compared with those impudent demands, did suggert unto him. But as for their demand about reformation, he had answered it in part before they made it, by ordering a cola

* Heylin, p. 14;. & seq.


of the nation

lection of sundry petitions presented to him- The majority self, and both houses of parliament in behalf withed to pre

serve episcoof episcopacy, and for the preservation of the

pacy and the liturgy to be printed and published. By

liturgy. which petitions it appeared, that there was no such general disaffection in the subjects unto either of them (whether they were within the power of the houses, or beyond their reach) as by the faction was pretended; the total number of subscribers unto seven of them only (the rest not being calculated in the said collection) amounting to four hundred eighty-two lords and knights, one thousand seven hundred and forty esquires and gentlemen of note, six hundred thirty-one doctors and divines, and no fewer than fortyfour thousand five hundred fifty-nine freeholders of good name and note.

« And now the war begins to open. The The gentlemen gentlemen of Yorkshire being sensible of that openly declare great affront, which had been offered to his majesty at the gates of Hull, and no less sensible of those dangers, which were threatened to him by so ill a neighbourhood, offered themselves to be a guard unto his person. The houses of parliament upon the apprehension of some fears and jealousies, had took a guard unto themselves in December last; but they conceived the king had so much innocence, that he needed none; and



of Yorkshire

for the king

therefore his accepting of this guard of gendemen is voted for a levying of war against the parliament, and forces must be raised in defence thereof. It happened also, that some members of the house of commons, many of his domestick servants, and not a few of the nobility and great men of the realm, repaired from several places to the king at York; fo far from being willing to involve themselves in other men's fins, that they declared the conítancy of their adhæsion to his majesty's service. These men they branded first by the name of malignants, and after looked upon them in the notion of evil counsellors ; for whose removing from the king they pretend to arm, (but now the stale device must be taken up) as well as in their own defence;

towards the raising of which army, the presbyThe rest of the terian preachers so beftir themselves, that the puritanical parc wealthy citizens send in their plate, the zealty in forward ing the rebel- ous fisters robbed themselves of their bodkins

and thimbles, and fome poor wives cast in their wedding-rings, like the widow's mite, to advance the service. Besides which, they set forth instructions, dispersed into all parts of the realm, for bringing in of horses, arms, plate, money, jewels, to be repaid again on the publick faitb; appoint their treasurers for the warr; and nominate the earl



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