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•owed by the Scriptures; but yet have not tike nature of Sacraments with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible Sign or Ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to he gazed upon, or to be carried a! -o, u. but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or operation ■ but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith. Art. XXVI. Of the Urmorthintss of the
Ministers^ which hinders not the Effect
of the Sacraments.
Although in the visible Church the evil lie ever mingled with the good, and sometime the evil have chief authority in the ministration of the Word and Sacraments: yet, forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but In Christ's, and do minister by his Commission and Authority, we may use their Ministry, both in hearing the Word of ttori, and in receiving the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christ's Ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of t£od's gifts diminished from such, as by faith, and rightly, do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them, which he effectual, because of Christ's institution and promise, although they be ministered by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertained to the Discipline of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Miinsters, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences: and finally, being found guilty, by just judgment, be deposed. Art. XXVII. OfBaptUm.
Baptism is not only asign of Profession^ and mark of Difference, whereby Christ tian men are discerned from others that
we break is a partaking of the Body of Christ; and likewise the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (or the change of the Substance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by Holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given occasion to many Superstitions.
The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the Body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's Ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat
not of the Body of Christ in the Use of
the Lord's Supper.
The wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith,although theydocarnally and visibly press with their teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ; yet in no wise are they partakers of Christ; hut rather to their Condemnation do eat and drink the Sign or Sacrament of so great a tiling. Art. XXX. OfhothKinei s
The Cup of the Lord is not to oe denied to the Lay-Poople: for both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament by Christ's Ordinance and Commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alikeArt. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the Cross.
The offering of Christ once made, is that perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but tliat alone. Wherefore the Sacrifice
ilsm rightly are grafted into the Church: the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and oi our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and scaled: faith is confirmed, and grace increased by virtue of Prayer unto God. The Baptism of young children is in any
pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.
Art XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not commanded by God's Law, either to vow the estate of single life,or to abstain from
wise to be retained in the Church as most | Marriage: therefore it is lawful for them,
agreeable with the institution of Christ. Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. The Supper of the Lord is not only a .v'jn of the Love that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another; but rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death: insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily,and with
as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion^ they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness.
Art XXXIII. Of excommunicate Per
sons, how they are to be avoided.
That person which by open denuncia
Hon of uie Church, is rightly cut off from
the Unity of the Cburch, and excommu
faith receive the same the Bread which (mer,ted, ought to be taken of the whoi*
multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost.
20. Against Idleness. Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the
21. Against Rebellion. Church.
(This Article is received in this Churcı. It is not necessary that Traditions and so far as it declares the books of Homilies Ceremonies bein all places one, or utterly to be an explication of Christian doclike ; for at all times they have been di- trine, and instructive in piety and morals, vers, and may be changed according to But all references to the constitution and the diversity of countries, times, and laws of England are considered as inapmen's manners, so that nothing be ordain- plicable to the circumstances of this ed against God's word. Whosoever, Church, which also suspends the order through his private judgment, willingly for the reading of said Homilies in and purposely doth openly break the Tra- Churches until a revision of them may be ditions and Ceremonies of the Church, conveniently made, for the clearing of which be not repugnant to the word of them, as well from obsolete words and God, and be ordained and approved by phrases, as from the local references.] common authority, ought to be rebuked Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops openly (that other may fear to do the like)
and Ministers. as he that offendeth against the common Order of the Church, and hurteth the The Book of Consecration of Bishops, Authority of the Magistrate, and wound- and Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as eth the Consciences of the weak Brethren. set forth by the General Convention of this
Every Particular or National Church Church in 1792, doth contain all things hath Authority to ordain, change, and necessary to such consecration and orderabolish Ceremonies or Rites of the ing; neither hath it any thing that, of itChurch, ordained only by man's authori- self, is superstitious and ungodly : and, ty, so that all things be done to edifying. therefore, wbosoever are consecrated or
ordered according to said form, we deArt. XXXy. Of Homilies. The second Book of Homilies, the seve- lawfully consecrated and ordered.
cree all such to be rightly, orderly, and ral titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, doth contain a godly and Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Crzil wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for
Magistrates. these Times, as doth the former Book of The power of the Civil Magistrate erHomilies, which were set forth in the tendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Laitime of Edward the Sixth; and therefore ty, in all things temporal; but hath no auwe judge them to be read in Churches by thority in things purely spiritual. And we the Ministers diligently and distinctly, hold it to be the duty of all men who are that they may be understanded of the professors of the Gospel, to pay respectful people.
obedience to the civil authority, regularof the Names of the Homilies. ly and legitimately constituted. 1. Of the right Use of the Church.
Art. XXXVIII. Of Christian Nea's 2. Against Peril of Idolatry.
Goods, which are not common. 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of The Riches and Goods of Christians Churches.
are not common, as touching the right, Of good Works: first of Fasting. title, and possession of the same, as cer5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. tain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Not6. Against Esccess of Apparel. withstanding, every man ought of such 7. Of Prayer.
things as he possesseth, liberally to give 8. of the place and Time of Prayer. alms to the poor according to his ability. 9. That Common Prayers and Sacra. ments ought to be ministered in a
Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oatk. Icnoun tongue.
As we confess that vain and rash swear10 Off the reverent estimation of God's ing is forbidden Christian anen by our
Lord Jesus Christ, and James his Apostle: 11. Of Alms-doing.
so we judge that Christian Religion dotb 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. vot prohibit, but that a man may swear 13. Of the Passion of Christ.
when the Magistrate requireth, in a cause 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. of Faith and Charity, so it be done ac15. Of the tworthy receiving of the Sacra- cording to the Prophets' teaching in das
ment of the Bodyand Blood of Christ 'tice. Judgment, and Truth.
277 THE FORM AND MANNER OF MAKING, ORDAINING,
AND CONSECRATING BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS, According to the Order of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of said Church, in General Convention, in the month of September, A. D. 1792.
THE PREFACE. Ilis evident unto all men, diligently reading Holy Scripture and ancient Authors.
that from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church,—Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which Offices were evermore bad in such reverend estimation, that no man might presume to execute any of them, except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities as are requisite for the same; and also by public Prayer, with imposition of Hands, were approved and admitted thereunto by lawful Authority. And therefore, to the intent that these orders may be continued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said Functions, except he be called, tried, exainined, and admitted thereunto, according to the Form
hereafter following, or hath bad Episcopal Consecration or Ordination. And none shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except he be of the age
which the Canon in that case provided may require. And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimony, any Person to be a man of virtuous conversation, and without crime; and, after examination and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise learned as the Canons require, may at the times appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, admit him a Deacon, in such Manner and Form as followeth.
The Form and Manner of Making Deacons. ? When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended,
there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as come to be admitted Deacons ; how necessary that Order is in the Church of Christ,
and also how the People ought to esteem them in their Office. 1 A Priest shall present unto the Bishop) which he ought not to be admitted to sitting in his chair near to the holy that Office, let him come forth in the Table, such as desire to be ordained vame of God, and show what the crime Deacons, each of them being decently or impediment is.
habited, saying these words : 1 And if any great Crime or Impediment RE EVEREND Father in God, I pre be objected, the Bishop shall cease from
sent unto you these Persons present, Ordering that Person, until such time.as to be admitted Deacons.
the Party accused shall be found clear | The Bishop
of that Crime, TAKE heed that she Persons where per la Fuente het Bishores commending such as their learning and godly conversation, to Prayers of the Congregation) shall, exercise their Ministry duly to the honour with the Clergy and People present, of God, and the edifying of his Church. say the Litany.
T The Priest shall answer : f Then shall be said the Service for the I HAVE inquired concerning them, and Communion, with the Collect, Epistle, .
and Gospel, as followeth. so to be.
The Collect. 1 Then the Bishop shall say unto the People :
Providence bast appointed divers if , , who knoweth any impediment, or no- didst inspire thine Apostles to clavose into table crime in any of these Persons pre- the Order of Deacons the first Martyr sented to be ordered Deacons, for the Saint Sieptien, with others, inercity
behold these thy servants now called to Jesus Christ, and according to the Canons the like Office and Administration; so re- of this Church, to the Ministry of the plenish them with the truth of thy Doc- same? trine, and adorn them with innocency
Answer. I think so. of life, that both by word and good ex
Denominfegendly believe and line this Office, to the glory of thy
name, and Canonical Scriptures of the Old and the edification of thy Church, through New Testament? the merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ, Answer. I do believe them. who liveth and reigneth with thee and
The Bishop the Holy Ghost, now and for ever. Amen.
you diligently read the same The Epistle. 1 Tim. ii. 8.
unto the People assembled in the L
IKEWISE must the Deacons be Church where you shall be appointed to
grave, not double-tongued, not given serve? to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; Answer. I will. holding the mystery of the faith in a pure
The Bishop conscienceen And let these also first be TTappertaineth to the office of a Dea Deacon, being found blameless. Even so pointed to serve, to assist the Priest in Di must their wives be grave, not slanderers, vine Service, and specially when he min sober, faithful in all things. Let the Dea- istereth the Holy Communion, and to cons be the husbands of one wife, ruling help him in the distribution thereof; and their Children and their own Houses well. to read holy Scriptures and Homilies in For they that have used the Office of a the Church; and to instruct the Youth in Deacon' well, purchase to themselves a the Catechisın; in the absence of the good degree, and great boldness in the Priest to baptize Infants; and to preach, faith which is in Christ Jesus.
if he be admitted thereto by the Bishop1 Or else this, out the sixth Chapter of And furthermore it is his Office, where the Acts the Apostles.
provision is so made, to search for the Acts vi. 2.
sick, poor, and impotent People of the of the disciples unto them, and said, and places where they dwell, unto the t is not reason that we should leave the Curate, that hy his exhortation they may pord of God, and serve tables. Where- be relievedwith thealms of the Parishionfore, brethren, look ye out among you ers, or others: Will you do this gladly seven men of honest report, full of the and willingly?. Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may Answer. I will so do, by the help of God. appoint over this business. But we will
The Bishop. to the ministry of the World.praxi med and WILL you apply all your diligence to saying pleased the whole multitude. And and the lives of your families, according they chose Stephen, a man full of faith to the Doctrine of Carist; and to make and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and both yourselves and them, as much as in Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and you lieth, wholesome examples of the Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of flock of Christ? Antioch: whom they set before the Apos Answer. I will so do, the Lord being tles; and when they had prayed, they my helper. laid their hands on them. And the word
W15. ou neverher'schile no histers; disciples multiplied in Jerusalem great shop, and other chief Ministers, ly, and a great company of the Priests who, according to the Canons of the were obedient to the faith.
Church, may have the charge and go9 Then shall the Bishop eramine every one vernmentover yon; following with a glad
of those who are to be Ordered, in the pre- mind and will their godly admonitions ? sence of the People, after this manner Answer. I will endeavoar so to do, the following:
Lord being my helper. Dmyou trust that you are in wardly " Then the Bishop laying his Hands sever upon you this Office and Ministration, to them humbly kneeling before him, shall serve God for the promoting of his glory, say, and the edifying of his people ? Answer. I trust so.
Office of a Deacon in the Church of The Bishop
God committed unto thee; In the name Det er en link that you are truly called of the Father, and of the Sun and of the
Then shall the Bishop deliver to everyone in thy Church; make them, we beseech of them the New Testament, saytng, thee, O Lord, to be inodest, humble, and TAKE thou Authority to read the Gos- constant in their Ministration, to have a
pel in the Church of God, and to ready will to observe all spiritual Discipreach the saine, if thou be thereto li- pline; that they having always the testicensed by the Bishop himself.
mony of a good conscience, and continu
ing ever stable and strong in thy Son 1 Then one of then appointed by the Christ, may so well behave themselves Bishop shall read
in this inferior Office, that they may be The Gospel. St. Luke xii. 35.
found worthy to be called unto the highyour liglats burning, and ye your same thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ;
in ; selves like unto men that wait for their to whom be glory and honour, world Lerd, when he will return from the wed-without end. Amen. Blessed are those servants whom the and minds in the knowledge and love of eth, they may open unto himn
iinniediately: THE peace of God, which passeth all Lord when he cometh shall find watch: God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our ing: Verily I say unto you, That he shall Lord: And the blessing of God Almighgird himself, and make them to sit down ty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy to meat, and will come forth and serve Gbost, be amongst you, and remain with them. And if he shall come in the se. you always. Amen. cond watch, or come in the third watch,* And here it must be declared unto the and find them so, blessed are those ser Deacon, that he must continue in that
Office of a Deacon the space of a whole 1 Then shall the Bishop proceed in the Year (except for reasonable Causes it Communion ; and all who are Order shall otherwise seem good unto the Bied, shall tarry, and receive the Holy shop) to the intent he inay be perfect, and Communion the same day with the well expert in the things appertaining to Bishop
the Ecclesiastical Administration; in T The Communion ended, after the last executing whereof, if he be found
faithCollect, and immediately before the Ben ful and diligent, he may be admitted ediction, shall be said this Collect fol- by his Diocesan éo the Order of Priestlowing:
hood, at the times appointed in the Ca. A
LMIGHTY God, giver of all good non, or else on urgent occasion, upon
things, who of thy great goodness some other day, in the face of the Church, hast vouchsafed to accept and take these in such manner and form as hereafter thy servants unto the Office of Deacons followeth.
The Form and Manner of Ordering Priests.
there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as
HAVE inquired concerning them, and der of Priesthood that day, each of so to be. them being decently habited, and shall 1 Then the Bishop shall say unto the , say:
People: EVEREND Father in God, I pre G we people, these are they whom to be admitted to the order of Priesthood. this day unto the Holy Office of Priest
hood: For after due examination, we 1 The Bishop.
find not to the contrary, but that they are present unto us, be apt and meet for Ministry, and that they are Persons meet their learning
and godly conversation, to for the same. But yet if there be any of Exercise their Ministry duly to the honour you, who knoweth any impediment or nf God, and the edifving of the Church. I notable crime in any of them, for the