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bosom of the earth. His fears anticipate drought, blasts, and mildews; his hope endures, as seeing things that are invisible, and locks forward to the time when heaven shall reward his toils with a joyful harvest, and return him thirty, sixty or an hundred fold. The autumn comes and brings the golden harvest, and plenty calls for songs of gratitude and joy. But to the eye of inexperience how mysterious would this appear. The portion of bread corn is already scant, and the husband of a numerous family takes part of this and buries it in the earth. It appears as an unreasonable waste. Thus we frequently judge of the ways of divine Providence; and are led to say, if God were good to his creatures, why should such and such things be permitted to wound our tenderest feelings? Why should such sorrows be sent as the inheritance of the oppressed, the innocent, and the defenceless ? Not being able to see the end from the beginning of events, we are often misguided in judgment, and entertain doubts of the divine goodness towards us. But could we comprehend the mysterious wisdom of God by which he turns every thing to the good of hir creatures, causing light afflictions, which are but for a moment, to work for us an exceeding weight of glory, we should at once conclude, that the measure of evil endured by the creatures of God, is as nothing when compared with the glory that shall be revealed in us, and which can be traced back to those afflictions, which, during their continuance, were grievous.

These introductory observation seem to lead the mind into an extensive field, where an infinite variety of objects invite our attention to the contemplation of the wisdom and goodness of God, in causing light to shine out of darkness, order to grow out of what appears to us confusion, peace of mind from sorrow of heart, tranquillity out of trouble, prosperity out of adversity, in a word, good from what we call evil

, strength from weakness and glory from shame. But keeping in mind that proper limits must bound the labors of a lecture, the audience is invited to contemplate our subrect as manifested in the Saviour of mankind

Jesus went forth in our world weeping, bearing and sowing precious seed, and he shall doubtless come again, rejoicing, bringing bis sheaves with him. He sowed in tears, he shall reap in joy; he shall see of the travail of his soul and be satisfied.

Our first inquiry will be directed to notice the occasion of our Saviour's tears.

Jesus was possessed of the sensibilities and sympathies of our nature in their purity and perfection, which caused him to feel the afflictions of the afflicted, the sorrows of the sorrowful, and the distress of the distressed. Many proofs of this are found in the history of the Saviour. We may notice him at Bethany, where he raised Lazarus from the dead. Notwithstanding he knew what he was about to do, and that Lazarus would in a few minutes be a living man, to the astonishment and joy of his weeping sisters, such was the tenderness of his heart that when he saw the Jews, who had come to comfort the bereaved sisters, weeping, and the two disconsolate sisters weeping, he himself groaned in spirit, and wept with them. Let those who mourn remember this, and realize that their sorrows are duly noticed by him who is the resurrection and the life, who hath the keys of hell and death. That power of life and salvation, which gloriously tri umphed at the tomb of him who had been dead four days, is still the same, and has given assurance, that as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

On that most joyful occasion of the entrance of Jesus into Jerusalem, riding upon an ass, when the people in vast multitudes welcomed the King of Zion, and praised God with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen, saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord; peace in heaven, and glory in the highest ; the blessed Jesus, in room of being elated with these tokens of submission and expressions of joy-in room of participating the exceeding gladness of the people, his mind seemed intent on a very different subject, the account of which is as follows : “ And when he came near he beheld the city, and wept over it saying, if thou hadst known, even thou at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, and shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation."

Having a clear view of the sword, the famine and the pestilence which would surely come on Jerusalem, and knowing that the youth who were then in the days of their innocence, would be the sufferers in this calamity, the Saviour was deeply affected, and wept.

Suppose you, who love the town of Boston for a thousand reasons, which we have not time to name, should be certified by a divine communication, that this metropolis should, within forty years, suffer all the dreadful calamities of a long siege, attended with famine and pestilence, with factions within, which should waste the strength and the blood of the inhabitants, until the place should be given up to an enraged enemy, that should have no mercy on those who should fall into their hands, could your eyes look on the stately, magnificent buildings, knowing they would all be leveled with the ground, could they behold the lovely youth, who now make such a charming appearance in these streets and churches, without weeping? Such was the occasion of those tears which the compassionate Jesus shed over the devoted city of his father David. He looked on that pride and joy of the earth, he beheld the temple of God, that wonder of the world, he knew that the time of their destruction was within that generation; his gracious eyes beheld the lovely youth whose thousands then adorned the venerable habitations of their ancestors, and knew that they would be the distressed sufferers in the calamities to which that nation and city were appointed.

When he was going to Calvary to suffer death

cover us.

from the wicked hands of the people, who by their persecutions of him and his disciples were filling up the measure of their sins, he was evidently more concerned for the sufferings that people were bringing on themselves and on their children, than for what he himself was about to endure. When he saw the great company of people, and of women, who followed him lamenting his fate, he turned and said unto them, "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For, behold, the days are coming in the which they shall say, blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the

paps which never gave suck. Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, fall on us, and to the hills,

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?”

If the hearer will indulge a digression in this place, liberty will be taken to remark on two particulars. First, it does not appear, from the Saviour's speech here recited, that his own sufferings were of that kind or degree that has been represented by christian doctors. They have supposed that the sufferings of Christ were far beyond any possible comparison, even greater than we can conceive, and that this rendered them efficacious with his Father to procure our pardon of sin. Now if his sufferings were so immense, why should he represent to the daughters of Jerusalem that they had more reason to weep for themselves and their children, than for him?

Secondly, it does not appear that the Saviour thought of the subject, which has been the weighty burden of those minds, who have consigned the inhabitants of Jerusalem to everlasting misery in the future world; for he spake of nothing but of their sufferings in this life. If it had been known to Jesus, that all the sufferings which that people was appointed to endure in the destructions that he denounced upon them, were nothing in comparison with what they must suffer in another world, why did he, when he wept over Jerusalem, speak of the destruction of that city and its inhabitants by the hand of their enemies, and neglect to say any thing on the subject of their future sufferings, which were to be infinitely greater ? The candor of the hearer will do justice to these remarks, while we return to our subject.

The prophet Isaiah represents our Saviour a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. He grieved and wept for the afflictions and sufferings of mankind ; he felt the woes of human nature; he bore their sicknesses and carried their sorrows, but the angel of his presence upheld him; he was touched with the feelings of all our infirmities.

The superstition, the bigotry, and the traditions of the people wherewith they made void the law of God, and the hardness of their hearts were a peculiar cause of his grief. Such was their blindness that his miracles could not

open
their
eyes;

and such was the hardness of their hearts that his love, pity and mercy did not soften them. What stubborn, unyielding and forbidding ground was this! There was but here and there a spot where the precious seed that he sowed could be received into good ground, and promise a future harvest.

We may now direct our attention to inquire what seed the Saviour sowed, and to ascertain its precious qualities.

In the 13th chapter of Matthew, Jesus represents himself as a sower, who went forth to sow; And, when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way-side, and the fowls came and devoured them up. Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth; and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: and when the sun was up they were scorched; and, because they had no root, they withered away. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up and choked them. But others fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundred-fold, some sixty-fold, some thirty-fold." In the same chapter he says; “He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man. Again, he signifies that by seed he means the “ word of the kingdom.”

And furthermore he represents the kingdom of heaven by

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