Urbanism in the Preindustrial World: Cross-Cultural Approaches
University of Alabama Press, Apr 3, 2006 - Social Science - 560 pages
A baseline study of the growth of preindustrial cities worldwide.
This work employs a subset of preindustrial cities on many continents to answer questions archaeologists grapple with concerning the populating and growth of cities before industrialization. It further explores how scholars differently conceive and execute their research on the population of cities. The subject cities are in Greece, Mesoamerica, the Andes, Italy, Egypt, Africa, United States, Denmark, and China. This broad sample provides a useful framework for answers to such questions as “Why did people agglomerate into cities?” and “What population size and what age of endurance constitute a city?”
The study covers more than population magnitude and population makeup, the two major frameworks of urban demography. The contributors combine their archaeological and historical expertise to reveal commonalities, as well as theoretical extrapolations and methodological approaches, at work here and outside the sample.
Urbanism in the Preindustrial World is a unique study revealing the variety of factors involved in the coalescing and dispersal of populations in preindustrial times.
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Table I1 Subject guide to chapters
The Growth of Greek Cities in the First Millennium
Table 11 Conventional periodization
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African age distribution agricultural analysis ancient ancient Rome Andaya Anthropology Antonine plague archaeological Asian Athens ayllu Basin of Mexico Boldsen bronze burials Cascio central century ceramic ceremonial chapter China communities complex societies compound core countryside cultural demographic disease distribution of deaths early economic edited Egypt elite Erlitou estimates evidence excavated fertility Figure funerary Greek groups growth hinterland inscriptions island Southeast Janusek Kyongju land landscape Late Classic located Lukurmata Lykopolis Maya Lowlands Melaka Mesoamerica migrants occupation paleodemography percent period persons per sq Phase political popu population densities prehispanic preindustrial cities Puteoli regional residential residents Rice ritual Roman Roman Egypt sample San Cesario Sanders Scheidel seasonal mortality settlement pattern Silla skeletal social Southeast Asia sq km Srivijaya Storey structures suggest survey Teotihuacan Tikal tion Tiwanaku Tlajinga 33 Toltec towns trade University Press urban center urban populations villages Yiluo York