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is regarded as the patroness of music, and is represented by Raffaelle with a regal in her hand.
Rude sketches for the ear, till, with skilled hand,
She traced the flowing outline, simply grand,
And, more to finish, as her powers expand,
Those beauteous dranghts, a noble scheme she planned;
Tints that with sweet accord bewitch the sense,
Around, prefer the charms these hues dispense,
Sixty-five Sonnets, 8c. 23.-SAINT CLEMENT. Clement I was born at Rome, and was one of the first bishops of that place: this see he held about sixteen years; from the year 64 or 65 to 81. Ho was remarkable for having written two Epistles, so excellent, and so highly esteemed, by the primitive Christians, that the first was for some time considered canonical. Clement was sentenced to work in the quarries, and afterwards, having an anchor fastened about his neck, was drowned in the sea.
23.-0. MART. Old Martinmas-day, an antient quarter-day.
*24. 1820.-THOMAS BROWN, M.D. DIED, Professor of Moral Philosophy at Edinburgh. He was a celebrated metaphysician, and hardly less distinguished poet; author of the Paradise of Coquettes,' a production of particular fancy, elegance, and taste; and of some other poems; the Bower of Spring, Agnes, &c. He published likewise • Observations on Darwin's Zoonomia,' 8vo.
25.-SAINT CATHERINE. Our saint was born at Alexandria, and received a liberal education. About the year 305, she was con
verted to Christianity, which she afterwards professed with the utmost intrepidity, openly reproving the pagans for offering sacrifices to their idols, and upbraiding the Emperor Maxentius, to his face, with the most flagrant acts of tyranny and oppression.
30.--ADVENT SUNDAY. This and the three subsequent Sundays which precede the grand festival of Christmas take their name from the Latin advenire, to come into; or from the word adventus, an approach.
30.-SAINT ANDREW. Andrew was the son of James, a fisherman at Bethsaida, and younger brother of Peter. He was condemned to be crucified on a cross of the form of an X; and, that his death might be more lingering, he was fastened with cords. The Order of the Thistle is described in T. T. for 1818, p. 283.-See also T.T. for 1820, p. 280, for some poetry on the subject.
In NOVEMBER 1823.
SOLAR PHENOMENA. : The Sun enters Sagittarius at 45 m. after 1 in the morning of the 23d of this month; and he rises and sets during the same period, as in the following
6th, ............ 20
Equation of Time.
the time given by the dial, to obtain the true time. This equation reaches its annual maximiim on the 3d of this month, when it is 16 m. 15.9 s.
15 50 Sunday : . 16th, ..............
15 7 Friday, .. 21st,
14 3 Wednesday. 26th,
Phases of the Moon.
· Moon's Passage over the Meridian. Such as wish to observe the Moon's transits for this month will find the following times convenient for that purpose, viz. November 8th, at 39 m. after 4 in the afternoon
9th, ... 25 .... 5 .......................
in the evening
5 in the morning
29th, ... 24
Phases of Venus. This planet having experienced her total obscura. tion during the last month, is now increasing in brightness, but yet appears only as a small crescent, as shown by the following numbers: Najet Illuminated part = 1.59406 digits
Dark part........... = 10.40594
Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites. There will be eleven eclipses of the 1st and 2d satellites visible this month, and these will take place at the following times; a short time before which the young astronomer should bave his telescope fixed, and be ready for the observation. They are given in mean time.
11th .... 51 ..51 ....3 . . .
. 5 in the morning 20th
O · · · · 27th
2 . . . . 28th .... 35 . . 32 ....8 at night Second Satellite, 3d
11 . . llth
....2 in the morning 18th .... 7.. 29.... nicht 28th .... 3 . . 19.... 9 at night
TABLE Of the Transits and Meridional Altitudes of the
Planets. 1st 17th *** 13th 19th 25th
- TRANSITS. h. m.
h. m . Mercury 10 55 mor. 10 52
11 20 Venus 10 5 mor. 9 46
9 20 911 Mars 8 2 mor. 7 51
7 26 7 13 Jupiter 4 26 mor. 4 2
3 10 Saturn 058 mor, 0 32
11 34 night 117 G. Sidus 4 17 aft. 3 44 3 27 3 3 2 39
ALTITUDES. Mercury 320271 300350 27025 23057' 20041 Venus 32 14 · 33 8 33 24 33 5 32 19 Mars 49 48 • 48 58 47 48 46 39 4 5 30 Jupiter 61 18
61 19 61 21 61 23 61 26 Saturn 54 10
54 2 53 54 53 48 53 41 G. Sidus 14 56 14 57
14 59 15 0 Other Phenomena. Venus will be stationary on the 1st of this month, and Mercury will attain his greatest elongation on the 4th. The Moon will be in conjunction with
in Scorpio at 34 m. after 1 in the morning of the
5th; with Georgium Sidus at 32 m. past 3 in the afternoon of the 7th; and with Jupiter, at 27 m. after midnight of the 21st. Saturn will be in opposition at half past one in the afternoon on the 13th. Mercury will be in conjunction with a in Libra on the 18th, when the planet will be 60}' north of the star. Mercury will also be in conjunction with B in Scorpio on the 30th, the planet being then 61' south of the star.
REFLECTIONS ON THE STARRY HEAVENS.
(Continued from page 301.]
GEMINI (), the Twins, Is the last of the spring signs, and the third in the zodiacal series. According to the common mode of astronomical computation, the Sun enters this sign on the 21st of May; or the Earth then entering Sagittarius, the Sun appears to make his transit from Taurus to Gemini. A still larger portion of the earth round the north pole is now within the region of perpetual day, than during the Sun's passage through Taurus. The days in the northern hemisphere still continue to increase, as he advances in his progress; and when the Sun enters this sign, he rises at 6m. after 4, and sets 54m. past 7; thus making the length of the day 15 h. 48 m., and that of the night 8h. 12m. . Various conjectures have been presented respectting the origin of this sign. The Greeks claim it as their sole invention, and the story of Castor and Pollux may have been the production of their imagination; but both the Indian zodiac and an Egyptian fragment of great antiquity show that the Greeks were anticipated by the orientals, and that their Twins was rather a copy than an invention. Gemini was the sign in which the Egyptian Anubis had his station. Plutarch explains the signification of this emblematical deity under the form of a dog. He sup