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So 'a cried out--God, God, God! three or four SCENE IV.-France. A Room in the French times : now I, to comfort him, bid him 'a should

King's Palace. not think of God; I hoped there was no need to trouble himself with any such thoughts yet: So,

Enter the French King attended; the Daurun, 'a bade me lay more clothes on his feet: I put the DUKE OP BURGUNDY, the CONSTABLE, and my hand into the bed, and felt them, and they others. were as cold as any stone; then I felt to his knees, and so upward, and upward, and all was Fr. Kiny. Thus come the English with full as cold as any stone.

power upon us; Nya. They say, he cried out of sack.

And more than carefully it us concerns, Quick. Ay, that 'a did.

To answer royally in our defences. Bard. And of women.

Therefore the dukes of Berry, and of Bretagne, Quick. Nay, that 'a did not.

Of Brabant, and of Orleans, shall make forth, Boy. Yes, that 'a did; and said they were And you, prince Dauphin, -with all swift dedevils incarnate.

spatch, Quick. 'A could never abide carnation : 'twas To line and new repair our towns of war, a colour he never liked.

With men of courage, and with means defenBoy. 'A said once the devil would have him

dant : about women.

Tor England his approaches makes as fierce Quick. 'A did in some sort, indeed, handle As waters to the sucking of a gulf. women: but then he was rheumatick; and It sits us then to be as provident talked of the whore of Babylon.

As fear may teach us, out of late examples Boy. Do you not remember, 'a saw a flea Left by the fatal and neglected English stick upon Bardolph's nose; and ’a said it was a Upon our fields. black soul burning in hell ?

Dau.

My most redoubted father, Bard. Well, the fuel is gone that maintained It is most meet we arm us 'gainst the foe: that fire : that's all the riches I got in his For

peace

itself should not so dull a kingdom, service.

(Though war nor no known quarrel were in Nya. Shall we shog? the king will be gone

question) from Southampton.

But that defences, musters, preparations, Pist. Come, let's away.--My love, give me thy Should be maintain’d, assembled, and collected, lips.

As were a war in expectation. Look to my chattels, and my moveables : Therefore, I say, 't is meet we all go forth, Let senses rule; the word is, Pitch and pay; To view the sick and feeble parts of France ;

And let us do it with no shew of fear; For oaths are straws, men's faiths are wafer- No, with no more, than if we heard that England cakes,

Were busied with a Whitsun morris-dance : * And hold-fast is the only dog, my duck; For, my good liege, she is so idly king'd, Therefore, careto be thy counsellor.

Her sceptre so fantastically borne Go, clear thy crystals. —Yoke-fellows in By a vain, giddy, shallow, humorous youth, arms,

That fear attends her not. Let us to France! like horse-leeches, my Con.

O peace, prince Dauphin! boys;

You are too much mistaken in this king :
To suck, to suck, the very blood to suck ! Question, your grace, the late ambassadors, –
Boy. And that is but unwholesome food, they With what great state he heard their embassy,
say,

How well supplied with noble counsellors,
Pist. Touch her soft mouth, and march. How modest in exception, and withal
Bard. Farewell, hostess. [K'issing her. How terrible in constant resolution,-

Nzza. I cannot kiss, that is the humour of it; And you shall find, his vanities fore-spent but adieu.

Were but the outside of the Roman Brutus, Pist. Let housewifery appear ; keep close, I Covering discretion with a coat of folly ; thee command.

As gardeners do with ordure hide those roots Quick. Farewell; adieu.

[Ereunt. That shall first spring and be most delicate.

Dau. Well, 't is not so, my lord high coua Clear thy crystals. Dry thine eyes.

stable, 22

337

Trust none :

Re-enter Lords, with EXETER and Train.

a

But though we think it so, it is no matter :
In cases of defence, 't is best to weigh
The enemy more mighty than he seems :
So the proportions of defence are fill’d;
Which, of a weak and niggardly projection,
Doth like a miser spoil his coat with scanting
A little cloth.

Fr. King. Think we king Harry strong ;
And, princes, look you strongly arm to meet

him. The kindred of him hath been flesh'd upon us ; And he is bred out of that bloody strain, That haunted us in our familiar paths : Witness our too much memorable shame, When Cressy battle fatally was struck, And all our princes captiv’d, by the hand Of that black name, Edward black prince of

Fr. King. From our brother of England ? Exe. From him; and thus he greets your

majesty. He wills you, in the name of God Almighty, That you divest yourself and lay apart The borrow'd glories, that, by gift of heaven, By law of nature, and of nations, ʼlong To bim, and to his heirs; namely, the crown, And all wide stretched honours that pertain, By custom and the ordinance of times, Unto the crown of France. That you may

know 'Tis no sinister nor no awkward claim, Pick'd from the worm-holes of long-vanish'd

days, Nor from the dust of old oblivion rak’d, He sends you this most memorable line,

[Gires a paper. In every branch truly demonstrative; Willing you, overlook this pedigree : And, when

you find him evenly deriv'd
From his most fam'd of famous ancestors,
Edward the Third, he bids you then resign
Your crown and kingdom, indirectly held
From him the native and true challenger.

Fr. King. Or else what follows ?
Exe. Bloody constraint; for if you hide the

Wales ;

Whiles that his mountain sire,-on mountain

standing, Up in the air, crown'd with the golden sun,Saw his heroical seed, and smiled to see him Mangle the work of nature, and deface The patterns that by God and by French fa

thers Had twenty years been made. This is a stem Of that victorious stock; and let us fear The native mightiness and fate of hiin.

Enter a Messenger.

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Mess. Ambassadors from Harry King of Eng

land Do crave admittance to your majesty. Fr. King. We'll give them present audience.

Go, and bring them.

(Exeunt Mess. and certain Lords. You see, this chase is hotly follow'd, friends. Dan. Turn head, and stop pursuit : for coward

dogs Most spend their mouths, when what they seem

to threaten Runs far before them. Good my sovereign, Take

up the English short; and let them know Of what a monarchy you are the head : Self-love, my liege, is not so vile a sin As self-neglecting

Therefore in fierce tempest is he coming,
In thunder, and in earthquake, like a Jove,
That, if requiring fail, he will compel;
And bids you, in the bowels of the Lord,
Deliver up the crown; and to take mercy
On the poor souls for whom this hungry war
Opens his vasty jaws : and on your head
Turning the widows' tears, the orphans' cries,
The dead men's blood, the pining maidens'

groans,
For husbands, fathers, and betrotheu lovers,
That shall be swallowed in this controversy.
This is his claim, his threat'ning, and my mes.

sage; Unless the Dauphin be in presence here, To whom expressly I bring greeting too.

Fr. King For us, we will consider of this fur

b

ther :

Projection appears here to be used for forecast, preparation. The proportions of defence which are fill'd by estimating the enemy as more mighty than he seems, of (through) a weak and niggardly projection, spoil the coat, &c. The false concord between proportions and doth does not interfere with this explanation, and may be justified by abundant examples in our old writers. If we could venture upon a correetion of the text, we might read,

“ of which a weak and niggardly projection," &c. The transposition at once gives us sense and grammatical concord. b Mountain. Theobald would read mounting.

To-morrow shall you bear our full intent
Back to our brother of England.
Dau.

For the Dauphin,

* Line--genealogy. b Pining

So the quartos. The rolin pricy.

5

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Do not, in grant of all demands at large,
Sweeten the bitter mock you sent his majesty,
He'll call you to so hot an answer of it,
That caves and womby vaultages of France
Shall chide your trespass, and return your mock
In second accent of his ordnance.

Dau. Say, if my father render fair return,
It is against my will : for I desire
Nothing but odds with England; to that end,
As matching to his youth and vanity,
I did present him with the Paris balls.

Exe. He'll make your Paris Louvre shake

for it, ' Were it the mistress court of mighty Europe ; And, be assur'd, you'll find a difference, (As we, his subjects, have in wonder found) Between the promise of his greener days, And these he masters now; now he weighs

time, Even to the utmost grain; that you

shall read In your own losses, if he stay in France. Fr. King. To-morrow shall you know our

mind at full. Exe. Despatch us with all speed, lest that our

king Come here himself to question our delay; For he is footed in this land already. Fr. King. You shall be soon despatch'd, with

fair conditions : A night is but small breath, and little

pause, To answer matters of this consequence.

[Exeunt.

"

8 Chide-used in its double sease of rebuke and resound.

RECENT NEW READING.

Sc. III. p. 336.-"For his nose was as sharp as a pen,

and a' babbled of green fields." "For his nose was as sharp as a pen, on a table of green

frieze."-Collier. The emendation of Theobald is now to be rejected on the authority of Mr. Collier's old Corrector. “Writing-tables," says Mr. Collier, “were, no doubt, at that period often covered with green cloth; and it is to the sharpness of a pen, as seen in strong relief on a table so covered, that Mrs. Quickly likens the nose of the dying wit and phi. losopher- for his nose was as sharp as a pen on a table of green frieze.'" We have had such guesses as that of the old Corrector before now. One of the commentators, Smith, has a similar prosaic suggestion in defence of the original table, and would read, " for his nose was as sharp as a pen

on a table of green fells," for, says be, "on table books silver or steel pens, very sharp pointed, were fornierly, and still are, fixed to the backs or covers." Mr. Collier calls Theobald's emendation" fanciful;" formerly he called it judicious." In our minds it is judicious, because it is fanciful; and being fanciful is consistent with the excited imagination that often attends the solemn parting hour. What does Dame Quickly say in this sentence? " After I saw him fumble with the sheets, and play with the flowers, and smile upon his fingers' ends, I knew there was but one way; for his nose was as sharp as a pen, and a' babbled of green fields." And so the pen must lie upon a “table or green frieze" before the comparison of the sharp nose can be felt; and we must lose one of the most beautiful examples of the conjunction of poetry and truth, because some authority chooses to read frieze for fields.

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ILLUSTRATIONS OF ACT II.

1 CHORUS.—"And hides a sword, from hilts unto

the point, With crowns imperial, crowns and coronets." The engraving which we subjoin is copied from a wood.cut in the first edition of Holinshed's Chronicle—that edition, most probably, which Shakspere was in the habit of consulting. The idea conveyed in these lines was evidently suggested by some such representation. In ancient trophies in tapestry or painting, a sword is often thus hidden, from hilt unto the point, with naval or mural crowns. There is a portrait of Edward III. in the Chapter House at Windsor, with a sword in his hand thus ornamented, if we remember rightly, with three crowns.

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He, however, mentions the vappe; and Harrison in his description of England, speaking of our English dogs, says_“The last sort of dogs consisteth of the currish kind, meet for many toys, of which the whappet, or prick-eared cur, is one." He adds :-" Besides these also we have sholts, or curs, daily brought out of Iseland, and much made of among us because of their sauciners and quarrelling. Moreover, they bite very sore, and love candles exceedingly, as do the men and women of their country.” The “cur of Iceland" of Shakspere is unquestionably “the cur daily brought out of Iseland” of Harrison ; and it is to be observed that the prick-ears are invariable indications of the half-reclaimed animal. The Esquimaux dog, the dog of the Mackenzie River, and the Australasian dog, or dingo, of each of which the Zoological Society have had specimens, furnish striking examples of this characteristic. Pistol, in his abuse of Nym, uses an expression which was meant to convey the intimation that he was as quarrelsome and as savage as a half civilized Iceland dog. Johnson upon this passage has a most curious theory, which Steevens adopts : " He seems to allude to an account credited in Elizabeth's time, that in the north there was a nation with human bodies and dogs' heads." Before we leave this subject we may mention an illustration of the correctness of Harrison's account of the northern dogs. He says, "they love candles es. ceedingly.” In a little book written in 1829 the editor of this work,—The Menageries,' vol. i.

there is the following passage :-“ The attachment of these dogs to the taste and smell of fat is as remarkable as the passion of the Cossacks for oil. At Chelsea, there are two domesticated Esquimaux dogs that will stand, hour after hour, in front of a candlemaker's workshop, snuffing the savoury effluvia of his melting tallow.” We subjoin a portrait of the Esquimaux dog, which strikingly exhibits the prick ear :

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? SCENE I.—Thou prick-ear'd cur of Iceland /

Dr. Caius, a physician of Queen Elizabeth's time, wrote a treatise on British dogs, which he divides into dogs of the chase, farm dogs, and mongrels, describing the several species under each head. We find herein no mention of the Iceland dog.

morena

[Esquimaux Dog. ]

S SCENE II.—“ Nay, but the man that was his

bedfellow." Holinshed states this literally : “The said Lord Scroop was in such favour with the king, that he admitted him sometime to be his bedfellow.” Malone says, “ This unseenly custom continued common till the middle of the last century (the seventeenth), if not later.” Customs are unseemly, for the most part, when they are opposed to the general usages of society, and to the state of public opinion. The necessity for two persons occupying one bed belonged to an age when rooms were large and furniture seanty. It is scarcely just to consider the custom unseemly when connected with manners very different from our own. When Roger Ascham speaks of a favourite pupil who was his bedfellow, we see only the affectionate remembrance of the good old schoolmaster; and, in Shakspere, we find the custom connected with the highest poetry :"O world, thy slippery turns! Friends now fast sworn,

Whose double bosoms seem to wear one heart,
Whose hours, whose bed, whose meal, and exercise,
Are still together, who twin, as 't were, in love
Unseparable, shall within this hour,
On a dissension of a doit, break out
To bitterest enmity.” (Coriolanus, Act IV. Sc. IV.)

Morris Dance,' is a performance of considerable research and ingenuity. His opinion, which is opposed to that of Strutt, is, that the Morris dance was derived from the Morisco or Moorish dance. The Morris dance has been supposed to have been first brought into England in the time of Edward III.; but it scarcely can be traced beyond the reign of Henry VII. The Whitsun Morris dance, bere spoken of by Shakspere, was, perhaps, the original Morris dance, unconnected with the May games in which the Robin Hood characters were introduced. After archery, however, went into disuse (for the encouragement of which the May games were principally established), the Morris dance was probably again transferred to the celebration of Whitsuntide. In Warner's 'Albion's England' (1612), we have this line : " At Paske begun our Morrise, and ere Penticost our May."

In the following engraving, illustrating the Whitsun Morris, the dragou is introduced, upon the authority of the 'Vow-breaker' (1636), a tragedy by William Sampson; in which one of the speakers, after describing the hobby-horse, ribbons, bells, handkerchiefs, &c. necessary for a Morris, adds, “provide thou the dragon." The action of the figures in this illustration - the slapping of hands—is still continued by the Morris dancers of the present day, who occasion. ally come across us to call up the ancient recollections of 'merry England.'

66

* SCENE IV.4" Were busied with a Whitsun Morris

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dance." Mr. Douce's ‘Dissertation on the Ancient English |

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( Whitsun Morris Dance.)

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