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according ambiguity appears applied argument aristocracy Aristotle authority belong Blackstone body called cause chief civil claim commonwealth considered consists constitution course definition democracy derived despotism distinction divided division doctrine duties effect election England English equally Essay established example exercise existence explained expression fact force forms of government founded given hands House implies influence institutions interest kind King language legislative less liberty likewise limited Lord majority manner means ment middle class mixed government monarchy moral nature necessary never object observed opinion opposed original Parliament party passage persons political poor popular positive possess principle question reason remarks representative republic respect rich rule says seems sense signify society sometimes sovereign power sovereignty speak supposed term theory thing thought tion true truth tyranny vested wealth whole writers wrong
Page 9 - The pretended rights of these theorists are all extremes : and in proportion as they are metaphysically true, they are morally and politically false.
Page 177 - If the balance of our lives had not one scale of reason to poise another of sensuality, the blood and baseness of our natures would conduct us to most preposterous conclusions...
Page 49 - It hath sovereign and uncontrollable authority in the making, confirming, enlarging, restraining, abrogating, repealing, reviving, and expounding of laws, concerning matters of all possible denominations, ecclesiastical, or temporal, civil, military, maritime, or criminal ; this being the place where that absolute despotic power, which must in all governments reside somewhere, is intrusted by the constitution of these kingdoms.
Page 199 - Political, therefore, or civil liberty, which is that of a member of society, is no other than natural liberty so far restrained by human laws (and no farther) as is necessary and expedient for the general advantage of the public.
Page 204 - By the absolute rights of individuals, we mean those which are so In their primary and strictest sense; such as would belong to their persons merely In a state of nature, and which every man is entitled to enjoy, whether out of society or In it.
Page 219 - It is a mistake to think this fault is proper only to monarchies. Other forms of government are liable to it as well as that; for wherever the power that is put in any hands for the government of the people and the preservation of their properties is applied to other ends, and made use of to impoverish, harass, or subdue them to the arbitrary and irregular commands of those that have it, diere it presently becomes tyranny, whether those that thus use it are one or many.
Page 186 - Ah ! how unlike the man of times to come ! Of half that live the butcher and the tomb ! Who, foe to nature, hears the general groan, Murders their species, and betrays his own. But just disease to luxury succeeds, And every death its own avenger breeds; The fury-passions from that blood began, And turn'd on man a fiercer savage, man.
Page 122 - It is very evident that this reasoning extends to every modification of the smaller number. Whenever the powers of government are placed in any hands other than those of the community, whether those of one man, of a few, or of several, those principles of human nature which imply that government is at all necessary, imply that those persons will make use of them to defeat the very end for which government exists.
Page 204 - This natural liberty consists properly in a power of acting as one thinks fit ; without any restraint or control, unless by the law of nature ; being a right inherent in us by birth, and one of the gifts of God to man at his creation, when he endued him with the faculty of free will.