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And as mine eye doth his effigies witness,
ACT III. SCENE I.
The PAL AC E.
Enter Duke, Lords, and Oliver.
But were I not the better part made mercy,
Oli. Oh, that your Highness knew my heart in this:
9 C Ε Ν Ε ΙΙ.
Thy huntress' name that my full life doth sway,
And in their barks my thoughts I'll character ; That every eye, which in this Forest looks,
Shall see thy virtue witness'd every where. Run, run, Orlando, carve, on every tree, The fair, the chaste, and unexpressive She.
S CE NE III.
Enter Corin and Clown. Cor. And how like you this shepherd's life, Mr. Touchstone?
Clo. “ Truly, shepherd in respect of itself, it is a “ good life; but in respect that it is a shepherd's life, " it is naught. In respect that it is folitary, I like " it very well; but in respect that it is private, it is « a very vile life. Now in respect it is in the fields, “ it pleaseth me well; but in respect it is not in the " Court, it is tedious. As it is a spare life, look you, 66 it fits my humour well; but as there is no more “ plenty in it, it goes much against my stomach. “ Haft any philosophy in thee, Thepherd ?
Cor. “ No more, but that I know, the more one “ fickens, the worse at ease he is: and that he, that “ wants mony, means, and content, is without three s good friends. That the property of rain is to wet,
us and fire to burn: that good pasture makes fat 66 sheep; and that a great cause of the night, is lack os of the Sun: and that 'he that hath learned no wit 6 by nature nor art, may complain of gross breed"ing, or comes of a very dull kindred.
Clo. 2 Such a one is a natural philosopher. Waft ever in Court, shepherd ?
Cor. No, truly.
Clo. Truly, thou art damn'd, like an ill-roasted egg, all on one side.
Cor. For not being at Court? your reason.
Clo. Why, if thou never waft at Court, thou never faw'ft good manners; if thou never saw'st good manners, then thy manners must be wicked; and
1 He that hath learned no wit by nature or art, may complain of Good breeding, or comes of very dull kindred.] Common sense requires us to read,
may complain of gross breeding. The Oxford editor has greatly improved this emendation by reading, bad breeding.
2 Such a one is a natural philofopher.] The shepherd had said all the Philosophy he knew was the property of things, that rain wetted, fire burnt, &c. And the Clown's reply, in a satire on Phyficks or Natural Philofophy, though introduced with a quib. ble, is extremely just. For the Natural Philosopher is indeed as ignorant (notwithstanding all his parade of knowledge) of the efficient cause of things as the Ruftic. It appears, from a thoufand instances, that our poet was well acquainted with the Physics of his time: and his great penetration enabled him to see this remediless defect of it.
3 Why, if thou never wast at Court, thou never sawl good manners; if thou never, &c.] This reasoning is drawn up in imitation of Friar John's to Panurge in Rablais. Si tu es Coquu, ergo ta femme fera belle; ergo tu seras bien traité d'elle ; ergo tu auras des Amis beaucoup ; ergo tu seras sauvé. The last inference is pleasantly drawn from the popish doctrine of the intercession of Saints. And, I suppose, our jocular English proverb, concerning this matter, was founded in Friar John's logic.
wickedness is sin, and fin is damnation: thou art in a pärlous state, shepherd.
Cor. Not a whit, Touchstone : those, that are good manners at the Court, are as ridiculous in the Country, as the behaviour of the Country is most mockable at the Court. You told me, you salute not at the Court, but you kiss your hands; that courtesie would be uncleanly, if Courtiers were shepherds.
Clo. Instance, briefly; come, instance.
Cor. Why, we are still handling our ewes; and their fels, you know, are greafie.
Clo. Why, do not your Courtiers hands sweat? and is not the grease of a mutton as wholsome as the sweat of a man? shallow, shallow; a better instance, I say: come.
Cor. Besides; our hands are hard.
Clo. Your lips will feel them the sooner. Shallow again: more founder instance, come.
Cor. And they are often tarr'd over with the surgery of our sheep; and would you have us kiss tarr? the Courtier's hands are perfumed with civet.
Clo. Moft shallow man! thou worms-meat; in respect of a good piece of Aesh, indeed! learn of the wise and perpend; civet is of a baser birth than tarr; the very uncleanly Aux of a cat. Mend the instance, Thepherd.
Cor. You have too courtly a wit for me; I'll rest.
Clo. Wilt thou rest damnd ? God help thee, shallow man; God 4 make incision in thee, thou are raw.
4 make incision in thee,] To make incifion was a proverbial expression then in vogue, to make to understand. So in Beammont and Fletcher's Humourous Lieutenant,
O excellent King,
And sa proceeds to incision-
Cor. Sir, I am a true labourer, I earn that I eat; 't get that I wear; owe no man hate, envy no man's • happiness; glad of other men's good, content with « my harm; and the greatest of my pride is, to see • my ewes graze, and my lambs suck.
Cío. That is another simple sin in you, to bring the ewes and the rams together; and to offer to get your living by the copulation of cattle; to be a bawd to a bell-weather; and to betray a she-lamb of a twelve-month to a crooked-pated old cuckoldly ram, out of all reasonable match. If thou be'st not damn'd for this, the devil himself will have no shepherds; I cannot see else how thou should'ft 'scape.
Cor. Here comes young Mr. Ganimed, my new mistress's brother.
S CE NE VI.
Enter Rosalind, with a paper.
No jewel is like Rosalind,
Clo. I'll rhime you so, eight years together; dinners, and suppers, and Neeping hours excepted: it is the right butter-women's rank to market,
Ros, Out, fool!
If a bart doth lack a hind,