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ters who had been silenced for noncon- mate, who, in their lives, were the most formity, and assisting the families of such stedfast of its defenders, and the most as bad thus suifered in their cause, The munificent of its benefactors, and in course which the feoffees pursued, made their deaths the most illustrious of its their intention evident; they were inani- martyrs." Vol. II. p. 358. festly the main instruments for the Puri- “ Laud's first act upon being made Dean taus faction to undo the Church; they of the Chapel, displayed the sense of duty were, therefore, called into the Court of with which he entered upon bis functions. Exchequer, the feoffinent condemned as It had been the ill custom of the Court, being illegal, and the impropriations which during the preceding reign, that whenever they had acquired were confiscated to the the King came into bis closet, which looked King's use.

into the Chapel, the prayers were immedi. “ The ostensible purport of this feoff- ately broken off, and the anthem began, ment was so unexceptionably good, that that the preacher might without delay as. the multitude who were incapable of under.

cend the pulpit. Justly disliking this, standing the dangerous end to which it Land requested his Majesty that he would was directed, joined with the enemies of be present every Sunday at the liturgy as the Church in lamenting its suppression; well as the sermon, and that at whatsoever and this measure increased the animosity

part of the service he might enter, the with which Land, the new Primate, was

minister should regularly proceed with it; assailed. His love of learning, his liberal

Charles not only assented to his request, temper, his munificence, and his magnani

but thanked him for the admonition. Had mity would have made him an honour and he met with the same good intentions and a blessing to the Church in its happiest sense of duty in the whole of his Clergy, ages; his ardent, incantious, sincere, 119

which he found in his Sovereign, the task conipromising spirit, were ill-adapted to of restoring discipline would have been that in which his lot had fallen. But the easy. But Abbot had been so wilfully recircumstances which brought on together miss, that every pragmatical or disconwith his destruction, the overthrow of the tented Clergyman did with the service as Church and State, the murder of the King, he thought fit; till inconformity bad beand the long miseries of the nation, were

come well nigh general. It was difficult many and widely various ; some of remote

to curb the license which had thus begun and foreign origin, others recent and of to plead privilege in its defence; still more home growth.” Vol. II. p. 353,

so to correct the sour spirit of Calvinism

with wbich the Clergy were now leavened, Mr. Southey describes the combi. . The zeal with which he attempted this nation which existed between the necessary reform, was not always accomPuritans, the republican faction, the panied with discretion; and such is always sincere and honest opposers of ar

the malignity of faction, that while his vir

tues, his learning, and bis splendid libebitrary power, the crafty watchers

rality were overlooked, his errors and of opportunity, and the timid.

weaknesses were exaggerated, his inten

tions traduced, and even his best actions “ While these persons swam with the

represented as crimes.” Vol. II. p. 359. stream, they whose determination it was to shake the throne and to subvert the altar, We do not quite understand, or if practised without scruple any means we understand, we certainly do not whereby their design might be promoted. One of their most effectual arts was to

agree with Mr. Southey, when he

defends the “ Book of Sports," and possess the people with an opinion that the King in his heart favoured popery,

maintains that “ the sabbath was and that Laud was seeking to re-establish

intended to be not less a day of reit. In both cases the imputation was ne- creation than of rest. We are quite fariously false.” Vol. II. p. 357.

satisfied, that if the sabbath be made " The zealots of faction are neither ca.

a day of recreation, it will cease to be pable of shame nor of remorse. For

a day of holy rest. With regard to never were two men more conscientionsly attached to the Church of England, more

the higher orders, who have plenty devoutly conviuced of its doctrines, more

of recreation during the week, there deeply sensible of its inestimable value to can be no question; and nothing the nation, than this King and this Pria can persuade us that the full effect

" that no


p. 386.

of the religious services of the day

The speech of Sir Edward Dering, will be produced on the mind of the when the puritan Members of the labourer or the mechanic, who goes House of Commons passed a resofrom church to the tea-garden or the lution which Mr. Southey justly skittle-ground.

terms infamous, That Laud was deficient in judg should presume to bow at the name ment, is too apparent to be denied; of Jesus,” is very striking; and is and Mr. Southey would not have

one of the best specimens of the injured the effect of a very striking style of oratory, which was then goportrait of that great prelate, had ing out of fashion. He concludes he thrown in this shade in some- thus ; what darker tints. More too might be said of his ambition; which

“ Was it ever heard before, that any men prompted him to persecute a man

of any religion, in any age, did ever cut not less ambitious than himself, Bi

short or abridge any worship, upon any

occasion to their God? Take heed, Sir, shop Williams, whom he looked

and let us all take heed whither we are goupon as his competitor for the pri- ing! If Christ be Jesus, if Jesus be God, macy:

“ it was a great provoca- all reverence, exterior as well as interior, tion,” says Bishop Hacket, “ to the is too little for him. I hope we are not ambitious spirit of Bishop Laud, a

going up the back stairs to Socinianism ! man of many good works, to blow

In a word, certainly, Sir, I shall never out his light, that in common opi

obey your order, so long as I have a head

to lift up to Heaven, so long as I have an nion did outshine him." His since.

eye to lift up to Heaven. For these are rity cannot be questioned ; his mu- corporal bowings, and my Saviour shall nificence was of the noblest kind; have them at his name Jesus!" Vol. II, his courageous perseverance in the execution of his duty must be admitted even by his enemies. He

The Bishops having been deprived was bent upon effecting measures,

of their seats in Parliament, by an which, if the government had been

act which the king passed contrary undisturbed, would probably have

to his judgment and conscience; succeeded,

the assembly of divines was con.

voked; and a pretty assembly it “ for improving the condition of the inferior Clergy; one means and not the least effectual of removing the reproach which « One of the Assembly's first public acts unworthy ministers brought upon the esta- was to petition Parliament, that a general blishment. It was well said by Sir Ben- fast might be appointed. This was afterjamin Rudyard, one of the most upright wards enjoined monthly, and the sermons and able men of that age, that scandalons which on these occasions were delivered livings cannot but have scandalous minis. before both Houses, were published by ters: that poverty must needs bring con. anthority: They were thus presented to a tempt upon the Clergy among those who deluded people, with all the authority of a measure men by the acre and weigh them Parliament, which was exercising a more by the pound, which indeed is the greatest despotic power than any King of England part of men; that to plant good ministers had ever pretended to claim; and of the in good livings, was the strongest and pu- Gospel itself, which was now perverted to rest means to establish true religion; that encourage plunder, persecution and rebelthe example of Germany ought to be a lion. “ Curse ye Meroz, curse ye bitterly warning to us, where the reformed minis- the inhabitants thereof, because they came ters, though grave and learned men, were not to the help of the Lord, to the help of neglected and despised by reason of their the Lord against the mighty !” “ Turn poverty; and that it is comely and decent your plough shares into swords to fight that the outward splendour of the Church the Lord's battles ?* “ Cursed be he that should bold a proportion, and participate keepeth back his sword from bloodwith the prosperity of the temporal estate." was the language of these incendiary preaVol. II. p. 369.

chers." Vex the Midianites? Abolish


p. 397.

the Amalekites! Leave not a rag that be. Sudley they made a slaughter-house of the longs to Popery! Away with it, head and chancel, cut up the carcases upon the coinand tail, hip and thigh! Up with it from munion table, and threw the garbage into the bottom, root and branch! Down with the vault of the Chandoses, insulting thus Baal's altars; down with Baal's priests !” the remains of some of the most heroic " It is better to see people lie wallowing men, who, in their day, defended, and did in their blood, rather than embracing ido- honour to their country. At Westminster, Jatry and superstition !" The effect of the soldiers sat smoking and drinking at such language, upon a people already pos- the altar, and lived in the abbey, commitsessed with the darkest spirit of sectarian ting every kind of indecency there, which bigotry, was to produce a temper as fero- the Parliament saw and permitted. No cious as that of the crusaders, without any Cathedral escaped without some injury; generous or exalted sentiment to ennoble painted windows were broken, statnes it. There were those among them, who pulled down or :putilated; carvings demoaccording to their own avowal, “ went to lished; the organs sold piecenieal, for the that execrable war, with such a controlling value of the inaterials, or set up in taverns. horror upon their spirits from these ser- At Linbeth, Parker's monument was mons, that they verily believed they should thrown down, that Scott, to whom the have been accursed from God for ever, if Palace had been allotted for his portion of they had not acted their part in that dis- the spoils, might convert the Chapel into mal tragedy, and heartily done the Devil's a ball; the Archbishop's body was taken, work, being so effectually called and com- pot out of his grave alone, but out of his manded to it in God's name.” Vol. II. cofhin; the lead in which it had been en

closed was sold, and the remains were " This vineyard,” said another belwe. buried in a dunghill." Vol. II, p. 404. ther of rebellion, to the House of Com- “ Such of the loyal Clergy, as were mons," whereof God hath made yon only plundered and turned out to find subkeepers, cannot but see that nothing is

sistence for their wives and families as wanting on your part, for you have endea- they could, or to starve, were fortunate voured to fence it by a settled militia ; to when compared with many of their bregather out malignants as stones ; to plant it thren, Some were actually murdered, with men of piety as choice vines ; to others perished in consequence of brutal build the tower of a powerful ministry in usage, or of confinement in close unwhole, the midst of it; and also to make a wine. some prisons, or on shipboard, where they press therein for the squeezing of delin, were crowded together under batches, day quents." Vol. II. p. 399.

and night, without even straw to lie on. By one of their laws the theatres were

An intention was avowed of selling them suppressed, and the players to be fined as slaves to the Plantations, or to the for the first offence, whipped for the

Turks and Algerines ; and though this was second. By another, maypoles were to

not carried into effect, it seems to have be taken down as a leathenishi vanity, been more than a threat for the purpose of abused to superstition and wickedness. extorting large ransoms from those who Some zealots having voluntarily agreed to.

could raise money, because after the fast one day in the week, for the purpose

battle of Worcester many of the prisoners of contributing the value of the meal, to were actually shipt for Barbadoes and sold wbat they called the good cause, an ordi- there." Vol. II. p. 408. nance was past, that all within the bills of

Laud, from his prison-window in mortality should pay upon every Tuesday, the Tower, bebeld Strafford go forth for three nonths, the value of an ordinary meal for themselves and families; and in

to execution. case of non-payment, distress was to be « « The next morning,' says Laud, 'as made for donble the amount, the intent of he past by, he turned towards me and this being, that the burden might not rest took the solemnest leave that I think was alone upon the willing party.” Vol. II. ever, by any at distance, taken one of

another.' Solemn jødeed it was, beyoud “ In some churches they baptized all example; for Strafford balted before horses or swine, io profane mockery of the window, and when his old and venerabaptism: in others, they broke open the ble friend came to it, bowed himself to tombs, and scattered about the bones of the ground and said, My Lord, your the dead, or, if the bodies were entire, prayers and your blessing! Laud lifted up they defaced aud dismembered them. Ai bis bands and bestowed both, and then

P. 402.

overcome with grief, fell to the ground of Laud's address to the people at
senseless; while Strafford bowing himself a his execution, and says,
second time, said, Farewell, my Lord,

“ Thus he began his dying address, in
God protect your innocency! When the
Primate recovered his senses, he said, as

that state of calm, but deepest, feeling,

when the mind seeks for fancies and types if fearing that wbat had passed might be deemed an unmanly and unbecoming

and dim similitudes, and extracts from

them consolation and strength. What he weakness, he trusted by God's assistance,

said was delivered with a grave composure, that when he should come to his own exe

so that he appeared,' says Sir Philip cution, the world would perceive he bad

Warwick, 'to make bis own funeral serbeen more sensible of Lord Strafford's fate than of his own." Vol. II. p. 418.

mon with less passion, thay lie had in for

mer times made the like for a friend.' The whole of Laud's sufferings The hope which he had expressed at his are admirably related. The con

last awful parting with Strafford, was now cluding words of his defence were

nobly justified; it was not possible for

man, in those fearful circumstances, to these, and they were true words.

bave given proof of a serener courage, or «« Mr. Speaker, I am very aged,

of a more constant and well-founded faith." considering the turmoils of my life, and

Vol. II. p. 443. I daily find in myself more decays than

“ He had prepared a prayer for the oco I make slew of; and the period of casion, and never was there a more solemn my life, in the course of nature, can

and impressive form of words; it is alike not be far off. It cannot but be a great

remarkable for the state of mind in which grief unto me to stand at these years thus

it was composed and uttered; the deep charged before ye. Yet give me leave to

and passionate devotion which it breathes,

and the last firm fervent avowal of that resay thus much without offence; whatsoever errors or faults I may have commit. ligious loyalty, for which he was at that ted by the way, in any my proceedings, it even of a word would be injurious, for

instant about to die a martyr. To abridge through human infirmity, (as who is he that hath vot offended, and broken some

if any human composition may be called statute-laws too, by ignorance, or misap- sacred, this surely deserves to be so quaprehension, or forgetfulness, at some sud

lified." Vol. II. p. 447. den time of action?) Yet, if God bless

For the

prayer itself we must re, me with so much memory, I will die with

fer our readers to Mr. Southey's these words in my mouth, that I never in

book. tended, much less endeavoured, the subversion of the laws of the kingdom; nor “ A haser triumph never was obtained, the bringing in of Popish superstition by faction, nor was any triumph ever more upon the true Protestant religion, esta- basely celebrated. Even after this murblished by law in this kingdom.'” Vol. II. der had been committed with all the

mockery of law, his memory was assailed “ At length when only fourteen Lords in libels of blacker virulence, (if that be were present, they voted him guilty of possible,) than those by which the deluded endeavouring to subvert the laws and the populace had been instigated to cry out Protestant religion, and of being an enemy for his blood; and to this day, those who to Parliaments; but left it for the judges have inlerited the opinions of the Puritans, to pronounce whether this were treason; repeat with unabashed effrontery the ima and the judges, to their lasting honour, putations against him, as if they had suc. unanimously declared that nothing which ceeded to their implacable temper*, and was charged against the Archbishop, was their bardihood of slander also." Vol. II. treason, by any known and established p. 451. law of the land. In the face of this determination, the Commons persisted in

Mr. Southey compares our noble their murderous purpose; the Peers, who

and sublime Liturgy with that mishrunk from a more active participation serable and meagre tract, called the in the crime, shrunk from their duty also, “ Directory for Public Worship,” absenting themselves from the House, and He gives a rapid sketch of the suc. six were found thorough-paced enough to concar in the sentence of condemnation." Vol. II. p. 438.

« * For proof of this, the reader is re.

rred to the Quarterly Review, Vol. X. Mr. Southey quotes the first part pp. 99-101."

p. 436.

cessive and increasing oppressions dered to have a set off in the 8,000 of the presbyterians and indepen- loyal clergy, who were deprived of dents, who made in turn their own their benefices for their loyalty to rod of iron to be felt. Toleration Charles I. The injudicious proceedwas stigmatized as intolerable; the ings of James; the firmness of the power of the keys was claimed in bishops, and the mistaken conscienits highest sellise; divine right, detiousness of the non-jurors are the nied to the monarch, was asserted concluding heads; and Mr. Southey by the presbytery.

takes leave of his subject in the fol“ The Paritans meddled with every

lowing words. thing. They abolished may-poles, and “ From the time of the Revolution the they prohibited servants and children from

Church of England has partaken of the walking in the fields on the Sabbath day. stability and security of the State. Here They appointed the second Tuesday in therefore I terminate this compendious, every month, for reasonable recreation, but faithful, view of its rise, progress, and all holidays having been suppressed ; and political struggles. It has rescued us, they passed an ordinance, by which eight first from heathenism, then from papal heresies were made punishable with death idolatry and superstition : it has saved us upon the first offence, unless the offender from temporal as well as spiritual despot. abjured his errors, and irremissibly if he ism. We owe to it our moral and intelrelapsed. Sixteen other opinions were to lectual character as a nation ; much of our be punished with imprisonment, till the private happiness, much of our public offender should find sureties that he would strength. Whatever should weaken it, maintain them no more. Among these would in the smae degree injure the comwere the belief in Purgatory ; the opinion mon weal ; whatever should overthrow it, that God might be worshipped in pictures would in sure and immediate consequence or images, free will, universal restitution, bring down the goodly fabric of that Con. and the sleep of the soul. Their laws also stitution, whereof it is a constituent and for the suppression of immorality were

necessary part. If the friends of the Conwritten in blood.” Vol. II. p. 464. stitution understand this as clearly as its

The last chapter comprises the enemies, and act upon it as consistently ecclesiastical transactions of the State be safe, and with them the liberty

and as actively, then will the Church and reigos of Charles II. and James II and the prosperity of our country.” Vol. -The ejectment of the 2,000 non. II. p. 528. . conformist ministers is fitly consi


Ashbridge, J. to the rectory of Eversley. parish of Kirkden, county of Forfar ; Patron, Sir Joan Cope, Bart.

Patron, the KING. Bathurst, R. M. A. to the rectory of Be- Cotterill, Joseph, M. A. to the rectory of

laugh, with the vicarage of Scottow Blakeney, with Cokethorp and Langannexed, in Norfolk; Patron, the Bi. ham Parva, Norfolk ; Patron, LORD SHOP of Norwich.

CALTHORPE. Brown, Edward, M. A. of Christ Church, Cotton, Lynch, M. A. fellow of Worcester

Oxford, to the rectory of Sheering, Es- college, Oxford, and vicar of Dench

sex ; Patrons, the Dean and CHAPTER. worth, Berks, to be one of the domestic Carr, Charles, M. A. fellow of University chaplains, to the Earl of St. Germains.

College, Oxford, to the rectory of Dodson, Nathaniel, M. A. of St. John's Headbourne Worthy, in Hampshire ; *college, Oxford, to the vicarage of St. Patrons, the Master and FELLOWS of Helen, in Abingdon, and the chapels of the above Society

Radley and Drayton, Berks; Patron, Carruthers, David, to the church ann the KING.


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