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and every scholastic quirk in disquisitions an happiness is it, that, without all offence of divinity, are made matters of no less

of necromancy, I may here call up any of than life and death to the soul. It is a the ancient worthies of learning, whether great improvement of true wisdom to be human or divine, and conter with them able to see things as they are, and to of all my doubts? That I can at pleasure value them as they are

Let summon whole synods of reverend fathers, me labour for that power and staidness of and acute doctors from all the coasts of judgmert, that neither my senses may de. the earth, to give their well-studied judge ceive my mind, nor the object may delude ments in all the points of question which I my sense.

propose? Neither can I cast my eye

casually upon any of these silent masters, Upon Wasps falling into a Glass. but I must learn somewhat. It is a wanSee you that narrow-mouthed glass,

tonness to complain of choice. which is set near to the hive, mark how

No law binds us to read all : bat the busily the wasps resort to it, being drawn

more we can take in and digest, the better thither by the smell of that sweet liquor liking must the mind's needs be. Blessed wherewith it is bated; see how eagerly

be God that has set up so many clear

lamps his church. they creep into the mouth of it; and fall down snddenly from that slippery steep

Now none but the wilfully blind, can ness into that watery trap, from which they plead darkness ; and blessed be the mecan never rise: there atter some vain la

mory of those his faithful servants, that have bour and weariness they drown and die:

left their blood, their spirits, their lives, you do not see any of the bees look that

in these precious papers; and have wil. way; they pass directly to their live, with lingly wasted themselves into these during ont any notice taken of such a pleasing monuments, to give light unto others. bait; idle and ill disposed persons are drawn away with every temptation, they

Upon the tolling of a passing Bell. have both leisure and will to entertain every How doleful and heavy is this sqmmons sweet allurement to sin, and waptonly of death? This sound is not for our ears, prosecute their own wicked lusts till they but for our hearts; it calls us not only to fall into irrecoverable damnation ; whereas our prayers, but to our preparation : to the diligent and laborious Christian, that our prayers for the departing soul; to our follows hard and conscionably the works preparation for our own departing. We of an honest calling, is free from the dan- have never so much need of prayers, as in ger of these deadly enticements, and lays our last combat, then is our great adver. up honey of comfort against the winter of sary most eager: thep are we the weakest, evil. Happy is that man who can see and then nature is so over-laboured, that it enjoy the success of his labour ; but, howe gjves us not leisure to make use of gracions ever, this we are sure of; if our labour motions. There is no preparation so necescannot purchase the good we would have, sary as for this conflict; all our life is little it shall prevent the evil we would avoid, enough to make ready for our last bour,

Wliat an 1 better than my neighbours? Upon the sight of a great Library. How oft hath this bell reported to me the What a world of wit is here packed up

farewell of many more strong and vigorous together! I know not whether this sightful and lively spirits? And now what

bodies tban my own ; of many more cheerdoth more dismay or comfort me; it

doth it but call me to the thought of my dismays me to think that here is so much that I cannot know; it comforts me to

parting? Here is no abiding for me: I think that this variety yields so good helps must away too. to know what I should ; there is no trner

Oh! teach me so to number my days, word than that of Solomon-there is no

that I may apply my heart to true wisdom. end of making many books; this sight verifies it; there is 'no end; indeed, it were

Upon the sight of a Bladder. pity there should; God hath given to man Every thing most be taken in his meet a busy soul; the agitation whereof cannot time; let this bladder alone till it be dry, but through time and experience work ont and all the wind in the world cannot raise many hidden troths ; to suppress these it up, whereas, now it is new and moist, wonld be no other than injarious to man- the least breath fills, and enlarges it; it is kind; whose minds like unto 80 niany can- no otherwise in ages and dispositions; indles, should be kindled by each other. The form the child in precepts of learning and thoughts of our deliberation are most accu- virtue, while years make him capable, how rate, these we vent into our papers. What pliably he yieldeth, how happily is he replenished with knowledge and goodness; delight in that which we do; and delight let him alone till tiine and il example bave makes us more apt to practise ; and more hardened him, till he be settled in an habit capable of perfection in that we practise. of evil, and contracted and clung together O God! if I take pleasure in thy law, I with sensual delights, now he becomes ut- shall meditate of it with comfort, speak of terly indocible ; sooner may that bladder it with boldness, and practise it with cheer. be broken than distended.

fulness,

Upon a Burr leaf.

Upon an Ivy Tree. Neither the vine, nor the oak, nor the

Behold a true emblem of false love : cedar, nor any tree, that I know within

here are kind embracements, but deadly : our climate, yields so great a leaf as this bow close doth this weed cling unto that weed, which yet, after all expectation, oak, and seems to hug and shade it?' but brings forth nothing but a burr, unprofite in the mean time draws away the sap, and able, troublesome. So have I seen none

at last kills it. Such is an barlot's love, make greater profession of religion than an

such is a parasite's. Give me that love and ignorant man, whose indiscreet forward. friendship which is between the vine and ness yields no fruit but a factious disturb the elm, whereby the elin is no whit worse, ance to the church wherein he lives. Too and the vine much the better. That wholemuch sliew is not so much better than

some and noble plant doth not so close none at all, as an ill fruit is worse than

wind itself about the tree that upholds it, bone at all.

as to gall the bark, or to suck away the

moisture; and again the elm yields a be- Upon the singing of a Bird. neficial supportation to that weak, though It is probable that none of those crea

generous plant. As God, so wise men

know to measure love, not by professios tures that want reason, delight so much in

ard coupliment, (which is commonly most pleasant sounds, as a bird ; whence it is,

high and vehement in the falsest) but by that both it spends so inuch time in sing

reality of performance. He is no enemy ing, and is more apt to imitate those mo

that burts me not. I am not his friend . dulations which it hears from men. Fre.

whom I desire not to benefit. quent practice (if it be voluntary) argues a

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. The Superintendence of Christ over unconsciously to examine his own

his Church, a Sermon preached in heart, and see whether there be any Lambeth Chapel, on Sunday, April evidence of their practical effect on 11, 1824, at the Consecration of himself. To the ministers of the the Right Rev. Christopher Be- Gospel in particular, it addresses thell, D.D. Lord Bishop of Glou- itself in accents which cannot die cester. By J. B. Sumner, M.A. away on the ear and be forgotten. Prebendary of Durham, &c. &c. It points out to them the high chaPublished at the Command of his racter which they hold in the ChrisGrace the Archbishop of Canter- tian dispensation, as the living inbury. 4to. pp. 21. Hatchard struments by which Christ exercises and Son, 1824.

his active superintendence, and on This Sermon is quite worthy of whom he pours out his Spirit for the the author of " Apostolical Preach. edifying of the body of the church. ing Considered."* Flowing with a It

opens

with the following enertide of clear and simple eloquence, getic passage:it powerfully impresses us with a

“ However slightly treated or passed heartfelt and lively conviction of the over by the world, and classed with things serious truths which it lays before of man's contrivance, the Christian Church us, and disposes the reader almost is a sublime object of contemplation.

When we consider from what origin it We particularly mention this work, rose; against what interests it has prebecause we confess it is our favourite vailed ; from what clouds it has emerged; amongst the author's excellent productions. what comforts it has diffused; what moral changes it is continually effecting :-we are those who are ready to forego the blessings constrained to say, This has God wrought, and connexions of their native land, and this is God's building."

banish themselves into the deserts of hea. Shewing, then, the absurdity of thenism, where, in hope of future produce

from labours now unseen and upacknow. supposing that Christ should cease to watch over the Church which he scatter the precious seed; without en

ledged, they till the unbroken ground, and had once instituted, Mr. Sumner couragement to animate their toil, or comgoes on to state three several ways panion to cheer them on their way? I in which his superintendence is must not, indeed, say that they are alone; manifested,—in providing persons

for he makes his abode with them, who has qualified : 1st, To declare the truths promised to be always with his faithful of the Gospel at home, and to pub ministers to the end of the world : por

must I speak of them as unseen; for their lish it abroad; 2dly, To defend its Father which seeth in secret, shall reward authority, and to maintain its doc- them openly: but I will boldly say, that trives in their purity; 3dly, To apply he who worketh all in all, can alone prothese doctrines to the hearts and duce the lively faith which overcomes the lives of men.

present world, and goes out, not knouing Under the first head, he asserts whither, for the sake of a crown of glory

iu the life to come." the heavenly influence of the Spirit in communicating to persons the

The next division of his subject disposition to employ their faculties is employed in pointing out the inand powers in preaching the Gos- fluence of the Spirit in securing a pel. - In the early ages of Christi. right interpretation of scriptural anity, this inward calling was evi- truth ; to which even heresies, he denced in the weariness and pain- shews, have contributed, by drawing fulness, watchings and fastings, forth able expositions of the truth persecutions and privation, which as it is in Jesus. were willingly undergone for the “ Men have not thought it much to sake of the Gospel.-In later ages, employ in the interpretation of the Bible, it is manifested in the counteract: talents of gigantic eminence, and labour ing energy of the faithful preacher highest worldly advantages :--they have de

which would have procured to them the amidst difficulties and discourage- voted days and nights to studies which had ments, arising either from the con

no other interest, than that they were contented indifference of mankind nected with the elucidation of some scripor their natural aversion to true tural truth, or the refutation of some spiritual religion; and in the lively unscriptural error ;--they have applied faith which prompts the minister of themselves to critical pursuits of a very the Gospel to forego the blessings afforded no return of literary gratification,

uninviting nature, and to languages wbich of bis native land, and go forth that they might better understand the to publish salvation to the nations Scriptures, or unfold their contents to yet lying in darkness. We cannot others against whom they had before been forbear giving, in Mr. Sumuer's own closed. Certainly they have had their rewords, that animated description ward : they have found their recompense of the Christian missionary with in this, that they have been labouring in a which he concludes this division of sacred cause; that the counsels of God,

and his dealings towards men, have been his subject :

constantly presevt to their mind. But " Out of the vast tract of ancultivated the preparation of the heart which made ground which a religious survey of the these counsels dear to them ; which made world unhappily represents, some spots them consider this, and this alone, a suffiare open to the spiritual husbandman, and cient recompense, if they could discern invite the Apostle, the Evangelist, to bring the way of salvation more clearly, or good tidings, to publish salvation. But render it more plain to others ;-this must who, except the Lord of the harvest, be referred to Him,who worketh all in all." can send forth labourers into fields like them? Shall we ascribe it to any thing

Our attention is, lastly, called to but the power of His grace, if we find the operation of the Spirit in the

perfecting of the saints. Obstacles praise; for it is thy Spirit which worketh to the discharge of the ministerial all in all." duty, arising from the cares or plea- The concluding part of the Sersures of the world—from a piety mon is employed in deducing comuntempered by charity towards man fort and encouragement to the ---or from spiritual pride—and “a faithful minister, from the subject thousand dangers which beset the under consideration. The highest narrow path”-can only be encoun- as well as the lowest members of tered and overcome through the Din the body of Christ are thus emvine assistance.

boldened to trust, that “he who “ Perhaps the scene of labour is cast in first actuates the heart to devote some sequestered corner of the land, in itself to bis service, will perform what the men of business, or the men of unto the end the good work which intellect and literature, would call a wild. he has begun.” erness; but in that wilderness a flock is to

The solemnity of the occasion, be fed, and that flock is designed for im, however, more particularly leading mortality; and the faithful shepherd the thoughts to those who are placed watches, and prays, and labours for the safety of those souls entrasted to him, as in authority in the Church, Mr. Suma father for the welfare of his children. ner directs the sequel of his remarks I speak to those who can appreciate such to the Episcopal Order; and we do cares; to some who haye themselves ex- not remember to have seen any pasperienced them; and who know at once the

sage in which the duties of the necessity and the painfulness of these mi

rulers of the Church have been set nistrations. The interpreter of Scriptore may find soine reward in perpetuating his forth more consistently with the name amongst his brethren; the preacher admirable admonitions contained in may be cheered by the applause and admi- the service appointed for the Conse. ration of his hearers: but what can stimu- cration of Bishops; or in which that late the humnble and retired minister, the filial reverence due from the presbylaborious watchman of the house of Israel, ter towards the fathers of bis orexcept the desire implanted in him by the dination,” has been more scrupuSpirit, that he may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus, as his hope and lously and delicately observed. It crown of rejoicing in the great day.”

is not, indeed, a direct exhortation Mr. Sumner here anticipates the with which he concludes, but by objection which may be made, by pointing out the expected aid and narrow-minded men, to the alleged co-operation of the Holy Spirit in purity of motive which actuates the discharging their high functions, he minister of the Gospel, from the

is led to expatiate on those functemporal support which his duties tions, and thus tacitly enforces their procure for him ; and while he ac

obligations. knowledges the benefits of the libe

“ Our thoughts to-day are naturally

directed towards those who rule: rule as ral endowment which the Church

heads of an establishment, which it does enjoys, maintains that these benefits

not become me to eulogize in this place, are not, and cannot be, the leading but with which it is impossible not to constimulus to the duties of the minis- nect, in a great measure, the interests of try. The appeal which he here the universal Church. He, whom they makes to bis hearers, at once be serve, will enable them to watch over its speaks the sincerity of the preacher, and whilst they endeavour daily to enlarge

welfare with wisdom and perseverance; and the justice of his vindication :

its usefulness, and secure to an increasing “But I may safely appeal to the hearts population the benefits of a Seriptural of the reverend persons who hear me, whe. Liturgy, and an enlightened ministry, will ther some more noble, more disinterested, teach them to disregard the calumny, the more lasting motive, is not to be found prejndice, the indifference towards all engraven there :-and well I am assured, religion against which they are frequently that those on whose hearts it is engraven, obliged to contend. He will enable them, will be the first to say, not unto us, Lord, as overseers of the flock, to feed the not unto us, but'unto thy name be the Church of God which he has purchased

with his own blood; to watch for the souls Sumner has not inserted a caution of all, as they that must give account ; against a possible perversion of his to rebuke with impartiality, to encourage

views, by discriminating between with sound indgment, to draw forth retir

such as are the real and authorized ing merit from its concealment, and impose a timely check upon those who are lifted ministers of the Gospel, and such up urith pride ; and to remind the younger as claim to themselves the holy servants of Christ of the responsibility of office without due authority from their sacred office, and the tremendous Christ—that authority which can consequences to themselves and to their

alone be derived from those to flock, of a neglect of the charge commit

whom the apostles have transmitted ted to them,

“ Above all, he will enable them to rise it by communication from Himself. superior to the flattering distinctions of this distinction, indeed, follows from this world ; to disregard the praise of men, the course of his argument;,for, and through evil report and good report, the superintendence of Christ over to seek the honour which cometh from God his Church being inferred from the only; to bear continually in mind that

fact of bis having originally estaawful hour, when the greatest of all dis

blished it, the subsequent observatinctions will be, to have turned many to righteousness ; and when the precious ta.

tions can strictly apply only to such lents of influence and ability will no longer

as can justly claim a divine original to retain their value, except in as far as they their sacred functions..-But we could have been employed in bringing men from have wished, at the same time, to darkness to light, from the power of Satan have seen the distinction promi. unto God.

nently brought forward. We the Such just and engaging views of more regret the omission, as we are the Christian ministry are calculated sure that Mr. Sumner would have not only to do good to those to placed the matter in a striking point whom they are expressly directed; of view; and while he vindicated but also to correct the prejudices the exclusive right of an apostolic of those who desert the pious com- Church to send men into the Lord's munion of our orthodox Church, to vineyard, would not have violated obtain, as they conceive, a more that charity which is due to those faithful and evangelical ministration that are without. of the word. They shew them, that preaching, so much the fashion of modern days, is not the only means

Remarks on a Letter of Constantine by wbich Christ exercises his active

the Great, to Eusebius of Casarea, superintendence over the Church ;

on the Instauration of the Scrip. but that the minister who “ labours,

tures, and on the first Imperial and prays, and watches” for the Constitution in favour of Chrisgood of bis flock, may be no less an

tianity, issued from Milon; in instrument of the Redeemer, sent

refutation of a Tract, entitled, to bring men to salvation through

The absurd. Hypothesis, that his merits, than that messenger of

Eusebins of Cæsarea, Bishop and the Gospel who mightily convinces

Historian, was an Editor or Cormen by the vehemence of his ora

rupter of the Holy Scripture, extory. They shew, also, on the whole,

posed, in a second Part of the Case that our Church is a spiritual com

of Eusebins." By the Rev. Fremunion—that we lay no other foun

derick Nolan, Vicar of Pritiledation than that which is laid, which

well, Esser. 8vo. pp. 78. Bag. is Christ and that its ministers, as

ster, London. 1824. such, account themselves of no We have noticed the coutroversy to repute, but so far as they are the which the title of the Pamphlet beambassadors of Christ and co-ope- forè us draws our attention, chiefly rators with the Spirit of God. with the view of making some re•

We have only to regret, that Mr. marks on the controversial spirit

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