Page images

Divinity Reader of the Lady Marga- Majesty preferred also to the Deanret's Lecture, in the year 1563, ery of Lincoln, August 2, 1751, which he discharged with so great which be held for seven years, so liking of the whole University, that long as he remained in Cambridge. for bis sake they increased the sti. By his government in Trinity Colpend from twenty marks to twenty lege he made many excellent schopounds; and afterwards he was lars, five whereof were in his time made the Queen's Public Professor Bishops *, that were Fellows of the of Divinity.

College when he was Master, and Whilst he read these two lectures, some of them his Pupils. the Public Schools were frequented Among his pupils also were the with throngs of students in Divinity, Earls of Worcester and Cumberyoung and old-insomuch as many land, the Lord Zouch, the Lord of the precise faction were his daily Dunboy, of Ireland ; Sir Nicholas anditors.

and Sir Francis Bacon, Sir Edward His singular and extraordinary Coke t: all which, together with gift in preaching caused bim, upon the rest of the scholars, he beld to the recommendation of Sir Nicholas their public disputations, exercises Bacou, the then-Lord-Keeper of the and prayers, which he never missed. Great Seal of England, and Sir Wil- He usually dined and supped in liam Cecill, Principal Secretary, af- the common hall, as well to have a terwards Lord Treasurer of England, watchful eye over the scholars, and to be sent for, A.D. 1567, to preach to keep them in a mannerly and before her Majesty, who took so

awful obedience, as by his example great liking of him, that hearing his to teach them to be contented with name to be Whitgift, she said he had a scholar-like college diet. a white gift indeed : and within four The sway and rule he then did months after that he was Master of bear through the whole University, Peinbroke Hall, made him Master is testified by the alteration and of Trinity College, and caused him amendment which he procured of immediately after to be sworn her the statutes of the university, by his Chaplain.

mere labour, and the credit which In the College, at his first entrance, he had with her Majesty and the he found much division, especially Lord Burleigh, the Lord Treasurer among such as laboured at innova of England and Chancellor of Cam, tion in the Church; but baving wisely bridge. In which kind of affairs all the appeased these stirs, he governed Heads of Houses were directed and for five years space with great advised by him, as from an oracle. » quietness both of the whole con.

The first wound which those ferpany and himself, until Master Tho. vent reprehenders received at Dr. mas Cartwright, a Fellow of that Whitgift's hands, and his prudent College, his last return from beyond order of government, together with seas, whose seditious writings and his singular gift in preaching, made proceedings much disturbed the Uni. his fame spread, and gained him so versity-until Dr. Whitgift, having

* Norwich, Redman-Worcester, Ba. in vain completely refuted him in

bington-St. David's, Rud-Glocester, controversy, and tried other gentle GolsboroughHereford, Bennett. expedients for restoring peace, ex: + It must not be forgotten that Dr. pelled him from the University, and Whitgift, afterwards Archbishop of Canbeing Vice-chancellor, deprived him terbury, sent unto bis pupil, (Sir Edward of the Lady Margaret's Lecture; Coke) when the Queen's Attorney, a fair

New Testament with this which he then read.

message: He

bath long enough studied Common Law; Having continued Master of Tri

now let him study the Law of God.”— vity College ten years, and being Wordsworth's Eccl. Biøg. vol. iv. p. 332. twice. Vice-chancellor, he was by her note.

great estimation, that her Majesty proceedings the Bishop's pleasure was pleased to make choice of him, was first known, for time and place. before many others of eminent place He would often make appointment in the Church, to be Bishop of Wor- of meetings, either at his own house eester; to which See he was conse- or some of theirs, for some comerated April 21, 1577. Upon which mendable recreations or exercises, his advancement, he first took his whereby still to keep the Gentlemen, leave of the whole University by a by their continual repair to each public sermon, which he preached other, in mutual love and concord. in St. Mary's Church, wherein he He was very active as a peaceexhorted them to peace; and after- maker among the people, and parwards by a private sermou in Tri- ticularly in the following instance. nity College, he gave unto that so- There was a deadly quarrel ciety such

a godly and learned ex- between Sir John Russell and Sir hortation for their continuance and Henry Barkely, , so

that great constancy in peace and unity, as it bloodshed was like to have ensued 80 moved their affections that they at a Sessions at Worcester, by rea. burst out into tears, insomuch that son of their many friends and fole there were scarce any dry eyes to be lowers, had not the Bishop wisely found amongst the whole number, prevented it, by providing a strong He chose for his text the same fare- watch at the gates and about the well which St. Paul gave unto the city, and requiring them to bring Corinthians, “ Finally, brethren, both parties, with their attendants, farewell; perfect, be of good com well guarded to his palace, where fort, be of one mind, live in peuce, he caused them all, to the number and the God of love and peace shalt of four or five hundred, to deliver be with you.” 2 Cor. xiü. 11. their weapons into his own servants

In June following, he was attend custody; and, after two hours pains ed aud accompanied on his way from takeu, sometimes in persuading, and Cambridge towards Worcester, with otherwhiles in threatening them, he a great troop of the Heads and others made them so good friends, as they of choice account in the University, both attended him, hand in hand, to and with exceeding lamentation, and the Town-hall, where they performed sorrow of all sorts, for the loss they the service of their country in amity conceived they had of so worthy a and love, and ever after held him in governor.

great honour and estimation thereHer Majesty gave him farther tes- fore. timonies of her favour, by forgiving A year after his consecration to him his first-fruits, and granting that Bishoprie, he was made Vicehim the disposal of all the prebends President of the Marches of Wales, of Worcester.

During his first year in this office, He found the Bishopric much im. be took no part in the government, paired, by his predecessors granting but after that, having acquired away in long leases divers manors, due informatioil, he then applied parks, and mansion houses. But himself to the direction of affairs, what most troubled him was the taking exceeding pains, from morn. letting to Master Abington, Cofferer ing till bed-time, affording himself to the Queen, the rent-corn of only small time for meals and study. his two best manors, Hollow and He kept a watch over his associGriinley, which he succeeded in re- ates, and also over his family and covering to the See, giving 300l. out attendants, to avoid all colour of of his own purse to have the lease corruption. A Gentleman of his surrendered.

bed-chamber making request onto Here he had great respect from him that he might have the delivery the Gentlemen of the County. In all of suitors' petitions, and indorse their answers, he presently discharged some more, some less, as at Folk, him of his chamber, (as supposing stone, Maidstone, and others. he had been tampered withal) and He was now intrusted by the queen could never afterwards very well with the management of all her ecbrook him.

clesiastical affairs and preferinent: His great integrity, justice, and in which office “he devoutly consemild government, caused bim to be crated both his whole life to God, selected by the Queen for the reform- and bis painful labours to the good ing of the Cathedral Churches of of the Church *.” And yet in this Lichfield and Hereford, which were place he met with many oppositions then in great disorder.

in the regulation of Church affairs, The Queen further designed him which were much disordered at his for the Archbishopric of Canter- entrance, by reason of the age and bury, during the life time of Arch- remissness † of Archbishop Grindall, bishop Grindall, who was then in his immediate predecessor, the actidisgrace, and was himself desirous vity of the non-conformists, (amongst of resiguing the office to him; but whom his former opponent in the Bishop Whitgift utterly refused, and University, Master Cartwright, was in presence of the Queen herself, be- foremost,) and their chief assistant, sought pardon in not accepting the Earl of Leicester; and indeed thereof, upon any condition whatso- by too many others of the like sacriever, in the lifetime of the other. legious principles. With these he

Archbishop Grindall died shortly was to encounter; and though he after ; upon which, Bishop Whitgift wanted neither courage, nor a good was appointed his successor, Sep- cause, yet he foresaw that, without tember 24, 1583. You would then a great measure of the Queen's fahave wondered to have seen the re, vour, it was impossible to stand in pair and flocking of Gentlemen and the breach that had been lately others, both out of Worcestershire made into the lands and immunities and the Marches of Wales, not to of the Chureh, or indeed to maincongratulate his advancement, but tain the remaining lands and rights to express their true love and hearty of it. And therefore, by justifiable affection towards him, and to be- sacred insinuations, such as St. Paul seech him not to depart from thence; to Agrippa-“ Agrippa, believest and so with tears and sobs they took thou? I know thou believest-he their leave of him, as kind-natured wrought himself into so great a dechildren use to part from their pa- gree of favour with her, as by his rents, whose face they are out of pious use of it, hath got both of hope ever to see again,

them a great degree of fame in this He found the Archbishoprie sur world, and of glory in that into charged in the valuation, and pro- which they are now. both entered to cured an abatement of 1001. in the He linked himself in a firm league first-fruits for him and his succes- of friendship with Sir Christopher sors. He also recovered 1000 acres Hatton, then Vice-chamberlain to at Long Beachwood, in Kent, which the Queen, and with Lord Burghley, had been many years detained from his predecessor by Sir James Croft, * Camden's Annals of Queen Elizabetb, then Comptroller of her Majesty's quoted by Walton. Household, farmer thereof to her + Or rather by reason of his snspension Majesty. In letting leases of his im- and sequestration which he lay under, topropriations, if he found the Curate's gether with the queen's displeasure, for wages but small, he would abate some years, when the ecclesiastical affairs

were managed by certain civilians. J. S. much of his fine to increase their Wordsworth's Eccl. Biog. vol. iv. p. 231. pensions; some' ten pounds a year, 1 Walton's Life of Hooker. REMEMBRANCER, No. 68.


then Lord Treasurer, who prevailed void, divers of the Heads, and others so far, that when the Earl of Leices- of the University, made known unto ter was in the Low Countries, the the Archbishop their desire to choose Archbishop was sworn Counsellor * him their Chancellor, although he of State, (February, 1585) which was a Cambridge man. To whom he gave him freer access to the Queen, returned this answer; that he was and enabled him better to pursue already their friend, whereof they bis measures in the Church's behalf. might rest assured ; and therefore

On the death of Sir Thomas' advised them to make choice of some Bromely, the then Lord-Chancellor, other in place near about the Queen, (April 12, 1587) it pleased her Ma- that might assist him on their bejesty to discover her gracious incli- half; and both at the council-board, nation to have made the Archbishop and other places of justice, right Lord-Chancellor of England; but he them many ways, both for the beexcusing himself in many respects, nefit of the University, and their parthat he was grown into years, and ticular Colleges ; and therewithal rehad the burthen of all ecclesiastical commended unto them Sir Christobusiness laid upon his back, which pher Hatton, being sometime of that was as much as one man could well University; whom accordingly they undergo, considering the troubles did choose for their Chancellor, and with so many sectaries, that were whom the Archbishop ever found a then sprung up, desired to be spared, great assistant in bridling and reand besought her Highness to make forming the intemperate humour of choice of Sir Christopher Hatton, those novelists, the Puritan faction, who shortly after was made Lord- who by the countenance of some Chancellorin the Archbishop's house great personages (Earl of Leicester, at Croydon; thereby the rather to &c.) were now grown to a strong grace the Archbishop. His advance. head, and proceeded to great out. ment did much strengthen the Arch- rages, as well in their scurrilous bishop and his friends; and withal pamphlets, (such as Martin Marpre.. the Earl of Leicester, and his design- late, and others like it), as in thejr ments, came soon after to an end. seditious practices against the esta. For the year following, taking his blished church and government. journey to Kenelworth, he died in These seditious stirs of the rethe way at Cornbury Park, whereby forming sect happening at a time the Archbishop took himself freed when the invincible Spanish navy, from much opposition.

(as some vainly termed it) was Upon the death of the said Earl, upon our coasts, and her Majesty the Chancellorship of Oxford being was employed in the preparation of

forces to encounter and resist them; Archbishop Whitgift repaired daily to the Archbishop also had not the the council table, early in the morning, meanest parț to perform in so great and after an usual apprecation of a good- and weighty an action ; when the morrow to the lords, he requested to know whole forces of the Clergy, not only if there were any Church business to be

within his particular diocese, but debated; and if the answer was returned in the affirmative, he staid and attended through the whole province, were the issue of the matter. But if no such committed unto his care and charge, matter appeared, he craved leave to be to have in readiness, besides his own dispensed withal, saying, “Then, my lords, family and tenants, which were by here is no need of me,” and departed; hin gathered together, and all prea commendable practice, clearing himself pared, mustered, and trained, for from all aspersions of civil pragmaticaloess, defence of Prince and country. and tending much to the just support of his

While be actively suppressed the reputation.-Fuller's Church Hist. b. ix. p. 197. Wordsworth's Eccl. Biog, vol. designs of the factious, he was still iv. p. 349, Note.

remarkable for his clemency towards

them, using his interest with the As from Master Beza, so from Queen in their behalf. For Carte other famous men beyond the seas, wright, among others, he procured he received many letters, arguing the Queen's pardon and dismission, their great love and due respect of and bestowed on him many personal him. At their request and recomfavours, tolerating his preaching, on mendation, he relieved and enterhis promise of not impugning the tained into bis house, for many years laws, orders and government in the together, divers distressed ministers Church of England, but that he out of Germany and France, who would persuade and procure, so were enforced to forsake their own much as he could, both publicly and countries, some by banishment, privately, the estimation and peace others by reason of wars and extreof the same though the Queen, on mity, which they were put unto, and hearing it, would by no means en- at their departure he dealt bountifully dure his preaching without subscrip with them; as namely Drusius, Retion, and was not a little offended nicherus, Frigeville, and Monsieur with the Archbishop for such conni- Buse, a French minister, who read vancy at him.

weekly a lecture in Latin in his cha. As he used such clemency towards pel. And although his French pro, the irregular sort, so towards the bunciation, and want of good deliconformable he was carried with an very, did somewhat blemish the exceeding tender respect and kind- goodness of the matter which he ness. He loved a learned minister, handled; yet the Archbishop's provirtuous and honest, with all bis perty ever was, to cherish and enheart; framing himself unto that courage him, and all others that rule of Aristotle, which directeth preached before him, and he was a good magistrate, “ to be as care- never heard to give the preacher dis. ful in encouraging good men, ac- taste, but rather would commend, or cording to their merits, as in pu- excuse him against other men's cennishing the bad, according to the sures; saying, “if he were young, quality of their offences.” If he better experience would correct his found a scholar of extraordinary defaults, and if he were in years, he gifts or hopes, that out of wants was in that respect to be borne grew discontented, and inclined to withal,” alleging for both, that popery or puritanism, (as most of some would take exceptions, sometheir discontentments and wayward. times rather to satisfy their own too ness proceeded thence,) him would much curiosity, than for any just he gain both with supplies of money cause of dislike in the preacher. out of his purse, and preferments of Wherein he shewed a disposition his own gift, or otherwise as oppor- very rarely to be found ; in that, tunity served.

having himself an excellent gift in Now as our countrymen of all that faculty, his modesty in prizing sorts had daily taste of the kind dis- himself, and his mildness in censurposition of this our Archbishop, so ing others, was extraordinary, and was it not wanting unto sundry men very singular; so that thereby he of learning and quality, of foreign gavegreat encouragement unto some, countries, whom he entertained both whom otherwise his exquisite judgwith his love and his bounty. He ment might have daunted. sent sundry times much money to Neither herein did he, as in serMaster Beza out of his own purse, vice of war the trumpeters use to besides the general collections and do, who encourage others to fight, contributions to Geneva, which he never taking weapon in hand themalso greatly furthered-upon which selves, bụt as his continual enoccasion many letters passed be deavours were to reward those of twixt them.

best gifts, and to encourage those of

« PreviousContinue »