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meaner, so (as often as church and For he would say, that whosoever state affairs gave him leave) he was took that pains before his preachindustrious in propounding whole- ing, the elder he waxed, the better some doctrine unto the people, and be should discharge that duty; but a worthy pattern of true divinity if he trusted only to his memory, and diligence unto all others of the his preaching in time would become Clergy to follow him therein. When prattling. he was Bishop of Worcester, un- When he was Bishop of Worcesless extraordinary business of the ter, and Vice-president of the MarMarches of Wales hindered him, he ches, he did exceeding good by that never failed to preach upon every his continual preaching, as also by Sabbath-day; many times riding five his often conference and conventing or six miles to a parish church, and of the Papists, whom he used with after sermou came home to dinner. mild and temperate speeches, and The like he did also when he was thereby got many of them to conArchbishop and lay at Croydon, the form themselves, both gentlemen Queen being in her progress. No and others, whereby, as at his first Sunday escaped him in Kent, as the coming unto the see of Worcester, gentlemen there can well witness, he found many recusants, so he left who would exceedingly resort unto very few at his coming thence. him: and he would oftentimes preach Immediately after he came to be so early in the morning in some pa- Archbishop, he convented before rish church, both in Worcester and him the chiefest and most learnCanterbury, that he came afterwards ed recusants throughout all Eng. to the sermon in the cathedral land. He also wrote letters to the church.
Bishops, his brethren, within the His gift that way was excellent, province of Canterbury, to proas if you had heard St. Augustin ceed with the recusants, by the au. himself, or some of the ancient Bi- thority ecclesiastical, and censures shops in the primitive church. His of the church, and called yearly gesture and action in the pulpit, so upon them for an account of their grave and decent, his words coming doings. He sent forth also many from him so fatherly and comely, warrants, by virtue of her Highand though plainly, for the most ness's commission for causes ecclepart, and without affectation, yet al- siastical, and thereby had daily ways elegantly, with special choice, brought before him both recusants and substantial matter, full of good and priests; who, according to the and sound learning, plentiful in au- quality of their offences, were rethorities out of scripture, fathers, strained, and proceeded against, or and'schoolmen, so singularly ap. delivered over to the civil magis. plied, that he much affected his au- trate to be dealt withal, as to justice ditory therewith. Thus he often- appertained, after the laws were times stirred and moved men's minds euacted against recusants and semiand affections, and that, not by nary priests. the force of eloquence only, but by And yet some uncharitable and his pious life, answerable to his re- precipitate sectaries traduced him ligious sentences; the opinion and for a papist, and called him the Pope confidence which the people had of of Lambeth in their libels, and conhis integrity being very great, be- venticles, and most unjustly recause be did live upspotted of the proached him with the title of Dr. world, and would not any way be Pearne's servant, whom they likecorrupted.
wise taxed with popery, and falsely He never preached, but he first charged him to have infected the wrote his notes in Latin, and after- Archbishop therewith, because of wards kept them during his life. his affection and love to bim. The truth is, as the Archbishop was of forty horsemen well appointed, and his own nature a very loving, kind expected directions from the Court man, so he did hate ingratitude in how to dispose of them. The next any, and could never be taxed with morning, he - sent a gentleman to that fault. He was likewise (as the know how the Queen did, and how gentlemen of Worcestershire and she rested all night; to whom she Kent had daily experience) very made answer, " that she rested and firm, and marvellous constant, where slept the better for his care the day he affected a professed love ;'which before; but I beshrew his heart," brought him in great displeasure in said she," he would not believe this the cause of the Earl of Essex.- of Essex, though I had often told For such was his confidence in the him, it would, one day, thus come Earl's loyalty, and his own stedfast- to pass." ness in that friendship which he had Upon the demise of the Queen formerly professed unto him, that (March 24, 1602) the Archbishop, he could not be drawn from being a although much dejected and grieved continual intercessor for him; where for the loss of his dear Sovereign and with her Majesty was so highly dis- Mistress, who had so highly advanced pleased and so sharply rebuked him him, with the rest of the Lords, refor the same, that the good old paired immmediately to Whitehall, Archbishop sometimes came home and after two hours sitting in Couns much grieved and perplexed. cil, about the penning of the Pro
Afterwards, however, when the clamation, he principally (as his Earl went out indeed, the Arch. place required) with a cheerful bishop being that Sunday morning countenance, and the rest of the (Feb. 8, 1600) at Court, hastened Lords in like sort accompanying home without any attendant, and him, first at the Court-gate at Whitecommanded as many men as he hall, then at the Cross in Cheapside, then had in the house to be pre- proclaimed her most rightful sucsently armed, and sent them over cessor, James, (then King of Scotunto the Court, but not to go with- land) King of England, France, and in the gates until Master Secretary Ireland. The people took great Cecill, or some other by his instruc- comfort at the presence of the tion, should appoint them a leader. Archbishop, and heartily prayed for There were immediately presented him at his return, as if they nothing unto him threescore men, well armed doubted, but that all went well for and appointed, who, with a message the State in that council among from the Archbishop, shewed them- whom he was present. selves before the Court; of whose He was indeed beloved of all sorts arrival there Master Secretary Cecill, of people, yea, even of some of them with the rest of the Lords of the who were the most fervent repre. Council, were right glad, and said henders themselves, as they have
a most worthy prelate. confessed since his death. A more They had speedily a leader ap- particular love also he deserved of pointed unto them, and marched many for his affection unto liberal presently, and were the first that and ingenious arts, whereof his do. entered into the gates of Essex mestic government and care was no House; and in the first court made less argument than his public. For good the place, until the Earl yield- besides the pains which he took ed bimself, and was by the Lord himself, after he was Bishop of Admiral brought to Lambeth House, Worcester and Archbishop of Canwhere he remained an hour or two, terbury, many years with a number and was from thence conveyed to of worthy young gentlemen, in readthe Tower. The Archbishop had ing unto them thrice a day, he took likewise in readiness that afternoon, into his house, besides his chaplains, divers of quality, to instruct them inclined to order his cause, (not acin the mathematics and other lec- cording to his desire,) told the tures of sundry arts and languages; Archbishop, that upon another ocgiving them good allowance and casion there grew some speech of preferments likewise, as occasion that cause before the Lords of the was offered ; and besides the many Council, and their Lordships were poor scholars, whom he kept in his of another opinion than his Grace house till he could provide for them, and the rest of the Commissioners and prefer them, as he did sundry seemed to be. “What tellest thou 10 good estates; be also inaintained me (said the Archbishop) of the divers in the University at his own Lords of the Council ? I tell thee, charge, and gave liberally to them they are in these cases to be advised and others of any towardliness, as by us, and not we by them.” He would he heard of their necessity and upon such like occasions, oftentimes wants.
say unto his private friends towards He kept likewise, for the exercise his latter time, when they talked of military discipline, a good ar. familiarly with him, and observed moury, and a fair stable of great his courage and stoutress: “ that horses, insomuch as he was able to two things did help much to make arm at all points both horse and a man confident in good causes, foot, and divers times had one hun- namely, orbitas and senectus ; and, dred foot and fifty horse, of his own said he, they steed me botb." servants, mustered and trained, for He gave audience unto suitors which purpose he entertained cap. twice a day, and afforded them set tains. He had also skilful riders, hours for their dispatch, at which who taught them to manage their time he would so courteously enhorses, and instructed them in war. treat them, giving them so wild and like exercises, all whom he rewarded gentle answers, that even they that in liberal manner.
sped not of their suits, did depart For the due execution of his without discontentment. charge, and determination of all He had a desire always to keep a such causes as belonged unto his great and bountiful house; and so proper cognizance and place; he he did, having the same well or appointed every Thursday in term a dered and governed by his head solemn and set commission day, officers therein, and all things in upon which he had a sermon in his plentiful manner, both for his own chapel, by one of his household service, and entertainment of stranChaplains, and entertained the Com• gers, according to their several missioners and their attendants, qualities and degrees. He often though to his great expense ; which feasted the Clergy, Nobility, and he little esteemed in regard of the Gentry of bis diocese and neighwell guiding and ordering the affairs bourhood. And at Christmas, esthen by him undertaken. That day pecially, bis gates were always you should have had a senate of the open, and his hall set twice or worthiest, and greatest Counsellors thrice over with strangers: upon of State, with the assistance of the some chief Festival days be was chief Prelates, Justices, Judges, and served with great solemnity, somesufficientest lawyers of both profes- time upon the knee, as well for the sions, that those times afforded. upholding of the state that belonged
His great resolution and courage unto his place, as for the better in determining causes, you may education and practice of his gene perceive, by one instance (among tlemen and attendants in points of many), when as yet he was no Coun- service. sellor of State, A gentleman of Every year he entertained the good note, seeing how the court was Queen at one of his houses, and some years twice or thrice; where Prebendaries, and Preachers, in their all things were performed in so surplices and scarlet hoods, and seemly an order, that she went hearing the solemn music, with the theuce always exceedingly well: voices and organs, cornets and sackpleased. Indeed, his merits to the buts, he was overtaken with admiQueen, and her favours to him were ration, and told an English Gentlesuch, that she called bin, “her man of very good quality, Sir Edlittle black husband," and called his ward Hobby, who then accompaservants her servants; and she saw nied him, “ That they were led in so visible and blessed a sincerity great blindness at Roine by our own shine in all bis cares and endeavours nation, who made the people there for the Church's and for her good, believe, that there was not in Engthat she was supposed to trust him land, either Archbishop, or Bishop, with the very secrets of her soul, or Cathedral, or any Church, or Ecand to make him her confessor; of clesiastical Government; but that which she gave many fair testimo- all was pulled down to the ground, nies, and of which one was, that and that the people heard their mishe would never eat flesh in Lent nisters in woods and fields, amongst without obtaining a licence from trees and brute beasts; but, for his “ her little black husband :” and own part, he protested, that (unless would often say, “She pitied him, it were in the Pope's Chapel) he because she trusted hini, and had never saw a more solemn sight, or thereby eased herself by laying the heard a more heavenly sound." burthen of all her clergy-cares upon This was told to Sir Francis Walhis shoulders; which he managed singham, (theu Principal Secretary with prudence and piety*." to her Majesty,) who related it af.
Every third year he went into terwards to the Archbishop, with Kent, unless great occasions hin- due approbation of his Kentish dered him, where he was so honour- journey, and who from that time beably attended upon by his own train, came a kind friend to him, and did consisting of 200 persons, and with him many good offices with the the Gentlemen of the country, that Queen. he did sometimes ride into the city It has appeared of how excelof Canterbury, and into other towns, lent a nature this Archbishop was, with 800 or 1000 borse.
how far from giving offence, how At his first journey into Kent, ready to forgive a wrong, merciful, (July 1589,) he rode to Dover, being compassionate, and tender-hearted. attended with 100 of his own ser
Yet was he not void, as no man is, rants at least in livery, whereof of infirmities. The greatest, or rathere were 40 gentlemen in chains of ther only fault known in him was gold. The train of Clergy and Gen. choler; and yet in him so correcttlemen in the country and their fol. ed, not by philosophy alone, as Solowers, was above 500 horse. At crates confessed of his faults, but his entrance into the town, there by the word and grace of God, as happily landed an Intelligencer from it rather served for a whetstone of Rome, of good parts and account, his courage in just causes, than any who wondered to see an Archbishop weapon whetted against the person, orClergyman in England'so reverenc goods, or good name of any other. ed and attended; but seeing him upon So that it may be rightfully said of the Sabbath-day after, in the Cathe. him, that he was such a magistrate dral Church of Canterbury, attended
as Jethro advised Moses to take in . upon by his gentlemen and servants, judging the people of God, and (as is aforesaid ;) also by the Dean, such a Bishop as St. Paul requireth
in the Church of Christ.. • Walton's Life of Hooker,
As for good works, many towns,
eities, and counties can yield a plen. Worcester, and Cumberland, the tiful testimony for him in this be- Lord Zouch, the Bishop of London, half, and in particular that notable and others of near place about her monument, his Hospital of the Majesty, in whose company he Blessed Trinity in Croydon, which chiefly delighted. he built very fair and college-wise, In the absence of his friends, he for a Warden and twenty-eight bro- would be exceeding cheerful and af. thers and sisters, He built also fable with his own gentlemen and near unto it a goodly Free-school, servants, though bis bounty towards with a schoolmaster's house, allow. them and the poor did not consist ing unto the schoolmaster twenty in words but in deeds ; for he was pounds a year for ever.
very liberal in rewarding them, both After the finishing of this hos- with leases, offices, and otherwise pital, among many other his good with supplies, as their occasions redeeds, the French ambassador, Boys quired, out of his owa purse; and Sisi, inquired what works the Arch- would, unquestionably, have done bishop bad published, for that he much more for them out of his own would willingly read his books who estate, if he had had ability and time, was reputed “the peerless prelate after his sickness had seized upon for piety and learning in our days," him, to dispose of his worldly afand whom in conference he found fairs. so grave, godly and judicious: when As his bounty was very great to. it was answered, that he only pub- wards his own, so were his hands lished certain books in the English every where reached out to the netongue, in defence of the ecclesias- cessities of all sorts. Yea, such was tical government, (although it be his charity, that if he had seen poor very well known to many, who were men addicted to labour, he would near unto him, that he left divers have given them money, and waste learned treatises in written hand, ground to employ in gardening, or well worthy the printing) and it some such use as might be for their was thereupon incidentally told the relief. Or if he heard that any of ambassador that he had founded an his ppor neighbours were decrepit, hospital, and a school, he used these or destitute of means to follow their words, “ Profecto hospitale, ad sub- trade, he would supply their needs, levandam paupertatem, et schola, either with money or fuel, and somead instruendam juventutem, sunt times poor watermen's wants with optimi libri, quos Archiepiscopus boats and such like. conscribere potuit."
But to return to his public affairs. And albeit the Archbishop had Dr. Nevill, Dean of Canterbury, was ever a great affection to lie at his sent by him into Scotland, to the mansion house at Croydon, for the King, in the name of the Bishops sweetness of the place, especially in and Clergy of England, to tender summer tiine; whereby also be their bounden duties, and to undermight sometimes retire bimself from stand his Highness's pleasure for the multiplicity of business and the ordering and guiding of clergy visitors in the vacations; yet after causes. The Dean brought a most he had builded his hospital, and his gracious answer of his Highness's school, he was farther in love with purpose; which was, that he would the place than before. The chief uphold and maintain the governcomfort of repose or solace that he ment of the late Queen, as she left took, was in often dining at the hos, it settled--which answer did much pital, among his poor brethren, as comfort the Archbishop, and the rahe called them. There he was often ther as it damped the expectations visited by his entire and honourable of the Puritans. friends, the Earls of Shrewsbury, In the mean while the prepara