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into a cause of salvation, in deroga. score of works. By supposing, tion of the merits of Christ.
therefore, that in consequence of Again, because we are saved by the free pardon vouchsafed to us, the free grace of God, indepen- mankind are released from the oblidently of our own works or ex- gation of their personal endeavours, ertions, let 'not this be construed while we deny the necessity of any into a denial of the necessity of co-operation on our part, we shall outward works, as an evidence of undermine that very faith which adthe faith which is in us, and the nits us, as a door of entrance, to conditions of our final acceptance the invaluable privilege of being the with God. Because we give the me- sons of God through Christ. rit and the glory to God, to whom The error, however, of such a alone it is due, let us not be supposed supposition, will be amply exposed to 'exempt man from exertion. Be- as we proceed in the consideration cause God is good and merciful, let of the true tests of that faith by not man therefore think himself en. which we are born of God, and titled to be a mere spectator of his which is the victory that overcometh gracious dispensation, and to live in the world. inactivity and indifference, still less, Whoever sincerely believes that as is shocking even to suppose, in a Jesus Christ died to save sinners, course of folly and dissipation.* Is it the just for the unjust,--he who not evident, that if there be any who alone was without sin, for those who cherish such a fond persuasion, in op- were laden with sins—he who was position to the whole tenor of Scrip- with the Father before all ages, ture; they must also, at the same dwelling in perpetual bliss, for the time, in effect deny even the very' sake of lost and abject men, condoctrine of faith, to which they ex- descending to be clothed with hu. clusively assent? For though it is man nature, and as man to bear infallibly true that a real faith pro- our sorrows, and to be humbled to ceeds from the gracious influences death, even the death of the cross of the Holy Spirit, yet is faith, in — whoever believes this great truth some respect, an act of our own of Revelation, cannot but conform minds, and so far, therefore, how. himself, as far as his mortal infirever strange it may appear when mity will allow, to that divine patso stated, may be reckoned in the tern of holiness which is presented
to him in his Saviour and his God. * Though we say there is no trust to be When we feel to what a miserable put in the merits of our works and actions, state of despair we were reduced by and place all the hopes and reason of our salvation only in Christ; yet we do not our unliappy fall, and at how great a therefore say that men should live loosely price we were redeemed from the and dissolutely, as if Baptism and Faith sure destruction which awaited us, were sufficient for a Christian, and there when we reflect that nothing short were nothing more required. The true of infirite love could have effected faith is a living faith, and cannot be idle ;
so great a sacrifice, must we not be therefore we teach the people that God hath not called us to luxury and disorder, ready to exclaim, “ Behold how he
Must not our bearts but, as St. Paul saith, unto good works; loved us !” that we might walk in them; that God hath burn within us; and must we not be delivered us from the power of darkness, animated by an ardent love of him that we might serve the living God; that who so loved us, that he gave his life we should root up all the relics of sin;
a ransom for us, and, for the joy that we should work out our salvation with that was set before him, endured the fear and trembling; that it might appear that the spirit of sanctification was in us,
cross, despising the shame? If we and that Christ himself dwelleth in our
have faith in his merits, and believe hearts by faith."-- Jewel's Apology, Trans. that we are freely justified through ebap. ii, see, 22,
him, we cannot but love him-it
the first thought which strikes our wretchedness. When we see a man minds—if he has done so much for professing his belief in the Gospel, us, ought we not to make him what and yet walking after the lusts of return we can?-if he has interceded the flesh, we may well address him with the Divine Justice, and gaived in the words of St. James :-“ Shew our pardon, ought we not to express me thy faith without thy works, and to him our gratitude ? Is not this I will shew thee my faith by my the least return we can make, for works.” We want the only real all the benefits he has conferred on proof that he has been really conus?
verted, and until we discover his But how are we fitly to express faith shining through bis conduct, to him our gratitude? The answer we must still deny him the high to this question will instruct us rank and privilege of a true believer. in the true nature of a justifying They that are Christ's, we read, have faith. If we love our Saviour, bis crucified the flesh—they are no more commandments must be our delight, the servants of sin, but of rigbteousand we shall exercise ourselves in ness unto righteousness: they walk his holy law, so that we may be- not after the ways of the worldcome more and more perfect in the whilè enlisted under the banners of knowledge and in the execution of Christ, the great Captain of their it. To shew our love, therefore, we salvation, they fight the good fight, shall seek to please him by word, and with him overcome the world, thought, and deed. We shall not Still, however, though through rest in a mere speculative assent to our faith in the merits of Christ, the his doctrines and precepts--we shall heavy consequences both of original endeavour to shew our faith by our and actual sins are certainly removworks-we shall account that faith ed, so that, upon our repentance, as dead, or, as in reality no faith they will not be imputed to us by at all, which is satisfied with a con. our merciful Judge; yet are we all, fession of Christianity, and is not even after our justification, subject at the same time a living exemplifi- to the infirmities of our nature, and cation of its truth-we shall think it through them to occasional, nay to be vain, as destitute of root and perhaps, frequent deviation from the foundation, unless it display its zeal paths of righteousness and peace. for the honour of God, and put forth This fact, did we not as well leara its genuine fruits in all their lustre it from the Holy Scriptures, daily and beauty. Even the devils believe experience abundantly confirms to and tremble. We shall do more than Hence the proper effect of faith simply believe and tremble, if we have is, not to be elated with an empty true Christian faith-we shall be- idea of ourselves, as if we were in lieve and love; and Christian love, that state from which we could not we know, while it casteth out fear, fall, but with all humility to labour is also the fulfilment of the law. in working out our salvation, and to
Thus faith becomes practically the strive that, though justified, we may victory which overcometh the world. be justified still. Though we have It is that which mortifies within us been converted, yet we still need all our corrupt affections, and makes continual improvement-we must us triumphant over the temptations not count ourselves to bave apprewhich assault on every side hended, but ever advance in our during our continuance in this state Christian course-ever pressing toof discipline and trial. By means ward the mark of the prize of our of it we are dead to the world and high calling. the world to us. It fixes our con- Accordingly, this spirit of humble versation in heaven, and estranges diffidence in ourselves is one genuine us from the communion of guilt and test of a well-grounded faith. Not
even the great Apostle of the Gen. wards man, it cannot exist in its getiles himself, although he had been nuine character. While it shines converted in a miraculous manner, itself with a glory derived from the and had the strongest conviction as love of God, it also reflects the the grouud of his faith, yet on al- brightness of its borrowed lustre on luding to his own attainments in the world around, As one who righteousness, ventured to speak holds converse with a heavenly visiwithout a modest reserve of himself, tant, its countenance appears enlilest that by any means, he adds, vened by the gracious smiles of its after I have preached to others, I guest, and imparts a sympathetic myself should be a cast-away. Like influence throughout the circle of bim, therefore, all who are similarly its society. Where this influence is aetuated by faith in their crucified wanting, where there does not apRedeemer, while they give evidence pear a beneficial effect on the heart, in their conduet of that victory prompting it to acts of disinterested which overcometh the world, will benevolence and universal charity, betray the same distrust of them. we may justly argue that the real, selves, the same anxiety after spiri- sanctifying, quickening faith is altual improvement, and the same re- together absent. And the converse liance on the tender mercies of God also holds good that wherever for their final and complete justifi, faith is not, neither is there chacation in the world to come,
rity-true Christian charity-for the Are we, they, firmly assured of love of man has for its only source the efficacy of Christ's atopement the love of God. In fact, these in our behalf ?--we shall be scru- lwo main branches of Christian duty pulously careful, lest, after that run up and entwine with each so much has been done for us, we other, so that the force which would should, through a negligent secu- produce their disunion, must involve rity on our own part, deprive the destruction of both.-To judge ourselves of the great benefits so accordingly, whether a man has a dearly purchased for us by the blood sincere and spiritual faith, (or, ra. of the righteous One, lest through ther, as it becomes every man first our own fault that soul should pe- to examine himself before he ven. rish, which is now no longer our's tures to pass sentence on the conbut the Lord's, who redeemed it. duct of others), to judge of ourselves This reflection must indeed stimu. individually, whether our faith be late us to surpass our own selves, such as the Gospel requires of us-together with the just confidence let us ask ourselves, whether we find that the heavy yoke of bondage is the love of man to be a predominant now removed from us, and that our principle in our hearts whether we exertions, by the blessing of God, look upon all our fellow-creatures as may, under the happy freedom of common children of the same Dithe Gospel, be eventually successful, vine Father,- as the ransomed of it suggests a proper sense of our
the same Divine Saviour—the sancown weakness, and, consequently, a tified of the same Holy Spirit :-and constant watchfulness, lest we should whether we are ever ready to stretch again fall away, and become two out our hands to their necessities fold more the child of hell than be- both of soul and body to advance fore.
their spiritual no less than their I sbould however omit the strong- temporal welfare ;-in short, to walk est touch by which the portrait of in the steps of our blessed Lord, in true faith is distinguished, and cast going about doing good-let us exainto the back-ground its brightestmine ourselves, I say, by this furornament, were I pot expressly to ther criterion, and if we find our. add, that without fervent charity to selves wanting, let us not rest until we
arrive at such a degree of godliness nal feelings and impressions; nor is - let 'us be persuaded that we are it finally a conviction of the judgnot as yet fully sensible of the bene- ment alone, as in a matter of simple fits of Christ's atonement, because credibility-this is far too cold and it does not rightly operate on our unproductive for the warmth and hearts, and diffuse a divine warmth vitality of Christian faith. It is, as into our affections.
I have said, a full reception of Thus have we considered the na- Christianity in the heart-of Christure of true Christian faith, which tianity, as a whole, made up of docSt. John has described in the words trine, of precept, and divine example, of the text, as the victory that over- -a reception of it, wbich prompts us cometh the world; and have shewn to lean on its doctrines for support that they who really possess it are and confort and instruction-on its those who, walking uprightly and precepts for direction in our corcharitably in this present world, duct--on its examples as the models look forward to their happy reward of righteousness, and our encouragein that which is to come, not for ments in the path of duty and obedi. their own works or deservings, ence. This is true faith this should but solely through the merits of be the object of our prayers—this our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. the ground of our confidence, that - According to the view which we shall obtain a blissful resurrecwe have here taken of it, it is tion to the life eternal. equivalent to the full reception of To sum up the whole, I cannot Christianity in the heart-it is not better fix the desired impression of an assent to doctrine and a rejec. this discourse on your minds, than tion of practice—it is not an admis. by concluding it in the words of St. sion of one part of revelation and Paul, in his Epistle to the Ephean inattention to the rest—it is not sians, at the 6th chapter and 15th a vain assurance that we are our- verse—“ Stand, therefore, having selves a select few, the favoured of your loins girt about with truth, God, while others are cast out for and having on the breastplate of ever, and doomed to perdition—an righteousness, and your feet shod assurance as profane as it is unrea. with the preparation of the Gospel sonable and unscriptural :-it is no
of peace. Above all, taking the creature of the imagination ; every shield of faith, wherewith ye shall sensible unprejudiced mind must be able to quench all the fiery darts acknowledge, that nothing is more of the wicked.” delusive than a trust in mere inter
John JEWEL was born May 24, an esteem for the name and her, that 1522, at Buden, in the parish of Be- he engraved it on his signet, and had rimber, in the county of Devon; and it always imprinted in his heart; a' though a younger brother, yet inhe- lasting testimony both of her virtue rited his father's name. His mother and kindness to him. was a Bellamie, and he had so great His father was a gentleman de
. This memoir is compiled from the Life prefixed to the “ Apology of the Church of England," made English by a Person of Quality (Lady Bacon). London, 1695.
was, by the
scended rather of an ancient and which attended him to his
grave. good, than very rich family. It is Having spent almost four years in this observed, that his ancestors had en- College, the 19th of August, 1539, joyed thąt estate for almost 200 the 31st Henry VIII, in the 17th years before the birth of this great year of his age, he
proman. And yet such was the num- curement of one Mr. Slater, and Mr. ber of his children, that it is no Burrey and Mr. Parkhurst, his two wonder if this, when young, wanted tutors, removed into Corpus Christi the assistance of good men for the College in the same University, promoting of his studies *.
where he met with something of an This John Jewel proving a lad of encouragement; but with more envy pregnant parts, and of a sweet and from his equals, who often supindustrious nature and temper, was pressed his ingenious exercises, and from his youth dedicated to learn. read others that were more like their ing; and with great care cultivated by his parents and masters, which The 20th of October, in the folhe took so well, that at the entrance lowing year, he took his first deof the 13th year of his age, about gree of B.A. with a great and genethe feast of St. Jame he was ad- ral applause : when he prosecuted mitted in Merton College, Oxford, his studies with more vigour than under one Mr. Peter Burrey, a man before, beginning them at four in the neither of any great learning, nor morning and continuing them till much addicted to the Reformation, ten at night, so that he seemed to which then in the reign of Henry need somebody to put him in mind VIII.) went on but slowly, and of eating. with much irregularity in its mo- Being now attained to a great retions. But we are yet beholding to putation for learning, he began to his first tutor for this, that he com- instruct others, and amongst the rest mitted this Jewel to Mr. John Park- Anthony Parkhurst was committed hurst, a Fellow of the same College, to his care by Mr. Johộ Parkhurst, and afterwards first Minister of his tutor, Cleave, and then Bishop of Nor- Being thus employed, he was wich, who was a man both of more chosen Reader of Humanity and Rhelearning and of a better faith ; and toric of his own College, and he maprudently instilled together with his naged this place seven years with other learning, those excellent prin- great applause and honour. His exciples into this young gentleman, ample taught more than any prewhich afterwards made him the dar. cepts could; for he was a great adling and wonder of his age.
mirer of Horace and Cicero, and During his continuance in this read all Erasmus's works, and imi. College, à plague happening in Ox. tated them too; for it was his cusford, he removed to a place called tom to write something every day; Croxbam t, where being lodged in a and it was his common saying, that low room, and studying hard in the men acquired learning more by a night, he got a lameness by a cold, frequent exercising their pens than
by reading many books.” He affect* He was chiefly bred in the school of ed ever rather to express himself Barnstable,--and at fifteen years of age Auently, neatly, and with great was admitted in Merton College. Such his sedulity, rising alway at four of the weight of argument and strength of clock, and not going to bed until ten, reason, than in bunting after the that he was never punished for auy ex
flowers of rhetoric and the cadences ercise, and but once for absence from of words, though he understood chapel. Fuller's Worthies, 4to. Vol. i. .them, no man better, and wrote a p. 279.
dialogue, in which he comprehended + Or Witney, according to another state the sum of the art of Rhetoric. ment,