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ingly he would often sit in his own near seven years before he was fit consistory with his chancellor, hear for the University; and in 1567 ing, considering, and sometimes de. appointed him to remove to Oxford, termining causes concerning matri- and there to attend Dr. Cole, then mony, adultery, and testaments, &c. president of Corpus Christi College, not thinking it safe to commit all to who, according to his promise to the sole care and fidelity of his the Bishop, provided him a tutor, chancellor and officials. But though and a clerk's place in that College; as a justice of the peace he often sat which, with a contribution from his in the courts of quarter sessions, yet uncle, Mr. John Hooker, and the here he very rarely interposed, ex. continued pension of his patron the cept his judgment were desired con- Bishop, gave him a comfortable subcerning some scruple of religion, or sistence : and in the last year of some other such like difficulty. So the Bishop's life, Mr. Hooker makexact was his care, not to entangle ing this, his patron, a visit at his himself with secular affairs; and palace, the good Bishop made him, yet not to be wanting to his duty in and a companion he had with him, any case.
dine at his own table with him, Though he came to a bishopric which Mr. Hooker boasted of with miserably impoverished and wasted, much joy and gratitude, when he yet he found means to exercise a saw his mother and friends, whither prodigious liberality and hospitality. he was then travelling a foot. The For the first, his great expense in the Bishop when he parted with him building a fair library for his cathe- gave him good council and his blessdral church, may be an instance. Hising, but forgot to give him money; door stood always open to the poor, which, when the Bishop bethought and he would frequently send bis himself of, he sent a servant to call charitable reliefs to prisoners ; nor him back again, and then told him, did he confine his bounty to Eng. “I sent for you, Richard, to lend you lishmen only, but was liberal to fo- a horse which hath carried me many reigners, and especially to those of a mile, and I thank God with much Zuric, and the friends of Peter ease." And presently delivered into Martyr.--But perceiving the great his hand a walking-staff, with want of learned men in his times, his which he professed he had travelled greatest care was to have ever with many parts of Germany; and then him in his house half a dozen or more went on and said, “ Richard, I do poor lads, whom he brought up in not give, but lend you my horse ; be learning; and took much delight to sure you be honest and bring my hear them dispute points of grammar horse back to me at your return this learning in Latin at his table, when way to Oxford; and I now give you he was at his meal, improving them, ten groats to bear your charges to and pleasing himself at the same Exeter; and here is ten groats time.
more, which I charge you to deliver And besides these, he maintained to your mother, and tell her I send in the University several young stu- a Bishop's blessing with it, and beg dents, allowing them yearly pen- the continuance of her prayers for sions; and, whenever they came to me. And if you bring my horse visit him, rarely dismissed them back to me, I will give you ten more without liberal gratuities. Amongst to carry you on foot to the College ; these was the mous Mr. Richard and so God bless you good RichHooker, his countryman; whose pa- ard." It was not long after this rents, being poor, must have bound before this good Bishop died, but him apprentice to a trade, but before his death he effectually refor the bounty of this good Bishop, commended Mr. Hooker to Edwin who allowed them a yearly pen, Sandys, then Bishop of London, and sion towards his maintenance, well after Archbishop of York. Nor was
Mr. Hooker ungrateful, but having served, and then closed the day with occasion to mention his good bene- prayers, as he began it: the time of factor, in his Ecclesiastical Polity, his public morning prayers seems to he calls him (Bishop Jewel,) " the have been eight.- After this he com. worthiest divine that Christendom monly went to his study again, and hath bred for the space of some hun- from thence to bed, his gentlemen dreds of years."
reading some part of an author to He had collected an excellent li- him, to compose his mind, and then, brary of books of all sorts, not ex- committing himself to his God and cepting the most impertinent of the Saviour, he betook himself to his Popish authors; and here it was rest. He was extremely careful of that he spent the greatest and the the revenues of the Church, not best part of his time, rarely appear. caring whom he offended to preserve ing abroad, especially in a morning, it from impoverishing in an age, till eight of the clock; so that till when the greatest men, finding the that time it was not easy to speak Queen not over liberal to her courwith him ; when commonly he ate tiers and servants, too often paid some slight thing for the support of themselves out of the Church patrihis thin body; and then, if no busi- mony, for the services they had ness diverted him, retired to his done the Crown, till they ruined study again till dinner. -He main- some bishoprics entirely, and left tained a plentiful, but sober table, others so very poor, that they are and thongh at it he ate very little scarce able to maintain a Prelate.himself, yet he took care his guests There is one iustance of this menmight be well supplied, entertaining tioned by all that have written our them in the mean time with much Bishop's life: a courtier, who was a pleasant and useful discourse, telling layman, having obtained a prebend and hearing any kind of innocent and in the Church of Sarum, and indiverting stories; for though he was tending to let it to another lay-pera man of a great and exact, both son for his best advantage, acpiety and virtue, yet he was not of quainted Bishop Jewel with the con: a morose, sullen, unsociable temper; ditions between them, and some and this his hospitality was equally lawyers' opinion about them: to bestowed upon both foreigners and which the Bishop replied, “ What Englishmen. After dinner he heard your lawyers may answer I know causes, if any came in; and dis. not; but for my part, to my power, patched any business that belonged I will take care that my Church to him (though he would sometimes shall sustain no loss whilst I live.” do it at dinner too); and answered Nor was he careful of his own any questions, and very often arbi- Church only, but of the whole Eng. trated and composed differences be- lish Church, as appears by his ser. twixt his people; who, knowing his mon upon Psalm lxix. 9. The zeal great wisdoni and integrity, did very of thine house hath eaten me up: often refer themselves to him as the which he preached before the Queen sole arbitrator, where they met with and Court; and in which he forespeedy, impartial, and uncharge- told, what afterwards came to pass, able justice. —At nine at night he that this sacrilegious devastation of called all his servants about him, the Church would in time be the examined how they had spent their ruin of the Gospel, as he called the time that day, commended some, Reformation. and reproved others, as occasion
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A Narrative of the Conversion and nell, we eagerly open this volume,
Death of Count Struensee, for impressed as it is with the farewell merly Prime Minister of Den- signature of his hand, and are anximark, by Dr. Munter. Trans- ous to shew it to others, as some lated from the German, in 1774, token of what he did while he was by the Rev. Mr. Wendeborn. with us. With an Introduction and Notes. It is a republication of a transla. By Thomas Rennell, B.D. F.R.S. tion from the German, which has Vicar of Kensington, and Prebend already been some time before the of South Grantham, in the Church public, but is now become a scarce of Salisbury. 8vo. pp. 238. Ri- book, of Dr. Munter's account of the vingtons. 1824.
Conversion and Death of the cele
brated Count Struensee, with the adA VOLUME thus presented to the dition of a preface and notes by Mr. Christian world, as a dying bequest Rennell, the former, explanatory of of admonition by one who had de- the nature of the work and of its voted his day of health and vigour important uses ; the latter, commentto the promotion of the best interests ing on the text, or suggesting corof his brethren, addresses itself to responding treatises in English to our notice with no ordinary force of those which the German divine has appeal. We take it into our hands pointed out in his own language. with a melancholy pleasure, not un- A work of this kind, at once like that with which the company earnest and moderate in its tone, assembled in the death.chamber of has been long a desideratum in prac. Dorcas “shewed the coats and gar- tical theology. Of enthusiastic tales ments which she had made while she of sudden conversion, we have had an was with them." We are unwilling ample supply,--tales, which have de to believe that be, who was " full of picted to us the penitent sinner good works and of alıns deeds which wound up to the highest pitch of he did," can profit the world no more ecstatic love for the Redeemer of by his active exertions—that the mankind, and suddenly effervescent voice, which once forcibly instruct- with that joy of the Spirit, which is ed in living accents should have only the natural fruit of a continued ceased to be heard altogether :- growth in grace. The erroneous we would therefore delude ourselves view of the doctrine of conversion, into the persuasion, that we still which such works have propagated, possess in some measure the indivi- has long needed counteraction. dual who has been the object of They are not only objectionable on our reverential affection, by che- account of their delusive effect, but rishing every reminiscence of the they do real dishonour to religion. life which once animated him. By What strikes us as the most material a kind compensation in the order of error of such exhibitions of fanatical nature, where hope is cut off, me- feeling is, their tendency to lower the mory succours us in the privation, character of the atonement of Christ. and in the case of a departed bro. They tend to make men believe, that ther consoles us with the retrospect their sin was the cause of their reof the good which he has done. Thus demption, instead of its being only an it is that while we grieve for the loss occasion for the exercise of the real which the Christian community has cause, which was the boundless love sustained by the death of Mr. Ren. of the Redeemer. By displaying
the transition so immediate from the the conversion of Colonel Gardiner death of sin to the life of righteouse is particularly liable to censure on ness, they establish a sort of connex- this account. Whence can arise any ion between the two states, like that practical good from a picture of a of cause and effect the first appears conversion suddenly wrought by a the natural forerunner of the second phantom of the imagination, such as -whereas the truth is, that there are ihat which is described in the acno two things more remote from each count of Gardiner ? Did not indeed other, and the association therefore a conversion so wrought imply a prewhich should be presented to the disposition in the mind to be so inworld as an example to be contem. Auenced ?-Considering as we do the plated, ought to be precisely the re- notion of any real vision presented verse. It should exhibit the natu- to his sight, as at once profane and ral union between good works and absurd in this state of Christianity, faith,-between a holy and religious does not the occurrence of the vi. life, and that confidence towards sion to his imagination imply that his God, which is its just concomitant. thoughts had been already iurned to Christ indeed died to save us when we the fact of a crucified Redeemer, were sinners, but it was not because and that the process of reformation we were sinners-be still, in his own had thus imperceptibly commenced sinless nature, hated that guilt with within his heart? And so we contend which we were polluted it was still the case ought to have been repre“ exceeding sinful”in bis sight-nor sented, instead of the act of converwas it by any means that which re. sion being immediately annexed to a commended us to his mercy..We premeditated scheme of wickedness. consider accordingly all such exhi- Nor is the defect which is observ. bitions of religious fervour imme. able in the more extravagant picdiately consequent upon the horrors tures of conversions supplied by of guilt, as fundamentally erroneous, Burnet, in his interesting relation of from their inculcating a perverted no- the close of Lord Rochester's life. tion of the benevolent sacrifice of the That portrait, indeed, of the repenRedeemer, while they thus so closely tant sinner, is free from that improapproximate the sinner to the saint. It per association between guilt and is not doubted, that it has sometimes pious transport, to which we most pleased God to touch the conscience strongly object, still it is not exof the guilty man by some stroke of his actly the model which should be proProvidence, and suddenly to reclaim posed to general imitation. Howhim from the ways of iniquity--but ever anxiously the excellent author we, who know not what passes within guards his work against such a misthe heart of man, cannot venture to construction, it encourages too great hold up such instances as models of a confidence in the prospect of conimitation-we cannot arrive at the version as a last resort after the whole history of the case that course of folly and sin has run itself which appears sudden to our eye out. It exhibits satiety with the may have been secretly carried on world and its pleasure as a handthrough a length of time by imper. maid to religion, and may induce ceptible processes--the growth of men, consequently, to suppose that conversion may have been going on, a perseverance in sin will be no ulti. like the tree, occulto ævo, and at last mate impediment to a serious amend. be visible in its maturity.-And did mental a future day-a notion directe we know the whole case-still such ly contrary to Scripture, which coninstances are only splendid excep- stantly warns us of the increased diftions to the general economy of the ficulty of procrastinated repentance divine grace, and not imitable ex- -suggesting to us a time when it may amples. Doddridge's account of be too late to repent-when the truth may be hidden from our eyes. This other preferments, was Professor of Theo is the effect of that work, because the logy at Halle, in Saxony. His mother repentance of Rochester appears They were both persons of the most simple
also descended from a respectable family, from it to have been immediately and fervent piety, as appears both from occasioned by an illness brought on
their letters, which the reader will find in by his course of abandoned profli- the course of the volume, and from the gacy, and threatening bim with an account which Struensee himself gives of early dissolution. Though excellent their anxiety with respect to his religitherefore in many respects—in the
ous principles during his youth. The clear strain of argument which per.
Count was born, Aug. 5, 1737 ; he was
educated first in the celebrated Orphan vades it, and the sincere piety with
House of Dr. Franke, and subsequently at which it is animated, yet it is ob- the University of Hallę, where he devoted jectionable on account of its promi- his mind to physic, and is supposed to have nent feature—a repentance, succeed- then first imbibed, from the companions ing exhaustion and a defatigated zest of his studies, those infidel opinions which for worldly enjoyments.
distinguished him through life. He then The work now republished by settled, and entered into the practice of
went with his father to Altona, where he Mr. Rennell, as a manual of practi- his profession both with reputation and cal theology, in which light we have
success. By what means he was first inhere considered all such works, is evi- troduced to the notice of Christian VIL, dently superior to those already men- the King of Denmark, does not appear; tioned. Count Struensee, the sub
we find him in 1768 raised to the rank of ject of the narrative, an infidel as
physician to his Majesty, and appointed to well from tlieory as from practice, of the courts of Europe. Struensee ac
attend him during his tour through some in the midst of his worldly prospe- cordingly accompanied Christian on his rity is interrupted by the hand of an
travels, and while at Paris, be formed an over-ruling Providence, and com- intimate friendship and connection with a mitted to the solitude of a prison as Dane of good family, Brandt, the subsea criminal on a capital charge. He quent associate of his crimes and of their is there visited by a clergyman, Dr. punislıment. During his stay in France, Munter, and a series of conferences Struensee had insinuated himself into the is begun between them on the truths good graces of the King; and, to so high
a degree of favour did he eventually rise, and evidences of Christianity. The that soon after the King's return to Coper Count, so far from being suddenly hagen he was raised to the rank of a privy intimidated as it were into a pro. counsellor, and was presented to the fession of religion, from the circum. Queen, the sister of our late Monaseh,
with whom he soon became as great a stances of danger in which he is
favourite as with her husband. He replaced, appears disposed to defend ceived every day from both of them fresk his ground, and to die asserting the and valuable marks of their consideration principles on which he had acted and regard. Brandt, who had been for through life. There is no display in some little time in disgrace, was recalled it of strong contrast, -the light and from Paris, and reinstated in his office at the shade do not succeed each other court, through the intervention of Struenin sudden transition, but the course
see; and they were both shortly after, at by which Struensee is led from the
the same time, raised to the rank of Count.
Struensee was now the declared and condeath of irreligion; to the life of fidential favoprite of the King, and in a Christian hope and joy is progressive very short space of time was appointed in its steps, until from positive dis. Prime Minister, with almost unlimited po'belief it terminates in rational and litical powersman elevation sufficient to firm conviction,
dazzle the eyes and to corrupt the heart Mr. Rennell introduces him to our of a man, even though he were fortified notice with the following sketch of by much stronger principles of religion
and morality thau those of the unfortunate his life and character.
Count. “ Count Struensee was the son of a Ger- “ Meanwhile, the attachment of the man divine of some emipence, who among Queen to Struensee exceeded, in appear