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Evidences of a Future State. Part 2. DIVINITY.

By the Rev. T. Watson. 8vo. 6s. The Fourth Volume of the Village

An Essay on the Nature and Design of Preacher. By a Clergyman of the Church

Scripture Sacrifices; in which the Theory of England. 12mo. 59.

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cester. 8vo. 10s. The Articles of Religion practically con

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The Doctrines of General Redemption,

as held by the Church of England and by A Prophetical Connection between the

the early Dutch Arminians, exhibited in Old Testament and the New. Is.

their Scriptural Evidence, and in their An Explanation of Dr. Watts's Hymns Connection with the Civil and Religious for Children, in Questions and Answers Liberties of Mankind. By James Nichols By a Lady. 88.

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Dr. Stonard, Rector of Aldingham. IB WORKS IN THE PRESS.

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A Volumc of Sermons, in 8vo. By the The Parables of our Blessed Saviour, Rev. John Coates, A.M, late Vicar of practically explained; selected from the Huddersfield, and formerly Fellow of Ca. larger Commentary of Dean Stanhope. therine Hall, Cambridge. By the Rey. C. M. Mount, M.A. Minister of Christ Church, Bath. In a duodecimo

An improved Edition of Millburn's Orivolume.

ental Commerce; or the East India Tra

der's Complete Guide : abridged and A Commentary on the Vision of the brought down to the present time. By Prophet Zechariah, witli a corrected Trans- Thomas Thornton. In one large volume. lation, and critical Notes. By the Rev. 8vo.

assiduity, thau by bis clear and

comprehensive views of all subjects Memoir of the late Francis Hyde connected with the science which

Wollaston, B. D. Archdeacon of it was his duty to illustrate and to Essex, &c. &c.


The Archdeacon was not, howThe subject of this Memoir was ever, a mere theoretical philosopher; cducated on the foundation of the mathematical and chemical knowCharter-House, from whence he re. ledge, recommended themselves to moved to Sidney College, Cam- him, not only as an exercise of the bridge, and obtained the high bo- mental faculties, but as contributing nour of Senior Wrangler in the to the comfort of mankind, whilst tripos of 1783. Soon after he was they raise our views to the great appointed lecturer in that college; Artificer of the Universe, to the and subsequently he became fellow order and beauty of his creation. and tutor of Trivity Hall. He held His invention of the Barometrical the office of Moderator in the Se- Thermometer, will be a lasting monate House Examinations in 1788 nument of his skill in applying to and 1789. In 1792 he was ap- practice previously existing theo. pointed Jacksonian. Professor of rems, and in combining known Natural and Experimental Philoso- principles for the more distinct phy; which place he held till the elucidation of one particular point. year 1813; having delivered no less This tribute of applause to the than twenty-one courses of lectures. Archdeacon's merits, as a matheHis ecclesiastical preferments were matician and a philosopher, we the rectory of S. Weald and the could not in justice withhold ; it vicarage of Cold Norton, in Essex, enbances' our estimation of his cha. the rectory of West Deshain, in racter, when we perceive,' that the Norfolk (the presentation to which pursuits of science, and a long inbenefice is vested in his family); to- tercourse with the society of an gether with the Archdeaconry of Es- University, were so far from rensex, to which he was collated by the dering him unfit for the discharge of present bishop of London, in 1814. the more active duties of public He died in London, October 12, life, that they seem to have contri1823, at the house of his brother, buted, in no small degree, to inDr. Wollaston, having gone to bed crease those natural powers of at a very late hour in perfect health, speedy decision and sound judg. and being found in the morning, a ment, which he displayed in the corpse. His death was the effect discharge of the public duties of his of apoplexy.

Archdeaconry. In tilling that high In this short Memoir, it is not our and important office, he considered purpose to dwell minutely upon the himself, in a literal sense, the servant Jong and arduous services perform- of the Church. He watched with ed in the University of Cambridge the greatest vigilance over every by this distinguished person, in the part of his charge; there was no various offices of Moderator, Fellow place, however remote or obscure, and Tutor of Trinity Hall, and which did not experience the Jacksonian Professor of Natural advantage of his personal inspection; and Experimental Philosophy. The he spared no labour of body, or toil latter office he held for the loug of mind, to preserve the Clergy space of twenty-one years, and in within his charge, in active atthe discharge of the duties attached tention to their duties, whilst he to it, he distinguished himself not applied an extensive knowledge of less by his diligent and unceasing the civil and ecclesiastical law, to maintain the rights and privileges whose advancement he had warmly of the Established Church. As pleaded before those who had that a magistrate he was diligent and im- power to reward, which he did not partial, and never deviating from possess. How deeply his decease the path which his conscience di- was lamented must be known to rected him to pursue. Being blessed most of our readers. One of the with health and strength, which religious societies of this Metropolis enabled him to undergo very consi- was assembled in deliberation on the derable bodily exertion, he shewed day when the melancholy intellithat he was ready“ to spend and to gence of his death became public : be spent” in the service of the general melancholy prevailed Church. His days were so passed amongst the members present; they in public cares, the duties of his who knew him little, were sad, for Archdeacoury and of his Parishes, they knew that the Church had lost and in assisting at the councils of one of her firmest supports ; they various religious Societies, that he who knew hin well, could not rewas obliged to sacrifice great por. frain from shedding the tear of restions of the night, in order to find pect and affection over one, whose time for necessary study and reli- judgment they revered, and with gious meditation,

whom they had lived in the enjoyThe societies in the Metropolis, ment of religious friendship, and at which he was a constant atten- had been associated in one common dant, and more especially those cause,--that of promoting the welassociations for the promotion of fare of the Established Church. true religion and charity, which ex- Concerning his more private life isted in his Archdeaconry have ex- we shall say but little ; a public perienced in his death the loss of a work like the present is not the most judicious counsellor, and most place for publishing his secret meindefatigable patron. Rapid and ditations, or for eulogizing hose unerring in judgment, he generally virtues of the husband and the outstripped in speed those with parent which were so affectingly whom he was associated; yet those displayed by the subject of this who knew him most intimately can Memoir in the bosom of his own testify, that few men possessed of family. The character of the Archequal power of understanding, 'ever deacon requires not embellishment displayed a greater readiness to ad- from these secret sources. His death mit the reasonings of his opponents, was indeed sudden, but it was an and even to yield to opinions from eveut for which he was prepared, and which he had at first dissented. from the calun and truly Christian His manuier to many appeared se- manner in which he sometimes vere ; it arose in great measure from spoke of the probability of his dyhabits of abstraction and that ing a sudden death, it was evident straight-forward view of a subject, that his faith in his Saviour had which often leads a man to think enabled him to regard death, not as less of the persons whom he is ad- an event to be dreaded, but as a dressing, than of the objects on removal to a more perfect state. which his mind is employed—but

The late Archdeacon was, as has his heart was kind, and affectionate, been mentioned, educated on the and friendly. He wade no pro. foundation of the Charter-House. fessions; bis delight was to do kind On the last Founder's day, the Ora. acts; and, in most cases, the exer- tor, in recounting the events of the cise of his benevolence was ' un- past year, found in the merits and known even to the parties whose death of the Archdeacon a most in. interests be had espoused, and for teresting topic; thus eloquently bewailing his loss, and pathetically mæror ! nox ista quam tristis ! deseribing the circumstances of his Quem dormiturum salutabat vivum death: "Alterum eorum, quos de- vigentemque, nullo languentem flemus, desiderant Carthusiani; desi- morbo, neque curarum pondere derat sapientium cætus; desiderat confectum, eundem ut manè conEcclesia Anglicana; desiderat pa- spiceret lecto in quo dormiverat tria. Illi neque literæ quas excolue- prostratum, rigidum, atque exajat, neque scientia quam assecutus nimum cadaver! Illud scilicet est fuerat rerum variarum, neque pietas homines nos esse : dum vivimus, sua, neque dignitas, neque beneficia dum valemus, mors, quasi in insidiis, in patriam collata, subitæ atque im- excubias agit, atque inopinantes maturæ mortis ietum poterant aver- prædatura speculatur.” tere., At Fratri quantus fuit iste


ANOTHER year bas rolled over Europe, (surely the most advanced our heads, and we cannot fitly pass portion of the globe,) what a large on to that which is to follow, busy mass of the human race shall we ourselves in its concerus, and plunge see, who bave not yet eyen made into the great stream of its events, the first step in the race, who are without pausing for a moment, as it not even conscious of the misery were, upon its brink, and consider- of ignorance and sin- how much ing seriously and gratefully that larger a mass, to whom religious which is gone for ever. It is na education is denied wholly, or ad. tarally a favourite theory with the ministered uselessly only, in form contemplative philosopher, that all and shadow, without effect or subthings are in progress through gra- stance; and how few remain, how dual stages of improvement to per- pitiably few in human judgment, fection ; one can hardly conceive who add knowledge to their zeal, any thing more delightful than to and shake off prejudices and hatreds, imagine the whole human race gra- national, political, or sectarian.. If dually raising its head from the passing from Europe we were to take degradation of the Fall, learning first into the account the large contito be conscious of the misery of nents of Asia and Africa, and even ignorance and sin, then purifying the greater proportion of gigantic the mind by religious education; America, the balance would

be still then adding knowledge, dismissing more fearfully against our hopes, prejudices, dropping hatreds, and and we might almost be disposed to at last, by steps accelerated every drop our hands, and exclaim that moment, arriving at that point when " this is impossible." charity in its most extensive sense With man it undoubtedly is im. shall be the great ruling principle, possible; yet like the dejected proand the divided sons of Adam bee phet of old, who thought that he come in more than name really one alone remained, and knew not that great family of brethen.

he was one of seven thousand faith. This is a delightful imagination, ful Israelites, the good man must which sober inquiry forbids us to not despair of the ultimate happidwell upon as of speedy accom. ness of his race. The progress may plishment. If we look merely over be very slow, but there is progress

the beginnings may appear con- and a good Constitution mean any temptible, but like the smallest seed thing, they must, in the course of so they may produce the greatest plant. many years, produce some permaShall we be accused of over-weening nent and visible effects.

Fortes national pride if we say that we think creantur fortibus, there is a national the beginnings are in this country, blood, as well as a family blood; and the progress making here we races improve or degenerate not may deceive' ourselves, but if we merely in person, but in mind and do not, our feelings are not those heart; and therefore if, for a long of pride but of the humblest grati. series of years, these blessings have tude, and our opinions, founded been acting upon our forefathers, not on the foolish speculations of we their sons ought to receive not the day, but on sound historical merely the same but greater benefits bases. For many, many years, we from the same causes. We are born have been under the action of the as it were with a stock in hand ; purest religion, and the wisest frame things seem familiar and intuitive of government, that have yet been with us, which our forefathers bad bestowed on any nation. Is this to learn laboriously, and which mere idle declamation ? can any other nations yet know not. This unprejudiced person doubt the truth is not fancy_let us put, what frelet a Socrates, a Plato, a Cicero, quently happens, twelve Englishmen rise from the dead, and, with the into a jury box who have never saté Bible before then, let then judge there before it is a sight of wonbetween Christianity and their own, der even to those whose profession and all other religions can any one makes them familiar to it, to see doubt of their decision-or let them the ease and readiness with which decide between sects of Christians they address themselves to their difwill they not, these great masters of ficult task; how patiently they folreasoning, lean to the Church, which low a long statement, how shrewdly encourages the exercise of the rea• they judge of characters; how son, and challenges inquiry, yet easily they adopt even technical disciplines that reason, and teaches distinctions, and how they prove that inquiry to be conducted with by their finding that they underreverence; which is simple and yet stood the whole case, and the diimpressive in its forms; which looks rections of the presiding judge. to one undisputed source, and one This could be seen no where else, only for its doctrines, but shrinks except where derived from England; not from avowing, and is constrained it has grown with the growth, and to believe all it finds in that source; strengthened with the strength of which is full of toleration, and yet America. will sacrifice no part of the sacred Again we might imagine an entire trust committed to its care. Let House of Commons, composed of again Aristotle or Tacitus, or the members who sate in it for the first deep-tbinking Thucydides decide time; but they would still bring upon constitutions ; do we not know there actual knowledge, and as it to a certainty, that they would regard were national experience, which the polity of England with some- would fit them almost at once for thing of incredulous admiration their work. There would be none and say, that if such a mixed govern- of the freshness, the dilatoriness, ment be possible, if that dream can the difficulties, the theatrical declabe realized, to that must be attri- mation, which we have been in the buted the palm of the consummation habit of observing in the newly esof human wisdom.

tablished legislative assemblies of If this be so, and if a pure Church other nations.

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