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April. The Prolocutor having call. walked out as unconcerned as he ed on him to enter upon the argu
came in. ment, addressing him in Latin, he The whole course of disputations pleaded ; " that he was not very con. being finished, nothing remained but versant with the Latin tongue, not to pass sentence on the illustrious having much used it for twenty years victions of their persecution. On past." He was then allowed to speak the Friday following the Commisin English. In the meantime he re- sioners sat again in the usual form mained not unassailed with taunts in St. Mary's Church, when the and hissings, and scornful laughings. Archbishop and two Bishops were He was very faint, and desired that brought before them. The Prolohe might not be detained long. cutor began with dissuading each He durst not refresh himself with from persisting in his opposition, and drinking, lest it should produce desired them then peremptorily to sickness. He proceeded with the answer whether they would subleave of the Prolocutor to read a scribe or no. Finding them still imwritten Protest against the three movable, he proceeded to excom. Articles proposed—but was pre municate and to condemn them. vented from reading the whole by Latimer, on hearing the sentence the indecent uproar which prevailed. pronounced, exclaimed, “I thank Appealing to his age and infirmities, God most heartily that he hath prohe shamed the audience, whose feel- longed my life to this end, that I may ings appear to have been wrought in this case glorify God by that kind to a brutal frenzy against him, into of death.” To which the Prolocua more respectful behaviour-and tor replied, “If you go to heaven in the Prolocutor then took the paper this faith, then I will never come from him and said he would read it thither, as I am thus persuaded." himself. Instead of doing so, how- After the sentence was pronounced ever, he soon demanded of Latimer on the three prisoners, they were whether, as he refused to dispute, he separated from one another. The would subscribe the Articles. Upon Archbishop was returned to Bokardo, his answering in the negative, the Dr. Ridley to the Sheriff's house, attempt was made artfully to draw Latimer to the Bailiff's. On the Sahim into a disputation. He was turday following the Commissioners attacked by several individuals in had a Mass with a general procesturn, but none could succeed in sion and great solemnity: Dr. Wesforcing him to argue the question. ton carrying the Host, and four He steadily answered their ques- Doctors bearing the canopy over tions with patience and civility- him.-The prisoners were conducted persisting at the same time in his from their places of confinement purpose, and refusing all offer of the within view of the ceremony. LaQueen's mercy, on the condition of timer thought that they were leadhis turning from his profession. ing him forth to be burned, and as
The Prolocutor finding that he he went expressed his wish that prevailed not in the least against they would make a quick fire. But the inflexible constancy of Latimer, when he came to Carfax, and saw at length rose up, and dissolved the the real purport of their bringing assembly, crying out~"Then you hin out, he ran, as fast as his aged all see the weakness of heresy and infirm frame could move, to against the truth: he denieth all the shop of one Spenser, and would truth, and all the old fathers."--La- not look towards the procession, timer made no reply, but wrapping The Commissioners began now to his gown about him, and taking up perceive, that they had acted too his New Testament and his stafi, hastily in condemning their victims,
before they had any authority from be in vain-as he was fully deterthe Pope for their proceedings, and mined ;--and prayed that he might while as yet the enactments of King not be troubled any more. The Edward's reign in favour of Protes- Bishop replied, “ that they trusted, taptism remained unrepealed. They that God might yet work with him, could not therefore take any imme; and that he could not be excused diate steps towards the execution of from appearing the next day in St. their bloody purpose. The sentence Mary's Church.” which they had now passed was in The next day accordingly, soon fact void from its illegality; and after eight o'clock in the morning, it was necessary therefore that a the Bishops repaired to the church,
commission should be pro- where the whole body of the Univercured from Rome, and a fresh pro- sity and of the town were assembled cess instituted. Hence it happened to see the issue of the matter respectthat Latimer remained unmolested ing® Ridley and himself, Cranmer in prison until the latter end of Sep- being reserved for a future occasion. tember in the following year 1555, Ridley having first appeared bewhen Cardinal Pole, the Pope's fore them, and received his sentence Legate a latere, having received of condemnation, Latimer was then authority from Rome, appointed the summoned. A cloth which lay upon Bishops of Lincoln, Gloucester, and the table, during Ridley's examinaBristol, as Commissioners in the af- tion, was removed, (to mark, as it fair.
seemed, the difference of the deOn the 30th of September he was grees of the prisoners,) when Labrought before these new Commis. timer was placed before it. Latisiouers. He came attired as he was mer perceiving this, put his hat, on the first occasion, and was again which was an old felt, under his compelled to undergo a vexatious elbows, and immediately addressed questioning on the same Articles, the Commissioners, saying ; “ My which had been submitted to him Lords, I beseech your Lordships to on his previous examination, and set a better order here at your enfrom which he again expressed his trance; for I am an old man, and dissent. The Pope's supremacy have a very evil back, so that the was a point also much pressed upon press of the multitude doth me much him on this occasion, which he stre- harm.” The Bishop of Lincolų nuously disclaimed with much force promised that attention should be of reasoning. His infirmities and paid to his infirin state ; for wbich age were so far consulted that he he returned his thanks with a very was allowed to sit down, but did low bow. The Bishop then begau not obtaiu, in other respects, a to harass him again with solirespectful consideration from the citations to return to the Papal unfeeling audience. Once or twice Church, and with a repetition of the his answers were greeted with Articles, demanding “ his determi. laughter. Such barbarous levity nate answer to each without further at such a fearful crisis roused bim reasoning.” But nothing favourable indeed to expostulate with them. to the Papal cause could be extorted " Why, my masters,” said he to from bim, as he varied not from his them, “ this is no laughing matter, answers given on the previous days. I answer upon life and death." After his answers had been writAt the conclusion of the exami- ten down by the Notaries, the Bishop nation, the Bishop of Lincoln in- of Lincoln finally exhorted him “to formed him, that it would be ne. recant and revoke his errors and false cessary for him to appear again on assertions ;" to which he briefly rethe following day. He answered, plied, that he "could not, and would that he required no respite--it would not deny his Master, Christ, and his REMEMBRANCER, No. 72.
verity." The Bishop next desired pathy in the spectators :-Ridley, him to listen to him, and then, when who encountered bis martyrdom Latimer was expecting to hear some with a kind of festal triumph, being new matter urged, proceeded to read attired in the habit of his order, to him his condemnation; after which, depicted the state of honour wbich the three Commissioners broke up both had once enjoyed; whilst the their session, and dismissed the au- austere and melancholy garb of Ladience.
timer strikingly pointed out how Latimer then claimed a promise, sadly they were fallen. In addition which the Bishop of Lincoln had to the frieze frock, the buttoned made him the day before, that he cap and the kerchief, which he bad should have license briefly to de- worn at his trial, a new long shroud, clare the cause why he refused the hanging over his hose down to the Pope's authority. But the Bishop feet, marked his solemn prepararefused hearing him, regarding him tion for his death. Both having as one that was now out of the reached the stake, they affectionChurch. He next inquired whe- ately embraced each other; and ther it was not lawful for him to kneeling down, prayed earnestly. appeal from their judgment; and After that, they engaged in converbeing asked to whom he would sation for a little while. appeal, he said, “ to the next Then Dr. Smith began to address General Council, which should be them in a sermon on this text of St. truly called in God's name." The Paul's first Epistle to the CorinBishop acquiesced ; but added, that thians; “Si corpus meum tradam " it would be a long season before igni, charitatem autem non habeam, such a convocation as he meant nihil inde utilitatis capio." His would be called."
argument was ; " that the good. The Bishop then committed him ness of the cause, and not the orto the custody of the Mayor, and, der of death, made the holiness of the people still continuing assembled the person ; which he confirmed by in the expectation of further pro- the examples of Judas, and of a ceedings, care was taken to prevent woman in Oxford, who had lately his being hurt by the pressure of hanged herself; for that they, and the crowd, as he had been at his such like, might otherwise be acentrance.
counted righteous, who desperately Returning again to his prison, he sundered their lives from their boremained closely confined until the dies, as he feared those men who 16th of October, the day appointed stood before him would do. He for his execution. Early in the further cautioned the people to bemorning of that day, the Vice- ware of them, for they were heretics Chancellor of Oxford, with his re- and died out of the Church. He tinue, repaired to the place over also alluded to the various parties against Balliol College, where the into which the Protestants were bloody scene was to be transacted. divided, under the names of Luthe· To guard against any tumultuous rans, Ecolampadians, Zuinglians, interruption from the people, the of which sect he said they were ; Lord Williams, by command of the whereas the old Church of Christ, Queen, was stationed at the spot and the Catholic faith, believed with an armed force. Every prepa. otherwise." ration being completed, Latinier was As Dr. Smith made this obserbrought forth by the Mayor and vation, both Latimer aod Ridley, Bailiffs, together with Ridley. The lifted up their hands and eyes to contrast exhibited in the appearance heaven, as in the act of calling God of the two exemplary sufferers, ex• to witness of the truth. The same cited the liveliest feelings of sym- gesture they repeated at several
other passages. The sermon con- was heard loudly exclaiming "Lord, cluded with a short exhortation to Lord, receive my spirit"--on the them to recant, and come home other Latimer as vehemently crying again to the Church, and save their out, “O Father of heaven, receive lives and souls, which else were my soul," while he courted the condemned.
flames as it were with embraces, Ridley then essayed to reply to Ridley lingered for some time in the sermon; but as soon as he the torture, his lower extremities began to speak, the Vice-Chan. being first consumed, but Latimer, cellor and the Bailiffs ran up to after he had stroked his face with him, and stopped his mouth with his hands, and, as it were, bathed their bands. Latimer, finding the them in the fire, soon died, as it like attempt on his part would be appeared, with very little pain, or equally fruitless, exclaimed, after none. his usual manner, “ Well, there is Such was the unshaken constancy nothing hid, but it shall be opened ;" of this holy Martyr both in his saying also, “ that he could answer death and his life. Possessing a Smith well enough, if he might be primeval simplicity of character, suffered.”
he forgot not himself amidst the Immediately upon this, they were allurements of a Court in the day of commanded to make them ready; bis prosperity, nor amidst the storms and with all neekness they obeyed with which the close of his life was the order. Ridley proceeded to dis- overshadowed. An unaffected intribute portions of his dress, and trepidity was his uniform characother memorials from his person, to teristic. It was displayed in all his different persons about him, who words and actions. Whether we received them with eyes full of tears: watch his course at the University, but Latimer gave nothing, quietly where we find him at one time a suffering his keeper to pull off his zealous defender of Popery, at anohose and the rest of his attire. ther equally zealous in avowing and When he was stripped to his shroud, defending his change of sentiments his form assumed a sympathetic at- in favour of the reformed religion ;-, titude with the elevation of his mind; or whether we look to his ministerial and, whereas in bis clothes he ap- labours-to that uncompromising peared a withered and crooked and plainness with which he did the helpless old man, he now stood quite work of an Evangelist in the highest upright, and presented to the view station of the Church, as well as in at once a comely and venerable per- its inferior office-reproving vice
in whatever order of men it might Then the smith took an iron be found without partiality or rechain, with which he secured them serve ;-or lastly whether we cou. both to the stake. Ridley's brother- template bis cheerful resignation in-law bad provided some gun- to the will of God through the trypowder as a means of terminating ing emergencies of his life even to Their sufferings more quickly; some the bitterness of death ; -we canof which he gave to Latimer. A not but feel an enthusiastic admira. faggot was then brought already tion of that excellent spirit which kindled and laid at Ridley's feet, to was 'in this extraordinary man. whom Latimer observed ;- “ Be of
One example indeed of his regood comfort, Master Ridley, and solution, to which we have not hiplay the man: we shall this day therto adverted, deserves particulight such a candle by God's grace larly to be recorded. There was in England, as I trust shall never scarcely a man to be found in the be put out."-As the flames ad. days of Henry VIII, who could have vanced on them, on one side Ridley dared to reprove that tyrannical
Sovereign. But Latimer shrunk not the cause of the truth by indirect from the duty. It was the custom, means, on the whole promoting the that the Bishops should present good result, but at the same time to the King some gift on the oc. suffering their own passions to incurrence of every New Year. La termingle with their useful exertions, timer converted his present into a and inflicting a wound on religion source of admonition to his Sove. by their unskilful mode of healing reign. For instead of making the its disorders-Latimer is subject costly offerings which some other to no such imputation. The cause Bishops made, he presented the King of the Reformation was the predowith the New Testament, liaving a minant principle in his heart. He napkin folded round it, on which pursued it with a singleness of purwas the following inscription.-For- pose almost unparalleled-it was nicatores et adulteros judicabit Do- the object of his ambition, and his minus.
pride, and his love. He was not Happy indeed has the Reforma- only a teacher of a purer religion tion been in possessing such a son. by word, but by the unexceptionWhile others may have advanced able evidence of a spotless example.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A Sermon preached in Whitehall gives of his judgment, and prudence,
Chapel, on Sunday, June 20,1824, and discretion, is as severe as any at the Consecration of the Right that can be imagined to exist; if Rev. Charles James Blomfield, he assume a tone of exhortation, D.D. Lord Bishop of Chester. how apt is he to give offence;—if he Published at the Command of His venture to rejoice that men of Grace the Archbishop of York. talents and virtues are called to By John Lonsdale, B.D. Do- high offices in the Church, how liamestic Chaplain to His Grace ble is biz praise to be condemned as the Archbishop of Canterbury. flattery ?--And since it cannot oc4to. pp. 22. Rivingtons. cur to but few of the Clergy to be
called upon to discourse on such ocThere are no literary productions, casions, during their whole lives, in the difficulty of whose composition more than in one or two instances, is so little appreciated, as sermons the advantage of experience and acpreached on occasions similar to tual trial is a benefit that cannot be that which produced the discourse obtained. He that considers well now under our notice. The im- the difficulty of the task, will find portance of the subject, the unusual cause for wonder and for congratucharacter of the auditory, the une- lation, at the very satisfactory man.qual relation between the preacher ner in which the duty of speaking and those most interested in his ad- a word in season, on such occasions, dress, are sufficient to appal men is generally discharged. of ordinary powers, and to make It is scarcely possible to judge, by even those, who are most conscious extracts, of the ability which Mi. of their superiority, afraid, lest in Lonsdale has displayed in the ser. the trial, they should prove unequal mon now before us, and of the manto the task. A Consecration Ser- ner in which he has mastered the mon is no mean opportunity for judg. difficulties attending this species of ing the extent of a man's genius and composition. knowledge; but the proof which it The distinguishing feature of