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of such importance to attend to, that they to me, and for which I own I was not prediverted me from this duty, and hardly had - pared, encouraged me, and I was proceedhe ceased speaking, when I uttered an ex. ing to give a summary of the thousand reaclamation which recalled their attention to sons which caused me to prefer a repubnie. What, Gentlemen! after the testimony lican government to that of the constituof this honest man to prove the falsehood of tion, and was going to repeat what I had an accusation, that inight have brought me said every day in the reading-room of to my death, what opinion can you entertain Mons. Desemme, when the jailor came, in of my accuser? The Judge, who appeared great consternation, to inform them that a to interest himself for me. He is a rascal, prisoner was effecting his escape through a and if he were here he should have justice chimney. The President gave orders to done him. Do yon know who he is? A. fire at him, and declared that if he escaped, No, Monsieur ; but he must be one of the the jailor shonld answer it with his life. This Comité de Surveillance de la Commune. If prisoner was the unfortunate Mausabré. I knew him I should think that I did a They fired some gunsliots at him, and the service to the public by advertising in jailor, seeing that these means would not the papers, that all might beware of him succeed, lighted some straw, the smoke of as of a mad dog. One of the Judges. whieh made him fall down half suffocated, We see that you are not the Editor of and his destruction was completed before ą Journal, and that you have not raised the door of the dungeon. recruits. But you do not say any thing I resumed my defence by saying: No about the aristocratical sentiments you one, Gentlemen, has desired more than þave uttered in reading-rooms in the Pa- myself to have a reform of abpses. Here lais-Royal. A. I do not wish to avoid are some pamphlets, which I composed the subject. I bave not feared to ac- before and during the holding of the Statesknowledge what I have written, nor will general ; they prove what I say. I have I be afraid to avow what I have said or always thonght that they were going too even thought. I have always recommended far for a monarchical constitution, perhaps obedience to the laws, and have preached too far for a republican one. I am neither by example. Still I confess that I have Jacobin nor Feuillant, I love not the prinavailed myself of the liberty of speech ciples of the former, although far more which the constitution allowed me, and I reasonable and more honest than those of have said that I did not esteem it perfect. the latter, which I shall continue to detest It appeared to me to place us all in false until it has been proved that they were not positions. If it was a crime to say this, I the causes of all the evils wbich we have was led into it by the constitution itself; undergone. At length we are free from and the permission it gave me to point out

them. its fanlts was a snare. I have also said that One of the Judges, with an impatient air most of the Nobles of the Constituent As. You are continually telling us that you sembly, who shewed themselves such were not this nor that; what were you zealous patriots, have laboured much more then? I was downright Royalist. (There for their own interests and ambition than was a general murmur, which was by a sort for their country; and when all Paris ap- of miracle appeased by the Judge who had peared infatuated by their patriotism, I stood my friend, saying, “ It is not to judge said " they deceive you." I appeal to of opinions that we are here; it is to you, Gentlenien, whether the event has not judge of their effects.” justified the opinion I formed of them. Hardly were these precious words utI have often blamed the cowardly and tered, when I cried out, “ Yes, Gentlemen, clumsy maneuvres of certain persons who I have been downright Royalist, but I have talked of nothing but the constitution. I never been paid for being so. "I was a have long been convinced, that a great ca- Royalist, because I thought that a mopartastrophe will be the necessary result of chical government was best suited to my that constitution, revised as it has been by country; because I loved the King for his selfish men, who (like those of whom I have own sake, and openly. I have preserved already spoken) worked only for their own this sentiment in my heart up to the tenth advantage; and most of all from the cha. of Angust. racter of its defenders. Dissimulation, The murmur which was now raised, cupidité, et poltronerie etaient les attri had a more encouraging sound than the buts de ces charlatans. Fanatisme, intre. former one. And in order to keep up the pedité, et franchise formaient le caractère good opinion which they had of me, I de leurs ennemis. There was no need of spectacles to foresee which would win the * Could the united genius of Ronsseau day. (The attention with which they listened and Voltaire bave pleaded my cause better? added, I have never known any thing officers was at its height, they appointed me conspiracies, but through the expressions their General, and obliged me to command of public indignation. On every occasion the detachment which marched to Lacethat I have bad an opportunity of assisting ville, for the purpose of liberating thirty any one, I have done it, without waiting to Dragoous of the Regiment of Mestre-de. enquire * what bis principles were there Camp, whom the Carbineers had made are Journals, even patriotic ones, which prisoners, and also to rescue General Malprove what I assert to you;-I have ever seigne out of their hands. been loved by the country people on the

One of the Judges. estates of which I was Seigneur. For at the very time when they were burning the

I will see whether you have served in houses of my neighbours, I was residing in

the Regiment of the King. Did you know

M. Moreau of that regiment ? mine at St. Méard, and the peasantry came in crowds to testify to me the pleasure

Yes, Monsieur, I knew two of that name, which they had in seeing me, and planted

The one was very tall, very fat, and very

cool-headed ; the other very short, very a May-pole in my court yard.

I am aware that these details must appear to

thin, and very-(I here made a motion with you very minute ; but, Gentlemen, put youre my hand to express his being a tête légère.) selves in my place, and judge, it'this is not a

The same Judge. moment to make use of every truth which

That is the very man,

I see that you may be advantageous to me. I can assure know him, you that not a soldier of the Regiment t of (At this time they opened one of the the King's Infantry, in whicli I have served doors which led to the staircase, and a twenty-five years, has had occasion to com- guard of three men brought in M. Marguerie plain of me.--I may even take credit to ci-devant Major, and formerly my commyself for having been one of the Officers rade iu the Regiment da Roi, and my comwhom they have moșt loved. The last panion in the chamber of the Abbaye. proof which they gave me of this was not They caused him to wait till sentence was to be mistaken ; namely, that two days passed upou me, placing him on the very before the affair of Nancy, at the very spot where they had pnt me when they moment when their distrust of their of bronght me into the dungeon.) I resnmed

my defence. * Here I shewed tbem some Journals in After the unhappy affair of Nancy I which I was spoken of favorably. The came to Paris; where I have remained Sieur Gorsas who had more cause than any ever since. I was arrested in my lodge one to complain of the “ Journal de la ings twelve days ago. I had so little ex. Cour et de la Ville," would not, if he had pected it, that I had never omitted to apbelieved me the Editor of it, have said the pear in public as usual. Those who seized day after my deliverance, what appears in me have not even put a seal upon my the sixth number of his Journal, entitled effects, having found nothing to excite “ Le Courier des qnatres-vingt-trois De- suspicion. I have never been inscribed partements,

on the Civil List: I have signed no peti“ The Chevalier Saint Meard furnished tion: I have had no in proper corresponsome articles for the “ Journal de la Cour dence: I have not gone out of France et de la Ville," but these articles have no since the time of the Revolution. During odious character of malignity. The Che. my stay in the Capital I have abandoned valier Saint Méard confesses frankly that myself to the gaiety of my character, which, he was a Royalist, because he believed in in unison with my principles, has never the good faith of Louis XVI. He does not allowed me to mix seriously in public af. deny the articles lie has written. The fairs, and still less to do harm to any one, Chevalier Saint Méard was raised in the This, Gentlemen, is all I can say as to my arms of his guards, and carried in triumph conduct and my principles. The sincerity to his lodgings.”—“ The Chevalier Saint of the confessions which I have just made, Meard in reality was not the author of those should convince you that I am not a das. revolting articles which were often found gerous man. This makes me hope, that in that Journal; and he has proved, in some you will grant me the freedom which I beg instances which we have cited, that he was of you, and to which I am attacbed as well capable of good condnct, and had an excel- by principle as by inclination. lent heart.

The Presideut, after having taken of + Here one of the Judges trod on my his hat, said, “I see nothing to raise foot, apparently to admonish me that I was suspicion against this Gentleman: I there going to compromise myself. I was sure fore grant him lis liberty. Is this your of the contrary.

opinion ?"

All the Judges.

were going to thrust yourself into danger, Yes, it is just.

and I should have been sorry to see you Scarcely had these words been uttered, put yourself to death : but you got out of when all who were in the dungeon em- it well : and I am glad of it, for I love braced me. I heard cheers and cries of people that do not look sulky.” When “Bravo" above me, and on raising my we reached the street of St. Benoit, we eyes, saw many heads crowded against the got into a coach, which carried us to my bars of the small opening made to admit lodgings. The first movement of my land. air into the dungeon. I then perceived lord, and my friend, on seeing me was to that the low muttering and interruption offer his papers to my conductors, who rewhich I had beard during my examination fused to take them, saying, “ We do not came from thence.

carry on this trade for money. Here is The President deputed three men to your friend; he has promised us a glass of announce to the people the sentence which brandy, we will drink it and return to our was passed. During the proclamation, post. They demanded of me a certifiI demanded of my Judges a report of cate that they had conducted me home what they had pronounced in niy favour;

without accident. I gave it to them, begwhich they promised me. The President ging them to send me the paper which my asked me why I did not wear the cross of Judges had promised me, as well as my efSaint Louis, as he knew that I had one.

fects which I had left at the Abbaye. I I answered, that my fellow-prisoners had attended them down to the street, where I advised me to take it off. He told me, that - shook hands with them very heartily. On as the National Assembly had not yet for- the morrow one of the Commissaries brought bidden its being worn, any one would be me the certificate, of which I insert a copy. suspected who left it off. The three de.

We, Commissioners named by the people to puties returned, made me put on my hat, and conducted me out of the dungeon.

execute justice on traitors detained in the Immediately on my appearing in the street,

prison of the Abbaye, have on the 4th of one of them cried out “ Hats off - Citi

September caused to appear before us the

Citizen Jourgniac Saint Méard, formerly zens, this is the man for whom your Judges

an Officer of the order of St. Louis, demand aid and assistance." After saying these words the “ Executive Power"

who has proved that the accusations

brought against him were false, and that raised me in their arms, in which situation,

he has never entered into any conspiracy and surrounded by four torches, I was em. braced by all near me,

All the spectators

against the patriots. We Irave therefore cried “ Vive la Nation !" These honours,

caused him to be proclaimed innocent in to which I was very sensible, placed me

presence of the People, who applauded the

liberty which we have given him. In conunder the protection of the people; who

firmation of which, we have, on his de. still cheering, suffered me to pass, followed

mand, granted him this present certificate. by the three deputies whom the President

We invite all the citizens to give him aid had charged with escorting me home. One

and succour. of them, told me he was a mason of the

Poir Faubourg Saint-Germain ; the other that


Ber he was born at Bourges, and apprenticed

At the Abbaye, in the 4th year of Lito a hair-dresser; the third, who was in

berty, and the 1st of Equality. the uniform of the National Guard, said, that he was a “ Fédéré." As we walked

After some hours of sleep, I hastened to along, the mason asked me if I was in

perform the duties which friendship and fear, Not in more than yourself," I an- gratitude imposed on me. I caused a letswered. “You must have perceived that I ter to be printed, in which I communicated was not intimidated in the dungeon, and my happy escape to all who as far as I knew I will not tremble vow the street.” took an interest in my misfortune. The same “ You would do wrong to be afraid,” said day I walked in the garden of Citizen he, “ for really you are consecrated to the

Egalité * ; I saw many persons rub their people, and if any one were to strike you eyes as if they doubted their seeing clearhe should die on the instant. I saw plainly ly; others drew back from fear as if that you were not one of those caterpillars they had seen a spectre. On the other of the Civil List; but I trembled for you hand I was embraced even by persons when you said that you were an Officer of whom I did not know, and in a word it the King.-Do you remember that I trod was a day of festival for me. But what has upon your foot?" "Yes, but I thought that been said and written since, and what I it was one of my Judges." “ No, it was I who did so, on my word, I thought you

The Duc d'Orleans. REMEMBRANCER, No. 72.

5 C


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have read in print, bas made me consider, Ah Gentlemen, Gentlemen, recollect that how far my imprisonment may prove un. never man has been deeper in the regions favourable to me in the minds of those of death thay myself; recollect that during who do not know me; especially at a mo- thirty eight hours, knives and ares bave ment when men believe, condemn, and been suspended over me. The moment execute so precipitately. As I think it in that separates us from life has nothing so portant to me to produce an opposite ef- grievous. You have done me much ill; feet, I have published the truth.

I pardon you with all my heart. But I CHAP. V.

beseech you, in the name of your patriot

ism, to suffer me to terminate in peace the I promised exactness and truth in the *

remainder of my resurrection, picture of terrible events which I have

I will allow, if you wish, that a decree just traced, I have fulfilled my proinise of the legislative assembly, in depriving scrupulously. The details into which I

me of more than half of that patrimony, have entered, prove without doubt that it which I and mine had enjoyed during a has been my desire not to omit any thing, very long period, may have caused me some since nothing could be uninteresting re

vexation. Put yourselves in my place for specting that frightful period, the circum

a moment, and tell me in good faith, if you stances of which will be written in charac

could have borne this loss with pleasure, la ters of blood in the pages of our history. other respects, at the moment when I write Witikont doubt they will farnish others

these lines, I really feel a pleasure on rewith reflections on the causes which pro- fecting that the suppression of Seiguiorial duced these events; for my part I have rights

favorable to the less fortunate of only set down the circumstances which my fornier tenants, whom I bave always filled me with grief and horror,

loved, and wito have never repaid me with A stranger to every kind of intrigue

ingratitude. Amuse yourselves with my an enemy to those dark conspiracies which

narration! I abandou to you the writing degrade the dignity of man and which and the writer, so far as he is a writer; but dishonour the French character, of which

resort no more to calumny, I beseech you! good-faith was always a happy trait, I had

it produces effects too dreadful. entered into that terrible prison guiltless, from yon ; I have been a faithful observer

Do not believe however that I ask grace and it was my frankness which saved me. Still I know that the justice rendered me

of the laws daring the whole course of my at a moment when it might possibly have life, and I shall take care not to disobey been the effect of chance, has given some

those which the National Sovereignty

dictates. offence to my enemies; in whom my grievous agony has not been able to extin

As I have always loved my country, I guish a hatred which I have not merited,

will not now begin to tear her in pieces; I I am aware that at the moment when I

will rather join myself to those who wish was pronouncing in the Tribune of my

to pnt an end to ber misfortunes. If you Section, the oath prescribed to all citi

see me abandoning these principles, de zens, they publicly asserted in one of the

nounce memonly adhere to the truth; and Cafés of the “ Palais de la Revolution," ble

, I should not have allowed them to ar

above all recollect that if I had been culpathat I had sworn never to take that oath,

rest me in my apartments twelve days * I will not affirm that what was said after the Joth of August, 1792. That if by me at the committee and in the dun- I had planned any thing against the gogeon, as well as my answers, are reported vernment, I should not have remained in word for word; but I do affirm that the Paris ; and that if I had done evil I should sense is given with the greatest exactness.

not have brought forward this evidence Persons will no doubt be astonished that in my favour, but rather should have beex at a moment so critical I spoke in my ex

silent. amination with so much connection. But

Jourgniac Saint Méard. this astonishment will cease, when it is Paris, September 15th, 1792. kuown that I had learnt by heart what I intended to say, and bad even begged four of my companions in misfortune, amongst the rest M. M. de Brassac, to hear me re

To the Editor of the Christian peat the defence which I was going to make. Moreover, my mind was made up;

Remembrancer. and I was, if I may so express myself, so

Sir, familiarized with the idea of death, that I I was lately called upou to admit to bad ceased to fear it or to feel it.

the privileges of the Protestant






Church an adult, who had been bap

Dear Brother, or Sister, tized in infancy into the Roman

I have good hope that you have well faith. After satisfying myself of the weighed and considered with yourself, the

great work you are come about, before grounds on which this admission

this time ; but, inasmuch as with the heart was desired, I should have been at

believeth unto rigliteousness, and a loss for the form adapted to so in- with the mouth confession is made unto teresting an occasion, but for the salvation, that you may give the more hokind advice and assistance of a nour to God, and that this present congreneighbouring Clergyman, with whose gation of Christ here assembled, may also permission I enclose it for your pub- things ; and, that this your declaration may

understand your mind and will in these lication, that you may perhaps save

the more confirm you in your good resolusome of my younger brethren from tions; you shall answer plainly to these a similar embarrassment.

questions, which we, in the name of God I am, Sir,

and of his Church, shall propose to you, Your obedient servant,

touching the same. T. C.

Art thou thoroughly persuaded, that

those books of the Old and New TestaADMITTING

ment, which are received as Canonical FROM THE CHURCH OF ROME, AND Scriptures by this Church, contain suffiSUCH AS SHALL RENOUNCE THEIR ER. ciently all doctrine requisite and necessary

to eternal salvation, through faith in Jesus

Christ? The Bishop, or some Priest appointed by him for that purpose, being at the Com

Answer. I am so persuaded. munion-table, and the person to be re

Dost thou believe in the several articles conciled standing without the rails, the

of what is called the Apostles' Creed? Bishop, or such Priest as is appointed,

Answer. All these I stedfastly believe. shall speak to the congregation as fol

Art thou truly sorrowful, that thou hast loweth :

not followed the way prescribed in these

Scriptures, for the directing of the faith Dearly beloved,

and practice of a true disciple of Christ We are here met together for the re- Jesus? conciling of a penitent, (lately of the Answer. I am heartily sorry, and I hope Church of Rome,) to the Established

for mercy through Jesus Christ. Church of England, as to a true and sound Dost thou embrace the truth of the part of Christ's Holy Catholic Church :

Gospel in the love of it, and stedfastly reNow, that this weighty affair may have its solve to live godly, righteously and soberly due effect, let us, in the first place, hum- in this present world, all the days of thy bly and devoutly pray to Almighty God life? for his blessing upon us, in that pious and Answer, I do embrace it, and do so recharitable office we are going about. solve, God being my helper. Prevent ns, O Lord, in all our doings

Dost thou earnestly desire to be received with thy most gracious favour, and further into the communion of this Church, as into us with thy continual help, that in this,

a true and sound part of Christ's Holy Caand all other our works, begun, continued, tholic Church? and ended in thee, we may glorify thy holy Ansuer. This I earnestly desire. name, and finally by thy mercy obtain Dost tijou renounce all the errors and everlasting life, through Jesus Christ our

superstitions of the present Romish Church, Lord. Amen.

so far as they are come to thy knowledge ? Almighty God, who shewest to them

Answer. I do from my heart renounce that be in error, the light of thy truth, to them all. the intent that they may return into the

Dost thou in particular renounce the way of righteousness, grant unto all them

twelve last articles added in the Confes. that are, or shall be, admitted into the fel

sion, commonly called “ The Creed of lowship of Christ's religion, that they may Pope Pius IV." after having read them, eschew those things that are contrary to and duly considered them? their profession, and follow all such things

Answer. I do, upon mature deliberaas are agreeable to the same, through our tion, reject them, as grounded upon no Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

warrant of Scripture, but rather repugnant Then the Bishop, sitting in a chair, or the to the Word of God.

Priest standing, shall speak to the Pe- Almighty God, who hath given you a nitent, who is to be kneeling, as follows: sense of your errors, and a will to do all

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