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embraces and closes with it. He fees the law to be holy; he confesses the threatening to be jutt; and he is not only content, but thankful, that his present deliverance and future security depend, not on himself, but on the Redeemer. He is willing to be only and eternally indebted to the unmerited mercy and sovereign grace of God in Christ Jesus.

Thus you see the doctrine of salvation is represented in fcripture under the form of a blelling to be received, as well as a truth to be believed: II. lv. 1, 2, 3. “Ho, every

one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that “ hath no money; come ye, buy and eat, yea, come, buy “ wine and milk without money, and without price. " Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not “ bread ? and your labor for that which fatisfieth not? “ hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is

good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness. Incline

your ear, and come unto me; hear, and your foul shall “ live, and I will make an everlasting covenant with yo!, "s even the furé mercies of David." Matth. xi. 28. “ Come unto me, all ye that labor, and are heavy laden, “ and I will give you rest." And indeed the inspired writers always speak of it in fuch terms as fhew' themselves not only satisfied of the truth, but deeply penetrated with a sense of the greatness of the mercy ; Eph. iii. 17, 18, 19. “ That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; " that ye being rooted and grounded in love, may be able, “ to comprehend with all faints, what is the breadth, and

length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of

Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled 66 with all the fulness of God."

3. In the last place, faith implies such a personal application of the truths of the gospel as produceth repose of conscience, dependance and reliance on the Saviour. This, my brethren, is the point first in view, and the termination of the whole ; and I cannot help thinking, that it is so essential to faith, that faith and trust are often put reciprocally for one another in the New Testament ; as in Eph. i. 12, 13.

“ That we should be to the praise 6 of his glory, who first trusted in Chrilt. In whom ve VOL. I.


“ also trusted after that ye heard the word of truth, the gof. " pel of your falvation : in whom also after that ye be“ lieved, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise."

I do not mean to say, that divine faith is a belief that Christ died for me in particular. I know the strong objections which lie against that form of expression. The object of faith is, that Christ died for loft sinners of the race of Adam. But as it can hardly be supposed, that any give their assent to this truth till they are convinced that they themselves are finners, fo, if they believe that there is no salvation in any other, and that he is able to save to the uttermost, it seems to follow of necefsity, that they will rest and rely“ upon him alone for salvation as he is offer“ed in the gospel.” This is certainly the view given us of the matter in the holy scripture : Rom. v. 1. “ There. “fore being justified by faith, we have peace with God, “ through our Lord Jesus Christ.” Heb. vi. 18. That “ by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for “ God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have “ fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us." Faith and despair are inconsistent. Faith and hope are infeparable. The glory of the Redeemer's person, the perfection of his atonement, and his ability to fave, are all set before us in the golpel; and if we cannot rely upon him, if we cannot trust our salvation in his hands, it certainly arises from some doubt or disapprobation of these interest. ing truths. If you doubt of the truth, it is no wonder that you distrust the promise; but if you are truly and inwardly satisfied of Christ's power and mercy, you will close with 'him, as your Saviour, and say unto him, in the words of Thomas, when his doubts were removed, “ My Lord, “ and my God.”—Thus I have shortly given you a view of the actings of faith : which may all be reduced to what I have endeavored to illustrate; the aflent of the under. standing, the approbation of the heart, and these jointly producing repose of conscience and peace with God.

II. I proceed now, in the last place, to make some practical improvement of what hath been faid on this im. portant subject. And, in the

First place, Hence learn the absolute necessity of selfdenial, and how much it ought to prevail in the temper of a Christian. In explaining to you the object of faith, I have endeavored to lay before you the nature of the gofpel-message, and the substance of the truth as it is in Je. lus, viz. the lost and helpless state of man by nature, forgiveness through the blood of Christ, and fanctification as the work of his Spirit. If this view is just, then religion must be begun, prelerved, improved, and perfected, by union with Christ. If this view is just, then all self-righte. ousness and felf-dependance is a denial of Christ. And indeed, such is the life of a believer, if the conduct of the great apostle of the Gentiles may be taken for an example: Phil. iv. 13. “ I can do all things through Christ which “ strengtheneth me.”

2. Hence also learn the necessity of a new nature, in order to a new life. If the old nature is indeed in ruins, it will be lost labor to begin to build without a new foundation. And if the foundation is ill laid, however beautiful the superstructure, the fabric cannot be lasting. The not attending to this is visibly the cause of many miscarriages. Men often resolve upon some amendment of life, from prudence, conveniency, or even from imperfect convictions, and some apprehension of eternity itself. But though these resolutions are formed with seeming sincerity, inherent corruption soon becomes too ftrong for such feeble opposition. Remember therefore our Saviour's cauti- .. on, " Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or “ make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt. If you desire to live a life of holiness or virtue, apply to God through Christ, for the pardon of your fins, and peace with him. Entreat of him also, in the same prevailing name, that by his grace he would implant in you“ a new heart, " and a new fpirit, that you may walk in his ways, and “ observe his judgments to do them.”

3. Learn also how injurious they are to the doctrine of salvation by faith in Christ, who Nander it as unfriendly to holiness of life. So far from being unfavorable to holiness, it makes the most effectual provision for it. Obedience to the whole law of God, is embraced by every believer as his

choice, and promised as his duty; only he expects to derive strength from his Redeemer to enable him to discharge it. I desire to bear witness, and so will every faithful minister of the New Testament, that Christ came not to de. stroy the law, but to fulfil it. He hath not only left it in its full force upon the conscience, but he hath added to its obligation. The awful fanction of the law shall take place upon every impenitent sinner. It is well represented by the flying roll, in the prophecies of Zechariah, chap. v. 3, 4. " Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth " forth over the face of the whole earth : for every one " that stealeth, shall be cut off as on this fide, according

to it; and every one that sweareth, shall be cut off as

on that fide, according to it. I will bring it forth, faith " the Lord of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the “ thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by

my name; and it shall remain in the midst of his house, " and shall consume it, with the tinber thereof, and the “ stones thereof." See also the fuperadded fanction of the gospel, Heb. X. 28, 29. “ He that despised Moses' law, “ died without mercy, under two or three witnesses : of “ how much forer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be " thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son " of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, “ wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath “done despite unto the Spirit of grace ?" Hear it, my brethren, hear it for your souls' sake, any known sin allowed in the heart or conversation, is as inconsistent with falvation under the covenant of grace as under the covenant of works; or rather to speak more properly, as many as continue in the practice of fin are condemned already, and remain under the power of that ministration of death, To delight in the law of the Lord after the inward man, is the fruit of faith, the character of the new nature, and necessary to fit you for the divine presence.

4. Suffer me to say a few words, for the reproof and conviêion of those who are living in contempt of the gospel. Alas! how many are there who turn a deaf ear to the most earnest and pressing invitations addressed to them in the word of God, and enforced by his providence ! There are two sorts of despisers of the gospel. (1.) Those who are open and avowed enemies to the doctrine of the gospel, who defert it, despise it, or flander it. Too many there are of this character in the present age, to whom the cross of Christ is foolishness. O! how deplorable is their folly! and how aggravated their guilt! If this is the divine commandment, That we should believe in the name of the Son of God; and if there is truth in the divine word, “ That there is no salvation in any other;" mile. rable indeed must be the flate of those who are found thus fighting against God. Will it be a light thing to be found defpilers of all that grace and love manifested in the golpel? How heavy is the threatening, in our Saviour's own words, against those who despise the precious corner stone, and tried foundation, which is laid in Zion, Matth. xxi. 44.

" And whosoever fhall fall on this stone, shall be bro"ken; but on whomsoever it fhall fall, it will grind him " to powder.” (2.) They are despisers of the gospel who, profeffing belief in the doctrine of Christ, continue to live in unrighteousness. He came to turn you from all your transgressions, as well as to deliver you from condemnation. His power is particularly illustrated in bringing finners “ from darknels to light, and from the power of “ Satan unto God." The end of his coming is lost to all those who continue in fin. If they are called by his name, they are a scandal to it; if they form any hopes from his sufferings, they will be disappointed ; if they advance any claim to his mercy, it will be rejected; if they plead rela. tion to him, he will openly renounce them: Matth. vii. 21, 22, 23. “ Not every one that faith unto me, Lord, " Lord, fhall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he " that doth the will of my Father which is in heaven,

Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we “ not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast "out devils ? and in thy name done many wonderful “ works ? and then will I profess unto them, I never knew you : depart from me ye that work iniquity.”

5. In the last place, Suffer me, in the most earnest manner, to beseech every finner in this assembly, to believe in the name of the Son of God. I say, every finner,

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