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There is a fair standing placel for market men to stond yn, in the hart of the toune, and this is made viij square, and a piller in the midle, as there is one made in Malmesbyri far fairer than this.
The Erles of Sarum were Lordes of Through-bridg : then the Duke of Lancaster; now th Erle of Hertford.2
FARLEY CASTLE. [Itin. 11. 58]. From Through-bridge to Castelle-Farley about a 3 miles by good corne, pasture, and nere Farley self plenty of wood. Or I cam to the castelle I passid over Frome water, passing by there yn a rokky valey and botom, where the water brekith into armelettes and makith Islettes, but soon meting agayn with the principale streame, wherby there be in the causey divers smaul bridges.
This water rennith hard under the botom of this castelle, and there driveth a mylle. The castelle is set on a rokky hill.3
1 “ Standing place”—a Market Cross, resembling that of Salisbury. It was opposite the George Inn, and was taken down about 1784.
2 The lordship of Trowbridge belonged, A.D. 1100, to Edward D'eureux, commonly called “ Edward of Sarisburie.” [His daughter, Matilda, married Humphrey de Bohun, whose family had some interest in it). By marriage of Ela, heiress of D'eureux, it passed to Longespee, Earl of Sarum. By Margaret, heiress of Longespee, to Lacy, Earl of Lincoln (Edw. I). By Alice de Lacy (1311) to Thos. Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester, who presented to Trowbridge Rectory, 1313, and was beheaded at Pontefract, 1321. On his death it was granted, for their lives, to John de Warren (Plantagenet) last Earl of Surrey, and Joan de Bars his wife, (who presented 1317-1348); with reversion to William de Montacute, Earl of Sarum (who was patron 1362). Afterwards the manor came to John of Gaunt (patron 1378); and by King Henry VIII. was granted to Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, his brother-in-law (afterwards the Protector Duke of Somerset), who is named as patron in 1561.
3 Farleigh Castle itself is in Somersetshire, and when Leland crossed the river Frome, at the little mill shown in the annexed woodcut, he entered that county. But a large part of the parish of Farleigh (including all the foreground in the view) is in Wilts : and its owners, the Hungerfords, were much more connected with Wilts, than they were even with Somerset. The castle consisted of 2 courts: the inner one, or dwelling house, was a quadrangle, formed by the four towers : the outer court, which L. calls the “utter ward,” lay between the gatehouse and the 2 towers nearest it. The gable of the chapel is just visible in the print over the priest's (now the castle farm) house. The “new chapel annexed to it” of which Leland speaks, is a smaller chantry or mausoleum on the north side.
There be diverse praty towres in the utter warde of the castelle.
And in this utter warde ys an auncient chapelle, and a new chapelle annexid unto it.
Under the arch of this chapelle lyith, but sumwhat more to the old chapelle warde, one of the Hungerfordesl with his wife, having these epitaphies upon 2 schochins of plate of brasse :
“Hic jacet THOMAS HUNGERFORD, Chevallier, Dnus de Farley, Welew and Heitesbyri : qui obiit 3 die Decembris Ao D. 1398. Cujus animæ propitietur Deus. Amen."
“Hic jacet Domina JOANNA Uxor ejusdem THOMÆ HUNGERFORD, filia Di Edmundi HVSEE Militis : quæ obiit primo die Mensis Martii ao D. 1412.”
These thinges that here folow were written in a table (on a tablet) in the chapelle :2
[I]. 1. THOMAS HUNGREFORD, Knight. 2. Dame JOANNA, his Wife. (Hussey). 3. SIR GUALTER HUNGERFORD, LORD HUNGERFORD, Knight
of the Garter, and High Treasurer of England; son and
heir to Thos. and JOHAN. 4. CATARINE ; heire to PEVEREL, and wife to Syr GUALTER. 5. SYR ROBERT, LORD HUNGREFORD : son and heire to WALTER. 6. MARGARET, heire to BOTREAUX. 7. ROBERT, ERLE HUNGERFORD, son to Robert. 8. ELEANOR MOLYNES ; heire to MOLINES, and wife to Erle
Robert. · I heard say that this Erle Robert and Eleanor were buried
in the Chirch of Sarum.3
i The Purchaser of Farleigh.
3 There was never any Earl Hungerford. This Robert was 3rd Baron Hungerford; and in right of his wife, Baron Molyns. He was beheaded at Newcastle, but is said to have been buried at Sarum. She re-married, and was buried at Stoke Poges, Bucks. He left 2 sons-1, Sir Thomas, executed at Sarum, 1469, who left a daughter Mary, the great heiress : and 2, Sir Walter, who succeeded on the execution of his brother Sir Thomas : and stands the first in Leland's Table II.
1. GUALTER HUNGREFORD, Kt.
3. EDWARD, son to WALTER.
5. SYR GUALTER, Lord HUNGERFORD.
Dauntesey, by Bradenstoke,
,! Wives to GUALTER, late 7. ALICE, the Lord SANDEss }
9. GUALTER, 2
}his sons. Ther longgid 2 chauntre prestes to this chapelle ; and they had a praty mansion at the very est end of it.
The gate-house of the inner court of the castelle is fair, and ther be the armes of the Hungrefordes richely made yn stone.
The haule and 3 chambers withyn the second court be stately.
There is a commune saying that one of the Hungrefordes buildid this part of the castelle by the prey of the Duke of Orleaunce whom he had taken prisoner.
Farley standith yn Somersetshire. Frome ryver ther partith (and so doun to the mouth) Wileshir from Somersetshir. The mouth of it wher it goith ynto Aron is about a mile and a half lower2 than Farley, and by estimation Bradeford is a 2 good miles upper on Avon.
1 “Late Lord Hungerford.” This shows the date of Leland's visit to Farley. Sir Walter (Table II. No. 5.) created a Baron, was afterwards beheaded by King Henry VIII., 28th July, 1540.
2 At Freshford.