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Ther is a parke by Farley Castelle. Ther is also a litle above the castelle a village.
From a book of antiquities in Tewkesbury Monastery:
“ Isabella Neville” (one of the daughters and coheiresses of Richard Neville Earl of Warwick) “married George Duke of Clarence, son of Richard Duke of York, and brother of Edward IV. King of England ; by whom she gave birth to Margaret (Countess of Salisburyl ) at the Castle of Ferley, 14th August A.D. 1473.” [Itin. VI. 87].
FARLEY CASTLE TO BATH. [11. 60]. From Farley I ridde a mile off by wooddy ground to a graunge greate and well builded that longid to Henton-Priorie of Chartusians. This priory standith not far off from this graunge on the brow of an hille about a quarter of a mile from the farther ripe of Frome, and not far from this place Frome goith ynto Avon.
I rodde by the space of a mile or more by woods and mountain ground to a place, where I saw a rude stone waulle hard on the right hand by a great length as it had been a park waulle. One since told me that Henton Priory first stode there. If it be so, it is the lordship of Hethorpe that was gyven to them for their first habitation. And about a mile farther I cam to a village, and passid over a ston bridge wher ranne a litle broke there they caullid Mitford-water. This brooke risith in the rootes of Mendip-hills a 7 miles or more by west-south-west from this bridge, and goith about a mile lower into Avon.
From this bridge to Bath 2 good miles al by mountayne ground and quarre, and litle wood in syte.2
i The Mother of Cardinal Pole : beheaded at the Tower in a barbarous way, on a charge of treason, in A.D. 1541.
2 At Farley Castle, Leland crossed from Wilts on the eastern bank of the river Frome to Somerset on the western. Hinton Abbey, which he next mentions, is also on the western side ; but, as he seems to describe its situation on the brow of a hill, as if he had seen it from the Wiltshire side, it has been stated in a note to the History of Lacock (p. 174), that on leaving Farley he took the lower road to Freshford. If so, then he must have gone over into Wilts again at Iford,
[Leland then continued his tour through Somerset, Devonshire, and Cornwall. Of the Scilly islands he says :-)
“One Davers, a gentilman of Wilshir, whose chief house is at Dauntsey, and Whittington, a gentilman of Glocestershire, be owners of Scylley,1 but they have scant 40 markes by yere of rentes and commodities of it." [111. 19].
“ Botreaux, or Boscastle, near Launceston. The Lord Botređux was lord of this toun, a man of an old Cornish lineage and had a maner place, a thing, as far as I could heare, of small reputation as it is now, far unworthe the name of a castle. The people ther caulle it The Courte. One of the Hungrefordes2 married with one of the heires general of Botreaux : and so Boscastle came to Hungerford. Then came Boscastle by an heir general of the Hungerfords unto the Lord Hastings. Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon,
and so along the Wilts bank to Freshford Bridge. But this can hardly have been his course : for he distinctly says that “from Farley he rid to Henton Grange,” and thence to Midford Bridge. Henton Grange (now Hinton House, the residence of the Hon. Mrs. Jones), as well as all the road from Farley to Midford, is in the county Somerset.
The park wall which he speaks of as about a mile beyond Hinton and on his right hand, could be no other than the south-west boundary of Hinton Abbey grounds. It is clear that he was not very well acquainted with the history of the Carthusian House here, as he conjectures the said wall to have been the enclosure of the manor of Hatherop, the place originally given to them by William Longespee Earl of Salisbury, and afterwards, by his widow Ela, exchanged for Hinton; but Hatherop is near Fairford in Gloucestershire.
At Midford Bridge he would once more touch the county Wilts for a few yards, and then immediately enter Somerset again.
"Scilly." In the 15th century the Scilly islands were held under the Crown by the family of Coleshill, of Dulo, Cornwall, at the rent of 50 puffins, or 6s. 8d. per annum. In 1484 the islands were returned as worth, in peaceable times, 40 shillings; in war, nothing. The heiress of the Coleshills, temp. H. VII., married Sir Renfrew Arundell, of Lambourn, Knight: at which time Scilly was considered to be at its lowest value. The heiress of the Arundells married, first, Whittington, and, secondly, Sir Edward Stradling, then owner of Dauntsey, in North Wilts. Their granddaughter, Anne Stradling, brought the Dauntsey estate, with Scilly and the puffins, to Sir John Danvers by marriage : and their grandson Silvester Danvers, who died 1552, was probably the “Davers” mentioned by Leland.
2 Robert, second Lord Hungerford, died A.D. 1459.
and the late Lord Hungerfordi had this lordship, called “the Park” in partition.” [11. 111].
“ Kenton-parsonage (county Devon) impropriate to Saresbyri Chirch.” [111. 63].
[Leland returned through Dorsetshire].
“ Sherburn. There is a chapelle in St. Marye chirch yard. One Dogget, a chanon of Saresbyri is lord of the toun of Shirebourne. Roger le Poore, Bishop of Saresbyri in Henry I. time, builded this castle: and cast a great dike without it; and made a false mure without the dike. [11. 78].
[He entered Wiltshire, the second time, from the South, by—]
CRANBOURN TO SALISBURY.
“ Dameron. (Damerham? ) a mene maner place a vii myles W.S.W. from Saresbyri. [111. 121].
[111. 87]. Thens a 6 miles by champayn ground to Honington (Homington below Salisbury) a good village.
In the botom of this toun goith a great water, and ther I passid over a bridg of a 3 arches, and so to Saresbyri al champayn ground a 2 miles.
This water or river is called Chalkbourn.3 It riseth a 6 miles from Shaftesbyri in the way betwixt Saresbyri and it, (i. e., Shaftsbury) a mile from the highway in a botom on the left hond (riding from Saresbyri to Shaftesbyri), and thens to Honington cummith this ryver, that is about a xii. miles from the hed of Chalkbourn water, and a 2 miles dim (1) byneth Honington it goith into Avon about a mile byneth Harnham Bridge.
1 Walter Lord Hungerford of Heytesbury, executed A.D, 1540.
2 Dameron.” South Damerham, part of the estates of the abbey of Glastonbury. There was a manor house and demesne here. It now belongs to the See of Sarum.
36. Chalk Bourn,” since called “Ebele's Bourn; now “ Ebbesbourne."
And, as I remembre, Mr. Bayntoni hath a place on this water, where his father was wont to dwelle.
SALISBURY. [111. 88]. The toun of New-Saresbyri with the suburbes of Harnham Bridge and Fisschertoun, is 2 good miles in cumpace.
VI. great arches in Harnham Bridge on the principale arme of Avon. iiij. litle arches in the bridge at Harnham over the lesser arme. [111. 135].
Ther be many fair streates in the Cite Saresbyri, and especially the High Streate, and the Castel Streate, so caullid because it lyith as a way to the castelle of Old Saresbyry. Al the streates, in a maner, of New Saresbyri hath litle streamelettes and armes derivyd out of Avon that rennith thorough them.
The site of the very toun of Saresbyri and much ground therabout is playne and low, and as a pan or receyver of most parte of the water of Wyleshire.2
The Market-place in Saresbyri is fair and large, and welle waterid with a renning stremelet; in a corner of it is domus civica, no very curious pece of work, but strongly builded of stone.3
The market of Saresbyri is well servid of flesch; but far better of fisch; for a great part of the principal fisch that is taken from Tamar to Hampton (Southampton) resortith to this toun.
1 “Baynton.” Fallardestone, vulgò Falstone, now a farm house, formerly a noble old-fashioned house with moat, drawbridge, and high embattled walls, built of layers of stone and flint. It belonged in Edw. II. to Le Tablier; then, by an heiress, to Thomas de Benton. As stated in a former note, the Bayntons left it for Bromham near Devizes, which had fallen to them as representatives of Roche, upon the death of Richard Beauchamp, Lord St. Amand.
2 The Salisbury “Pan” receives water enough, without being reservoir to quite so large a district as Leland represents it. The drainage of the lower half of the county, certainly not more, comes to a point here. Bishop Douglas used to say, “ Salisbury is the sink of the Plain : the Close the sink of Salisbury: the Palace the sink of the Close.” Measures are in progress to correct this.
3 Leland's “Domus Civica” must be the old Guildhall, of which there is a view in Hall's Picturesque Mem. of Salisbury, woodcut 26. The old “ Council Chamber" (plate XXVIII. in that work) was built chiefly of timber, and of the date of 1573, 30 years after his visit.
Ther be but two paroche chirches in the Cyte of Saresbyri, whereof the one ys by the Market-place as in the hart of the toun, and is dedicate to St. Thomas.
The other is of S. Edmunde,1 and is a Collegiate Chirch of the foundation of De la Wyle, Bishop of Saresbyry. He erected the college of St. Edmund. Nicolaus de St. Quintino was first Provost of S. Edmunde's, and lyith buried there. (iv. 30]. St. Edmunde's Church at the north west ende of the toun hard by the toun dich.
A charter of Hen. III. for a fair at St. Edmunde's. [1v. 177].
This diche was made of the tounes men as such tyme as Simon,2 Bishop of Saresbyri, gave licence to the burgeses to strengthen the toun with an embattled waulle.
This diche was thoroughly caste for the defence of the toun, so far as it was not sufficiently defendid by the mayn streame of Avon. But the waulle was never begon; yet, as I remembre, I saw one stone gate or 2 in the toun.3
Harnham Bridge4 was a village long afore the erection of New Saresbyri; and there was a church of S. Martine longging to it.
There standith now of the remain of the old chirch of S. Martin, a barne5 in a very low medow on the north side of S.
1 " St. Edmund's.” Of Bishop Wyle's Church not a stone is left. It fell down June 1653, and was then entirely rebuilt. The seal of St. Edmund's College is engraved in Leland's Collect. VI. 283. On it are 2 shields—1, Three suns [Sunning. Query ; any reference to the place in Berks so called ?7 and 2, a chevron between 3 towers. (Wyle). The site of the college was purchased in 1660 by the Wyndhams, to whom it now belongs.
2 Simon of Ghent, died 1315. 3 Two gates in the Close.
4 “ Harnham Bridge.” In a paragraph farther on, he mentions this again, as the “hamlet or village of Harnham.” The burial ground of an AngloSaxon community, prior to their conversion to Christianity, discovered in “ The Low Field” (the field of tumuli) at Harnham Hill, not far from this place, Nov. 1853, has just been described by Mr.J. Y.Akerman, in the “ Archäologia.”
5 “Barn.” The desecrated barn pointed out to Leland as the remains of old St. Martin's Church has caused some perplexity to the local antiquaries. Hall (Pict. Memor. of Sal., plate III., and notes at end of vol.) is of opinion that the residence of the master of St. Nicholas's Hospital (1834) was the barn in question : but Leland appears to have been misinformed in his account of the Church.