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subjoined, it would appear that a few years afterwards, by some quibbling objection raised to the inquisition, they contrived to obtain a reversal of the outlawry, which indeed had been of so little inconvenience that Sir Henry was actually made a Peer whilst the outlawry was in force against him. There must therefore have been either high influence at work to hush up the crime, or some extenuating circumstances, as violent provocation, which caused the murder of Mr. Long to be passed over without entailing on the perpetrators the usual penalties of a violent outrage. Neither Sir Henry nor Sir Charles appears to have suffered any damage whatever from it.

But Pharoah's butler and baker did not come to more widely different ends than did these two brothers. Sir Charles took a leading part in the insurrection of the Earl of Essex against Elizabeth: for which he was attainted and beheaded in 1600-1. On the authority of Viscountess Purbeck (Elizabeth Danvers, niece of Sir Charles) Aubrey says, that “Sir Charles Danvers advised the Earl of Essex to make his escape through the gate of Essex house, and hasten away to Highgate, and so to Northumberland, (the Earl of Northumberland had married his sister) and from thence to the King of Scots: and there they might make their peace. If not, the Queen was old and might not live long. But Essex followed not his advice: and so they both lost their heads on Tower Hill.”2

The Lord Southampton above mentioned was tried, but his life was spared, and he was restored to his title by King James I.

Sir Henry Danvers does not appear to have been concerned with his brother in the Essex plot; and his subsequent career was one of success and distinction. He was created Baron Danvers of Dauntesey, 27th July, 1603. By his brother's death he had become heir to the father's estates, but being unable to trace his title to them through his elder brother without a reversal of Sir Charles's attainder, he obtained a private Act of Parliament for that purpose in 1605, (3 James I.) In 1626 he was created by King Charles I. Earl of Danby. In 1630, upon the death of his mother who had remarried Sir Edmund Cary, he succeeded to her estates. Besides this he was Lord President of Munster, Governor of Guernsey, and a Knight of the Garter. “Full of honour, wounds, and days” (so says the inscription on the large monument under which he lies in the north aisle of Dauntesey church), he died at Cornbury, Co. Oxford, in 1643, æt. 71, leaving an estate of £11,000 a year to his favourite sister Lady Gargrave, and Henry his nephew, son of Sir John (the Regicide) his younger brother whom he passed over. Lord Danby was the founder of the Botanic Garden at Oxford, and built the entrance facing High Street, called the Danby Gateway. There is a portrait of him at Dauntesey Rectory.

1 His trial, under the name of Sir Charles Davers, (a variety of spelling which the family sometimes used), is in the State Trials, Vol. I. (8vo. Edit.) p. 1410. His examination and confession, ditto, p. 1345.

2 Aubrey's Lives, Vol. II. p. 344.

No. I.

ACCOUNT OF THE ESCAPE OF SIR CHARLES AND SIR HENRY

DANVERS. (Lansd. MSS., No. 827).

“A lamentable discourse taken out of sundry examinations concerning the wilful escape of Sir Charles and Sir Henry Danvers, Knights, and their followers, after the murder committed in Wilteshire, upon Henry Longe, Gentleman, as followeth.

The said wilful murder executed upon Henry Longe, Gentleman, sitting at his dinner in the company of Sir Walter Longe, Knight, his brother; Anthony Mildmay, Thomas Snell, Henry Smyth, Esquires, Justices of her Majesty's Peace for the said County of Wilts; and divers other Gents., at one Chamberlayne's house in Corsham, within the same County, by Sir Charles and Sir Henry Danvers, Knights, and their followers to the number of seventeen or eighteen persons, in most riotous manner appointed for that most foul fact, on Friday 4th October, 1594.

After which wilful murder committed, the parties flying, Sir Charles and Sir Henry Danvers, with one John their servant or follower, came unto Whitley Lodge, near Tichfield, in one of the Earl of Southampton's Parks, where Thomas Dymmocke, Gent., is keeper, on Saturday, 5th October last, about eight or nine o'clock in the morning, and there continued all that day and night, until it was Tuesday morning following; during which time of their abode at the said lodge, one John, a cook of the Earl of Southampton's dressed their meat; and that on Monday, the 7th October, at night, the said Earl with some seven or eight followers came unto the said lodge, and stopped with the said Knights, and tarried there all that night; and on the Tuesday morning, the 8th October, about two hours before day the said Earl departed from thence with the said Knights and company to the number of six or seven horse, whereof Thomas Dymmocke was one, unto Burselden Ferry, where the boat of Henry and William Reedes, of Burselden aforesaid, was prepared in a readiness, being sent unto for that purpose the night before, by one Robert Gee, servant to the said Dymmocke, and by his commandment.

And immediately upon their coming to the said Ferry, the said Earl requested the two Reedes to take into their boat the said company, and presently passed, the same Tuesday morning, into Cawshot Castle, but the company would not then go on shore; but there they found Mr. Hunnings, the Earl of Southampton's Steward, with others to the number of four or five persons, which said Hünnings had been on shore, and had talked with the deputy touching the landing of the said Knights and company there, whom the said Reedes took into their boat all but the said Hunnings, and so put off from shore and did ride between Cawshot and St. Andrew's Castle the Tuesday all day until it was Wednesday in the evening, and that immediately after they had put off

1 Whitley (pronounced Whiteley) Lodge lies about three miles N.W. of Tichfield or Place House, on a hill surrounded by deep clay land and woods. It is now a farm-house, with a space round it cleared for agriculture. There are remains of a moat, and some indications of a house of quality. It formerly lay within the Park belonging to the Great House, with which it was connected by a path through the woods called “My Lady's Walk.” In its original state it must have been a very secluded spot.

from Cawshot castle the said Tuesday, Thomas Dymmocke passed to Hampton in one Mossell's boat of Ware's ash, and there talked with Captain Perkinson and desired of him that the two Danverses, Sir Charles and Sir Henry, might come unto Cawshot Castle to rest them there two or three days, and that their intent was to go from thence into Brittany for service, which the said Perkinson said they should do so, and sent word presently to his deputy by Roger Fynche, his servant; and then the said Dymmocke returned back that evening unto the said Reede’s boat, then riding at an anchor; and the said Wednesday, 9th October, in the evening, they all put on shore at Cawshot castle. Afore whose arrival there, about 2 o'clock in the afternoon of the said Wednesday, one John Dalamor the water-serjeant of Hamble, had been at the said castle with hue and cry to apprehend the suspected persons for the murder, that were in the boat then in sight, and wished the master-gunner to bend their ordnance upon them if they should offer to be gone, whereupon so soon as the said Knights and company were landed, who came in voluntary of themselves that evening, William Kitche the master-gunner disarmed them, and put them into the deputy's chamber as prisoners, and caused the castle to be guarded and kept with such soldiers as were then in the castle, being in number but four persons besides help of the country, as Hancocke, Locke, and others, and certain fishermen which the said Kitche had commanded in for this service, as Thomas Moorley, John Wilkins, and others. Until Nicholas Caplyn the deputy of the said castle came to his charge that night, who immediately understanding by the said Kitche what had been done, and likewise by the said Hancocke, Locke, and the rest, who told the said deputy that “they thought them to be the persons "suspected for the murder, for whom the hue and cry came unto them,” then the said deputy partly confessed that “they were the men, but the captain's friends,” and desired them to depart, giving his word and promise to the said Hancocke, Locke, and the rest, that they should be forthcoming and safe. Also the said Wednesday being the 9th October last, Mr. Francis Robinson, gentleman of the Earl of Southampton's horses, willed Thomas Dredge an attendant in the said Earl's stables at Tichfield, to go unto one Austine, Mr. Thomas Arundell's cook, (who then with his ladie were with the Earl of Southampton in Tichfield House), for a basket of victuals, which the said Dredge with one Humphrey a Welsh boy of the same house, did fetch from Tichfield kitchen and carried the same unto Ware's ashe, and delivered the said basket of victuals unto Mr. Dymmocke and one Gilbert, a Scot, and servant unto the said knights, which was carried unto the said knights and their company, then at anchor in Reede’s boat, by the said Gilbert in one Mossell's boat.

The said knights with their company, and the said Dymmocke, continued in Cawshot Castle from the said Wednesday in the evening until it was Friday following late in the evening, being the 11th of the same October, during which time there were many messages and some letters that passed between the said knights and the said Perkinson, and great meanes made to get passage into France if it had been possible. But in the end, on the same Friday in the evening, the said Gilbert, who was hastened and sent by Payne, one of the Earl of Southampton's servants, upon the said Perkinson's private message, sent unto him to one Day's house, an ordinary in Hampton, by one Heywood his servant, that if the said Payne did wish well unto the said Danvers and their company, and did regard their safety, he should in all haste use some speedy means to give them warning presently to depart from Cawshot Castle, for that the said Perkinson had received letters from Sir Thomas West, Knight, the same Friday about 10 of the clock in the aforenoon for the apprehending of them; and again farther, by a second message from the said Perkinson, that the said Payne was wished to ride presently home towards Tichfield to see if he could find any means to send them word presently to depart, who immediately travailed in the said business, and came to Hamble the same Friday in the afternoon with one Gilbert, a Scot, and sent him unto the said knights and company in one Johnson's boate of Hamble with the said message; besides one Roger Fynche, the captain's servant, that was then sent with the like message from his master also. Whereupon, so soon as the said Gilbert had delivered his message unto the knights and company at Cawshot Castle about

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