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of the Æneid, and the coast from beyond | dam, and thence trickles over into the Digentla. mouth of the Tiber to the headland of Cir- | Hat we must not hope um and the Cape of Terracina. The site of Cicero's villa may be supposed
“To trace the Muses upwards to their spring," ner at the Grotta Ferrata, or at the Tusculum by exploring the windings of the romantic valley Lucian Buonaparte.
I in search of the Bandusian fountain. It seems Che former was thought some years ago the strange that any one should have thought Ban
al site, as may be seen from Middleton's I dusia a fountain of the Digentia; Horace has e of Cicero. At present it has lost something not let drop a word of it; and this immortal it, credit, except for the Domenichinos. Nine spring has in fact been discovered in possession nks, of the Greek order, live there, and the of the holders of many good things in Italy, the oining villa is a Cardinal's summerhouse. The monke. It was attached to the church of St. er villa, called Rufinella, is on the summit Gervais and Protais near Venusia, where it was the hill above Frascati, and many rich re most likely to be found. We shall not be so ins of Tusculum have been found there, be- lucky as a late traveller in finding the occasiones seventy-two statues of different merit and | alpine still pendant on the poetic villa. Thero eservation, and seven buste.
is not a pine in the whole valley, but there Prom the same eminence are seen the Sabine are two cypresses, which he evidently took, or ls, embosomed in which lies the long valley mistook, for the tree in the ode. The truth is, Rustica. There are several circumstances that the pine is now, as it was in the days of ich tend to establish the identity of this valley Virgil, a garden-tree, and it was not at all likely th the “Ustica" of Horace; and it seems pos- to be found in the craggy acclivities of the valle that the mosaic pavement which the pea- ley of Rustica. Horace probably had one of its uncover by throwing up the earth of a them in the orchard close above his farm, immeleyard, may belong to his villa. Rustica is diately overshadowing his villa, not on the rocky
nounced short, not according to our stress heights at some distance from his abode. Tho on "Ustice cubantis."-It is more rational to tourist may have easily supposed himself to have ink that we are wrong than that the inhabitants seen this pine figured in the above cypresses, this secluded valley have changed theik tone in for the orange and lemon trees which throw s word. The addition of the consonant pre such a bloom over his description of the royal ed is nothing: yet it is necessary to be aware gardens at Naples, unless they have been since at Rustica inay be a modern name which the displaced, were assuredly only acacias and other asants may have caught from the antiquaries.cominon garden-shrabs. The extreme disappointThe villa, or the mosaic, is in a vineyard on ment experienced by choosing the Classical Tourknoll covered with chesnut trees. A stream ist as a guide in Italy must be allowed to find ns down the valley, and although it is not true, | vent in a few observations, which, it is asserted
said in the guide-books, that this stream is without fear of contradiction, will be confirmed lled Licenza, yet there is a village on a rock by every one who has selected the same conducthe head of the valley which is so denominat tor through the same couptry. This author in , and which may have taken its name from in fact one of the most inaccurate, unsatisfactory é Digentia. Licenza contains 700 inhabitants. writers that have in our times attained a temsa peak a little way beyond is Civitella, con- porary reputation, and is very seldom to be ining 300. On the banks of the Anio, a little trusted even when he speaks of objects which he fore you turn up into Valle Rustica, to the must be presumed to have seen. His errors, ft, about an hour from the villa, is a town from the simple exaggeration to the downright lled Vico-varo, another favourable coincidence misstatement, are so frequent as to induce a susith the Varia of the poet. At the end of the picion that he had either never visited the spots
ley, towards the Anio, there is a bare hill, described, or had trusted to the fidelity of forowned with a little town called Bardela. At mer writers. Indeed the Classical Tour has every e foot of this hill the rivulet of Licenza flowe, characteristic of a mere compilation of former Id is almost absorbed in a wide sandy bed notices, strung together upon a very slender fore it reaches the Anio. Nothing can be more thread of personal observation, and swelled out rtunate for the lines of the poet, whether in a by those decorations which are so easily supetaphorical or direct sense:
plied by a systematic adoption of all the commonMe quoties reficit gelidus Digentia rivus,
places of praise, applied to every thing and Quem Mandela bibit rugosus frigore pagug.
therefore signifying nothing.
The style which one person thinks cloggy and he stream is clear high up the valley, but cumbrous, and unsuitable, may be to the taste fore it reaches the hill of Bardela looks green of others, and such may experience some salund yellow like a sulphur rivalet.
tary excitement in ploughing through the periods Rocca Giovane, a ruined village in the hills, of the "Classical Tour." It must be said, however, alf an hour's walk from the vineyard where the that polish and weight are apt to beget an exwenent is shown, does seem to be the site of pectation of value. It is amongst the pains of le fane of Vacuna, and an inscription found the damned to toil up a climax with a huge round ere tells that this temple of the Sabine victory stone. as repaired by Vespasian. With these helps, I The tourist had the choice of his words, but ud a position corresponding exactly to every there was no such latitude allowed to that of his ing which the poet has told us of his retreat, I sentiments. The love of virtue and of liberty, e may feel tolerably secure of our site. which must have distinguished the character, The hill which should b: Lucretilis is called certainly adorns the pages of Mr. Bustace, and ampanile, and by following up the rivulet to the gentlemanly spirit, so recommendatory either le pretended Bandusia, you come to the roots in an author or his productions, is very conspiI the higher mountain Gennaro. Singularly cuous throughout the Classical 'Tour. But these bough, the only spot of ploughed land in the generous qualities are the foliage of such a perhole valley is on the knoll where this Bandusia formance, and may be spread about it so promiises,
nently and profusely, as to embarrass those who " ..... Tu frigus amabile
wish to see and find the fruit at hand. The Fessis vomere tauris
unction of the divine, and the exhortations of Præbes, et pecori vago."
the moralist, may have made this work some
thing more and better than a book of travels, but he peasants show another gpring near the mo- they have not made it a book of travels ; and tie pavement, which they call "Oradina," and this observation applies more especially to that hich dove down the bills into a tank, or mill. enticing method of instruction conveyed by the
perpetual introduction of the same Gallic Helot ping of the copper from the copola of & Po to rcel and bluster before the rising generation, ter's, must be much relieved to find that are and terrify it into decency by the display of lege out of the power of the French, or any all the excesses of the revolution. An animosity other plunderers, the cupola being covered with against atheists and regicides in general, and lead.) Frenchmen specifically, may be honourable, and If the conspiring voice of otherwise tiral ei may be useful, as a record; but that antidote tice had not given considerable currency ta de should either be administered in any work ra- Classical Tour, it would have been ouderees) ther than a tour, or, at least, should be served I to warn the reader, that, however it may alon up apart, and not so mixed with the whole mass I his library, it will be of little or no serie
rmation and reflexion, as to give a bitter- him in his carriage; and if the jndna. ness to every page: for who would choose to those critics had hitherto been suspended have the antipathies of any man, however just, attempt would have been made to antiga for his travellin
anions ? A tourist, unless their decision. As it is, those who start 82 he aspires to the credit of prophecy, is not an- relation of posterity to Mr. Eustace ob swerable for the changes which may take place permitted to appeal from cotemporary pet, in the country which he describes; but his rea- and are perhaps more likely to be just p der may very fairly esteem all his political por-portion as the causes of love and hatred utta traits and deductions as so much waste paper, farther removed. This appeal bad, in se the moment they cease to assist, and more par measure, been made before the above remai ticularly if they obstruct, his actual survey. were written; for one of the most respecta
Neither encomium nor accusation of any go- of the Florentine publishers, who had became vernment, or governors, is meant to be here suaded by the repeated inquiries of those
trovertible I their journey southwards, to reprint a dhene fact, that the change operated, either by the edition of the Classical Tour, was, by the ta address of the late imperial system, or by the curring advice of returning travellere, in disappointment of every expectation by those to abandon his design, although he bad almal who have succeeded to the Italian thrones, has arranged his types and paper, and had stredd been so considerable, and is so apparent, as not one or two of the first sheets. only to put Mr. Eustace's Antigallican philippics! The writer of these notes would wish to part entirely out of date, but even to throw some (like Mr. Gibbon) on good terms with the Pup suspicion upon the competency and candour of and the Cardinals, but he does not think it as the author himself. A remarkable example may cessary to extend the same discreet silent be found in the instance of Bologna, over whose their humble partisans. papal attachments, and consequent desolation, the tourist pours forth such strains of condolence and revenge, made louder by the borrowed trum *) “What then will be the astonishment, pet of Mr. Burke. Now Bologna is at this mo rather the horror, of my reader, when I ment, and has been for some years, notorious
form him........ the French Consina amongst the states of Italy for its attachment to turned its attention to Saint Peter's, and revolutionary principles, and was almost the | ployed a company of Jews to estimate al only city which made any demonstrations in parchase the gold, silver, and bronze de favour of the unfortunate Murat. This change adorn the inside of the edifice, as well as the may, however, have been made since Mr. Eustace copper that covers the vaults and dame visited this country; but the traveller whom he outside." The story about the Jews is pasitet has thrilled with horror at the projected strip-| ly denied at Rome.
. NOTES TO THE GIAO U R.
of the saferer'
That tomb which, gleaming o'er the cliff. (p. 57. tempted in description, but those who have a
A tomb above the rocks on the promontory, by probably retain a painful remembrance some supposed the sepulchre of Themistocles. singular beauty which pervades, with lat
ceptions, the features of the dead, a few born. Sultana of the Nightingale. (p. 57. after the spirit is not there." It is to be The attachment of the nightingale to the rose marked in cases of violent death by is a wellknown Persian fable. If I mistake not, wounds, the expression is always that of lan the "Bulbul of a thousand tales” is one of his whatever the natural energy of the appellations.
character ; but in death from a stab the bu
tenance preserves its traits of feeling or terca Till the gay mariner's guitar. (p. 57, I and the mind its bias, to the last. The guitar is the constant amusement of the Greek Sailor by night: with a steady fair wind,
Slaves-nay, the bondsmen of a slave. P and during a calm, it is accompanied always by Athens is the property of the Kislar An the voice, and often by dancing. .
slave of the seraglio and guardian of the wedd
who appoints the Waywode. A pandera Where cold Obstruction's apathy. (p. 59. eunuch—these are not polite, yet true plan “Ay, but to die and go we know not where
tions-now governs the governor of Athens! To lie in cold obstruction."
In echoes of the far tophaite. Pa Measure for Measure, Act. 11. Sc. 1. “Tophaike," musquet. -The Bairam is ander
ced by the cannon at sunset; the line The first, last look by death reveald. (p. 58. of the Mosques, and the firing of all I trust that few of my readers have ever had small arms, loaded with ball, proclaim an opportunity of witnessing what is here at- | the night.
with ball, proclaim it during
noire" as the hurt'd' op high jerreed. (p. 59. Though on Al-Sirat's arch I stood. (p: 61. rreed, or Djerrid, a blunted Turkish javelin, Al-Sirat, the bridge of breadth less than the h is darted from horseback with great force thread of a famished spider, over which the precision. It is a favourite exercise of the Mussalmans must skate into Paradise, to which sulmans; but I know not if it can be called it is the only entrance; but this is not the worst, anly one, since the most expert in the art the river beneath being hell itself, into which, the black Eunuchs of Constantinople-I think, as may be expected, the unskilful and tender of
to these, a Mamlouk at Smyrna was the foot contrive to tumble with a “facilis descensus t skilful that came within my observation. Averni," not very pleasing in prospect to the
| next passenger. There is a shorter cut down. He came, he went, like the Simoon. [p. 59. wards for the Jews and Christians. he blast of the desert, fatal to every thing ng, and often alluded to in eastern poetry. And keep that portion of his creed. [p. 61.
A vulgar error; the Koran allots at least a bless the sacred "bread and salt." (p. 60. third of Paradise to well - behaved women; but o partake of food, to break bread and salt by far the greater number of Mussulmans interbe your, host, insures the safety of the guest; I pret the text their own way, and exclude their n though an enemy, his person from that moieties from heaven. Being enemies to Platonent is sacred.
nics, they cannot discern "any fitness of things"
in the souls of the other sex, conceiving them to ce his turban was clefe by the infidets sabre. be superseded by the Houris.
need hardly observe, that Charity and Hos- | The young pomegranate's Blossoms strew. (p. 61. Hity are the first duties enjoined by Mahomet; An oriental simile, which may, perhaps, I to say truth, very generally practised by though fairly stolen, be deemed "plug Arabé
disciples. The first praise that can be be-qu'en Arabie."
Her hair in hyacinthine flow. . (p. 61.
Hyacinthine, in Arabic, “Sunbul," as common And silver-sheathed ataghan. (p. 60. a thought in the eastern poets as it was among The ataghan, a long dagger worn with pistols the Greeks. the belt, in a metal scabbard, generally of silver; 1, among the wealthier, gilt, or of gold.
The loveliest bird of Franguentan. (P. 61.
“Franguestan," Circassia. An Emir by his garb of green. [p. 60. Green is the privileged colour of the prophet's Bismillah! now the peril's past. (p. 62. merous pretended descendants; with them, as Bismillah-'In the name of God;" the comre, faith (the family inheritance) is supposed mencement of all the chapters of the Koran but supersede the necessity of good works: they one, and of prayer and thanksgiving. the worst of a very indifferent brood.
Then curld his very beard with ire. (p. 62. Ho! who art thou ?- this low salam. (p. 60. A phenomenon not uncommon with an angry Salam aleikoum ! aleikoum salam! peace be Mussulman. In 1809, the Capitan Pacha's whisth you; be with you peace-the salutation kers at a diplomatic audience were no less lively served for the faithful :-to a Christian, “Ur- with indignation than a tiger-cat's, to the horror rula," a good journey; or saban hiresem, saban of all the dragomans; the portentous mustachion rula ; good morn, good even ; and sometimes, twisted, they stood erect of their own accord, pay your end be happy;" are the usual salutes. and were expected every moment to change their
colour, but at last condescended to subside The insect-queen of eastern spring. (p. 60. which probably saved more heads than they conThe blue-winged batterfly of Kashmeer, the
ne tained hairs. bet rare and beautiful of the species.
Nor raised the craven cry, Amaun! (p. 62. Or live like scorpion girt by fire. [p. 61. “Amaun," quarter, pardon. Alluding to the dubious suicide of the scorpion,!! placed for experiment by gentle philosophers.
I know him by the evil eye. (p. 62. me maintain that the position of the sting,... The “evil eye,", a common superstition in the hen, turned towards t
erely a con- Levant, and of which the imaginary effects are leive, movement; but others have actually yet very singular on those who conceive thempught in the verdict "Felo de se." The scor- selves affected. ons are surely interested in a speedy decision
the question; as, if once fairly established as A fragment of his palampore. [p. 63. sect-Catos, they will probably be allowed to The flowered shawls generally worn by per
e as long as they think proper, without being sons of rank. artyred for the sake of an hypothesis.
His calpac rent-his caftan red. (p. 63. When Rhamazan's last sun was ret.p. 61. The “Calpac" is the solid cap or ceptre-part The cannon at sunset close the Rhamazan. of the head-dress; the shawl is wound round it,
and forms the turban. By pale Phingari's 'trembling light. [p. 61. Phingari, the inoon.
A turban carved in coarsest stone. (p. 63.
The turban, pillar, and inscriptive verse, deBright as the jewel of Giamschid. (p. 61.corate the tombs of the Osmanlies, whether in The celebrated fabulous ruby of Sultan Giam | the cemetery or the wilderness. In the mounbid, the embellisher of løiakhar; from its tains you frequently pass similar mementos; and Jendour, named Schebgerag, "the torch of on enquiry you are informed that they record ght;" also, the "cup of the sun," -- In the some victim of rebellion, plunder, or revenge. rst editions (Giamschid" was written as a word
three syllables, so D'Herbelot has it; but I At solemn sound of “Alla Hu!" (p. 63. A told Richardson reduces it to a dissyllable, “Alla Hu!" the concluding words of the Muez1d writes Jamshid." I have left in the text zin's call to prayer from the highest gallery on le orthography of the one with the pronuncia the exterior of the Minaret. On a still evening, on of the other,
when the Muezzin has a five voice, which is
frequently the case, the effect 18 solemn and Turkish, Italian, and End
sulman. While we were ons
tiful prospect, Dervish
I thought 2 3
antiquarian, and asked him
“Palaocastroman : dise, and she waves a handkerchief, a kerchief.
pillars will be useful is of green ; and cries aloud: Come, kiss me, for I
added other remarks, which love thee.'
own belief in his treabir
hearing. On our retera ta
from Leone (a prisoner *
after) of the intended aina
mentioned, with the
place, in the notes to Chi
I was at some pains to qe
he described the dresses, ann. variety of subsidiary probations. The office of
el the horses of our party se a these angels is no sinecure; there are but two,
| other circumstances, we could and the number of orthodox deceased being in a
having been in "villanoes OS small proportion to the remainder, their hands
selves in a bad neighbourbond
a soothsayer for life, and I
to the great refreshment of to
Ione trait inore of this siDEE
1811 a remarkably stoot a
The Vampire superstition is still general in offer himself as an attendant
Looks not to priesthood for me !
The monk's sermon is omitted 4
The freshness of the face, and the wetness of it could have no hopes from the real
delivered in the nasal tone of
preachers. • It is as if the desert-bird.
(p. 65. The pelican is, I believe, the bird so libelled, And shining in her white syna. by the imputation of feeding her chickens with “Symar"-shroud. her blood.
This broken tale was all re tae Deep in whose darkly boding ear. [p. 66. of her he loved or him he slee. This superstition of a second-hearing for Il The circumstance to which the abe never met with downright second-sight in the relates was not very uncommon in Tue East) fell once under my own observation.-On few years ago the wife of Muchtar Pa my third journey to Cape Colonna, early in 1811, plained to his father of his son's app as we passed through the defile that leads from delity; he asked with whom, and she bo
and Colonna, I ob- barbarity to give in a list of the twelt served Dervish Tahiri riding rather out of the somest women in Yanina. They were path, and leaning his head upon his hand, as if fastened up in sacks, and drowaed the in pain. I rode up and inquired. “We are in nig!
i inquired. "We are in night! One of the guards who was pres peril,” he answered. “What peril? we are not formed me, that not one of the vietias a now in Albania, nor in the passes to Ephesus, a cry, or showed a symptom of terrer am Messalunghi, or Lepanto ; there are plenty of den a "wrench from all we know, from i
and the Choriates have not cou-love." The fate of rage to be thieves."-"True, Affendi; but never sacrifice, is the subject of maar a Rossi theless the shot is ringing in my ears."_“The Arnaat ditty. The story in the test i
hot!not a tophaike has been fired this morn- I told of a youne Venetian many years as ing."_“I hear it notwithstanding-Bom-Bom now nearly forgotten. I heard it by 27 as plainly as I hear your voice."-"Psha."_“As recited by one of the coffee-house story
ten, so will it who abound in the Levant, and sing er be." I left this quick-eared predestinarian, and their narratives. The additions and inte rode up to Basili, his Christian compatriot, whose tions by the trauslator will be easily ears, though not at all prophetic, by no means guished from the rest by the wast E relished the intelligence. We all arrived at imagery; and I regret that my memors ha Colonna, remained some hours, and returned tained so few fragments of the original. leisurely, saying a variety of brilliant things, in for the contents of some of the note more languages than spoiled the bailding of Ba- indebted partly to D'Herbelot, and part bel, opon the mistaken seer ; Romaic, Arnaut,' that most eastern, and, as Mr. Weber
the “Caliph Vathek." | pean imitations ; and bears such marks of originFulman. W. from what source the author of ality, that those who have visited the East will 2. 63. /tiful prewolume may have drawn his ma- find some difficulty in believing it to be more
the columns 1 of his incidents are to be found than a translation. As an Eastern tale, even ira. antiquaria hèque Orientale ; " but for cor- Rasselas must bow before it; his “Happy Valhier “Peleseen tume, beauty of description, and ley " will not bear & comparison with the "Hall ri/pillars will nation, it far surpassee all Euro-of Eblis"
owa beliei 31 3. heariaz. One
from Lesney after) of the mentioned,
| places in the TES TO THE BRIDE OF ABYDOS.
be described the borns det other circeasta
Helves in a bal oloom. | Soothsayer kerose. earing mere
been dit o'er the gardens of Gul to her other, on tho samo errand, by command of the
(p. 68. refractory patient; if, on the contrary, he is
weak or loyal, he bows, kisses the Sultan's re
spectable signature, and is howstrung with great The great rememile on ruch deeds on his children complacency. In 1810, several of these presents and his ens have done?
1. were exhibited in the niche of the Sera lio-gate; e trait perpét,
among others, the head of the Pacha of Bagdad, Ia memany le of fire, and children of the Sun,
a brave young man, cut off by treachery, after ve (I believe sum Revenge is Virtue.
& desperate resistance. r himself at
Young's Revenge Well. Abani.
Thrice clapp'd his hands, and call d his steed. U would be lejnoun's tale, or Sadi's song. (p. 69.
(p. 70. the town ka and Leila, the Romeo and Juliet ofl. Clapping of the hands calls the servants. The rretara, Sadi, the moral poet of Persia. Turks hate a superfluous expenditure of voice, -Derint
and they have no bells of course, an who heard the deep tambour. (p. 69. time he vilke, Turkish drum, which sounds at sun Resign'd his gem-adorn'd Chidouque. (p. 70. was truns, and twilight.
Chibouque, the Turkish pipe, of which the
amber mouth-piece, and sometimes the ball which 1 in same ti is an Arab to my sight. (p. 70. contains the leaf, is adorned with precious stones, w as their ourks abhor the Arabs (who return the if in possession of the wealthier orders.
at a hundred fold) even more than they out to a Christians.
With Maugrabee and Mamaluke. (p. 70.
Maugrabee, Moorish mercenaries. so little end, the Music breathing from her face.
His way amid his Delis took. (p. 70. It to ser, expression has met with objections. I will! Deli, bravos who form the forlorn hope of the may bewer to “Him who hath not Music in his cavalry and always begin the action. reasiate sut merely request the reader to recollect, the seconds, the features of the woman whom Careering cleave the folded felt. (p. 71.
aves to be the most beautiful; and if he A twisted fold of felt i used for scimitar
es not comprehend fully what is feebly practice by the Turks, and few but Mussulman bed breed in the above line, I shall be sorry for arms can cut through it at a single stroke : edi. For an eloquent passage in the latest sometimeg a tough turban is used for the same
f the first female writer of this, perhaps, of purpose. The jerreed is a game of blunt javelins, ideme, on the analogy (and the immediate com- animated and graceful. vedea excited by that analogy) between "paintve ad music," see vol. ini. chap. 10. DE L'ALLE- Nor heard their Ollaha wild and loud- (p. 71. Teri . And is not this connexion still stronger “Ollahs," Alla il Allah, the “Leilies," as the the original than the copy? with the co- Spanish pocis call them, the sound is Ollah ; a
fter all, this cry of which the Turks, for a silent people, are wischer to be felt than described ; still I think somewbat profuse, particularly during the jermare are some who will understand it, at least reed, or in the chase, but mostly in baille. I would have done, had they beheld the coun- | Their animation in the
I, and gravity in the önce whose speaking harmony suggested the chamber, with their pipes and comboloios , form panri for this passage is not drawn froin imagin- an amusing contrast.
a but memory, that mirror which Affliction aes to the earth, and, looking down upon the The Persian Atar-guta perfume. (p. 11. sinents, only beholds the reflection multiplied! | “Atar-gul," ottar of roses. The Persian is
the finest. But yet the line of Carasman. (p. 70. varasman Oglou, or Kara Osman Oglou, is the The pictured roof and marble floor. (p. 11. incipal landholder in Turkey; he governs! The ceiling and wainscots, or rather walls, of
knesia : those who, by a kind of feudal tenure, I the Mussulman apartments are generally painted. 188ess land on condition of service, are called in great houses, with one eternal and highly imariots :, they serve as Spahis, according to coloured view of Constantinople, wherein the le extent of territory, and bring a certain principal feature is a noble contempt of persumber into the field, generally cavalry.
spective; below, arms, scimitars, are in general
fancifully and not inelegantly disposed. And teach the messenger what fate. (p. 70. When a Pacha is sufficiently strong to resist, A message from the Bulbul beare. (p. 71. he single messenger, who is always the first It has been inuch doubted whether the notes Searer of the order for his death, is strangled of this “Lover of the rose , " are sad or merry: ustead, and sometimes five or six. one after the land Mr. For's remarks on the subject have pro