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Further extracts are unnecessary to affairs have no attractions; but that show that Mr. Froude and the fashion- we are pining for English titles or able school of friends to the colonies English offices, if haply we can come are missing the mark when they within the range of English politics. denounce the Manchester doctrines. Nothing, I believe, can be further All which that school urged was the from the truth. There are, destruction of the monopoly of doubtedly, colonists of weight and colonial trade, the extension to the influence to whom England is everycolonies of the responsibilities of self- thing and Australia very little. These government, the removal of the abuses men have their homes in England, of patronage, and the relief of England and are able to make themselves from a costly and mischievous system heard upon all colonial questions. of civil and military rule. Separatists, But it is otherwise with the mass of in the sense in which the term is used the people. These have an affectionby Mr. Froude, they were not. But ate regard for England, and a sentithey recognised that until colonists mental recollection of what their acquired the dignity of citizenship, parents may have told them, which and the power of managing their own often conceals, even from themselves, affairs, the colonies themselves could the slightness of the tie which binds not progress, and England could derive this country to Great Britain. Mr. no benefit from their dependence. Froude saw nothing of the men and For this reason they have steadily women whose sentiments really comdiscountenanced all vague and fantas- pose Australian opinion.

He came tic schemes for extending the respon- among us at a time when the popular sibilities of England without increas- imagination had been taken captive ing her power, or for diminishing the by military ardour; and he associated responsibility of the colonies, or for only with the wealthy and official weakening that pride in their own class. Were he to return to Sydney country which colonists, grown into now he would form very different citizens, are learning to feel.

impressions. The Soudan expedition, In carrying out these views, the which started amidst such great Manchester school or the Liberal enthusiasm, is now the subject of party, for the one has dominated the general attack, and, what is even more other, has shown towards the colonies deadly than attack, of ridicule. It the truest friendship; and to recog. is the cause of one fourth of our nise this fact is not a mere matter of present deficiency, and its true meangratitude or idle literary accuracy but ing is being brought home to the taxà valuable safeguard against present payer in a way which he never antici

The keynote of the Manchester pated. What the result may be, if policy is sober wisdom, and contempt any future occasion should arise for of sober wisdom seems to mark a repeating the offer of Australian rising school of English politicians. troops, has yet to be seen ; but he Sentimental professors, sensation- would be a very rash prophet who hunting editors, and party wire-pullers would say that, judging from the are combining to discredit common present temper of the people, Austrasense, with a result, among others, lian troops could always be relied that every schoolboy who can write an essay, and every journalist

who thinks upon to fight in wars, in the making

of which they have no voice, and himself a statesman, is ready with which in no way concern their welsome cloudy scheme for an Imperial fare. We have bought our experiUnion. In such a nebulous confusion ence—fortunately at a cheap rate. the interests of the colonies are apt to Only the future will show how we be forgotten. It seems to be supposed shall use it. that our own country and our own The same national spirit which

error.

We can

as

an

makes us look with disfavour, upon For all these reasons, many of those warlike expeditions in the service of who are most alive to the deficiencies another Power, causes a dislike of the of Australian life, and most susceptiproposals made by Mr. Froude for the ble to the attractive force of the ideal reward of our public mon by English of an English-speaking commonwealth, honours.

are slow to countenance any movement Mr. Froude rightly enough scouts which should weaken in Australians the idea of colonial peers ; but his the sense of national pride. This does suggestion to transfer our judges to not mean that there is any body of the English bench, or to appoint our thoughtful men who advocate separapublic men to the Privy Council, is tion. To talk of such a thing at open to the same objection.

present in our disunited and defencenot at present spare our best men. less state would be almost the act of a They are too few already to do the traitor. But it is another thing to work that is before them. To tempt have separation in view as an ultimate away those who have served us well, necessity, and

absolutely would be a policy we cannot afford. necessary step towards any real union Further, such a proposal is open to the with Great Britain. Separation at objection that it sets a wrong ideal present would mean, in all probability, before our citizens. The instinct of a repetition in the Pacific of the citizenship requires careful nurture. history of the South American One great difficulty in Australia is to Republics. But the separation of a make the individual aware of his Federated Australia would, under wise public responsibility. So long as counsels, be only preliminary to a Australia is in a position of depend- Union with England. For the Union ence, this difficulty will be felt. A which Australians would approve colonist is not a citizen, give him what must take place upon a footing of self-government you please. The sen- equality. It must be the Union of an timent of dependence is ever present, equal with an equal, not the absorpand yielding to his sentiments he gets tion of a colony by an empire. into a way of looking to the Mother Union upon any other terms would Country instead of helping himself. mean the destruction of Australian The contrast between the Canadian citizenship and the death of Australian colonist, and the citizen of the United aspirations. Union, to be advanStates, is an every-day example of the tageous to Australia, can be brought depressing influence of even a senti- about most surely through the means mental dependence. That this is a of separation. At present, however, sentiment which has great force in the time is not ripe for any change. Australia, no one will deny who has All that can be done is to follow seen the prejudice which exists against Mr. Froude's advice, let well alone everything colonial," and the readi- until the opportunity arrive. We can ness to accept anything of any quality, adopt his conclusion, but differ from whether in things, books, or men, pro

his arguments. vided that it come from England.

B. R. WISE.

BALLAIRAI DURG.

DINNER had been over for about an pened also to be field-officer of the day, hour at the mess-house of the little

was seen by the flashes cantering down station of Mudnoor in the Deccan, on the road which led to the mess-house, the night of the fifth of May a good with the rain-squall pelting close many years ago; and though a few behind him as if in pursuit.

In were playing pool in the billiard room, another moment he dismounted, threw the greater number of the officers the reins of his game little Arab to were clustered in the wide verandah, the syce, unbuckled his heavy sword smoking and talking and making merry, (cased in the wooden scabbard which for the afternoon had been overpower- kept it sharp and serviceable) and ingly sultry, and the low dark mess- handing it to his orderly came slowly house, in spite of the swinging punkahs, up the steps. was close and stuffy as a ship's hold. Major Thornhill was a fair specimen

Outside it was cooler. A heavy of the servants of the old East India storm was raging on the edge of the Company-just and right honourable ghats many miles to the west, and masters, who shall say that they were though for a while the night wind not well served ? Standing on the blew in heavy puffs hot as from the steps, in the long jack boots and dark mouth of a furnace, it soon died away, green tunic of the Irregular Cavalry, and a cool refreshing breeze, growing crossed by a broad gold pouch-belt, every moment damper and more chill, and adorned with two or three faded came stealing in from the west. The bits of ribbon on his left breast, and orderly officer, clinking in after visiting with a red cashmere shawl twisted his guards, put his head through the round his lean flanks, though not a billiard room window, and called out handsome man, he looked every

inch to the players, “Come out of that a soldier. His subalterns swore by hole, you fellows, and smell the rain." him, and his fierce Moghul troopers,

“ By Jove, how jolly !” cried a when other regiments mutinied, folnumber of those gay young warriors lowed him without wavering against clustering round the window, while their brethren ; and on the dark day, the click of the balls ceased, and the when he at last met the soldier's dull voice of the marker, “Black lost death which he had often courted, a life, Green's the player,” fell un- they died in heaps across his body. heeded even on the ears of Green, as A quiet, somewhat solitary man, not with swelling nostrils and open mouths often moved to conversation or mirth, they drank in that most pleasant of but, on the rare occasions when he did all scents, the smell of thirsty ground speak, speaking well and simply, and soaking up the early rain. Soon by with a wide experience and knowledge the blaze of the frequent lightning the of the country, of the natives, and of dark line of the coming shower was seen human nature ; hence his judgment was in the distance, and great drops began in great request for the decision of the to patter on the verandah with a sound usual mess-table arguments, which for like hail.

the most part are begun with dogmatic “I say," cried an officer of the Irre- assertion and met by flat denial-each gular Cavalry, "here's our c. 0. party in the quarrel being not unfrecoming in, let's go and ask him if he's quently equally ignorant of the subject got any news of pig,”- '-as the com- in dispute. On such occasion he would mandant of the Irregulars, who hap- give wise counsel in few words ; but, if

" and

he liked the combatants, he would “ Bravo, Maryanne,” cried half a sometimes illustrate his rulings by dozen voices. “ We've been after that stories, which he told simply, but so old boar for the last three seasons; it effectively, that astute subalterns were will be a great disgrace to you if you reported sometimes to devise sham don't run him to earth now; disputes with a view to drawing forth

then some

one struck up the wellthese good stories, for he was a single- known Deccan hunting-song of “The minded man, without guile, and fell boar, the mighty boar,” to the old readily into a trap.

English air of “My love is like a red Any news of pig, Major ?” cried red rose," and every one, even the young Gordon, the subaltern who Major, joined in the familiar chorus. had last spoken. “I hear that you sent Maryanne out to Culmaisa." “The boar, the mighty boar's my theme,

Whate'er the wise may say, "No," replied he, “but I told him to come here for orders after mess."

My morning thought, my midnight dream,

My hope throughout the day.
Here the Major's orderly, a fine looking Then sing the boar, the mighty boar,
Pathan, although his straight black Fill high the cup with me,
beard

and
parted in the centre

And here's to all who fear no fall,

And the next grey boar we see. brushed upwards towards his ears gave him a somewhat cat-like aspect, stepped “ Youth's daring spirit, manhood's fire, up to the break of the verandah and Stout heart, and eagle eye, saluted.

Doth he require, who would aspire

To see the wild boar die. “Well, Hyat Khan; what is it?"

Then sing the boar, the mighty boar, asked the Major in Hindoostanee.

Fill high the cup with me, “The Huzoor's [literally, the pre- And here's to all who fear no fall, sence) shikari Murriana, sahib, waits And the next grey boar we see. the Huzoor's orders.”

“We envy not the rich their wealth, “ Very good, send him here."

Nor kings their crowned career, The orderly went off, and speedily The saddle is our throne of health, returned, bringing the redoubted Mur

Our sceptre is the spear ; riana, or “ Maryanne" as he was

Nor envy we the warrior's pride,

Deep stained with purple gore, generally called by the youth of the For our field of fame's the jungle-side station.

Our foe the grim grey boar.
Murriana was a Mahratta by caste.
Though somewhat past middle-age, he

“ When age hath weakened manhood's powers,

And every nerve unbraced, still looked full of work; the muscles The joys of youth shall still be ours, stood out like whipcord from his lean On mem'ry's tablets traced : half-naked limbs, and his large black And with the friends whom death hath spared, eyes glistened bright in the lamp light,

When youth's bright course is run,

We'll tell of the dangers we have shared, as he stood with hands advanced and

And the spears that we have won. both palms joined, waiting respectfully for his master's orders.

" Then sing the boar, the mighty boar, “Murriana," said the Major in Hin

Fill high the cup with me, doostanee, "you are to go out to And here's to all who fear no fall, Culmaisa to-morrow and try if you can And the next grey boar we see. get any news of pig, and a horseman shall go with you, whom you will send

When the uproar had subsided, back with news.”

Murriana again joined his hands “ Very good, Great King ; [Maharaj, in supplication and said: “If it is a common Hindoo term of respect] í permitted to

permitted to this slave to speak, heard just now in the bazaar that the there are two panthers in a cave in grey boar of Monagul has come down the old fort of Culdurg, close by Calto the Culmaisa jungle ; if it is true, maisa. Shall I tie up a goat?”. the sahibs will have good sport.”

“All right, Murriana," said Major

CHORUS

even

on

a

« An

Thornhill; “ but I'm glad that you've and such like. Now I'll bet you two got over your fear of old forts. No to one the Major doesn't believe in shaitāns (devils] in Culdurg, I hope ? them. Do you, Major ?” · Hur hur Mahadeoeh,'? eh ? ".

“ You're too fond of betting, Gor“Oh,” cried Murriana waving his don. I'm not sure that I don't. I'll hands deprecatingly, “the sahib must tell you a story” (and the two connot say that word. It is not lucky; spirators exchanged a triumphant and this is the very night, so many glance) : years ago.

He was evidently shaken by some “It's a good many years ago. I unpleasant memory, for he trembled was a subaltern in those days, and visibly, and his dark brown face promotion was slower than turned to a ghastly greenish yellow. it is now, as you will readily believe

All right Murriana," said his when I tell you that there were then master kindly. “You have permis- ensigns of fifteen years standing. I sion to go."

was quartered in the Mysore country, And Murriana made obeisance, and and had got two months' leave to go left the premises.

shikar trip to the western “ What was that about the shaitāns ghats. Maryanne, as you call him, and the fort, Major ? asked a young was my shikari then as now. We officer. “Murriana didn't seem to like marched to Chickmugloor in the it.”

Nuggur Division, and then we left the “Oh, nothing," replied be.

main road and marched to Wastara ; old story ; Murriana thought he saw there I left my bullock-cart, and a ghost once."

hired a gang of fourteen Lambapies " And did he?"

(the same wandering caste whom you “ I don't know," said he rather call Brinjaries here) to carry my shortly, and smoking in quick puffs, little tent and scanty baggage. From “He thought he did.”

thence I struck across the bills "I say, Dr. Daly," asked a young through a beautiful wild country for infantry officer, winking at the same twenty-two miles to Sultanpet, a viltime to his fellows, addressing the lage at the foot of the great hill-fort doctor of the Irregulars, a big, raw.

of Ballairai Durg. boned Irishman, and a terribly hard “Sultanpet was an insignificant vil. rider, to whom the Major did greatly lage, inhabited for the most part by incline, though he “

Baders, manly, good-natured fellows, about seven times a week; “ do you as I have always found them in the believe in ghosts?”

Mysore country, and excellent sports“ Yes," replied he ; " don't you ?” men. There were a few families of “No, I don't."

Mussulmans, scowling, ill-conditioned “Why not ?"

brutes, and an opium-sodden scoundrel, “I never saw one."

who called himself the kiladar (fort“Oh! That's a good reason. commandant), for the fort of Ballairai you believe that there was such a person Durg had once been an important outas Julius Cæsar ?"

post, in Tippoo's time, and a gaol for “ Julius Cæsar be blowed !"

state prisoners; and indeed one of my “With all my heart; but do you reasons for going there was that a believe in him ?"

favourite cousin of my grandfather's “Of course."

(who was then alive, though a very “But you never saw him.”

old man) had been taken prisoner in “ What's that got to say to it? It's General Matthews's ill-fated attack only uncivilised races who believe in on Nuggur in 1783, and was reported ghosts ; Mahrattas and Tipperary men, to have died, or been made away i The Mahratta war-cry.

with at Ballairai Durg, and my grand

1 him sat upon

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