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His Majesty's Speech on the Proro Gentlemen of the House of zation of Parliament, Tuefilay, Commons,
I return you my particular thanks
for the zeal and liberality with My Lords and Gentlemen, which you have provided for the N puiting an end to this labo- various exigencies of the public
rious feftion of parliament, I service. I regret deeply the nemust express the just sense I enter- ceflity of these repeated sacrifices tain of the diligence and perseve. on the part of my subjects, but rance with which you have applied they have been requisite for the yourselves to tire various objects of preservation of our dearest interests; public concern which came under and it is a great confolation to obvour deliberation. It is with pecu- serve, that, notwithstanding the jiar fatisfaction I congratulate you continuance of vnusual burthens, on the success of the tteps which the revenue, commerce, and reyou have taken for effe&tiog an en sources of the country have foutire union between my kingdoms ribbed bevond all former example, of Great Britain and Ireland. and are still in a state of progres
This great measure, on which five augmentation. my wishes have been long earnestly My Lords and Gentleinen, bent, I shall ever congder as the The courte of the campaian iphappiest event of my reign, being on the continent bas, by a fuoden perfuaded that nothing could so reverse, disappointed the fanguine effettually contribute to extend to hopes which the situation of affairs my Irish subjects the full participa- at its commencement appeared fully tion of the ble things derived from to justify, and has unhappily again the British conftitution, and to esta exposed a considerable part of Eubiin on the most solid foundation rope to those calamities and dangers the strength, prosperity, and power, from which it had recently been of the whole empire.
reičued by the brilliant success of I have witnessed with great concern the severe preilure on my Much as these events are to be people, from the continued scar. regretted, it will always be matter city of the season ; but I trust that, of just fatisfaction to me to reflect, under the blessing of Providence, that, in the course of this importthere is now every reason to expeet ant conteft, my elforts, and those that the approaching harvest will of my parliament, liave been unreafford a speedy and effectual relief. mittingly employed for the mainte
nance of our own rights and inte- ment for importation of all descrip rests, and for animating and fup.. tions of grain from abroad. porting the exertions of other Such a supply, aided by the powers in defending the liberties of .examples which you have set on Europe.
former occasions of attention to Notwithstanding the viciffitudes economy and frugality in the con. of war, your constancy and firm- sumption of corn, is most likely 10 ness have been productive of the contribute to a reduction in the most important and lasting advan- present high price, and to insure, tages in the general situation of at the same time, the means of affairs; and the determination ma- meeting the demands for the neces. nifested in your recent declarations fary consumption of the year. and conduct must afford me the The prefent circumstances will best means of promoting, in con. also, I ain persuaded, render the junction with my allies, the general state of the laws respecting the interests, and of providing, under commerce in the various articles of every circumstance, for the honour provision the object of your serious of my crown, for the happiness of deliberation. my fuljećts, and for the security If, on the result of that delibe. and welfare of every part of the ration, it shall appear to you, that British empire.
the evil necessarily arising from unfavourable seasons has been in.
creased by any undue combina. His Majefly's Speech on opening the tions, or fraudulent pra&ices, for Parliament, Tuesday, Nov. 11.
the sake of adding unfairly to the
price, you will feel an earnest de: My Lords and Gentlemen, fire of effe&tually preventing such My tender concern for the wel abuses; but you will, I ani fure, fare of my subjects, and a sense of be careful to distinguiflı any practhe difficulties with which the tices of this nature from that regupoorer clailes particularly have to lar and long established course of struggle, from the present high trade which experience has fhown price of provitions, have induced to be indispensable, in the present me to call you together at an earlier state of society, for the supply of period than I had otherwise in- the markets, and for the subGftence tended. No object can be nearer of my people. my heart than that, by your care
You will have seen with concern and wisdom, all such measures may the temporary disturbances which be adopted as may, upon full con- have taken place in some parts of fideration, appear beit calculated the kingdom. Those malicious to alleviate this severe presure, and and disaffected persons, who cruelly to prevent the danger of its recur- take advantage of the present diffirence, by promoting, as far as polo culties to excite any of my subjects hible, the permanent extension and to acts in violation of the laws and improvement of our agriculture. of the public peace, are in the pre
For the object of imediate re fent circumstances doubly crimilief, your attention will naturally nal, as such proceedings inutt nebe directed, in the first instance, to ceilarily and immediately tend to the best mode of affording the ear. increase, in the highelt degree, the lieft and the moft ample encourage evil con plained of; while they, at
the same time, endanger the per. nor delay on my part to the adopmanent tranquillity of the country, tion of such measures as may best on which the well-being of the in- tend to promote and acceleraie that dustrious classes of the community desirable end, consistently with the must always principally depend. honour of this country, and the
The voluntary exertions which true interest of my people: But if have on this occasion been made the difpofition of our enemies for the immediate repression of thould continue to render this these outrages, and in support of great object of all my withes unatthe laws and public peace, are tainable, without the sacrifice of therefore entitled to my highest these eflential considerations, on praise.
the maintenance of which all its Gentlemen of the House of advantages must depend, you will, Commons,
I am contident, persevere in affordUnder the circumstances of the ing me the same loyal and steady present meeting, I am desirous of support which I have experienced aking of you such supplies only as through the whole of this importmay be necessary for carrying on ant contest, and which has, under the public service, till the parlia- the blefling of Providence, enabled ment of the united kingdom of me, during a period of such unexGreat Britain and Ireland may con- ampled ditriculiy and calamity to veniently be assembled. The esti. all the surrounding nations, to mates for that purpose will be laid maintain unimpaired the security before you; and I have no doubt and honour of these kingdoms. of your readiness to make such provision as the public interests may appear to require.
Speech of his Excellency Marquis CoryMy Lords and Gentlemen, wallis, on opening the Irish ParliaI have directed copies to be laid ment, IVednesday, Jan. 15. before you of those communications which have recently passed My Lords and Gentlemen, between me and the French go
I have received his majesty's vernment, respecting the com commands to assemble you in parmencement of the negotiations for liament. peace. You will see in them fresh Upon a review of the important and striking proofs of my earnest and glorious events that have diftindesire to contribute to the re-esta guined the period which has elap. blishment of general tranquillity. fed fince I last addresled you, the That desire on my part has hitherto most gratifying and encouraging rebeen vnhappily frustrated, by the flections present themselves to our determination of the enemy to en consideration. ter only on a separate negotiation, By the brilliant course of victories in which it was impossible for me achieved by the combined impeto engage, consistently either with rial armies, the various kingdoms public faith, or with a due regard and states of Italy have been delito the permanent security of Eu vered from the ravages and the tyrope.
ranny of the French. My anxiety for the speedly re
The rone of Naples and our storation of peace remains unal. friendly connection with that kingtered; and there will be no obstacle dom have been refiored.
The French expedition to Egypt been too frequently imposed upon has been checked in its career by me; and although public tranquilo the exertions of the Turkish arms, lity has been in a great measure re, aflilted by a simall detachment of stored, yet I have to lament that a his majesty's forces, and the gal- disposition to outrage and conspilantry of their heroic commander, racy Itill continues in several dis
The hostile plans of the common ftricts, that much industry is used enemy in India have terminaied in
to keep alive the spirit of disattece the total destruction of the power tion, and to encourage among the which had been milled by their ar lower classes the hopes of French tifices, and through the timely, vi- aslistance, gorous, and decisive counseis of the I trust that the recent revolution marquis Wellesley, and the consum- in France cannot fail to open the mate skill and valour of his majesty's eyes of such of his majesty's sub, generals, officers, and troops, the jects as have been deluded by the British possessions in that quarter of artifices which have been unremitthe globe have been beneficially tingly employed to withdraw them extended, and effcctually secured. from their allegiance; and that it
By the descent of his majesty's will restore and increase the love of forces and of his Russian allies on constitutional order and of regu. the coast of Holland, the Dutch lated freedom, by demonstrating fieet has been happily rescued from that the principles of falle liberty the power of the enemy; and al- tend ultimately to despotism, and through the season, peculiarly unfa- that the criminal struggles of demo, vourable to military operations, cratic fa&tion naturally close in mi, produced the necetlity of relinquith- litary ufurpation. ing an enterprise so fortunately be So long as the French, govern, gun, and preven:ed the complete ment, under whatever forin it exaccomplifiiinent of his majesty's eris its influence, thall persevere in views, yet the refult of that expedi- schemes of destruction and projekts tion has been peculiarly beneficial of ambition, subversive at once of . to this kingdom, in reinoving all the liberties of Europe and of the fear of attack on our coaits from a security of his majesty's dominious, quarter whence it had been so often there can be no wise alternative but planned, and in enabling his ma- to prosecute the war with increasing jefiy's fleets to direct their vigilance energy. It is by, great exertions exclusively to the fingle port from alone that either their views of ag: which the enemy can attack this grandisement can be frustrated, or country with any hope even of a a folid peace procured ; his majesty teniporary success.
has therefore availed hiinself with : Niy utmost care has been exerted peculiar fatisfaction of the cordial to carry into execution the extraor and
great affiftance which has been dinary powers which you have come afforded him by his faithful ally the mited to my discretion, with vi emperor of Rusia, and has thought gaur, and, at the same time, with right to make every exertion for noueration. All tendency to in- auymenting the dispołeable military Currection has been effc atually re force of his own dominions. His prelied ; but it gives me trucconcern majesty therefore, has been highly in seguint lion, that the painful gratified in accepting the services meettity of acting with fe crisy tias lo generously offered by his Englith
militia ; and I am to express to you tion the agriculture, the manufacthe entire confidence which his ma tures, and particulariy the lineii majesty feels, that the zeal and loyalty nufacture of Ireland; and I doubt of his militia of this kingdom, in not, that the Protestant charter forwarding at this important crisis schools, and those public instituthe active operations of the empire, tions, whether of charity or of eduwill not be less prompt and confpi- cation, which have been protecteci cuous.
by your liberality, will still receive - The apprehensions of general a judicious encouragement. scarcity which fome time since took It will be for your wildom to con place, called for my early attention sider how far it will be necessary to to this most important fubject; and continuie any of thofe extraordinary I was induced, with the advice of powers,' with which you have the council, to offer premiums for strengthened the authority of his the early importation of grain. This majeity's government, for the more measure will, I fatter myself, meet effequal fuppreflion and punilliyour approbation ; and I have full ment of rebellious conspiracy and confidence in your wisdom, if it outrage. shall be neceffary to refort to any His maj (ty places the moft enfurther extraordinary means forpro- tire reliance upon your firmness and curing a suppiy.
wisuom; and he has no doubt that Gentlemen of the House of you will anxiously pursue such meaCommons,
fires as fall be bcit calculated for The evident necessity of securing nourable termination, and for re
bringing the present war to an hothis kingdom from every danger, foring the country to permanent whether foreign or domestic, and of rendering the success of invalion,
tranquillity. if attempted, impracticable, will
It will be my constant object to dernonitrate to you the wisdom of
attend to your suggestions and ads continuing that enlarged fyllem of vice, that I may by this means most
beneficially acconplish the comdefence you have so wisely adopitd.
mands I have received from his I have therefore prdered the pubs. lic accounts and estimates for the
majesty, and most effectually forensuing year to be laid before you this kingdom.
ward the inierefts and happiness of and have the fullest confidence, thai, in the supply which such a situation Mall appear to you to require, you will eqnally confult the Speech of bis Ercellency the marquis lafety of the kingdom, and the ho
Cornwallis, or concluding the Seffiun pour of his majesty's government. of the Irish Parliament, Ang. 2. I am induced to hope, that the
My Lords and Gentlemen, great increase of the revenue which
The whole business of this im. has taken place in the present year may enable you
to raise the fums portant session being at length which may be wanted for the cure happily concluded, it is with the rent services, without any distreffing municate to you, by his majest; 's
most sincere satisfaction that I coma. addition to the burthens of the
express cominand, his warmest áca people.
knowledgments for that ardent zeal My Lords and Gentlemen,
and unhaken perseverance which I recommend to your usualaiten- you have so conspicuously manifeft