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on the protection of a noble house, The undulations spread with every gale, and even after this protection was And grove to grove repeats the tuneful withdrawn, continued to him the suc

tale, cessive kindnesses of individuals, who To Ifis' stream the mellow notes resound : but for these talents would have fuf- Isis, whose brow by every muse is crown'd!

She hears with rapture Nature's second son, fered him to pine in neglect, with the And longs to claim the wonder for her common mass of improvident wretch.. edness; and if his mind were inade- And Fry, commission'd by each tuneful quate to resift the intoxication of prof maid, perity, or to use with prudence and Seeks the lorn minstreļ in his lowly shade. gratitude the liberality of those who or if fo fweet the unfledg'd warbler trill, compassionated his adverse fortune, it What fights of rapture wait his riper skill must be easy to determine whether the When plum'd' by Science, mounts hid poet or the man is to be blamed for

daring wing his misfortunes- whether, in short, To realms of day! the world, or Savage, is entitled to

Be mute, enthusiast string: the greatest portion of our censure.

Mourn ! Nature, mourn ! and fmite thy With respect to Chatterton

woeful breast, But hold my

Remorseless Fate has cruth'd him in the tread lightly on his bier, And o'er his failings Thed the

Mute, mute the song ! extinguish'd is the generous


The promis'd glory fades with dawning
Pity the youth, unguided and untaught,
Whose loul was fire; whose wild en-

thusiast thought,

O kind Oblivion! with thy friendly veil, Soaring on Fancy's ardent plume sublime, Spare the sweet notes, but hide the closing Where ne'er censorious cynic dar'd to tale !

climb, By science uninstructed to descry

So the muse may wish: but the What thronging hydras in the paffage lie, closing tale must not be hid. The moDaz'd by the brightness of his kindling ralift, in order to expose infamous rays,

despair, and check, if possible, the fuAnd loft' in Tharp Amiction's wild'ring ture perpetration of crimes so injuri

ous to society, must add, that while With frantic fury dar'd the ruthless deed the agent of liberal patronage was Which future bards with shuddering grief endeavouring to discover his obscure

Mall read :
The deed which bade Britannia's pride ex-

retreat, the proud and impatient

youth, with a phial of arfenic, preAnd mute for ever laid her Gothic lyre :

vented the approaching dawn of hoThat lyre, which, by his nervous fingers nour and felicity, and terminated his strung,

night of misery by a total and per, More sweetly wild and more majestic petual eclipse. Instead, then, of cenwrung,

suring mankind for the neglect of such Than the famod lute of Thebes’ triumphant talents, and expatiating on the wretch• bard,

edness of his short career, let us reThe Olympic hero's last and best reward.

collect, that the irregular passions, Hark! Nature, hark! how, with un not the sublime genius of Ella's bard, feather'd breast,

were the efficient causes of his fatal The infant woodlark warbles from his catastrophe ; and let us lament in the nest!

words of an ingenious novelist, The wondering groves, to hcar the un O, at the time when the death

wonted strains, Suspend the liftning spray: attentive fi- dispensing phial trembled in the hand lençe reigns,

of the unfortunate Chatterton, had And the charm’d zephyrs, as the notes some kind messenger, some heavenexpire,

fent agent appeared to inform him of To soft respondence tune the Æolian lyre; the honours and rewards, which the



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from each eye,

active benevolence of a Fry was larity and patronage to which they preparing for the darling of genius are lo justly entitled. and misery, what a treasure of literary In fhort, though I am far from fame had been preserved to Britain ! fuppofing that the profession of literaBut Providence ordered it not so-- ture can stand in competition, in point and man must submit. Yet shall not of emolument and the gratification of Religion forbid the tear that trembles aspiring ambition, either with the in the eye of sensibility, nor resigna- bar in the present, or the facerdotal ticn renounce the deep-breathed ligh avocation in former times, yet I am of pity * !!

much inclined to beiieve (without But admiration and sympathy have, insisting on the contrary infiances of perhaps, induced me to dwell too long successful literary adventurers) that, upon this particular instance, and I from the first origin of the complaint fhall, therefore, haften to the other I am endeavouring to controvert, to characiers.

its late illustration in the misfortunes Concerning Otway, a melancholy of the dissipated Pillon, the distresses tradition has been almost universally and disasters of men of genius have received, which has been thus poeti- been more frequently attributable to cally alluded to,

their own misconduct, than to any

other cause, and have scarcely, in any And Otway, who knew ev'ry string of the Toul,

one instance, been the mere conseCould touch ev'ry sense, and each passion quences of their talents, or the insencontroul ;

sibility or indifference of mankind to Tho' the sorrows he sung drew the tears their worth and merits.

But with respect to Shenstone and Was suffer'd himself, without pity, to die, Hammond, the charge is of a more On earth, lo his limbs in despondency extraordinary nature ; and it should spread,

seem as if those who are most skilled The wren, drooping, mourn o'er his lan- in tender arts of softness and perguishing head,

suasion, should be least calculated to At the world's base neglect, while indig- fucceed in affecting the tendereft pafnant he sighs,

fions of the female heart; as though His bread turns to poison, he swallows, fancy, delicacy, and sentiment, were and dies.

the foes of love, and the fair were But I believe it has now been decid- averse to those talents which are belt ed by very good authority, that the cir- calculated to express the delicious tycumitance of his choaking himself with ranny of their charms, and immora half-penny roll, which long fasting talize the memory of their graces and arged him to deyour with inconsider- accomplishments. But here, as in other ate voracity, is destitute of any foun- instances, we are led into error by the dation in truth, though undoubtedly partial statement of facts. Hammond he died in great diitress: distress, and Shenstone, it is true, were tender however, which cannot be entirely and elegant poets, and

yet Hammond attributed to the neglect of the world; and Shenstone continue to this hour since several of his performances in to melt every feeling and enlightened the dramatic line met with the popu- heart, with the pathetic complaints of

** Man of Benevolence. The fact to which this apostrophe alludes, is well known. The Biographer of Chatterton, after relating his melancholy catastrophe, adds: “What must increase our regret for this hasty and unhappy step, is the information that the late Dr. Fry, head of St. John's college in Oxford, went to Bristol, in the latter end of Augult 1770, in order to search into the history of Rowley and Chatterton, and to patronise the latter, if he appeared to deserve assistance-wben, alas ! all the intelligence he could procure, was, that Chatterton had, within a few days, destroyed himself." Gregory's Life of Chatterton,


their unfuccessful paffion; and every (though it is true, according to his beauteous eye continues to thower its general practice, he does not condepearly sorrows over the tender strains, scend to inform us upon what authothat were incompetent to woo the in- rity he makes the affertion *) might, fensible Phillis, or the inexorable De- by perseverance, have secured the ha to the arms of their respective success, and perhaps the felicity of Swains. But they were neither the more fortunate lovers. But the Seaclegies of Hammond, nor the poetic sons were the firit object of the afpursuits of Shentione, that blighted fections of Shenilone, and engrosted the hopes of their enamoured hearts : as he was by the cultivation of his on the contrary, there is every rea- elegant little farm, the embellishment fon to believe that these would have of which swallowed up the whole, contributed, in no inconsiderable de- not only of the income, but of the gree, to their success, had not other capital also of his finall ettate, he arcumstances counterpoised their influ- seems not to have ventured on pushence. Hammond, had not his lovely ing his suit any farther, than might mistress been the ward of an hoftile make it the proper subject of an elegy. politician, whole narrow paflions, it is or a pattoral ballad. Perhaps, al!o, as prouble to conclude, were defirous he was skilled, so also he delighted of making felicity, as well as honours in the foothing melancholy of poetiand emoluments, the exclusive pro- cal murmurs of tendernefs and despair; perty of a party, might, perhaps, in and I, who have myself indulged the the arms of his Delia, have rivalled mournful pleasure of elegịac comthe felicity of his friend and compa- plaint, can easily believe that a man triot Lyttelton ; for the after conduct of Shenstone's turn of mind, might and deportment of miss Dashwood, readily acquiefce in a flight repulfe, fufficiently shew that she was not in- which gave him a fair opportunity of fensible to the merits or the passion of wooing the paftoral mule in cypres her unhappy lover. Shenitone alfo, shades. as we are informed by Dr. Johnson

C. W.


be univerfal paffion. Some have probably, for fome wise purposes, is attempted to deny, its univerfality; so congenial to the human heart--it is they have imagined that it is chiefly not unjuft to conclude, that it exists prevalent in cold climates, where such with equal force in human nature a palfion becomes most capable of and, consequently, the fatal propensity agitating and gratifying the torpid of gaming is to be discovered, as well minds of their inhabitants.

among the inhabitants of the frigid But, if we lay aside speculation, and torrid zones, as among those of and turn to facts, we are furely war- the milder climates. The lavage and ranted in the fupposition that, as the the çivilized, the illiterate and the love of gaming proceeds from ava- learned, are alike captivated with It must be confeffed, that this fact is stated by the Biographer in rather a curious

He was never married,' says the Doctor, (I quote from memory). "although he might have had the lady; whoever the was, who was the subject of his cee lebrated paltoral balad.'. I do not mean either to question the authority, or fuggeft the probable credulity of Dr. Johnfon, but surely one might have expected to be in, forned of the manner, in which he came to know that Mr. Shenstone might have obtained a lady as his wife, whose name and circumstances he profesies himself not at all acquainted with. But the biographer, confcious, perhaps, of his own veracity, {ecins generally inclined to contider his mere affirmation as fufficient evidence,



the hope of accumulating wealth with

Thus allo Pope out the labours of industry.

Mr. Moore has lately given to the Satire's my weapon, but I'm too discreet public an elaborate work, 1 ich pro

To run a Muck, and sit at all I nxeet.' feffedly treats of the three moft important topics which a writer of tire Jolifon could not discover the deal present day can discuis-Suicide, rivation of the word Mack. It is gaming, and duelling. He has cole not improbable, that the origin of lected a variety of inftances of this this expretion, was their employing, deftructive paffion being prevalent in on these fatal occasions, a muca, or al nations; and I shall just notice lance. those which appear moft fingular.

To discharge their gambling debts, Dice, and that little pugnacious the Siamese fell their posieflions, their animal the cock, are the chier intru- families, and, at length, themselves. ments employed by the numerous na- The Chinese play night and day, tilt tions of the eaft, to agitate their they have loft all they are worth minds and rain their fortunes ; to and then they usually go and hang which the Chinefe - who are defperate themselves. Such is the propenfity gamesters-add the ufe of cards. of the Japanefe for high play, that When all other property is played they were compelled to make a law, away, the Asiatic gambler fcruples that ' Whoever ventures his money at not to stake his wife, or his child, on play, shall be par to death." Ja the the cast of a die, or courage and newly-discorered iflands of the Pastrength of a martial bird. If still cific Ocean, they venture even their unfuecessful, the last venture he stakes hatchets, which they hold as invaluis, himself!

able acquisitions, on running marches. In the island of Ceylor, cock - We faw a man,' as Cook writes in fighting is carried to a great height. his laft voyage, beating his brealt The Sumatrans are addicted to the and tearing his hair, in the violence use of diceftrong spirit of play of rage, for having loft three hatchets characterizes a Malayan. After hav- at one of these races, and which he ing refigned every thing to the good had purchafed with nearly half his fortune of the winner, he is reduced property." to a horrid State of desperation; he

The ancient nations were nor less then leolens a certain lock of hair, addieled to gaming. In the famo which indicates war and destruction te volume are collected numerous in- * al the raving gameter meets. He stances among the ancient Perhias, intoxicates himself with opium; and Grecians, and Romans; the Gothisa working himself up into a fit of the Germans, &c. To notice the phrenzy, he bites and kills every one modern ones were a melancholy tafk who comes in his way. But, as soon there is hardly a family in Europe as ever this lock is seen flowing, it is who cannot record, from their own lawfal to fire at the person, and to domestic annals, the dreadful prevadestroy him as fast as possible. I lence of this unfortunate passion: AF think it is this which our failors call, fection has felt the keenett lacerations, • To run a muck.' Thus Dryden and genius been irrecoverably loft, writes

by a wanton sport, which doomed to Frontless, and fatire-proofs he scours deftruétion the hopes of families, and the streets,

consumed the heart of the gamefter • And suns an Indian Muck at all he with corrokve ageny.



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CURIOUS VARIETIES of TASTË, in FEMALE BEAUTY and DRĖSS, HE ladies in Japan gild their nations. Through the perforation are

, : paint them red. The black teeth are crystal, gold, ftones, a single and esteemed the most beautiful in Gud sometimes a great number of gold zurat, and in some parts of America. rings. This is rather troublesome to In Greenland, the women colour their them in blowing their noses; and the faces with blue and yellow. How- fact is, some have informed us, that ever fresh the complexion of a Muf- the Indian ladies, never perform this covite may be, she would think her- very useful operation, self very ugly if she was not plaistered The female head-dress is carried, over with paint. The Chinese must in some countries, to fingular extrahave their feet as diminutive as those vagance. The Chinese fair carries of the she-goats; and, to render them on her head the figure of a certain thus, their youth is passed in tortures. bird. This bird is composed of copIn ancient Persia, an aquiline nose per, or of gold, according to the was often thought worthy of the quality of the perfon: the wings, erown; and, if there was any com- spread out, fall over the front of the petition between two princes, the head-dress, and conceal the temples. people generally went by this criterion The tail, long and open, forms a of majesty. In some countries, the beautiful tuft of feathers. The beak mothers break the noses of their chil- . covers the top of the nose; the neck dren; and, in others, press the head is fastened to the body of the artificial between two boards, that it may be- · animal by a spring, that it may the come square. The modern Persians more freely play, and tremble at the have a strong aversion to red hair : lightest motion. the Turks, on the contrary, are warm The extravagance of the Myantses admirers of these disgusting locks. is far more ridiculous than the above. The Indian beauty is thickly smeared They carry on their heads a slight with bear's fat; and the female Hot- board, rather longer than a foot, and tentot receives from the hand of her about fix inches broad: with this lover, not silks, or wreaths of flowers, they cover their hair, and seal it but warm guts and reeking tripe, to with wax. They cannot lie down, dress herself with enviable ornaments. nor lean, without keeping the neck

At China, small eyes are liked ; very itraight; and, the country beand the girls are continually plucking ing very woody, it is not uncommon their eye-brows, that they may be to find them with their head-dress ensmall and long. The Turkish wo- tangled in the trees. Whenever they men dip a gold brush in the tincture comb their hair, they pass an hour of a black drug, which they pass by the fire melting the wax; but this over their eye-brows. It is too vifi- combing is only performed once or ble by day, but looks shining by night. twice a year. They tinge their nails with a rose To this curious account, extracted colour.

from Duhalde, we must join that of An ornament for the nose appears the inhabitants of the Land of Natal. to us perfectly unnecessary. The Pe. They wear. caps, or bonnets, from ruvians, however, think otherwise; fixto ten inches high, composed of and they hang on it a weighty ring, the fat of oxen. They then graduthe thickness of which is proportioned ally anoint the head with a purer by the rank of their husbands. The greafe; which, mixing with the hair, custom of boring it, as our ladies do faltens these bonnets for their lives ! their çars, is yery common in several


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