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and who far excel the other inhabi- exposed to a violent storm, which tants of that country in the practice of happened just before the battle com archery. In support of this last asier- menced. This itorm falling on the țion, the following instance is record- ftrings of their bows, relaxed them ed. During a liege, it happened, so far, as to render them incapable that two soldiers running in halte to- of proper service; while on the other ward a tower, fituated at a little dif- hand, the English bows were kept in tance from them, were attacked with their cases during the rain, and were a number of arrows from the Wellh ; not injured. From hence, Mr. Barwhich being shot with prodigious vio- rington concludes, the English used lence, fome penetrated through the the long-bow, as that instrument was oak doors of a portal, although they usually provided with a case, but the were the breadth of four fingers in cross-bow, being of fo inconvenient a thickness. The heads of these arrows snape, could not be provided with were afterward driven out, and pre- such covering Indeed, this latter served, in order to continue the re- kind of bow is not said to have been membrance of such extraordinary force even furnished with a cover, as far as in shooting with the bow. It hap- I have been able to find, . pened also in a battle, at the time of The battle of Crecy, as well as William de Breusa, (as he himself that of Poictiers, (where the archers relates) that a Welshman having di- poured forth their quivers in such rected an arrow at a horse-foldier of bloody victories) intimates the bow to his, who was clad in armour and had have been highly cultivated by the his leather coat under it; the arrow, English at those times; but it was beside piercing the man through the found neceffary by Edward to enforce hip, ftruck also through the faddie, the practice of archery during the and mortally wounded the horse on peace which followed, as the soldiers which he fat. Another Welsh soldier, rather attended to other amusements, having shot an arrow at one of his than archery, horsemen, who was covered with During the reign of Richard II, strong armour in the same manner as little is recorded with respect to the the beforementioned person, the haft bow. We find, however, from Holpenetrated through his hip and fixed linshead, that a number of archers in the saddle : but what is most re were sent at the request of the Gemarkable, is, that as the horseman noese, to allist them against the Sadrew his bridle afide in order to turn racens on the coast of Barbary; and round, he received another arrow in that they performed some meritorious his hip on the opposite fide, which exploits with their long-bow. passing through it, he was firmly From a pasiage in Stow, we find faftened to the saddle on both sides." Richard II to have had a very nu

Nothing particularly applicable to merous guard of archers; for in the , the long-bow (for 1 do not mean that year 397, as one day the members archery remains unnoticed) is to be were leaving the parliament house,' a found in our early historians, during great ftir .was made as was usual ; the reigns immediately following, till whereupon the king's archers, in that of Edward NI, in whose time number four thousand, compafled the this weapon is supposed to have been parliament-house, thinking there had much in use * Mr. Barrington en- been some broil, or fighting, with tertains this opinion very reasonably, their bows bent, their arrows notched, from circumstances which occurred at and drawing, ready to thoot, to the the battle of Crecy. The Arbalests terror of all that were there : but the in the hands of the Genoese were all king coming pacified them.'

* I have not mentioned the death of William II, as it is uncertain whether the Long-bow or Arbaleli discharged the arrow which proved fatal to him.


The most memorable circumstance to have been fond of the exercise of with respect to the bow, which oc- archery. curred in the reign of Henry IV, was Charles I, appears to have amused the victory gained over the Scots near himself in this way also, and is reHalidowne-hill, in the year 1402; presented in the frontispiece of Mark• where,' in the words of an old histo- ham’s Art of Archery, (1634) in the rian, the lord Percies archers did attitude and dress of a bowman. withall deliver their deadly arrowes so During the reigns of Charles II lively, fo couragiously, fo grievoully, and James II, the amusement was that they ranne through the men of continued, and the former sometimes armes, bored the helmets, pierced attended at exhibitions of shooting. their very swords, beat their lances to The artillery company, or Finsbury the earth, and easily shot those who archers, have survived even to the were more slightly armed, through present time; but except in that soand through.'

ciety, the bow, till within these ten The battle of Agincourt, which years, was very little known in the happened in the year 1415, under kingdom. At present, indeed, arHenry V, is the next fignal victory chery gains favour, and many comascribed to the English archers, who panies are formed, for the practice of destroyed a great number of the French that amusement f. cavalry, by their yard-long arrows. The exact time in which the bow This, indeed, seems the last very im- became disused in war by the English portant action in which archery is army, perhaps, cannot be fixed. P. much spoken of; and although the Daniel mentions, that arrows were use of it was continued through several shot by the English at the Isle of Rhé, fucceeding reigns, it at length seems in 1627. Mr. Grose informs us, that to have been cultivated more as an in 1643, the earl of Effex issued a amusement, than for real military precept for Atirring up all well-affectservice *.

ed people by benevolence, toward the The amusement was extremely raising of a company of archers for fashionable in the time of Henry VIII, the service of the king (Charles I) and Hollinshead reports, that that and the parliament.' And in a pamphprince shot as well as any of his let, says the same author, which was guard.

printed anno 1664, giving an account Edward VI, is said, by Barrington, of the success of the marquis of Mon

* It is said, that James I, of Scotland, during his long confinement in England, in the beginning of the fifteenth century, was so struck with the spirit and gallantry of the English archers, that on returning to his own country, he established royal companies of bowmen in different parts of his dominions. The art of shooting with the bow, is at present regularly practised, by numerous focieties; and the Pepingoe is annually celebrated at Kilwinning, in the west of Scotland, by the gentlemen of the neighbourhood. The Pepingoe (or i opingay, a mark forined like a parrot) is projected two or three feet from the top of the church steeple, and they Thoot at it perpendicularly, resting their left foot on the base of the tower.

The royal company

of archers, at Edinburgh, confits of the principal nobility and gentry of that kingdom, to the number of eight or nine hundred inembers. Maitland, in his history of Edinburgh, informs us, that this fociety was founded about the year 1676; and that it was erected into a corporation by letters patent from queen Anne, dated the 31st of December, 1713;

+ Of these societies, I believe the following are the principal : viz. The honourable Artillery Company, Royal Edinburgh, Toxophilite, Woodinen of Arden, Royal Kentish Bowmen, Royal British Bowmen, Robin Hood Bowmen, Loyal Archers, Yorkshire Archers, Hainhault Foresters, Southampton Archers, Bowmen of Chiviot Chase, Kentish Rangers, Woodmen of Hornsey, 'Surry Bowmen, Bowmen of the Border, Mercian Bowmen, Broughton Archers, Staffordshire Bowmen, Trent Archers.


trose against the Scots, bowmen are man,' shewing the proper exercise and repeatedly mentioned. One Neade, attitudes, was written and published in the reign of Charles I, obtained a by William Neade, about the year commission under the great seal, 1625. It contains nothing of consewherein, he and his son, were em- quence relating to archery, but we powered to teach the combined ma- may judge that that art was not laid nagement of the pike and bow. A afide at this period. beok entiled «The doubled armed


ORASMIN; or the FOLLY of DESPONDENCY : An Oriental Fable.

Concluded from page 169.

an elderly peasant, with a smile, is CHAPTER IV.

the day on which his people are bleft. AS the adventurer ftood despond- Oars has been a festival all the year.' ing at the entrance of the destined Your farms then have been road, and reclined his weary limbs ticularly profitable this year,' rejoined against an aged tree, all hopeless of Orasmin. Thelter or repose, his spirits were re

• As for that,' replied the rustic, vived by the voice of mirth, which they have been much as usual ; and ftole in welcome melody on his ear. we are thankful to Alla, they have The pipe and the timbrel resounded been no worse. Industrious persevethrough the air ; and the viol with its rance procures us the comforts of life; thrilling strings.

and shall not our hearts be grateful He turned him around to behold for the strength and the success, and whence this approached, and beheld speak in joyous fongs its contentment a company of travellers on the road; and its bliss ? The cheerfulness that with songs and sweet minstrelsey they affifts us to perform our talk, is theregladdened the heart, and with fam- fore doubled when the talk is done.' beaux illumined the way. Barefoot Orasmin was surprised at the words they walked, and humble was their of the rustic fage; and concluded that attire; yet gladness seemed to smile felicity might be the lot of man. But at their hearts.

he repined that he was removed from Orasmin joined them as they passed, the humble vale, in which this feliand enquired into the cause of their city might be attained ; forgetful that nocturnal journey.

happiness depends not upon the state . We are peafants,' replied they, of life in which we are placed, but in on whom Alla has smiled. We have the disposition we have to enjoy. reaped the harvests of plenty from While Orasmin was wrapped in well cultured fields, and, blessed be gloomy meditation, the travellers heaven, have received the sweet re- haftened cheerfully along, marvelling ward of our toils : and now, with the at the dejection and anxiety of his surplus of our respective stores, we are mind, which the splendour of his garhastening to a dillant fair, to supply ments could not conceal. Meanwhile ourselves with such necessaries, as he reclined upon a mossy bank, bethrough the ensuing year, may beneath the shelter of thick-spreading needful for our fam lies

trees, and, as the travellers quickly farms.'

vanished from his pursuing fight, his • And wherefore this music,' de- heart, which revolted from the cheermands Orasmin, and this mirth; as ful scene, persuaded him it was a though the festival of our prophet phantom of the brain. were at hand!'

In the midit of his reflections he • The festival of the prophet,' said was overtaken by slumber; and bufy





fancy revived his expiring hopes. The furrows of experience seemned The castle of Aladin role conspicuous imprinted on her brow; reverend, over to his view, and the sigh of the bloom- her forehead, strayed her silver locks ; ing hourie vibrated on his enamoured and her steps were supported by an

He awakened the bugle that ebon staff. fummoned forth the champions of en • Favoured of heaven,' said the chantment; and fame clapped her beldam, as she advanced, " the obfounding pinions over his valiant jeas of thy pursuits are known, and head, as his sword laid his foes in the regarded with friendly wishes by the duft. Aladin at length fell the vic- recluse of the winding cell. By lonely tim of his wrath, the enchantment meditation, I have gained wisdom and was at once diffolved, and the open- foreknowled e; and discovered by ing gates of the late hostile castle, re- my art the secret of thy approach, the ceived the glowing victor in peace. purpose of thy adventure, and the

Now fofter was the scene that glad- impediments that thwart thy way; dened his heart, and stirred up the and if thou wilt listen to the counsel {pirit of love. The timbrel and pipe devoted to thy service, those impediplayed the measures of joy, and the ments may be all removed. lute melted softly through the domes, • True, if still thou advanceft along while sportive genii Auttered over his this level road, the castle of Aladin head, and ministered to his wishes and may at length be gained, and the delights. They stripped the blood- hourie be obtained. But tedious is stained garments from his manly limbs, the lingering path, and danger lurks and arrayed them in the bridal robe; along the ambushed


Turn then and breathing rich fragrance over his with me to my secret cave, and its foftened mien, conducted him to the labyrinths shall guide thee by a shorter bower of his hopes ; where nymphs route.' of radiant forms tripped in measures Thus speaking, she pointed to her of delight, and the walls loud-re- neighbouring cell, and conducted the founded the hymeneal song. But far adventurer through its low-bowed above the rest

, exalted by her charms, arch ; while his bosom bounded high fhone the hourie of immortal race; at the promised boon, and his imand the talisman of felicity foft-heav- patient temper exulted in the hopeding with her snowy breaft, hung con- for shortening of his toils. spicuous by a golden string.

But füllen and dark was the rugged Orasmin fprung forward to strain labyrinth he trod, and doubtful to the her to his heart, and awaked with timid foot: save at times, when the the fond einbrace.

beldam, from her silver locks, shook • And art thou gone, fleeting vision thick the glow-worm sparks of fire. of long-promised joy? Art thou fled Her voice, to allure him through from my deluded arms ? But my ef- the painful path, thus piqued the forts ihall overtake thee ere the close, haughty courage of his soul. of day, and seize thee with a stronger • What, faints then Orasmin in this hold.

dark retreat! Dies his


in the He said, and arising vigorous with sullen gloom? Is the long lightsome the hope, proceeded on his destined path through the beaten road, to be way; while brightly shone the fun preferred to short-during toil? If so, from his eastern throne, and cheerful let the snail, crawling cautious in the was the rural scene.

duit, be preferred to the eagle, who As expatiating on prospects of fu- soars, with ardent plume, through ture blits, the adventurer was halten- the radiant sky. ing along, he was met on the road by • Sighis not the blooming hourie, an aged dame, who greeted him with locked in magic chains ? Shall the fair-seeming speech.

lover then not fly to her redress ? The


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Shortest and the swiftest, is the easiest: full fifty fathoms yawns the cavern track, and the brightet to the ena- below, at whose brink his heedless feetmoured eye.'

are arrived ; and torments, and horThe foul of the adventurer was rors, wait expectant of their prey. roused. Eager he pursued her, with But the groan of suffering victims still quickening steps, low downward from the hideous gulph, ftruck the car through the winuing pit, and again of the appalled Orasmin. He paused upward toiled by an ascending path at the found, suspicious of fraud;

and that seemed to open the wiihed-for his mind darkly ruminated on the day.

error into which he had strayed. Like a star seen at distance through · And is this the cheerful path, the hazy sky, seemed the light through mighty prophet!'he exclaimed, the long, long cave; and Orasmin through which I was instructed to fondly hailed it as the star of hope, pafs ? Be aliistant, O Alla! and resand exulted as the ray enlarged, which cue me from this danger.' fancy depictured as the end of his While thus he stood pausing on the toils, and the gate of the enchanted brink of ruin, the beldam thirsting castle.

eager for her


turned furiously

round, and catching his arm, would CHAPTER V. have precipitated him headlong down.

But he drew forth his sword, and, How weak are the murmurs of in- with determined arm, ftruck furiously considerate man, who charges upon on her treacherous head. She sunk Providence his misfortunes and his to perdition, with a thundering yell, woes! and how oft might we avoid and the cavern, wide rent by the the calamities we endure, if we thwart- awful noise, let in the enfeebled light ed not the divine will!

of day, and the horrors of the scene The finger of nature has plainly were revealed, where w, the pointed out the simple path we Tould bottom of the yawning deep, were tread: and though mountains at times beheld the diminished forms of the may weary us with their height, and victims of self-willed error, emaciate brambles may perplex the way, yet and supine on the flimy earth, with the fre:h-watered vale often bursts serpents and monsters entwining their upon our fight, and the floweret limbs, and breathing bloating poison sweetly smiles to the feasted sense. on their lips. Nor if long prove the journey to the Conspicuous over the rest appeared realm of promised bliss should thank- the new-fallen demon, gnashing with less man repine; for if hope be com torture her iron teeth, and breathing, panion of the needful way, enjoy- forth her infernal soul in volumes of ment comes to meet us when the pur- peftiferous breath. suit begins, and gives the lively fore Orasmin trembled at the horrors he taste of our with. But man, oft im- had escaped, and would have trod patient of the growing bounty, feeks back the labyrinth he had traced : to seize it ere it is yet mature, then but intricate and dark was the lengthrepines because it withers in his fpuil. ened way, and his mind must have

been bewildered in the rash attempt. Such was the fate of Orasmin, the The distant opening before him affords impatient and the fullen, who quitting the only hope ; and wide yawns the the plain path directed by heaven, chasm between; but resolute and eager, wandered through gloomy mazés with he calls on the name of the prophet, an illusive guide, who hurried him to and vaults across the dangerous gap. ruin and to death; and to death must Then, haitening his pace, he pailus he fink down the hideous chalın, if through the gloomy cave, and issuem unwarned by some friendly voice; for from the dark recebe.

ing hand.

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