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ANECDOTE of GARRICK, in the Character of Lear. [ From the second Volume of Ireland's Illustrations of Hogarth's Works.]
THEN Garrick first came upon WHEN
A fat Whitechapel butcher, seated the stage, and one very sultry on the centre of the first bench in the evening, in the month of May, per- pit, was accompanied by his mastiff, formed the character of Lear, he, in who being accustomed to fit on the the four first acts received the custom- same seat with his master at home, ary tokens of applause : at the con- naturally thought he might enjoy the clusion of the fifth, when he wept like privilege here ;- the butcher fat over the body of Cordelia, every eye very back, and the quadruped finding caught the soft infection, the big a fair opening, got upon the bench, round tear ran down every cheek: and fixing his fore paws on the rail of at this interesting moment, to the the orchestra, peered at the performers astonishment of all present, his face with as upright a head, and as grave assumed a new character, and his an air, as the most fagacious critic of whole frame appeared agitated by a his day. Our corpulent flaughterman new passion; it was not tragic, for he was made of melting stuff, and not was evidently endeavouring to sup- being accustomed to a play-house press a laugh: in a few seconds the heat, found himself much oppressed by attendant nobles appeared to be af- the weight of a large and well-powfected in the fame manner; and the dered Sunday peruke, which, for the beauteous Cordelia, who was reclined gratification of cooling and wiping his upon a crimson couch, opening her head, he pulled off, and placed on the eyes to see what occasioned the inter- head of his mastiff; the dog, being ruption, leaped from her fofa, and in so conspicuous, so obtrusive a situawith the majesty of England, the gal- tion, caught the eye of Garrick, and lant Albany, and tough old Kent, the other performers; a mastiff in a ran laughing off the stage. The au- churchwarden's wig (for the butcher dience could not account for so strange was a parish officer) was too much; a termination of a tragedy, in any it would have provoked laughter in other way than by supposing the dra. Lear himself, at the moment he was matis personæ were seized with a sud- most distressed: no wonder then that den phrensy; but their risibility had a it had such an effect on his repredifferent source.
A Description of a very beautiful SNIPE. Shot December 13, 1791, near
Dereham, Norfolk, by Mr. Collison, of that Town. THIS
HIS bird is unique in the pecu- and one over each eye; the chin is
liar elegance of its plumage, cream-coloured; the neck and breast which appears to a common observer cream-coloured and yellow, or rather orange and white. It corresponds in varied with light orange and white units principal particulars with the com- dulated. The scapulars are beautifully mon fnipe of Pennant, the scolopolė striped lengthwise with light orange gallenago of Liræus, its weight being spots; the quill feathers white; the nearly four ounces, the length to the back an intermixture of deep orange end of the tail twelve inches, its bill and white, with a few feathers spotted is three inches long, of a dusky colour with brown; the belly white; coverts at the base, and of a dark cinereous of the tail orange and white; near its green at the end ; the head is a dull bottom a broad bar of orange, like the white, and divided lengthwise, with common snipe, but not quite to deep, three light-coloured orange lines, one and ends in a light orange and white; passing over the middle of the head, the legs like the common snipe. 7
AFFAIRS of FRANCE, continued from Volume LXXXIX, Page 466.
The 'message sent by the national as- rity, let your majesty do for the safety of fembly to the king, as stated in our last the empire, and the support of the connumber, was as follows :
• Sire, your interest, your dignity, the • SIRE,
insulted greatness of the nation, all dictate Scarcely had the national assembly a language very different from that of adverted to the situation of the kingdom, your ambassadors. The nation expects when they perceived that the troubles, from you energetic declarations to the which still agitate it, have their source in Circles of the Upper and the Lower Rhine, the criminal preparations of the French the electors of Tieves and Mentz, and the emigrants,
bishop of Spire. • Their audacity is supported by Ger
• Let them be such, that the hordes of man princes, who misunderstand the trea- emigrants may be instantly dispersed. Preties signed between them and France, and fcribe an early period beyond which no who affect to forget, that to the empire of dilatory answer shall be received. Let France, they are indebted for the treaty of your declaration be supported by a die Westphalia, which guarantees their rights rection of the force entrusted 10 you, and. and their safety.
let the nation know who are its friends · Their hostile preparations and me- and its enemies. In this splendid meanaces of invasion cali for armaments, that sure we shall recognise the Defender of the absorb immense fums, which the nation Constitution. would have joyfully paid to its creditors,
• You will thus secure the tranquillity of • It is your province, fire, to put an the empire, which is inseparable from your end to these hostile measures, and to speak own; and you will accelerate those days to foreign powers in a language that be- of national prosperity, in which peace shall comes the king of the French, Tell restore order and the reign of the laws, in them, that wherever preparations against which your happiness ħall be connected France are permitted, France can see ene
with that of all the French.' mies only; that we will religiously observe the oath to make no conquelts ; that we
The king answered : afer them the good neighbourhood, the
• I will take the message of the national inviolable amity of a free and powerful assembly into the moit serious considerapeople; that we will respect their laws, tion. You know that I have omitted their customs, and their constitutions ; but nothing to secure the public tranquillity at that we infilt upon our own being re. home, to maintain the constitution, and fpected. · Tell them, that if the German to make it respected abroad.' princes continue to favour preparations di In consequence of this message, his ma, rected against the French, we will carry jesty went, on Wednesday, the 14th of among them, not fire and sword, but li: December, to the national affeinbiy, and berty. And let them calculate what may delivered the following fpeech ; be the consequences of the alarm of nations, - For two years that French patriots
GENTLEMEN, have been perfecuted on the frontiers, and ? I have taken your message of the 29th that rebels have there found succour, what of lait month into serious contideration, ambassador has spoken in your name as he In a case that involves the honour of the ought ? Not one.
French people, and the safety of the em* If the French, who were driven from pire, I thought it my duty to be myself the country by the revocation of the edict the bearer of my answer: The nation of Nantes had assembled in arms on the cannot but applaud thefe communications frontiers ; if they had been protected by between its elected and its hereditary rethe princes of Germany, fire, we appeal presentative,
what would have been the conduct • You have invited me to adopt decisive of Louis XIV? Would he have suffered measures to effect a ceflation of those are such assemblies? Would he have permitted femblages abroad, which keep up an od:luccours to be given by princes who, 1113 ous disquiet and fermentation in the micit der the name of allies, act like enemies ? cf France, render an opprelive auginenWhat he would have done for his author tation of expence ipdisponible, and expuie
liberty to greater danger than a declared of applause and Vive le Roi). I shall make and open war. You desire me to make fimilar declarations to all who continue declarations to the neighbouring princes, assemblages contrary to the tranquillity of who, contrary to the rules of good neigh- the kingdom; and by securing to fobourhood, and the principles of the law reigners all the protection which they ought of nations, protect these asemblages,-that to expect from our laws, I shall have a the nation can no longer suffer this want right to demand a speedy and complete of respect and these sources of hostility. reparation for all the injuries which FrenchIn fine, you have given me to understand, men may have received. that one general emotion is felt by the • I have written to the emperor, to ennation, and that the voice of all the French gage him to continue his good offices, and, is for war, in preference to a ruinous and if necessary, to exert his authority, as head degrading patience.
of the empire, to avert the evils which the Gentlemen, I have long thought that obstinacy of certain members of the Gerour circumstances required great circum- manic body, if longer persisted in, cannot spection in our mealures; that having fail to occafion. Much may undoubtedly scarcely yet weathered the agitations and be expected from his interposition, fupftorms of a revolution, and in the first ported by the powerful influence of his eflays of an infant constitution, no mea- example; but I am making, at the same fures were to be negle&ted that could pre- time, the requisite military arrangements, serve France from the innumerable evils of to render these declarations respected.
These measures I have constantly • And if they thall not be attended to, employed. On the one hand, I have done then, Gentlemen, it will only remain for, every thing to recall the French Emigrants me to propose war ; war, which a people to their country, and induce them to fub- that have folemnly renounced conquest mit to the new laws which a great majority never make without necessity; but which of the nation has adopted. On the other, a nation, happy and free, know how to I have given amicable intimations : I have undertake when their safety and honour made formal requisitions, to prevent the command it. neighbouring princes from giving them a • But in courageously adopting this resupport, which is calculated to flatter their solution, let us hasten to employ the only hopes and encourage them in their rash means that can secure its success. Turn designs.
your attention, Gentlemen, to the state of The
emperor has done all that could the finances; establish the national credit be expected from a faithful ally, by for- watch over the public kafeiy. Let your bidding and difperfing all allemblages deliberations, ever governed by constituwithin his territories.
tional principles, take a great, high-spiMy measures at the courts of other rited, and authoritative course, the only princes, have not been equally successful. one that befits the legislators of a great Unconciliating answers have been given to empire. Let the constituted powers remy requisitions.
spect themselves, in order to be respected; * These unjust refusals call for resolu- let them give mutual aid instead of mutual tions of another kind. The nation has impediment; in a word, let it appear, manifefted its wishes. You have collected that, although they are distinct, they are thim, you have weighed the consequences, not hostile (applauded). It is time to you have expressed theni to me by your convince foreign nations, that the French message. Gentlemen, you have not anti- people, their representatives, and their king, cipated me. As the representative of the are but one (applauded). people, I felt the people's injuries; and • It is to this union, and also, let us I am now to inform you of the resclution never forget it, to the relpect we pay to I have taken to demand reparation.-(Re- the government of other itates, that the peated applauses and shouts of Vive le fafety, respectability, and glory of the Rri).
empire are attached. ( I have sent a declaration to the elector For my part, Gentlemen, it will be in of Treves, that if, before the 15th of vain to endeavour to render irksome the January, he do not put a stop, within his exercise of the authority which is entrusted territories, to all collecting of troops, and
In the presence of all France I all hoitile dispositions on the part of the declare, that nothing thall weary my perFrench who have 13ken refuge in them, I leverance or relax my efforts. It ihall Thall henceforth confidr him in no other not be my fault if the law does not become light than as the enemy of France. (Shouts the protection of the citizens and the ter
ror of the disturber (shouts of Vive le Roi), • They promise to Europe the new I shall faithfully preserve the deposit of the spectacle of a free people, outraged in its constitution, and no consideration shall in- immutable love of liberty, arming the hand duce me to suffer it to be infringed (ap- in union with the heart. plauded).
• The French people will every where If men, who wish only for disorder and oppose their enemies with vigour, from troubles, take advantage, from this firm- the Rhine to the Pyrénees, from the Alps ness, to calumniate my intentions, I will to the Ocean. All France shall be covered not stoop to repel by words the injurious by the regards of a good king, and by insuspicions they may circulate. Those who trepid and faithful soldiers. watch the progress of government with an Behold, fire, the family that deserve attentive but unprejudiced eye, must see your love these are your friends—these that I never depart from the constitutional will never forsake you. line, and that I feel seriously how glori • All the reprefentatives of the French ous it is to be the king of a free people.' people all true Frenchmen guarantee, on
their heads, the defence of a constitution This conclusion was followed by con
to which they have sworn, and of a bea tinued acclamations of Bravo, Long live loved king whose throne they have estathe King of the French !'
blished.' The president answered :
On Monday, December 19, the mini· The assembly will take your propo- ster of justice notified to the assembly, the sitions into consideration, and communicate royal veto to their severe decree against the their determination by a message.' nonjuring clergy. The dryness of this answer, and the the king, the elector of Treves thought
In consequence of the measures taken by affectation of avoiding the words fire and majefly, gave general dissatisfaction, which proper to intimate to the emigrant princes, was marked by warmly refuning the ac- in hostile array, recruiting, or other pro
the necessity of avoiding any assemblages clamations of Vive le Roi ! -As soon as the king had retired, several members ceedings, that might give umbrage to the
French nation. moved, that the speech should be printed, and sent to the eighty-three departments. Fayette appeared at the bar, and delivered
On Saturday, December 24, M. la M. Bazire moved, to add the prestdent's answer, to sew to France, that in cir
the following address : :cumstances calculated to inspire enthu 'The national assembly is acquainted fiasm, the assembly had guarded against it. with my principles. I Thall be content to
M. Daverhoult said, the answer might express how much I feel the marks of apbe worthy of the assembly, but it did not probation it has bestowed on the choice accord with the speech, which contained which the king has been pleased to make no propofitions.
of me, and to profefs my profound respect The speech was ordered to be printed, for the representatives of the French naand sent to the departments.
tion, and my unalterable attachment to In conformity to the answer of the
the French Constitution.' fident, the national allembly fent a depil This address was received with loud and, tation to the king with the following repeated plaudits; and the president anaddress :
swered : SIRE,
• The name of la. Fayette reminds us of In the language which your majesty liberty and victory, which followed that held to them, the national assembly recog
name under the American colours; and nised the king of the French. They feel which will attend it at the head of the armore than ever how truly valuable is har- mies of France. Those national guards
whom mony between the two branches of
you first put in action, will be gratand a free and open communication, which ful for the choice made of you, and will is the desire, and will be the welfare of thew themselves worthy of you and of that the empire.
choice. If such be the folly of our ene• Sire, the asembly will direct all their mies, that they must try the strength of a attention to the decisive measures which great and regenerated people, march to you announce; and if events shall make battle. The French people, who have these measures necessary, they promise to sworn to conquer, or to die free, will itill your majesty more true glory than was present with confidence to nations and to ever obtained by any of
tyrants, their constitution and la Fayette.' H2
Thie minister for foreign affairs then which have guided their resolutions, and · appeared, and informed the assembly, an explanation of the principles which die that the emperor, in January last, had rect their conduct. The French nation transmitted to the king the complaints to renounces the undertaking of war with the the diet of the empire, on the abolition of view of making conquests, and will never the feudal system, in the lands possessed by employ her forces against the liberty of several German princes in Alsace and any state. Such is the text of their conLorraine : that the king, in his answer, stitution ; fuch the sacred vow by which had justified the decrees of the national they have connected their own happiness asembly, declined the interposition of the with the happiness of every other people ; Germanic body, and renewed the offer and they will be faithful to them. of a just indemnification to the parties But who can consider that as a friendly interested; that this answer having been territory, in which exists anarchy, waiting submitted to the diet of Ratisbon, the Con- only the prospect of success, for the mo. clusum of the diet was, that all things, both ment of attack ? temporal and spiritual, must be put upon Is it not equivalent to a declaration of their ancient footing, agreeably to the trea- war, to give places of strength not only to ties and conventions, and that the em- enemies who have already declared, but peror had addressed a letter to the circles to conspirators, who have long since comof the empire, confirming the said conclum menced it ? Every thing, therefore, comfion; and also a letter to the king, de- pels the powers established by the confti
claring his determination to support this tution for maintaining the peace and safety conclusion, as head of the Germanic body. of the public, to employ force against re
The fame day, the military committee bels, who, from the midst of a foreign presented a report on the state of the fron- land, threaten to tear their country in tiers, the result of which was, that they pieces. were in the best possible state of defence The right of nations violated - the digwherever they were exposed to attack by nity of the French people insulted—the land, and from Dunkirk to Hunninguen, an criminal abuse of the king's name, emextent of 160 leagues, guarded by 130,000 ployed by impostors, to conceal their diseffective men ; that the arienals were well astrous projects, their distrust kept up by fupplied with arms, especially cannon and finister rumours through the whole emammunition ; that the troops of the line pire-the obstacles occasioned by this difin actual service amounted to 100,500 trust to the execution of the laws, and the men, the artillery to 37,700, and the vo- reestablishment of credit the means of ·lunteer national guards to 85,024-in all corruption exerted to delude and seduce the 224,324 effective men; that 54 battalions citizens--the di!quiets which agitate the were yet to be formed, and the troops of inhabitants of the frontiers--the evils to the line to be augmented to their full com which attempts the most vain and the most plement, which together would raise the speedily repulsed may expose them- the number of the land forces to 340,000, outrages still unpunished which they have without including auxiliaries. At the experienced on the territories where the same time, the decree proposed by the revolted French find an asylum - the military committee, to enable the king to neceflity of not allowing the rebels time raise M. Luckner and M. Rochambeau to complete their preparations, or rise up to the rank of marshal of France, was
more dangerous against their countrypaffed.
fuch are our motives.
Never did any On Thusday, December 29, was drawn' exist more just or more urgent. And in up by M. Condorcet, approved by the na
the picture which we have drawn, we have tional assembly, and prelented to the king, rather softened than overcharged our inby a deputation froin the assembly, the juries. We have no occason to rouse the following
indignation of citizens, in order to infiame MANIFESTO, to a!l States and Nations.
The French nation, however, will never
cease to consider as a friendly people, the At a moment when, for the first time inhabitants of the territory occupied by since the epoch of their liberty, the French the rebels, and governed by princes who people inay see themselves reduced to the offer them protection. The peaceful citineceflity of exercising the terrible right of zens, whole country their armies may ocwar, their repreientatives owe to Europe, cupy, shall not be treated by her as eneto all mankint, an account of the motives mies, nor even as subjects. The public