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ftill remain in a doubtful dependent tempered by reflection. Besides, when situation, and only be loved while ye love, even innocent love, is the whole are fair! The downcalt eye, the rosy employ of your lives, your hearts will blush, the retiring grace, are al pro- be too soft to afford modesty that per

in their season; but modesty, be- tranquil retreat, where she delights to ing the child of reason, cannot long dwell, in close union with humanity. exist with the sensibility that is not

THE IV IDOW: A Character.

[ From the Same. ]

with a tolerable understanding, her imagination, a little abftracted for I do not wish to leave the line and exalted by grief, dwells on the of mediocrity, whose conftitution, fond hope that the eyes which her strengthened by exercise, has allowed trembling hand closed, may still fee her body to acquire its full vigour; how she subdues every wayward pafher mind, at the same time, gradually fion to fulfil the double duty of being expanding itself to comprehend the the father as well as the mother of her moral duties of life, and in what hu- children. Raised to heroism by miss man virtue and dignity confift. fortunes, the reprefies the first faint

Formed thus by the discharge of dawning of a natural inclination, bethe relative duties of her station, shę fore it ripens into love, and in the marries from affe&tion, without losing bloom of life forgets her sex-forgets fight of prudence, and looking be- the pleasure of an awakening passion, yond matrimonial felicity, the secures which might again have been inspired her husband's respect before it is ne- and returned. She no longer thinks cessary to exert mean arts to please of pleasing, and conscious dignity him and feed a dying flame, which prevents her from priding herself on nature doomed to expire when the account of the praise which her conobject became familiar, when friend- duct demands. 'Her children have ship and forbearance take place of a her love, and her brightest hopes are more ardent affection. This is the beyond the grave, where her imaginatural death of love, and domestic nation often strays. peace is not destroyed by struggles to I think I see her surrounded by her prevent its extinction. I also suppose children, reaping the reward of her the husband to be virtuous'; or she is care. The intelligent eye meets hers, still more in want of independent while health and innocence smile on principles.

their chubby cheeks, and as they grow Fate, however, breaks this tie. up the cares of life are leslened by She is left a widow, perhaps, with their grateful attention. She lives to out a fufficien provision ; but she is see the virtues which she endeavoured not desolate! The pang of nature is to plant on principles, fixed into ha-. felt; but after time has foftened for. bits, to see her children attain à row into melancholy refignation, her strength of character sufficient to enaheart turns to her children with re- ble them to endure adversity without doubled fondness, and anxious to forgetting their mother's example. provide for them, affection gives a fa- . The talk of life thus fulfilled, she cred heroic cast to her maternal du- calmly waits for the sleep of death, ties. She thinks thať not only the and rising from the grave, may say eye fees her. virtuous efforts from ' - Behold thou gaveft me a talent whom all her comfort now must flow, and here are five talents,,

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METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, January 1792.

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rain and more wind, fine night 818 30,19 32,5 45 13

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W1 little rain at night 108 29,41 36,5 45 13

Wo : little Neet and rain 2 29,38 38,5 45 13

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Eit. foggy night 228 29,8536,543 13,5

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NNE Peet and rain : fair N229,59 37 44

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SW 21. fine : little rain 2918 29,57 47 52 15

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Sa. cloudy. little rain at night 3018 29,79 45 52

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REFLECTIOŅs on the FRENCH REVOLUTION. [From Bishop Watson's Charge to the Clergy of the Diocese of Landaff,

in June 1794.] Revolution, as to the mode of and aristocratic demagogues, fill

its accomplishment, unparalleled more thân that of individual mcin the annals of the world, has taken narchs, my: rejoicing is held back, place; or, to speak more properly, left that emancipation should be more is now taking place in the civil and apparent than real. I trust, however, religious conftitution of one of the it will in its effects be real: for, whatgreatest kingdoms in Europe. I de- ever may be the final issue of this liver no opinion of censure or appro- wonderful struggle, I am induced to bation on the supporters or opposers think that the French will obtain three of this revolution: it would be un- things-a trial by jury--an Habeas seasonable to do it in this place, even Çorpus act--and an incorrupt admiif I was perfectly acquainted with all nistration of public justiçe-Blessings the causes and occasions which have these of inestimable value! which produced it; and it would be impro- were not till lately fo much as heard per for me to do it in any place ; be- of in France; which constitute the fecause, however well informed other licity of Great-Britain; and in the men may

think themselves to be on enjoyment of which it is our duty, as this subject, I profess that my know- men, to with all nations to particiledge of the internal government of pate. There may be fome things in France, of the state of parties in it, our civil, and some in our ecclefiafliof the temper of the people, of the cal constitution, which call for a finances of the country, and of the temperate reform; but still we are a other circumstances which have given happy people, and do well to be jearise to this political phenomenon, is lous of any violent attempts to amend not such as to enable me to pass a either * --But omitting the confiderdecided judgment on the utility or ațion of the civil state of France; inexpediency of the meafure. As a I will advert to the change which his friend to civil freedom, which consists been effected in its ecclesiastical connot in democratic licentiousness, but ftitution, and which was the only reain obedience to laws enacted by the son for my making any mention at general suffrage of a free people, I all of a revolution, which has fo cannot but rejoice in the emancipa- greatly excited the attention of Eu, tion of the French nation from the rope. tyranny of regal despotism : but, de None of you can have been so intesting the despotism both of popular curious as not to have remarked many

* Professions of attachment to our confitution in church and state have been made by me on so many occasions, that I think it needless to repeat them on this. If any one, from the freedom with which I have been accustomed to speak of certain defects in both, should be disposed to queftion the sincerity of these professions, nothing that I could say would remove his prejudice; pray God to give him a more charitable mind. 1- leave it, however, to impartial men to decide, whose attachment to the constitution is the greatest-that of him who labours to remove such rotten parts of the glorious fabric of civil and religious freedom, as daily invite the attack of its enemies--or that of him who, not unconscious of the danger, contents himself with thinking that it will not fall in his time. May the wisdom of our rulers, shewn as well by their moderation in removing what is unsound, as by their firmness in retaining what is whole, preserve this mighty edifice, the work of ages, and the envy of the world, from being levelled to the ground by the rude hand of popular discontent, of fanatical zeal, or republican violence !

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alterations in the Gallican church, the truth : I at least have no reason to which have been introduced into it by think that it is more than sufficient the decrees of the nationnl assembly. for making a proper provision for all I thall content myself with bringing to its minifters. - But without wishing your recollection three of the chief. to see all preferments of the fame va

The first respects the diminution of lue, I shall never cease to wish, that the immense revenues of some of the no living in the kingdom may be fo ministers of the church, and the aug- small, as to render it necefiary for mentation of the scanty ones of others, any man to have two. The church Considering the different talents, na- of France, notwithstanding what it tural and acquired, of different mini- has lost, is yet richer (if I am rightly Iters ; the different degrees of mini- informed) absolutely and relatively fterial capacity requisite for the due than the church of England : its abdischarge of the several offices existing solute revenue is said to be about fix in an established church; and the millions sterling ; that of the church utility of distinction and subordination of England falls much short of two. in such establishments ; I cannot think In France there are about twenty-four that many reasonable men would be millions of inhabitants to be instructed defirous of seeing all church prefer- by their clergy; in England about ments reduced to the same level : but eight. it may be wished by all, that not only The fuppreffion of monasteries in in France, but in England, and in the Gallican church is another change every part of Christendom, such a meriting our approbation. Many well-apportioned provision might be persons in the retirements of the cloymade for the clergy, that none of iter had, unquestionably, their minds them might have so much, as to ren- mortified to all worldly concerns, and der them inattentive to the discharge lifted up to heaven with the pious ferof their respective functions ; none of vour of true devotion ; it would be them so little, as to render an accu want of charity to suppose otherwise : mulation of benefices necessary for the but it is no want of charity to suppose support of any one. The time, I that many persons of both sexes were think, will come, though I may not in early youth, and before they could live to see it, when a more equitable form a due judgment of what would distribution of the revenues of the be for their future happiness, immured church of England will be settled in a in those living sepulchres, from sordid quiet and legal way. At present, considerations of family expediency. pluralities and non-residence are such Monaftic institutions have never wanta. disgrace to our establishment as alled their defenders ; they are suited serious men wish to see removed, to the gloomy apprehensions of enthey are, I am disposed to own, ne- thusiasts, and to the base views of cefiary evils, springing from the great hypocrites: they are not peculiar to number of appropriations and impro- Christianity ; but wherever they exist, priations which have taken place a. they have for their main support eimong us, by which fome thousands of ther the credulity of the vulgar, or livings are become of so little value, the superstition of the opulent ; and as to be utterly inadequate to the de- they will be abolished in all countries, cent maintenance of a clergyman; fooner or later, in proportion to the and we all know how frequently the increase of learning or the continuance poverty of the minister brings religion of ignorance, itself into contempt, with the rude A third change in the ecclefiaftical and undisciplined part of mankind. constitution of France deserving our The revenue of the church of Engnotice, is that complete toleration lạnd has been magnified, I appre- which it holds out to all mankind in hend, by many writers, much above concerns of religion. If any one 5

fhould

fhould think this to be a change in the dividual of the human race the absolute civil, rather than in the ecclesiastical right of worshipping God in his own constitution, I shall not dispute with way, without losing on that account him about words ; but proceed to re- the benefits accruing from a state of mark, that the alliance (as it has been civil society.--Thou art a Christian, called) between church and state is not and believes that Jesus Christ was in France supposed to be so intimate, fent from God, and that there is no that danger must be apprehended by other name by which men can be the state, unless churchmen alone are saved ;-go and profess this thy beeligible to all civil offices. Men who lief at Pekin or Constantinople, and neither celebrate the mass, or pray being there spurned with contempt, to the Virgin Mary, or invocate and excluded from all civil trust and faints, or worship images, or practise authority for not admitting the divine auricular confession, or believe in millions of Confucius or Mahomet, transubstantiation, or fear the pains of think whether thou wilt not have reapurgatory, or conform either in faith fon to accuse the ruling powers in or worship to the doctrines and rites those immense empires of injustice. of the estabilhed church- these men If God Almighty thinks fit to tolerate are not in France excluded from the different religions in the world, suitrights of citizenship, on account of ed, there is reason to believe, to the their religious opinions. When we different intellectual and moral attaintake an enlarged view of the nature ments of mankind; surely it becomes of man, and of the different situations us to be kindly affectioned toward in which not only different nations, those who, agreeing with us in all but different individuals in the same the fundamental verities of the Chrisnation, are placed with respect to re- tian religion, differ from us only in ligious attainments, we must feel the matters of little importance. neceflity of vindicating to every inOBSERVATIONS on the RIGHTS of CONSCIENCE.

[From the S A me.]

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mental truth, derived from the grown up—but suffer us also to worequality in which we all ftand to Christ ihip God in our way; let neither of our common malter, that no society us find fault with the other, but preof Chriftians whatever, or however serving good-will, practising courtesy, distinguished by rank, power, wealth, interchanging good offices, let us all numbers, learning, can have the least be persuaded that at the last day our claim to any just authority of com- different services will be accepted by pelling others by threats, or calumnies, him, whom God hath appointed judge or penalties of any kind, to a fellow- of all, with equal regard to the rectiship of worship. You, they ought to tude of our several intentions, and to say to all who dissent from them, are the means we have used in acquiring as free as we are ; we affect no domi- information concerning the truth. nion over your faith, we are not the One of the best means we can use for Lord's of God's Heritage : go and the attainment of this end, is to keep worship the Creator and the conserva our minds unprejudiced, open to artor of the universe in your own way; gument, and free from every degree use no ring in marriage, no furplíce of acrimony of sentiment or exprefin public worship, no particular pof- fion, against those who differ from us ture in receiving the facrament, no on any point either of doctrine or Sponsors when your children are bap. discipline. If I know myself, I have

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