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will take up another's Time and Fortune in his Ser. vice, tho' he has no Prospect of rewarding his Merit towards him, is as unjust in his Dealings as he who takes up Goods of a Tradesman without Intention or Ability to pay him. Of the few of the Class which I think fit to consider, there are not two in ten who succeed: insomuch that I know a Man of good Sense who put his Son to a Black-smith, tho' an Offer was made him of his being received as a Page to a Man of Quality. There are not more Cripples come out of the Wars, than there are from those great Services; fome through Discontent lose their Speech, some their Memories, others their Senses or their Lives ; and I fel• dom fee a Man thoroughly discontented, but I conclude

he has had the Favour of some great Man. I have known of such as have been for twenty Years together * within a Month of a good Employment, but never arrived at the Happiness of being possessed of any Thing.

THERE is nothing more ordinary, than that a Man who is got into a considerable Station, shall immedia ately alter his Manner of treating all his Friends, and from that Moment he is to deal with you as if he were your Fate. You are no longer to be consulted, even in Matters which concern your felf; but your Patron ·

is of a Species above you, and a free Communi-, - cation with you is not to be expected. This perhaps

may be your Condition all the while he bears Office, and when that is at an End, you are as intimate as ever you were, and he will take it very ill if you keep the Distance he preicribed you towards him in his Grandeur. One would think this should be a Behaviour a Man could fall into with the worst Grace imaginable; but they who know the World have seen it more than once. I have often, with secret Pity, heard the same Man who has professed his Abhorrence against all kind of passive Behaviour, lose Mie nutes, Hours; Days, and Years in a fruitless Ato tendance on one who had no Inclination to befriend him. It is very much to be regarded, that the Great, have one particular Privilege above the rest of the

World,

15

World, of being flow in receiving Impressions of Kindness, and quick in taking Offence. The Elevation above the rest of Mankind, except in very great Minds, makes Men fo giddy, that they do not fee after the same Marner they did before: Thus they defpife their old Friends, and strive to extend their Interests to new Pretenders. By this Means it often happens, that when you come to know how you loft such an Employment, you will find the Man who got it never dreamed of it; but, forsooth, he was to be furprized into it, or perhaps follicited to receive it. Upon fuch Occasions as thefe a Man may perhaps grow out of humour; if you are so, all Mankind will fall in with the Patron, and you are an Humorist and untractable if you are capable of being four at a Dif appointment: But it is the same thing, whether you do or do not refeat ill Usage, you will be used afrer the fame Manner; as some good Mothers will be sure to whip their Children till they cry, and then whip them for crying.

THER E are but two Ways of doing any Thing with great People, and those are by making your felf either confiderable or agreeable : The former is not to be attained but by finding a Way to live without them, or concealing that you want them ; the latter is only by falling into their Taste and Pleasures : This is of all the Employments in the World the most fervile, except it happens to be of your owo natural Humour. For to be agreeable to another, efpecially if he above above you, is not to be poffeffed of such Qualities and Accomplifhments as should render you agreeable in your felf, . but such as make you agreeable in respect to him. An Imitation of his Faults, or a Compliance, if not Subfer-. vience, to his Vices, must be the Meafures of your Conduct. • WHEN it comes to that, the unnatural State a Man lives in, when the Patrón pleases, is ended ; and his Guilt and Complaisance are objected to him, tho' the Man who rejects him for his Vices was not only his Partner but Seducer. Thus the Client, (like a young Woman who has given up the Innocence which made her charming) has not only lost his Time, but also the

Virtuc

Virtue which could render him capable of resenting the Injury which is done bim.

IT would be endlefs to recount the Tricks of turning you off from themselves to Persons who have less Power to serve you, the Art of being sorry for such an unaccountable Accident in your Behaviour, that such a one (who, perhaps, has never heard of you) opposes your Advancement; and if you have any Thing more than ordinary in you, you are Aattered with a Whisper, that 'tis no Wonder People are so now in doing for a Man of your Talents, and the like. .

AFTER all this Treatment, I must fill add the pleafantest Infolence of all, which I have once or.twice feen ; to wit, That when a filly Rogue has thrown away onc Part in three of his Life in unprofitable Attendance, it is taken wonderfully ill that he withdraws, and is resolved to employ the rest for himself.

WHEN we consuler these Things, and reflect upon so many honest Natures (which one, who makes Obser- · vation of what passes, may have seen that have miscarried by such Sort of Applications, it is too melancholy a Scene to dwell upon ; therefore I shall take another Opportunity to discourse of good Patrons, and diftinguish such as have done their Duty to those who have depended upon them, and were not able to act without their Favour. Worthy Patrons are like Plato's Guardian-Angels, who are always doing Good to their Wards; but negligent Patrons are like Epicurus's Gods, that lie lolling on the Clouds, and instead of Blessings pour down Storms and Tempests on the Heads of those that are offering Incense to them.

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No 215. Tuesday, November 6.

Ingenuas didiciffe fideliter artes
Emollit mores, nec finit effe feros.

Ov.

T Consider an human Soul without Education like | Marble in the Quarry, which thew's none of its inhe

rent Beauties, till the Skill of the Polisher fetches out the Colours, makes the Surface shine, and discovers every ornamental Cloud, Spot and Vein that runs thro' the Body of it. Education, after the same Manner, when it works upon a noble Mind, draws out to View every latent Vir tue and Perfection, which without such Helps are never able to make their Appearance. · IF my Reader will give me Leave to change the Allusion so soon upon him, I shall make Use of the same Instance to illustrate the Force of Education, which Arifotle has brought to explain his Doctrine of Substantial Forms, when he tells us that a Statue lies hid in a Block of Marble; and that the Art of the Statuary only clears away the superfluous Matter, and removes the Rubbish. The Figure is in the Stone, the Sculptor only finds it. What Sculpture is to a Błock of Marble, Education is to an humano Soul. The Philofopher, the Saint, or the Hero, the Wise, the Good or the Great Man, very often lie bid and conceal'd in a Plebeian, which a proper Education might bave dis-interred, and have brought to Light. I am therefore much delighted with reading the Accounts of Savage Nations, and with contemplating those Virtues which are wild and uncultivated.; to see Courage exerting it self in Fierceness, Refolution in ObAtinacy, Wisdom in Cunning, Patience in Sullenness and Despair.

MEN's Passions operate variously, and appear in diffe. rent Kinds of Actions, according as they are more or less rectified and sway'd by Reason. When one hears

of

of Negroes, who upon the Death of their Masters, or upon changing their Service, hang themselves upon the next

Tree, as it frequently happens in our American Plantations, who can forbear admiring their Fidelity, tho' it exprerses it self in so dreadful a Manner? What might not that savage Greatness of Soul which appears in these poor, Wretches on many Occasions, be raised to, were it rightly cultivated ? And what Colour of Excuse can there be for the Contempt with which we tear this part of our Species;. That we should not put them upon the common Foot of Humanity, that we should only set an insigoifi. cant Fine upon the Man who murders them ; nay, that we should, as much as in us lies, cut them off from the Prospects of Happiness in another World as well as in this, and deny them that which we look upon as the proper Means for attaining it?

SINCE I am engaged. on this Subject, I cannot forbear mentioning a Story which I have lately heard, and which is so well attested, that I have no manner of Reason to suspect the Truth of it. I may call it a kind of wild Tragedy that passed about twelve Years ago at St. Christophers, one of our British Leeward Islands. The Negroes who were concern'd in it, were all of them the Slaves of a Gentleman who is now in Enge, land.

THIS Gentleman among his Negroes had a young Woman, who was looked upon as a most extraordinary Beauty by those of her own Complexion. He had at the same time two young Fellows, who were likewise Negrọcs and Slaves, remarkable for the Comeliness: of their Persons, and for the Friendlip which they bore to one another. It unfortunately happen'd that both of them fell in love with the Female Negroç above-mentioned, who would have been very glad to have taken either of them for her Husband, provided they could agree between themselves which mould be the Man. But they were both so passionately in Love with her, that neither of them could think of giving her up to his Rival ; and at the same time were so true to one another, that neither of them would think of gaining her without his Friend's. Con-,

sent.

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