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ring Part; I mean, that it is a Thing very fit for your * Pen, to expose the Villany of the Practice of deluding 'Women. You are to know, Sir, that I my self am a ' Woman who have been one of the Unhappy that have

fallen into this Misfortune, and that by the Insinuation of a very worthless Fellow, who served others in the

fame manner both before my Ruin and since that Time. "I had, as soon as the Rascal left me, so much Indigna• tion and Resolution, as not to go upon the Town, as the • Phrase is, but took to Work for my Living in an ob

fcure Place, out of the Knowledge of all with whom I 5 was before acquainted.

It is the ordinary Practice and Business of Life with a Sett of idle Fellows about this Town, to write " Letters, send Messages, and form Appointments with • little raw unthinking Girls, and leave them after Pof• session of them, without any Mercy, to Shame, In

famy, Poverty, and Disease. Were you to read the į nauieous Impertinencies which are written on these • Occasions, and to see the filly Creatures fighing over • thein, it could not but be Matter of Mirth as well as • Pity. A little Prentice Girl of mine has been for some

Time applied to by an Irish Fellow, who dresses very « fine, and struts in a laced Coat, and is the Admiration s of Semstrefies who are under Age in Town. Ever • fince I have had fome Knowledge of the Matter, I • bave debarred my Prentice from Pen, Ink, and Pa

per. But the other Day he bespoke fome Cravats of • me: I went out of the Shop, and left his Mistress to put " them up into a Bandbox in order to be sent to him 6 when his Man called. When I came into the Shop ! again, I took Occasion to send her away, and found in .. the Bottom of the Box writ-en these Words, Why i would you quin a harmless a Creature that loves you? « then in the Lid, There is no refifting Strepkon: I • searched a little further, and found in the Rim of the

Box, At eleven of Clock at Night come in an Hackney. {"Coach at the End of our Street. This was enough to só alarm me; I sent away the Things, and took my Mea& surts accordingly. An Hour or two before the apo pointed Time I examined my young Lady, and found

::: her

'her Trunk stuffed with impertinent Letters, and an old 'Scrole of Parchment in Latin, which her Lover had • fent her as a Settlement of fifty Pounds a Year : A• mong other Things, there was also the best Lace I had ' in my Shop to make him a Present for Cravats. I was ' very glad of this last Circumstance, because I could • very conscienciously swear again't him that he had en* ticed my Servant away, and was her Accomplice in

robbing me: I procured a Warrant against him accord' ingly. Every thing was now prepared, and the tea. der Hour of Love approaching, I who had acted for • my self in my Youth the same fenseless Part, knew " how to manage accordingly: Therefore, after having 'locked up my Maid, and not being fo much unlike her • in Height and Shape, as in a huddled way not to pass • for her, I delivered the Bundle designed to be carried • off to her Lover's Man, who came with the Signal to • receive them. Thus I followed after to the Coach, • where when I saw the Master take them in, I cryed L'out Thieves ! Thieves ! and the Constable with bis

• Attendants seized my expe&ting Lover. I kept my . felf unobserved till i saw his Croud fufficiently ei. • creased, and then appeared to declare the Goods to be .

mine; and had the Sarisfaction to fee my Man of . • Mode put into the Round house, with the stolen Wares <by him, to be produced in Evidence againft him the nexo

Morning. This Matter is notoriously known to be • Fact; and I have been contented to save my Prentice, 6 and take a Year's-Rent of this mortified Lover, not to * appear further in the Matter. This was fome Penance; .but, Sir, is this enough for a Villany of much more • pernicious Confequence than the Trifles for which he swas to have been indicted? Should not you, and all . Men of any Parts or Honour, put Things upon so

right a Foot, as that such a. Rascal Mould not laugh

at the Imputation of what he was really guilty, and • dread being accused for that for which he was arorefted ?

IN a Word, Sir, it is in the Power of you, and s such as I hope you are, to ntake it as infamous to ro's a : poor Creature of her Honour as her Cloaths. I leave



• this to your confideration, only take Leare (which I • cannot do without fighicg) to remak to you, that • if this had been the sense of Mankind thirty Years s ago, I should have avoided a Life ipeat in Poperty and Shame. I am, SIR, Icur most bumble Servant,

Alice Threadneedle.


Round-house, Sept. 9. C Am a Man of Pleasure about Town, but by the

T'Stupidity of a dull Rogue of a Justice of Peace and « an infolent Constable, upon the Oath of an old Harri« dan, am imprisoned here for Theft, when I designed

only Fornication. The Midnight Magiftrate, as he con

veyed me along, had you in bis Mouth, and said, this I would make a pure Story for the SPECTATOR. I

bope, Sir, you won't pretend to Wit, and take the Part of doll Rogues of Business. The World is so altered of late Years, that there was not a Man who would knock • down a Watchman in my Behalf, but I was carried off ' with as much Triumph as if I had been a Pick-pocket. At • this rate there is an End of all the Wit and Humour in the • World. The Time was when all the honeft Whore• misters in the Neighbourhood would have rose against • the Cuckolds to my Rescue. If Fornication is to be '• fcandalous, half the fine Things that have been writ by 's most of the Wits of the last Age may be burnt by the • common Hangman. Harkee, Mr. SPEC, do not be • queer; after having done fome Things pretty well, don't • begin to write at that rate that no Gentleman can read • thec. ' 'Be true to Love, and burn your Seneca. You do not expect me to write my Name from hence, but I am

Your unknown humble, &c.


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T ABLES were the first Pieces of Wit that made

their Appearance in the World, and have been still

highly valued, not only in Times of the greatest Simplicity, but among the most polite Ages of Mankind. Fotham's Fable of the Trees is the oldest that is extant, and as beautiful as any which have been made fince that Time. Nathan's Fable of the poor Man and his Lamb is likewise more ancient than any that is extant, besides the above-mentioned, and had so good an Effect, as to convey Instruction to the Ear of a King without offending it, and to bring the Man after God's own Heart to a right Sense of his Guilt and his Duty. We find Ælop in the most distant Ages of Greece; and if we look into the very Beginnings of the Common-wealth of Rome, we fee à Mutiny among the Common People appeased by a Fable of the Belly and the Limbs, which was indeed very proper to gain the Attention of the incensed Rabble, at a Time when perhaps they would have torn to Pieces any Man who had preached the fame Doctrine to them in an open and direct Manner. , As Fables took their Birth in the very Infancy of Learning, they never flourished more than when Learning was at its greatest Height. To juftify this Affertion, I Thall put my Reader in Mind of Horace, the greateft Wit and Critick in the Augustan Age; and of Boileau, the most correct Poet among the Moderns: Not to mention la Fontaine, who by this Way of Writing is come more into Vogue than any Author of our Times.

THE Fables I have here mentioned are raised altogether upon Brutes and Vegetables, with some of our OWA Species mixt among them, when the Moral hath


fo required. But belides this kind of Fable, there is another in which the Actors are Passions, Virtues, Vices, and orher imaginary Persons of the like Nature. Some of the Ancient Criticks will have it, that the Iliad and Odyssey of Homer are Fables of this Nature; and that the several Names of Gods and Heroes are nothing else but the Affections of the Mind in a visible Shape and Character. Thus they tell us, that Achilles, in the firit Iliad, represents Anger, or the Irascible part of Human Nature. That upon drawing his Sword against his Superior in a full Assembly, Pallas is only another Name for Reason, which checks and advises him upon that Occasion; and at her first Appearance touches him upon the Head, that part of the Man being looked upon as the Seat of Reason. And thus of the rest of the Poen. As for the Odyssey, I think it is plain that Horace considered it as one of these Allegorical Fables, by the Moral which he has given us of several Parts of it, The greatest Italian Wits have applied themselves to the Writing of this latter Kind of Fables: As Spencer's Fairy,

Queen is one continued Series of them from the Beginning to the End of that admirable Work. If we look into the finest Profe- Authors of Antiquity, such as Cicero, Plato, Xenophon, and many others, we shall find that this was likewise their Favourite Kind of Fable. I shall only further observe upon it, that the first of this Sort that made any considerable Figure in the World, was that of Hercules meeting with Pleasure and Virtue; which was invented by Prodicus, who lived before Socrates, and in the first Dawnings of Philosophy. He used to travel through Greece by vertue of this Fable, which procured him a kind Reception in all the Market Towns, where he never failed telling it as soon as he had gathered an Audi. ence about him. T AFTER this short Preface, which I have made up of fuch. Materials as my Memory does at present suggest to me, before I present my Reader with a Fable of this Kind, which I design as the Entertainment of the present Paper, I must in a few Words open the Occasion of it.


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