The Atlantic Coast: A Natural History
The North Atlantic coast of North America--commonly known as the Atlantic Coast--extends from Newfoundland and Labrador through the Maritime Provinces and the Northeastern United States south to Cape Hatteras. This North Atlantic region belongs to the sea. The maritime influence on climate, flora, and fauna is dominant -- even far inland. Both on land and at sea, this region is where north meets south, where the great northern boreal forests intermingle with the southern coniferous-hardwood forests, and where the icy Labrador Current and the tropical Gulf Stream vie for supremacy and eventually mix. The Atlantic Coast draws upon the best and most up-to-date science on the ecology of the region as well as the author's lifetime experience as a resident, biologist, and naturalist. The book explores the geological origins of the region, the two major forest realms, and the main freshwater and marine ecosystems, and describes the flora and fauna that characterize each habitat. It ends with a look at what has been lost and how the remaining natural heritage of the region might be conserved for the future.
Published in partnership with the David Suzuki Foundation
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The ATlAnTic reAlm Where North Meets South
oceAns And mounTAins
The ATlAnTic hinTerlAnd
BeTween The cAPes The MidAtlantic Bight
Tides of life The GulfofMaine and the Bay ofFundy
river inTo The seA
GreAT currenTs And GrAnd BAnks
The AlTered reAlm
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American animals Arctic areas Atlantic coast barnacles barrier islands Basin Bay of Fundy beach belugas birds blue crabs boreal forest breeding Brunswick Cape Cod capelin century Chesapeake coastline colonies dominant dunes eastern ecosystem eelgrass eggs estuary feeding feet female fish fossil freshwater gannets Georges Bank glaciers Grand Banks grass Gulf of Maine Gulf of St gulls habitat harp seals kilometers Labrador Labrador Current land largest Lawrence mammals marine Maritime meters Mid-Atlantic migration million years ago mountain mudflats murres nest Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador North America North Atlantic northern Northwest Atlantic Nova Scotia numbers nutrients ocean offshore ofthe oyster percent pine plants plates population predators prey productivity region right whale river rocks rocky salt marsh sand sea level seabird colonies seabirds sediments shad shallow shore shorebirds southern spawning species spruce summer temperatures terns tidal tides trees warbler warm waters winter zone zooplankton