Groundwater in the Arab Middle East
The book gives an outline of prevailing hydrogeologic conditions in the Arab Middle East together with the geologic background. Emphasis is given to relationships between the main features influencing the hydrogeologic conditions - regional geologic developments, paleogeographic conditions, morphology, climate and paleo-climate - and the resulting hydrogeologic features: formation of aquifers, distribution of major aquifers, main groundwater flow systems, occurrence of renewable and fossil groundwater. Reported data on hydraulic aquifer parameters, recharge rates and groundwater flow volumes are evaluated with a view to arrive at characteristic values under the specific hydrogeologic and climatic conditions. The area considered covers approximately the Arabian Plate. Information on the following countries is included: Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, West Bank and Gaza, Yemen.
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Northwestern Mountain and Rift Zone of the Northern Arabian Platform
Eastern Part of the Northern Arabian Platform
North Arabian Volcanic Province Jebel el ArabGolanAl Harra
Eastern Arabian Platform
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Aleppo plateau anticlinal Antilebanon mountains aquifer aquifer system aquiferous aquitard Arabian Plate Arabian Shield Azraq basalt basin carbonate aquifer catchment chalk coast coastal plain comprises concentrations d18O values d18O/d2H diagram Damam aquifer deposits depression dolomites east eastern Arabian platform Euphrates evaporite formation fresh water graben gravel groundwater flow groundwater salinity Groundwater samples Gulf Hamad HCO3 highlands of Jordan hydraulic infiltration Interior Shelf isotope Jebel el Arab Jurassic karst Kuwait Lebanon mountains limestones limestones and dolomites mainly margin marl mean annual Mediterranean Sea mg/l TDS mm/a Na–Cl Neogene northern Arabian platform northwestern ophiolite outcrop areas Paleogene Palmyrean Piper diagram precipitation prevailingly Quaternary Radhuma aquifer rainfall rocks Rub al Khali runoff sabkha salinity sand sandstone sandstone aquifer Saudi Arabia sedimentary sediments shale slope southern sub-basin surface Syria thickness Tuwayq type water Umm er Radhuma United Arab Emirates Upper Cretaceous Upper Cretaceous aquifer volcanic Wadi Sirhan western Yemen