« PreviousContinue »
LOW'S POCKET ENCYCLOPÆDIA: A COMPENDIUM OF GENERAL KNOWLEDGE FOR
Containing 1,206 columns, upwards of 25,000 References, and numerous Plates.
REVIEWS OF THE PRESS. “A useful little work."-Athenæum.
“Very correct and truthworthy."-Slandard. “A marvel of concise condensation, in which the utmost possible uge has been made of abbreviations and signs. There are over twelve hundred pages and twenty-two plates. A great deal of thought and ingenuity has evidently been expended on this compact little volume. The print, though small, is not too small. Altogether, it forms the neatest, smallest, and most useful encyclopædia we have yet seen."-Spectator.
"The Pocket Encyclopædia' is one of the most handy and complete volumes of its kind yet offered to the public. The Encyclopædia' contains just that class of information which is most frequently required; and this is put in the most concise and accurate manner possible.”—Morning Post.
“A marvellous amount of information has been crowded into the 600 pages of this book by the adoption of a complete system of signs and contractions, and the rigorous exclusion of every superfluous word. It is no hasty compilation, but a comprehensive work of reference of a very solid and useful character. The printing is clear and distinct, and as the volume can be readily carried in the pocket will prove a valuable travelling companion.”
Daily Chronicle. “A wonderful little Encyclopædia......a perfect marvel of condensation and arrangement. The author says he compiled'it, in the first instance, for his own use, but there will be thousands of persons grateful that he has not kept it to himself. It is surprisingly varied in its contents, is most compact and handy in form, is beautifully clear in typography and illustrations, and is low in price. It is not enough to say that we know of nothing to surpass this miniature Encyclopædia-we know of nothing which approaches it.”—Glasgow Herald.
“The Pocket Encyclopædia' merits the highest commendation. It is a thoroughly useful and trustworthy work, and we shall be much surprised if it does not obtain an enormous sale. It is the handiest book of reference ever offered to the public.”—Court Circular.
“For handy reference. The Pocket Encyclopædia' will be found extremely useful."-Scotsman.
“This diminutive dictionary will provide the inquirer with brief answers to the innumerable questions arising amid the affairs of ordinary life. The printing and paper are all that can be desired, and the volume is as neat as it is useful, and we can warmly recommend it.”—Public Opinion,
"An entirely novel, and in its way extraordinary work. In the compass of a small volume, which, as its name implies, will go into the pocket with perfect ease, we have all the matter which is usually found in encyclopædias of considerable size. We are convinced that the Pocket Encyclopædia' will prove to be a boon to many who wish to carry about with them or to have at hand a guide which they can consult as to almost any fact about places, notable persons, historical events, science and art, or the hundred other topics introduced in a well com. piled encyclopædia."- Newcastle Journal.
"A veritable multum in parvo. What Bellows's little Pocket Dictionary has done for the French Languagebeing a treasure of completeness and accuracy-this small book achieves very efficiently for general information on everything. Its store of facts is wonderfully graphic and extensive. Its information is well up to date. This new book is a welcome and cheap addition to the list of works of reference.”—Leeds Mercury.
The ENCYCLOPÆDIA will be sent post free on receipt of P.O. by the Publishers,
St. Dunstan's House, Fetter-lane, Fleet-street, London.
Printed by JOHN C. FRANCIS, Atheppum Press, Took's-court, Cursitor-street, Chancery-lane, E.Q.; and Published by the suid
JOHN O. FRANCIS, at No. 29, Took's-court, Oursitor-street, Chancery-lane, E.O.-Saturday, February 16, 1889.
MR. A. M. BURGHES, AUTHORS' AGENT
1 and ACCOUNTANT. Advice given as to the best mode of Pablishing. Publishers' Estimates examined on beball of Authors. Transfer of Literary Property carefully conducted. Safe Opinions obtained. Twenty years' experience. Highest references. Consulta tion free.-La, Paternoster-row, E.O.
Now ready, royal 870. 210, xvi pp. cloth gilt, 108. 6d. CALENDAR of WILLS relating to the
COUNTIES of NORTHAMPTON and RUTLAND, proved in the Court of the Archdeacon of Northampton, 1510 to 1652. Edited by W. P. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A. B.C.L.
This forms Vol. 1, of the INDEX LIBRARY, a Series of Indexes and Calendars to British Records. Issued Monthly, price 28. ; Annual Subscription, 218. Prospectus on application.
London: OHAS. J. CLARK, 4, Lincoln's Inn-fields, W.O.
PRESS CUTTING AGENCY, 359, STRAND.-
Il Press Work : Translations and Reporting.-ROMEIKE & CURTICE'S only address in England, 359, Strand, London, W.O. Telegraph, “Romeike, London." Telephone, 2662.
Just published, NO. 481 (February 20th) of SOTHERAN'S
PRICE CURRENT of LITERATURE.
A copy post free on application to
Now ready, THE TRUE POSITION OF
By H. MOY THOMAS.
ESTABLISHED 1851. R I R K B E C K B A N K.
Southampton-buildings, Chanoery-lane. THREE per CENT. INTEREST allowed on DEPOSITS, repay. able on demand. TWO per CENT. INTEREST on CURRENT ACCOUNTS, calculated on the minimum monthly balances, when not drawn below 1002 The Bank undertakes for its Customers, free of charge, the custody of Deeds, Writings, and other Securities and Valuables; the collection of Bills of Exchange, Dividends, and Coupons ; and the Purcbase and Sale of Stocks, Shares, and An. buities. Letters of Credit and Circular Notes issued. The BIRK. BEOK ALMANAOK, with full particulars, post free on application.
FRANCIS RAVENSCROFT, Manager.
Now ready, price 2s. ; or post free, Thirty Stamps, THE NEWSPAPER PRESS
FORTY-FOURTH ANNUAL ISSUE. Containing full particulars of every Newspaper, Magazine, Review, and Periodical in Great Britain; the Continental. Colonial, Indian, and American Papers; and specially prepared Articles by eminent authorities on the British Possessions Abroad, a Review of their Import Trade, &c., according to the latest Official Statistics. The Work is Enlarged by Fifty Pages, and contains also the Newspaper Map of Great Britain. 0. MITCHELL & CO. Advertising Contractors, 12 and 13,
Red Lion-court, Fleet-street, London, E.C.
BRAND and CO.'S A1 SAUCE,
SOUPS, PRESERVED PROVISIONS, and
YORK and GAME PIES ; also
ESSENCE of BEEF, BEEF TEA,
TURTLE SOUP, and JELLY, and other
SPECIALTIES for INVALIDS.
Caution-Beware of Imitations. Sole Address11, LITTLE STANHOPE-STREET, MAYPAIR, W.
37, STRAND, LONDON.
UOLLOWAY'S PILLS.—The stomach and its
n troubles cause more discomfort and bring more unhappiness than is commonly supposed. The thousand ills that settle there may be prevented or dislodged by the judicious use of these purifying Pills, which act as a sure, gentle anti-acid aperient, without annoying the Derves of the most susceptible or irritating the most delicate organization. Holloway's Pills will bestow comfort and confer relief on every badschy, dyspeptic, and sickly sufferer, wbose tortures make him & burden to himself and a bugbear to his friends. These Pills bave long been the popular remedy for a weak stomach, for & disordered liver, or a paralysed digestion, which yield without difficulty to their regulate ing, purifying, and tonic qualities.
7TE S. No. 165.
Cash Discount, 10 per cent.
PRIZE MEDALS FOR GENERAL EXCELLENCE.
MESSRS. BELL'S · RECENT BOOKS.
With 86 Illustrations, demy 4to. 158.
Compiled by the late Mr. ALFRED GATTY.
New and Enlarged Edition.
Edited by H. K. F. GATTY and E. LLOYD. The New Edition of this Work records 738 Dial Mottoes, 390 of which have been added since the Work was first issued.
There are also Descriptions of many interesting Dials which have no Mottoes, including Greek, Roman, Saxon, and other ancient forms, and an Appendix on the Construction of Dials by WIGHAM RICHARDSON.
Profusely illustrated with Copper-Plates, Etchings, and Engravings, fcap. 4to. 218. THE HISTORY OF HAMPTON COURT PALACE.
Vol. II. IN STUART TIMES.
By ERNEST LAW, B.A., Barrister-at-Law. “It is scarcely possible to praise too highly the skill and industry which Mr. Law has given to his task.”—Graphic. “Unquestionably entertaining.”—Morning Post.
Vol. I. IN TUDOR TIMES. Illustrated with 130 Autotypes, Etchings, Engravings, Maps, and Plans, 258. "It is seldom that one comes across 80 satisfactory a combination of research and recital as this volume presents.",
Large post 8vo. 6s. CHRONICLE OF KING HENRY VIII. OF ENGLAND: Being a Contemporary Record of some of the Principal Events of the Reigns of Henry VIII, and Edward VI.
Written in Spanish by an Unknown Hand. Translated, with Notes and Introduction, by Major MARTIN A. SHARP HUME. “But we trust that we have sufficiently indicated the general character of this little volume and the real interest of its contents to induce our readers to make acquaintance with it for themselves.”-Atheneum.
"Mr. Hume has made a curious and entertaining work accessible to English readers, for which he deserves their thanks." - Morning Post.
A LITERARY MYSTERY.
• The Memoirs of Captain Carleton,' see
During the REIGN of QUEEN ANNE, 1702–1711.
Demy 8vo. with 2 Maps and Plans, 14s. “Colonel Parnell has done a service to literature as well as to history by his appendix on the 'Memoirs of Captain Carleton.'......He has done enough to make us more reluctaut than ever to regard Carleton's memoirs as authentic history."
Atheneum. “Very naturally Colonel Parnell dismisses Carleton's (account) as a mendacious concoction."-Saturday Review. “The spurious and unreliable Carleton memoirs."-Literary World.
London: GEORGE BELL & SONS, York-street, Covent-garden.
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1889.
make. It is probable, to say the least, that the
“ Doctor of Physicke" mentioned in the first deed CONTENTS.-N° 165.
is the same person as the fellow of St. John's. NOTES :-Robert Allott, 141 – Pluralization, 142-Ryves : That college was always a favourite house with Vaughan, 143-Wren or Willow-wren- Roman de la Rose,'
Yorkshiremen-witness Roger Ascham and others 144- History of Navigation-" Macbeth" on the Stage,' 145 -St. Germain-en-Laye - Errors of Translation - Largest and I take it that our editor was the very person Parish Church-Roker-Lion Baptized, 146.
who, living at a distance from his manor of CrigQUERIES:- Mrs. Gibbs - Encore - Coningsby Family
Épergne-Leighton Family-Milton's Bonnets - Duggleby-
his brother Edward :tempered by epigrams" - Twopenny Bank-note - Stage
"Knowe all men by these presents that I Roberto Coaches - Drill – Angell Estate-Greenberry-Whitepot
Allott Doctor of Physicke doe by these presents constiArmorial Bearings on Altars - Clocked Stockings, 148 Coleridge's Epitaph on an Infant'-Russian Coins-East tute ordaine and in my place put my trusty & welbeloved Sheen-Samuel Wesley-Authors Wanted, 149.
Edward Allott of Criglestone in the county of Yorke yeo. BEPLIES :-Seven Clerical Orders, 149-Cold Chisel—Brus.man brother of me the said Roberte and Richard Worrall
sels Gazette,' 151 - Springs in Anglesea - “Bring” and of Chappelthorpe in the said county yeoman my true and “ Take"-European Women among Savages — Pitshanger, lawfull attorneys for me and in my name to receive & Ealing, 152-Colt: Coltes - Veins in the Nose - Charles take livery seisin & possession of and in the mannor of Dickens and Figaro in London'-sir R. Norter-Jeanne de
Crigleston in the said county of Yorke with all the rightes Castille-Spectre of the Brocken-Jerningham, 153-Family
members and appurtenances thereof And of all those free Records-Omniboats: Electrolier-Clasps-Younger's Compapy- Manual of Arms-Error regarding Mass-Castor, 154
customary rents yearely issueinge out of certaine lande - Church Steeples-A " Pray"-J. Forsyth-Lord Lisle's messuages tenements & other hereditaments as well Assassination - Dr. Guillotin, 155 - Cromwell Family - holden of the mannor afforesaid freely as by copie of Marriage-Mother Ludlam's Cauldron-Count Lucanor' courte roll of the said manor heretofore in the severall French Twenty-franc Piece-Burial of a Horse, 156–Stories
tenures or occupacions of Ra Blacker William Wilbor concerning Cromwell - Mill's Logic' - Liquid Gas-" To
John Roger John Childe John Fletcher nuper incumb' leave the world better"-Wordsworth's Ode to the Cuckoo,' 157 - Capt. G. Farmer - Pounds - Cantlin Stones - Mer
cantar' beate Marie de Sandall John Fleeminge Richard cury, 158.
Wilcocke Richard Evers George Hough Roberte Allott
Ottewell Norton Stephen Boyne John Graue John Leake NOTES ON BOOKS:-Burgon's Lives of Twelve Good Men'
John Hargarth John Handisley Roberte Norton Roberto - Transactions of the Royal Institute of British Architects' -Symons's The Floating Island in Derwentwater'--'The Swifte John Dighton John Heith & William Pell or Archæological Review,' Vol. I.
some of them or of the assigne or assignes of them or Notices to Correspondents, &c.
some of them & now or late in the severall tepures or occupacions of Sr Roberte Swifte Ki Valentine Blacker
Cotton Scoley Edward Collett George Blacker Rey. Aotes.
nold Nolle John Allot Edward Allott Thomas Norton Brice Norton Thomas Boyne Francis Norfolk Robert
Blacker Samuel Feildinge Richard Oxley John Oxley ROBERT ALLOTT, M.D., EDITOR OF
Richard Johnson John Rooe Jobn Leake Anthony *ENGLAND'S PARNASSUS,' 1600. | Miller John Barber Thomas Awdesley Robert Wright In an article on Robert Allott, published in the Thomas Boyth & William Pollerd or of their assignee 'Dict. of National Biography,' Mr. Bullen says
or assignes and of all the services thereof due and accus
tomed And alsoo of and in all that chappell or cottage that "no biographical facts have come down about and all that garden to the same adioyninge with thappur. Allott.” We are told that Brydges ('Restituta,' tenances scituate lying and beinge within the parrish of iii. 234) surmised that he was the Robert Allott Sandall Magna in the said county of Yorke comonly who held a fellowship at St. John's College, Cam
called by the name of Chappell in Chappelthorpe Ail
which premises with thappurtenances were heretofore bridge, in 1599, and that there was a publisher of
parcell of the possessions of the free chappell of St Mar. this name in the early part of the seventeenth cen
garet within the parish of Coninsbrough in the said tury. He was probably of the family of Allott, of county of York caled the Armitage And alsoe of and in Crigglestone and Bentley Grange, near Wakefield, all & singuler messuages &c rents and services as well of of which Hunter gives pedigrees in his "South | the free as of the customary tennants of the said mannor Yorkshire,' ii. pp. 366 and 450. The Crigglestone
courtes parquesites of courtes &c (excepte all that scite of
all that late free chappellor Armitage of St Margaret afforeis further referred to by Hunter in the said and all the closes and lands to the said free chappell Yorkshire Arch. Journal, vol. v. The editor of appertaininge now or late in the tenure or occupacion of such a famous miscellany of Elizabethan poetry John Copley deceased or of his assignes by the particuler deserves to have the few biographical facts which thereof mencioned to be of the yearely rent or value are known about him recorded, and I therefore
of thirteene shillings & foure pence And excepte all that
parcell of pasture lying in the vpper end of Farnley in submit the following copies of deeds, which, by the the said county of Yorke to the comon pasture there kindness of their owner,* I have been permitted to called Farneley More now or late in the tenure or occu
Wigglesworth or his assignes by the • Mr. William Furness, of Whirlow Hall, near Shef. particuler thereof mencioned to be of the yearely rente field. Mr. Furness thinks that the documents o or value of twenty pence And excepte all those parcelles into his family through the marriage of Philip Gill, of of arrable land contayninge by estimacion balfe a roode Lightwood, with Dorothy, daughter of Robert Allott, of and all those parcelles containing by estimacion three Bentley (see pedigree in Hunter's 'Hallamshire '). Mr.roods) And all those foure swathes of land lying and Purness is descended from Isaac Biggin, of Norton, who, beinge in Crigleston afforesaid by the particuler thereof in 1731, married Mary Gill, of Lightwood.
mencioned to be of the yearely rent or value of two shil
lings or of any parte or partes thereof in the name of the organ; but our popular speech sometimes credits whole exceptó before excepted Accordinge to the pura man with plenty of brains, sometimes denies to port and effect of one indenture beareinge the date ofni
him any brains, sometimes charges him with blowthese presents made between George French of Stainton in the said county of Yorke gent, of the one partie anding his brains out. The Frenchman in this last me the said Roberte Allott of the other partie And to case more correctly “se brûle la cervelle.” The doe and execute all whatsoever is by lawe requisite for the Revelation of St. John is by almost all persons takeinge & recuieing of perfecte livery & seisin ratifie-called Revelations. The priestly order we choose ingo & allowinge whatsover my said attorneyes or ether to call “orders"; and if it should be said that there of them shall doe for the takeinge & reciueing of the said livery & beisin' to be as good & effectuall in the lawe as are two steps herein, the order of deacon and of if I had bene there presente to take & recive the came. priest, the answer must be that we invariably talk In witness whereof I have hereunto set my band & seale of “deacon's orders.” Garrick's well-known song the tenth day of October in the first years of the raigne has the refrain “ Heart of oak are our ships.” How of our Soveraigo lord Charles by the grace of god &c
many persons ever say it otherwise than “ Hearts Annoque domini 1625."
of oak? Yet "heart of oak" is the choice timber [Seal wanting. Signed Allot.]
of which the best ships were built; "hearts of [Abstract.]
oak " goes near to be nonsense.* On June 24, 1648, Jennett Allott, of Batley, co. Yorke,
Hamlet says of widow, in consideration that Jobn Allott, of Bentley
the man who is not passion's slave, aforesaid, her grandchild, bad promised to pay her an
I will wear him annuity of 401. over and besides the sum of 101. a year In my heart's core, even in my heart of heart; allowed by her to him for maintaining his eldest son and
and an emphatic phrase, and withal intelligible. But heir, granted a capital messuage called Bentley, and all
has not the phrase “heart of hearts” become prolands, &c., then in occupation of the said John Allott, in the townships of Emley and Bretton, in the saidverbial? Even Keble, whose refined sense ought county, to hold the same to him during her lifetime. to have preserved him from it, says (Fourth SunMoreover she constitu Moranvar Rhe constituted Roger Andeley, of Batley, her day in Advent): son-in-law, clerk, her attorney to take and deliver seisin to the said John Allott. Signed JENNETT ALLOTT, her
I, in my heart of hearts, would bear
What to her own she deigns to tell. marke.
Doubtless many other biographical details could Yet this phrase again goes near to be nonsense. be ascertained concerning Robert Allott, and it is
So far as I see, it can only mean that I have a a little surprising that Mr. Bullen should give no
multitude of hearts, of which one is specially
cherished by me. The word circumstance properly reference to Hunter's 'South Yorkshire,
S. O. ADDY.
means the surrounding environment of a central Sheffield.
fact or truth, the detail of a story, and so it was
used up to a late period. Thus Milton, in 'SamPLURALIZATION.
son Agon.':I know not whether remark has ever been made Tell us the sum, the circumstance defer, of our English fondness for pluralizing. It seems But who would now dare so to use the word ? Nay, to be something like a rule established and followed, I greatly fear that if Milton had chanced to give however unconsciously, that wherever there be his words another order, and to say “defer the either a collective sense in a word or any sort of circumstance,” our modern editors or press readers uncertainty as to its exact meaning, it will always would ere now have corrected him into “circumbe safest to make a plural of it; and this fondness stances.”+ for pluralizing has so greatly become a trick that it Thus we do in a multitude of words by which we is constantly showing itself both in a purely sense- name particular arts and sciences. All but one are less sigmation and in a duplication of the plural plural: ethics, politics, physics, metaphysics, morals, ending. As an example of this latter habit, all mechanics, optics, acoustics, &c. In the greater readers of Capt. Marryat will remember his favourite number of these cases the French, I believe, use “tag" about the Blue Postesses, where the young the singular. Aristotle wrote of “politic," and he gentlemen leave their chestesses," &c. This was a also wrote of “rhetoric.” Why we have omitted joke. But I have myself heard the church of SS. to call the art and rules of speaking “rhetorics " I Philip and James at Oxford called St. Philips's by cannot think. This determination to use the plural educated men without any thought of an incorrectnese,
* Tennyson perhaps used the phrase with a variant Here are some examples of pluralization com
sense in his sonnet on Buonaparte' (we did not call him monly applied. Of towns we pluralize Lyon,
Napoleon in 1833):Marseille, Algier, Tangier.* The last two were
He thought to quell the stubborn hearts of oak. spelt, at least by Pepys, without the final s.),
| † The very thing has been done in one of South's ser
| mons, published 1693. He wrote, “So apt is the mind, Physiologists speak of the brain as an individual
even of wise persons, to be surprised with the superficies
or circumstance of things." In an edition of 1739, pro# The French bave done the same thing in Londres, bably followed by all later ones, the word is made "cirDouyrer.