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LOW'S POCKET ENCYCLOPÆDIA: A COMPENDIUM OF GENERAL KNOWLEDGE FOR

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LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1889.

make. It is probable, to say the least, that the

“ Doctor of Physicke" mentioned in the first deed CONTENTS.-N° 165.

is the same person as the fellow of St. John's. NOTES :-Robert Allott, 141 – Pluralization, 142-Ryves : That college was always a favourite house with Vaughan, 143-Wren or Willow-wren- Roman de la Rose,'

Yorkshiremen-witness Roger Ascham and others 144- History of Navigation-" Macbeth" on the Stage,' 145 -St. Germain-en-Laye - Errors of Translation - Largest and I take it that our editor was the very person Parish Church-Roker-Lion Baptized, 146.

who, living at a distance from his manor of CrigQUERIES:- Mrs. Gibbs - Encore - Coningsby Family

Épergne-Leighton Family-Milton's Bonnets - Duggleby-
Joseph Drury, 147-Alice Perrers or Ferrers-“Despotism

his brother Edward :tempered by epigrams" - Twopenny Bank-note - Stage

"Knowe all men by these presents that I Roberto Coaches - Drill – Angell Estate-Greenberry-Whitepot

Allott Doctor of Physicke doe by these presents constiArmorial Bearings on Altars - Clocked Stockings, 148 Coleridge's Epitaph on an Infant'-Russian Coins-East tute ordaine and in my place put my trusty & welbeloved Sheen-Samuel Wesley-Authors Wanted, 149.

Edward Allott of Criglestone in the county of Yorke yeo. BEPLIES :-Seven Clerical Orders, 149-Cold Chisel—Brus.man brother of me the said Roberte and Richard Worrall

sels Gazette,' 151 - Springs in Anglesea - “Bring” and of Chappelthorpe in the said county yeoman my true and “ Take"-European Women among Savages — Pitshanger, lawfull attorneys for me and in my name to receive & Ealing, 152-Colt: Coltes - Veins in the Nose - Charles take livery seisin & possession of and in the mannor of Dickens and Figaro in London'-sir R. Norter-Jeanne de

Crigleston in the said county of Yorke with all the rightes Castille-Spectre of the Brocken-Jerningham, 153-Family

members and appurtenances thereof And of all those free Records-Omniboats: Electrolier-Clasps-Younger's Compapy- Manual of Arms-Error regarding Mass-Castor, 154

customary rents yearely issueinge out of certaine lande - Church Steeples-A " Pray"-J. Forsyth-Lord Lisle's messuages tenements & other hereditaments as well Assassination - Dr. Guillotin, 155 - Cromwell Family - holden of the mannor afforesaid freely as by copie of Marriage-Mother Ludlam's Cauldron-Count Lucanor' courte roll of the said manor heretofore in the severall French Twenty-franc Piece-Burial of a Horse, 156–Stories

tenures or occupacions of Ra Blacker William Wilbor concerning Cromwell - Mill's Logic' - Liquid Gas-" To

John Roger John Childe John Fletcher nuper incumb' leave the world better"-Wordsworth's Ode to the Cuckoo,' 157 - Capt. G. Farmer - Pounds - Cantlin Stones - Mer

cantar' beate Marie de Sandall John Fleeminge Richard cury, 158.

Wilcocke Richard Evers George Hough Roberte Allott

Ottewell Norton Stephen Boyne John Graue John Leake NOTES ON BOOKS:-Burgon's Lives of Twelve Good Men'

John Hargarth John Handisley Roberte Norton Roberto - Transactions of the Royal Institute of British Architects' -Symons's The Floating Island in Derwentwater'--'The Swifte John Dighton John Heith & William Pell or Archæological Review,' Vol. I.

some of them or of the assigne or assignes of them or Notices to Correspondents, &c.

some of them & now or late in the severall tepures or occupacions of Sr Roberte Swifte Ki Valentine Blacker

Cotton Scoley Edward Collett George Blacker Rey. Aotes.

nold Nolle John Allot Edward Allott Thomas Norton Brice Norton Thomas Boyne Francis Norfolk Robert

Blacker Samuel Feildinge Richard Oxley John Oxley ROBERT ALLOTT, M.D., EDITOR OF

Richard Johnson John Rooe Jobn Leake Anthony *ENGLAND'S PARNASSUS,' 1600. | Miller John Barber Thomas Awdesley Robert Wright In an article on Robert Allott, published in the Thomas Boyth & William Pollerd or of their assignee 'Dict. of National Biography,' Mr. Bullen says

or assignes and of all the services thereof due and accus

tomed And alsoo of and in all that chappell or cottage that "no biographical facts have come down about and all that garden to the same adioyninge with thappur. Allott.” We are told that Brydges ('Restituta,' tenances scituate lying and beinge within the parrish of iii. 234) surmised that he was the Robert Allott Sandall Magna in the said county of Yorke comonly who held a fellowship at St. John's College, Cam

called by the name of Chappell in Chappelthorpe Ail

which premises with thappurtenances were heretofore bridge, in 1599, and that there was a publisher of

parcell of the possessions of the free chappell of St Mar. this name in the early part of the seventeenth cen

garet within the parish of Coninsbrough in the said tury. He was probably of the family of Allott, of county of York caled the Armitage And alsoe of and in Crigglestone and Bentley Grange, near Wakefield, all & singuler messuages &c rents and services as well of of which Hunter gives pedigrees in his "South | the free as of the customary tennants of the said mannor Yorkshire,' ii. pp. 366 and 450. The Crigglestone

courtes parquesites of courtes &c (excepte all that scite of

all that late free chappellor Armitage of St Margaret afforeis further referred to by Hunter in the said and all the closes and lands to the said free chappell Yorkshire Arch. Journal, vol. v. The editor of appertaininge now or late in the tenure or occupacion of such a famous miscellany of Elizabethan poetry John Copley deceased or of his assignes by the particuler deserves to have the few biographical facts which thereof mencioned to be of the yearely rent or value are known about him recorded, and I therefore

of thirteene shillings & foure pence And excepte all that

parcell of pasture lying in the vpper end of Farnley in submit the following copies of deeds, which, by the the said county of Yorke to the comon pasture there kindness of their owner,* I have been permitted to called Farneley More now or late in the tenure or occu

pacion of

Wigglesworth or his assignes by the • Mr. William Furness, of Whirlow Hall, near Shef. particuler thereof mencioned to be of the yearely rente field. Mr. Furness thinks that the documents o or value of twenty pence And excepte all those parcelles into his family through the marriage of Philip Gill, of of arrable land contayninge by estimacion balfe a roode Lightwood, with Dorothy, daughter of Robert Allott, of and all those parcelles containing by estimacion three Bentley (see pedigree in Hunter's 'Hallamshire '). Mr.roods) And all those foure swathes of land lying and Purness is descended from Isaac Biggin, of Norton, who, beinge in Crigleston afforesaid by the particuler thereof in 1731, married Mary Gill, of Lightwood.

mencioned to be of the yearely rent or value of two shil

lings or of any parte or partes thereof in the name of the organ; but our popular speech sometimes credits whole exceptó before excepted Accordinge to the pura man with plenty of brains, sometimes denies to port and effect of one indenture beareinge the date ofni

him any brains, sometimes charges him with blowthese presents made between George French of Stainton in the said county of Yorke gent, of the one partie anding his brains out. The Frenchman in this last me the said Roberte Allott of the other partie And to case more correctly “se brûle la cervelle.” The doe and execute all whatsoever is by lawe requisite for the Revelation of St. John is by almost all persons takeinge & recuieing of perfecte livery & seisin ratifie-called Revelations. The priestly order we choose ingo & allowinge whatsover my said attorneyes or ether to call “orders"; and if it should be said that there of them shall doe for the takeinge & reciueing of the said livery & beisin' to be as good & effectuall in the lawe as are two steps herein, the order of deacon and of if I had bene there presente to take & recive the came. priest, the answer must be that we invariably talk In witness whereof I have hereunto set my band & seale of “deacon's orders.” Garrick's well-known song the tenth day of October in the first years of the raigne has the refrain “ Heart of oak are our ships.” How of our Soveraigo lord Charles by the grace of god &c

many persons ever say it otherwise than “ Hearts Annoque domini 1625."

of oak? Yet "heart of oak" is the choice timber [Seal wanting. Signed Allot.]

of which the best ships were built; "hearts of [Abstract.]

oak " goes near to be nonsense.* On June 24, 1648, Jennett Allott, of Batley, co. Yorke,

Hamlet says of widow, in consideration that Jobn Allott, of Bentley

the man who is not passion's slave, aforesaid, her grandchild, bad promised to pay her an

I will wear him annuity of 401. over and besides the sum of 101. a year In my heart's core, even in my heart of heart; allowed by her to him for maintaining his eldest son and

and an emphatic phrase, and withal intelligible. But heir, granted a capital messuage called Bentley, and all

has not the phrase “heart of hearts” become prolands, &c., then in occupation of the said John Allott, in the townships of Emley and Bretton, in the saidverbial? Even Keble, whose refined sense ought county, to hold the same to him during her lifetime. to have preserved him from it, says (Fourth SunMoreover she constitu Moranvar Rhe constituted Roger Andeley, of Batley, her day in Advent): son-in-law, clerk, her attorney to take and deliver seisin to the said John Allott. Signed JENNETT ALLOTT, her

I, in my heart of hearts, would bear

What to her own she deigns to tell. marke.

Doubtless many other biographical details could Yet this phrase again goes near to be nonsense. be ascertained concerning Robert Allott, and it is

So far as I see, it can only mean that I have a a little surprising that Mr. Bullen should give no

multitude of hearts, of which one is specially

cherished by me. The word circumstance properly reference to Hunter's 'South Yorkshire,

S. O. ADDY.

means the surrounding environment of a central Sheffield.

fact or truth, the detail of a story, and so it was

used up to a late period. Thus Milton, in 'SamPLURALIZATION.

son Agon.':I know not whether remark has ever been made Tell us the sum, the circumstance defer, of our English fondness for pluralizing. It seems But who would now dare so to use the word ? Nay, to be something like a rule established and followed, I greatly fear that if Milton had chanced to give however unconsciously, that wherever there be his words another order, and to say “defer the either a collective sense in a word or any sort of circumstance,” our modern editors or press readers uncertainty as to its exact meaning, it will always would ere now have corrected him into “circumbe safest to make a plural of it; and this fondness stances.”+ for pluralizing has so greatly become a trick that it Thus we do in a multitude of words by which we is constantly showing itself both in a purely sense- name particular arts and sciences. All but one are less sigmation and in a duplication of the plural plural: ethics, politics, physics, metaphysics, morals, ending. As an example of this latter habit, all mechanics, optics, acoustics, &c. In the greater readers of Capt. Marryat will remember his favourite number of these cases the French, I believe, use “tag" about the Blue Postesses, where the young the singular. Aristotle wrote of “politic," and he gentlemen leave their chestesses," &c. This was a also wrote of “rhetoric.” Why we have omitted joke. But I have myself heard the church of SS. to call the art and rules of speaking “rhetorics " I Philip and James at Oxford called St. Philips's by cannot think. This determination to use the plural educated men without any thought of an incorrectnese,

* Tennyson perhaps used the phrase with a variant Here are some examples of pluralization com

sense in his sonnet on Buonaparte' (we did not call him monly applied. Of towns we pluralize Lyon,

Napoleon in 1833):Marseille, Algier, Tangier.* The last two were

He thought to quell the stubborn hearts of oak. spelt, at least by Pepys, without the final s.),

| † The very thing has been done in one of South's ser

| mons, published 1693. He wrote, “So apt is the mind, Physiologists speak of the brain as an individual

even of wise persons, to be surprised with the superficies

or circumstance of things." In an edition of 1739, pro# The French bave done the same thing in Londres, bably followed by all later ones, the word is made "cirDouyrer.

cumstances."

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