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From the RELIQUARY for April.
| Brookes, Editor of Punch-Death of Cyrus Fielding “The present volumes tell the story of the rise —Newspaper Stamp Abolished-Burmese Booksand progress of the Athenæum, from the time when Obituary of 1870—Peace Proposals—Terms of Peace it was started by James Silk Buckingham, in 1828, –War Literature-Death of Mr. Sampson Low, jun.; down to 1882, the date of Mr. Francis's death, with of Prof. De Morgan ; of Robert Chambers; of David completeness and accuracy......But this work is Chambers-Aquaria—Marine Biological Association much more than a mere chronicle of the life of a Death of Mr. Lloyd-National Debt-'Battle of weekly newspaper, The two volumes......form a Dorking'-Death of Mr. R. Bentley; of Sir R. I, really invaluable chronicle of all that is worthy of Murchison-Obituary of 1871-Sir Henry Holland's note in the world of letters during the past half. Recollections'—Dr. Livingstone-Stanley's 'How I century. These volumes are as essential to any Found Livingstone'-Death of F. D. Maurice; of good library as Justin MacCarthy's 'History of our Charles Lever-'Memories of the British Museum' own Times,' to which, indeed, they form an admir--Owens College-The Clarendon Press—The Reable companion. Nor will they only be found to be vised Bible-Dr. Murray's English Dictionaryabsolutely accurate volumes for literary reference, Obituary of 1872. but they are also pleasant books to take up and read “Mr. John C. Francis's straightforward, unaffected from chapter to chapter.......As the best way of style is not the least charm of these interesting showing the interesting character of its pages, we pages. He has, all unconsciously, produced one of transcribe the contents list of two of the chapters, the best books of the year." taken haphazard, one from one volume and one from the other.
From the SATURDAY REVIEW, March 23, 1889. Chap. III, 1832–1846. New Year's Address-1 “This book is one of a curious and rather original · Poem by Carlyle-Published at 2, Catherine Street kind, which is not easy to review in the proper
-Death of Sir Walter Scott-Contributors to the sense, but which may be described briefly for the Atheneum-English Literature in the Nineteenth benefit of whom it may concern, The late Mr. John Century-Roxburgh Revels MS.-Spanish Litera- Francis was publisher of the Athenaeum for a very ture-The National Gallery-Letters of Nelson - considerable period, and in these two bulky volumes Railway Map of England-New Houses of Parlia- his son has not so much written a life of his father ment-British Association at Bristol-Booksellers' (though there is a brief autobiography) as arranged Provident Institution-Arabic and Persian Litera- a sort of catalogue raisonné of the contents of the ture-Carlyle's German Lectures-Death of William Atheneum itself during its literary lifetime. The IV.- Victoria's Tears '-Removal to Wellington notion is, we say, rather a curious one, but its result Street-Social Questions--Penny Postage-Disco- is not undeserving of a place on the shelves...... It veries in Photography-Electrotyping-Station ers' | may be said to be a kind of expansion and reasoned Benevolent Society-Bohn's Catalogue-Literary analysis of the index of the paper. We do not know Fund - Printers' Franklin Pension-Longevity, whether such a thing has ever been done before ; Phrenology and Mesmerism-Harriet Martineau- but there is certainly no reason why it should not Polar Expeditions-Lithography by Steam-The be done again. Indeed, it would add greatly to the Oldest Wood-block-Faraday's Discoveries-Public usefulness of newspaper files if some such thing Parks-Dwellings of the Poor-Death of Mr. Tegg were done year by year as a supplement to the bare - Telegraph to France-The Daily News Founded
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LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1889.
guised form. Secondly, the native Dutch name for
February is Sprokkel-maand, where Sprokkel, acCONTENTS.-No 173.
cording to Koolman, means "thaw,” or “thawed NOTES :- Anglo-Saxon Names of the Months, 301 - Bhak
speariana, 302-Notes by Dugdale, 303-Were Proots seen by Elizabethan Authors ?-Annuals-George Darley, 304
friable. It is clear that Verstegan's Sprout-kele is "To join the great majority"-Bogus Words-Error as to due to a desperate attempt to find an etymology Sarum Colours - Verbal Coinage, 305 Dog - Watches
for sprokkel, a word which he did not understand. • Robinson Crusoe'"Idol shepherd " - Thornbill and Raphael - Teeth wide apart-Purre, 306.
Not to waste more words upon the above farrago, QUERIES:-Presbyterianism-T. Otway - Second Dragoons, which is not even correct for the Dutch language, Royal Scots Greys-Jas. Macrae-Euchre-Minor Orders
whence several of the examples are drawn, it may Whetman - Irvine, or Irwin, 307 - John, Lord HerveyDelaval Papers - Dancing Chairs - Burnsiand-Holland's Plipy-Cartmell Church-Job Johnson's Coat-Office of the
he given, and most of them are entirely wrong. By Virgin-Clans-Yaxley and Savyell - Regiment of ScotsJeremy Taylor-Portrait of Cromwell's Wife-John Elwes, I good fortune the A.-S. names of the months are all 308- Heidegger - The Kalevala'-Sprat and Clifford of them found in a manuscript printed in Cockayne's Celibacy of the Clergy-Estienne le Noir - Insignia o
'Shrine,' p. 47. Some of them occur in the 'MenoKnighthood-Chums, 309. REPLIES :-Pluralization, 309-Ballads of West of England.
310-"Something about everything"-Gundrada de Warrenne-Christmas Tree, 311-Sering&patam-“ Presentment
lege, Cambridge, described in Wanley's 'Cataof Englishry " Enoch Arden'. Vathek,' 312_Clarendon House-Literary Plagiarisms-Trial of Patrick Ogilvie. 313 logue,' p. 106, and elsewhere. Beginning with -Poetry for Children -Sir Richard Preston-“Warple way" | January, the names are as follows: (1) Se æftera -Henry Martyn-Francis Maceroni-Churches owned by Corporations-Sophy Daws, 314-Joseph Forsyth-Stuart Ex
th-Stuart E. Geõla (the latter Yule); (2) Sol-mõnath ; (3) hibition-Richard Francklin-'"Macbeth" on the Stage'Cancipating-Pepys, 315-Pronunciation of Vase-Armorial
mylce; (6) Se āerra Lītha (the former Licha); (7) Bearings on Altars-Family Mottoes, 316-Battle of Kellinghausen-Heraldic-Coffee-House Sign-Cross-trees-Ffolkes Baronetcy - Magazine Literature - Popular Information• Lord Derwentwater's Farewell' - Sketches from St. George's Fields,' 317-Secretary-Error regarding Mass, 318.
(11) Blöt-mõnath ; (12) Se āerra Geõla (the former TOTES ON BOOKS :- Stallybrass's Grimm's Teutonic Yule). Mythology'_Walford's Gilds' - Historical Register of | A few notes may be added. The old notion the University of Oxford'-Elliot's Life of Sidney, Earl
that in the name of February the o should be long, Godolphin.' Notices to Correspondents, &c.
and that the word sõl would then mean “sun,"
is absurd. February is not usually a “sunNotes.
month.” Sol means simply mire, or mud, whence
E. sully. I regret to say that “mud.month" THE ANGLO-SAXON NAMES OF THE MONTHS. is sadly appropriate, and answers to the Old in Verstegan's "Restitution of Decayed Intelli
Dutch name Sprokkelmaand, discussed above. The
name for March is said to be from a certain godfence' the author gives what he is pleased to call
dess Hreda. he Anglo-Saxon names of the months after the
(See the note in Bosworth and Toller's bllowing fashion, beginning with January. They
'Dictionary.') I do not quite see why it may not Tere, he says, Wolf-moneth, Sprout-kele, Lenct
mean simply' “ fierce-month.” April is “Easternonat, Oster-monat, Tri - milki, Weyd-monat,
month.” May is "three-milkings month”-i.e., Teu - monat, Arn - monat, Gerst - monat, Wyn
the cows might then be milked thrice a day. The ronat, Wint-monat, Winter-monat. This is in
name Lītha is merely the definite form of lithe,
mild, so that June and July are the mild, or warm be true old spirit of hardy guesswork, and is Trong on the face of it, because such forms as
months. August is “weed-month." September
is “holy month," and it is on record that it was so ronat, Oster, heu, and others are plainly German, nd cannot possibly be Anglo-Saxon. It will suffice
called as being a great time for sacrifices to idols
in the heatben days. Compare the offering of o show how he came by the name of Sprout-kele
first-fruits. The reason for the name of October is or February, as we can then tell how worthy he is
left unexplained.* November is “sacrifice-month," ftrust. His own account is :
and is also explained to refer to heathen sacri"They called February Sprout-kele, by kele meaning the
fices. le-urt, which we now call the cole-wurt....... It was he first herb that in this moneth began to peeld out. It appears that out of Verstegan's twelve names holesome young sproute, and consequently gave there only two are even approximately correct, and these nto the name of sprout-kele.”
two, Oster-monat and Tri-milki, are given in his is a specimen of the daring imagination with foreign spelling.
WALTER W. SKEAT. ibich the whole book teemg. It is all rubbish, of burse, and crumbles to pieces on investigation.
* As a guess, I should refer fylleth to the verb fyllan, I will suffice to mention two points.
to fell, to cause to fall, and so explain Winter-fylleth by
| “storm-felling," i, e., the time of year when a storm or The A.-S. for cole is not kele at all, but cawl, colder weather causes the leaves to fall from the trees, og merely the Latin caulis in a slightly dis- Compare the old name fall, the equivalent of autumn,