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it,” which is commonly, if not universally, turned served that the feathers on his head had all into “ that he who runs may read it"; and as this become perfectly white, whilst of those on his neck still goes on its way merrily, and probably will do and back about half bad become white, so that he so to the end of time, so I expect that prævalebit there presented a speckled appearance. will hold its usurped place in sæcula sæculorum.

F. CAANCE. Only I make my feeble protest against the corrup Sydenham Hill. tion.



ROOKE ON THE CONDITION OF THE ROYAL NAVY " ON THE CARPET."-An old labourer here used this expression in conversation with me a few days of the condition of the Royal Navy in 1678-88, as

IN 1695.-Following on Samuel Pepys's account ago to denote something which had been the sub

given in ‘N. & Q.,' 7th S. vii. 81, it may not be ject of village talk. It seems to be connected

uninteresting to read Admiral Sir George Rooke's with other expressions : “to be called on to the

opinion seven years later, given in the following carpet” or “to have a good carpeting," meaning

13 letter, hitherto unpublished :to have a good lecture, talking to, or scolding. It is a direct translation of the French sur le

To Sir W. Trumbull,

Secretary of State, tapis ; but how do Sussex labourers get hold of

Whitehall. it? I find it is common among them ?

· Queene att Spittheade, W. D. PARISH.

Septembr ye 6th, 95. Selmeston,

This comes to acknowledge the favoure of your's of (A labourer called before his employer is called from

the 29th ultmo, and to assure you that your commands

therein, as alssoe whatsoever you shall please to conferr bare boards on to a carpet, and expects a scolding.)

upon me hereafter, shall be obey'd wtb a care answerable HAIR TURNED WHITE WITH SORROW, Fright,

to that greate honoure and respect I have for you. I

have now my sayling Instructions, and am as fast as I cann &c. (See 7th S. ii. 6, 93, 150, 238, 298, 412, 518;

putting the shipps in readinesse to execute them, but God iii. 95.)—The following extract from a recent num

knowes we are in a miserable condition both as to the ber of the Metzer Zeitung (date not given), which I quallitie and number of our men; and if those shipps copy from the London German paper Hermann of Mr Russell leaves should not be in a much better con. Dec. 8, 1888, seems, if authentic (and it is scarcely

dition in that particular than theise I carry wtb me likely that so circumstantial a story should have

I must be apprehensive, the consequence of coming

upon service may be verie fatall to us; my thoughts of been invented), to show that the colour of the wch I doe assure you gives me some melancholy houres. feathers of birds is, like that of the bair of man, I pray god send us better successe then can reasonably be liable to be changed suddenly to white by ex-hop'd for under theise unhappy circumstances, and give tremely violent emotions. And if so, it is pro me leave to conclude my letter with the assurance that I bable that the hair of animals (beasts) also may be

am in truth and sinceritie, blanched from the same causes.

Sí, y most obedient and
The passage runs

most humble servi, as follows:

G. ROOKE. "Ich besitze einen spanischen Hahn, der sich durch ein After reading this it is not surprising to find it reschönes schwarzes Gefieder, welches keine Spur einer

corded in history that in 1696 Sir George Rooke, anderen Färbung aufwies, auszeichnete. Vermutblich auf einer Entdeckungsreise gerieth dieser stolze Spanier eines

having the chief command of the Channel fleet, Abends in den Behälter der Schweine, die, zur Gast was ordered to prevent the Toulon squadron from freundschaft nicht geneigt, dem Armen übel zusetzten getting into Brest, which, from the defective manund ihn ohne Gnade gemordet haben würden, wenn sein ning of his ships, he was unable to accomplish. Webgeschrei nicht rechtzeitig Menschenhilfe herbeige. On this account he underwent a long examination rufen hätte, die ihn seinem Harem zuführte. Mit dem Verlust der schönsten Schwanzfedern wäre der Vorwitz before the House of Commons, but nothing apgenügend gebüszt gewesen ; das miezliche Abenteuer war peared upon which a charge against him could be ihm aber so zu Herzen gegangen, resp. auf die Nerven | founded.

CONSTANCE ROSSELL. geschlagen, dasz er, der Tagsvorher noch in jugendlicher | Swallowfield Park, Reading, Schöne die Gärten durchwandelte, am anderen Morgen als—Greis auf dem Futterplatze erschien. Die Federn

LARRIKIN.- The following account of the origin auf dem Kopfe sind vollständig weiez geworden, am Halse und auf dem Rücken etwa die Hälfte, 80 dasz er hier

of a word which is in common use in the Australian gesprenkelt erscheint."

colonies may perhaps be thought worthy of a place For the benefit of those who do not know German

in‘N. & Q. It will be of interest to Dr. Murray, I give a brief summary of the above. A perfectly

if he has not already heard of the sergeant's conblack Spanish cock made his way into a pigsty.

tribution to the language. Our larrikin bas lately The pigs would speedily have killed him had not

taken to himself a mate in the form larrikiness :his cries brought him help. He was rescued with

“Sergeant James Dalton, one of the oldest and bestout having apparently sustained any greater

known members of the police force, died at the Royal

Park station, of which he was in charge, yesterday afterdamage than the loss of his finest tail feathers.

noon. Dalton was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1828, On the following morning, however, it was ob- and after serving five years in the Irish constabulary


came to the colonies and joined the Victorian force in son are said to have made a vigorous defence, but as the 1859. During the early days, when there were rough castle had been invested by 3,000 arquebusiers, they were elements in the population, he did excellent service in obliged to abandon the place and retreat to Calais." maintaining order in the city. He was utterly incapable I send this more particularly on account of the of fear, and his name became a terror to evildoerg. His quiet, dry humour in the witness-box will long be re

suggested derivation-Sangatte, St. Agatha. membered by those whose duties took them to the City

Rich. J. FYNMORE. Court, and the racy anecdotes told of him would fill a Sandgate, Kent. good-sized volume. He will be best remembered as the originator of the now universally adopted word 'larrikin.' LE COUTEUR.—When lately examining the ola

They were a-larrikin (larking) down the strate, your parish register in Wexford I came across the fol. worship,' said he one day, in describing the conduct

t some of some youths, and the Bench had so much diffi

readers. I should say the captain was more proculty in understanding what he meant, and the expression was repeated so often, that it passed into

bably a Jerseyman than a Frenchman :& catch-word, and was soon applied universally to youth. “Capt. Leacutor [Le Couteur ?] a french captain be. ful roughs. The good work he did was appreciated by longing to ye honnorable Collonell Pryce was buried 4th those in power, and in time he obtained promotion. In August, 1708.” 1872 he was made senior constable, in 1874 second-class

| The registers of Wexford begin in 1676. The sergeant, and in 1877 first-class sergeant. With the exception of 1878, during which he was in Geelong, he

ink is much faded, but the first volume (the only spent the whole of his time in and around Melbourne.” one I looked into) contains a very large amount of Melbourne Argus, Nov. 17, 1888.

information of the ordinary description. PERTINAX,

Y. S. M. Melbourne.

"HORACE WELLBELOVED.”—This pseudonym BISHOP Ken. (See 7th S. vii, 220.)-The author is not given in Olphar Hamst's 'Handbook of of the Life' published in 1854, who modestly Fictitious Names. It appears on the title-page of appeared on the title-page as “ A Layman," was the a book (post 8vo., 1826), London Lions for Counlate Mr. John Lavicount Anderdon. He published try Cousins and Friends about Town,' illustrated in 1861 "The Messiah,' a volume of 830 pages. with a coloured frontispiece and several wood enThis also was anonymous, without even a suggestion gravings.

CUTHBERT BBDE. as to its authorship, the title-page containing just these two words. Mr. Anderdon gave me a copy 1 AN ERROR RESPECTING THE PITT FAMILY.of both the above works, writing in them a few Will you kindly allow me to correct publicly, kind words of presentation.

J. Dixon, through the pages of ‘N. & Q.,' a serious blunder

which I find that I have made in my work on SANGATTE AND SANDGATE. — Canon Taylor, Greater London,' vol. i.? Towards the end of my in his Words and Places,' remarks on the curious chapter on Brentford I mention that town as the distribution of Anglo-Saxon names over the dis- birthplace of an ancestor of the Pitts, Lord Chattrict which lies between Calais, Boulogne, and St.

ham. As I find that their ancestral home was not Omer, “It was singular a place called Sangatte

Brentford-but Blandford, in Dorsetshire-I should should exist exactly opposite to our Kentish Sand

like to add that the error shall be corrected whengate."

ever a new edition of 'Greater London' is called In the Illustrated London News, October 25,

for, and that the correct account will be given in 1851, it is stated :

my forthcoming 'Life of William Pitt.' “ The tradition at Calais is that this part of the coast

E. WALFORD, M.A. was chiefly peopled from England, and that the name of Sangatte is a corruption of Sandgate, and was given to the village by its Anglo-Saxon colonists.”

HUSBAND AND WIFE DYING ON THE SAME In the British Museum there is a MS. work en

DAY.-The following epitaph is inscribed upon a titled 'Antique and Armorial Collections,' by the

large slab in the centre of the nave of All Hallows Rev. Arthur Suckling, and vol. viii. is apparently

Barking, Great Tower Street, London :an account, written early in the present century,

“Hic jacet Joseph Taylor, armiger, una cum uxore of a journey commencing with Amiens and con

sua Maria qui gummo cum amore et mutua benevolentia

post annos triginta quinque exactos, eodem morbo (sci taining references to about thirty places in licet Hydrope) absumpti, eodem die ex hac vita simul Picardy, and therein he remarks :

discesserunt, spe non inani ad meliorem resurgendi, ubi, * Sangatte is an obvious corruption of the words nuptiis licet nihil loci sit, illorum efflorescet amor plus“Saint Agatha,' especially if the French pronunciation quam nuptialis cælestis et in omnia seculo duranturus, be used. It is a little fishing village....... In the present Erat ille Sandfordiæ juxta Tew Majorem in Com. Oxon. day it has but little to attract the notice of the stranger, natus ejusdem comitatus per unum annum Vicecomes, though in former times it was more celebrated, as it then Quo munere ornari satis gloriæ sibi duxit, Nam modestia possessed a castle of considerable strength and import. haud vulgari affectus, Honores mereri maluit quam exance. This, of which a very small portion remains, was periri. Erat in commercio probus, impiger, fortunatus; built as early as the year 1173......It was the first place in notos et vicinos comis et benignus erga cognatos liber. assaulted by the Duc de Guise when he made his bold alis et munificens; Omnium denique amerus et bene. and successful attempt upon Calais. The English garri- faciendi cupidus, Uxorem habuit sui quam simillimam

prorsus dignam. Obierunt 23° die Januar. A.D. 1732. Royall Exchange' has reminded me of a similar Ille Ætatis suæ 66; hæc 60."

discovery made and given me by my friend, that This instance of a husband and wife dying on the well-known Shakespeariap, P. A. Daniel, one which same day and of the same disease is probably will reduce the number of supposed editions of Sir unique. There are, however, cases in some re- Gyles' by one. I had lent him my 1606 and unspects similar. Compare Crashaw's epitaph 'On dated copies of this play, and, not satisfied with a Husband and Wife who Died and were Buried this, he took them to the British Museum, and Together':

compared the undated one with that of 1636. The To these who death again did wed,

result I give in his own words :This grave, the second marriage bed.

“There are two copies of 1636 in the Museum. One For though the hand of fate could force

(press-mark 161 a 36) has the date arranged symmetri'Twixt soul and body a divorce,

cally under the preceding line, the other (643 c 17) was It could not sever man and wife,

originally undated; but the date was afterwards stamped Because they both lived but one life.

in with printers' type at the end of the last line of the Peace, good Reader, do not weep :

imprint. These undated quartos are printed from the Peace, the lovers are asleep!

same forms and on like paper as the 1636 edition. They They sweet turtles folded lie

correspond with that edition in the minutest particulars, In the last knot that love could tie,

such as type out of gear, &c. They are, in fact, undated Let them sleep, let them rest on,

copies of that edition."
Till this stormy night be gone,
And the eternal morrow dawn :

Were it necessary in the case of one so careful, I
Then the curtains will be drawn;

might corroborate this, having made an after exAnd they wake unto a light

amination, with, of course, the same results. Whose day shall never end in night,

BR. NICHOLSON. Shirley, the dramatist, and Frances, his second wife, also died both on one day. Forced by the

BISHOP OF ST. DAVID'S, WESTMINSTER.—ConGreat Fire of that year to fly from their house in

siderable interest was some years since excited by Fleet Street, their loss and the terror so affected

the discovery of the embalmed body of an ecclesithem that they died both within the space of twenty

astic built into a rough recess in the north-east four hours, and were interred in the same grave in

angle of the crypt of St. Stephen's underneath the the churchyard of St. Giles in the Fields, Oct. 29,

window-sill. The body was found wrapped in 1666.

many folds of cere cloth, and having a carved oak A similar fate is recorded of the Italian painter

episcopal staff lying diagonally across the breast. Farinato and his wife, who died in 1606. Both

The ingenious researches of Mr. Pettigrew, the were sick in the same apartment, and the wife,

well-known antiquary, apparently established bearing her husband cry out that he was "going,"

| the remains to be those of Stephen Lyndwode, told him that she would“ bear him company," and

Bishop of St. David's from 1442 to 1446, and died at the same instant as himself.

Keeper of the Privy Seal to Henry VI., and author Amongst the songs set to music by Anthony

of several ecclesiastical works. He founded a Young, temp. Queen Anne, there is one entitled

chantry during his life at St. Stephen's, as bis will, "To the agreeable Memory of Two Sisters who

which still exists at Lambeth Palace, expresses it, Died Together,' beginning

“in bassa capella," and directed that his body

should be there buried. It has been thought that Sylvia, Delia, sweetest pair,

the position where the body was discovered was and ending

not that where he was originally buried, but that Lovely in their lives they were,

his descendants either hastily removed his remains In one fate together joined;

to save them from insult at the Reformation, or Death to us was too severe,

that his shrine was rifled of its ornaments and the But to them was doubly kind,

body put where found out of the way. This latter Had she took one charming maid, Not the world of both bereft,

supposition has the more probability, from the fact We with truth then might have said,

tbat when the body was discovered the coverings That there was no equal left.

of both arms below the elbow were wanting, and How poor are these epitaphs when compared | as it was usual for bishops when burieu often to with that terse and beautiful one by David in his wear their gold embroidered greaves, and also to lament for Saul and Jonathan, “They were lovely episcopal rings, the spoiler would make prize and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they | these parts. Mr. Pettigrew obtained leave fro were not divided.”

the Government to open the wrappings, when . Can your readers supply any other instances of was discovered that so skilfully was the body em. the simultaneous departure of husband and balmed that the features were perfectly distinguishor friend and friend ?


able, and even the skin of the face and the lips still

After this strange disinterment the poor 'SIR GYLES GOOSE-CAPPE,'1636 ANT

on has found a resting-place once more in the -The examination of "The Queenr

of Westminster Abbey. W. LOVELL



any correspondent give me any information about

the author, and say whether this is a unique copy, We must request correspondents desiring information or whether the whole edition was thus published? on family matters of only private interest, to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the

J. CUTHBERT WELCH, F.C.S. answers may be addressed to them directe

The Brewery, Reading. STELLA (LADY PENELOPE Rich).-Can any one

PORTRAIT OF SIR ISAAC NEWTON.- Among inform me-1. Is there any known portrait of some MS. papers lately in my possession, and · Stella”? 2. When she and Mountjoy were

sous coere, aby known portrait of which formerly belonged to Mr. W. Pickering, the exiled from the Court of James I., whither did |

| publisher, of Chancery Lane, is the following intethey retire? In 1605 Stella wrote from " Wan

"resting note, probably transcribed from one affixed sted,” signing herself “P. Devonshire”; but this

| to the back of the picture to which it refers : had been her residence as Lady Rich. How came

Memorandum respecting this Picture received

from Miss Pilkington. she, then, to remain there after her divorce and! This is an undoubted original Picture of Sir Isaac remarriage? 3. Lord Devonshire died in 1606; Newton, and during the latter part of his Life always Stella died in 1607. He was buried in St. Paul's hung in his Parlour; Sir Isaac died without a Will, and Chapel at Westminster Abbey without his wife's his personal Property devolved equally between 3 New

| tons and 2 Pilkingtons. Miss Pilkington, from whom the quarterings, but no monument or gravestone

Picture came, says, Her Grandfather was Sir Isaac's exists, so far as I have been able to ascertain. second Cousin, and received among other Personalties The registers, which are only extant from that this Picture, His Medals, Pistols, Gun, and some Plate.

ate (1606/7), do not contain the name. 4. He used to say he frequently saw tbis Picture at his Where was “Stella” buried-at Westminster, or

House in St. Martin's Court, where he went to Dine

with him almost every Sunday during his ApprenticeChartley, or Wanstead ? PHILIP ACTON.

ship ; Mr Moore offered bim 60 Gua for it nearly 84 years “A CLAIRE-VOIE" is an expression employed

ago [i.e., circa 1721], but neither he nor ber Father wa

ever sell it, nor wa she have sold it but that her circumby the French to designate an engraving of which

stances obliged her to part with most of Sir Isaac's the edges are not finished off by a line or frame, Articles ; Her Grandfather said Sir Godfrey Kneller] but which flow, as it were, into the page. To de- painted a whole length Picture afterwards from this scribe ench an'engraving we should be obliged Original ; Sir Isaac promised to provide for Her Grandbelieve, to use the word vignetted. Is there no

father, but when out of his time told him he could not

do much for him, as he bad lost between 20 and 30 other word or expression, less awkward, more thousand Pounds by the South Sea Bubble. English ? H. S. A. London, July 16, 1805.


[Indorsed:7 Mem: of Sir | Isaac Newtons | Picture at CRIKESMAN.-I find the following in Trench's , Studlades [Pbilip Stockdale's?). 'English Past and Present,' thirteenth ed., p. 137: It would appear from some words struck out in the Crikesman (Kriegsmann), common in the State note, for the purpose of making the same read Papers of the sixteenth century, found no per- I more elegantly, that this portrait-which was evimanent place in the language.” An exact refer- dently not a whole-leugth-was also painted by ence for the use of this word would oblige me, as Kneller. Can any of your readers inform me I have hitherto been unsuccessful in my search

whether such was the case, and where both the among the State Papers. A. L. Mayiew.

pictures referred to now are ? W. I. R. V. Oxford.

"THE ETONIAN.'-I bave vol. i., from Oct., 1820.1 AUTHOR OF POEMS WANTED. — Faction Disto March, 1821, and vol. ii., from April, 1821, tó played, a Poem,' and 'Moderation, & Poem, Aug., 1821. Are there any other numbers or LO

London, 1705.

J. F. M.

Bath. volumes ?

• HIC ET UBIQUE ELLIS AND CORALLINES.—John Ellis, author of TITLE OF Book WANTED.—Wanted, the name 'An Essay towards the Natural History of Coral- of author, publisher, and title of book having as a lines' (published 1755), is said in Pouchet's · Uni- dedication six stanzas, of which the following is verse' (p. 51) to have addressed a bymp, on the the first:completion of his labours, “ to the glory of Him . There is a mystic languor in your eyes,

ho created so many marvels.” The hymn is not And in the rhythmed cadence of your feet, ublished with his essay. Where is it to be

As if you kept some secret, strange surprise,

To cheer this lonely life of mine, o Sweet! und ?

The poem is headed " Dedication. To Emily," and POEM.--I have a copy of a poem, 'Zar Wieder-is evidently the dedication of the book, of which at br unserer Durchlauchtigsten Prinzen,' by Bür- latter I possess only this page. It is subscribed 0 rarde. It consists of two quarto leaves only, “ Brindisi, June 4, 1876." The size of paper is

inted on satin and bound in silk, published at 7 in, by 4} in., and of common quality. denburg on Aug. 14, 1807, in black letter. Can


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LATIN LINES.-Can you or any of your readers discussion with Sir Arthur Wardour, from its inform me who was the author of the enclosed vagueness, leaves the mists of doubt as thick as beautiful lines ' Ad Somnum'? I have seen them ever about the question. Do any traces of it still attributed to the German scholar Meibomius, and exist in the British isles? I have read somewhere also to Thomas Warton :

that but one word has been assimilated or bor. Somne levis, quanquam certissima mortis imago, rowed by Irish Gaelic.

J. B. S. Consortem cupio te tamen esse tori;

Alma quies, optata veni, nam sic sine vitâ
Vivere, quam suave est, sic sine morte mori.

QUARTER LAND. (See 7th S. vii, 247.) At the JOHN J. LIGHTFOOT. above reference, under Irish Folk-lore: the RainCLUBBING.–When a body of soldiers is driven

bow,' it is stated that when a rainbow has both its in upon itself, to the destruction of order and dis

ends “in one quarter land" a death may be excipline, it is said to be “ clubbed." How comes

pected in that locality within six months. What the word to be so employed ? C. B. Mount.

is a “ quarter land”? The word is not to be found

either in the 'Imperial' or the Encyclopædic' dic“THAT BAUBLE."-Of the museum at Kingston, tionarie


J. B. FLEMING. Jamaica, Mr. Froude writes :“The most noticeable relic preserved there, if it only |

HIGHLAND DRESS.-Has the question of the be genuine, is the identical bauble which Cromwell antiquity.or overwise otvo

well antiquity or otherwise of the kilt as the costume of ordered to be taken away from the Speaker's table in the Scottish Highlanders ever been finally decided ? the House of Commons. Explanations are given of the It is said to have been introduced by a contractor manner in which it came to Jamaica, The evidence, so from London, who opened some smelting works at far as I could understand it, did not appear conclusive,” | Fort George circa 1720 ? But the Icelandic Sagas

-'The English in the West Indies,' pp. 217, 218. What is the evidence ?

relate how Magnus Olafson, King of Norway, and ST. SWITHIN.

his followers when they returned from ravaging “ HIMGILT AND HARSEM MONEY.” —Can any

the west coast of Scotland“ went about bare legged, of your correspondents throw any light upon the

having short kirtles and upper wraps, and so men above? I copy from the sixth volume of the North

called him Barelegs" (1093). Nicolay d'Arfeville, Riding Record Society's Quarter Sessions Recosmographer to the King of France, published 1583 cords,' edited by the Rev. J. C. Atkinson,

a volume on Scotland in which he says :D.O.L. :

“They (the Scots) weir, like the Irish, a long, large, “Qu Sessions at, Janry 12, 1668/9,

and full shirt, coloured with saffron, and over this a gar“Before Sir Tho Gower, Sir Will Caley, Will Palmer,

ment hanging to the knee, of thick wool.” John Gibson, Geo Mountaine, Tim Manleverer, and John | The warriors who came from the Hebrides to assist Wyvell Esqrs.

Tyrconnell in his rebellion (1594) against Elizabeth “ High Sheriff Sir John Armitage : John Chapman are thus described : Deputy Sheriff. Presentments among several others William Parkin

“The outward clothing they wore was a mottled gar. son of Pickering, yeom"; Thomas Dixon of the Castle of

ment with numerous colours hanging in folds to the calf York Yeom", and Matthew Alderson of Pickering Yeom"; |

of the leg."--O'Reilly's translation of O'Clery's 'Life of for without authority receiving (indirect[i] reciper(unt])

| O'Donnell the sum of 188.7d., under colour of its being revenue due It is natural to suppose that the modern kilt is the (redditus debite) to the Queen Mother of England called development of this garment. ONESIPHORUS. himgilt and harsem money,' and the above-named Thomas Dixon for extortionately receiving at the same

[See 1st S. ii. 174, 470.] time 10s, ag bis fee, under colour of his office as mes. senger to the said Queen Mother, from the inhabitants

IRISH SONG TEMP. PENINSULAR WAR.-Can of Brompton: the same three persons for extortionately any of your correspondents give me the face taking from the inhabitants of Wrelton, for the use of verses of the following song, which seems to have the above-named Thos, Dixon under colour of his office been composed about the time of the Peninsular as messenger of the Queen Mother of England, other War?108." In a note to the above Dr. Atkinson says he has

Now then, brave boys, we're off for marchin'

Across the sea to Saint Sebastian, “thought it better to give a fuller abstract than usual of

Each man with his flask of powdther, these two entries, by reason of their nature, and the intro

And his firelock on his showlder, duction in the former of them of a term or phrase which

Love, Farewell! calls for notice and, if possible, explanation. At present such explanation seems to be not too easy to arrive at.”

B. FLORENCE SCARLETT. No doubt the phrase is capable of explanation.


as defaced at the Reformation is it Rise Park, Hull.

ecame of his bones? I have made

'nto the matter, but have discovered PIQTISH LANGUAGE.-Did this old!

te venerable W. B. Stonehouse, semble Gaelic or Gothic ? Oldbuck's

tow, told me that the bones

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