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Buckley and Mr. F. Madan, recently issued, is Lord William quite correctly described the ballfurther identified as the correct one. Dr. H. Fly room as “the drawing-room,” which, in fact, it was, died in 1833, at the age of eighty-nine.

though the duchess gave it up to her children, and

Ed. MARSHALL used in preference another room on the first floor. An additional reference may be given to the fol. It is very interesting to notice that the plan marks lowing work, 'The True State of England, contain the

the “ alcove" at the end of the ball-room, which ing the Particular Duty. Business, and salary of was, no doubt, the “windowed niche” in which every Officer in all the Publick Offices of Great I “sate Brunswick's fated chieftain,” and also the Britain. Also of their Majesties' Households.? &c. "ante-room” to the ball-room in which Lady de London, 1729, 8vo., see p. 47. In MR. MARSHALL'S |

Ros bade him farewell. CONSTANCE RUSSELL. exhaustive reply mention is made by Y. S. M. (4th |

Cath Swallowfield, Reading.

wallowa S. xi. 282) of Dr. Henry Fry. This name should If MR. EDGCUMBE will turn to the current numbe Fly, as given by Foster in his “ Alumni Oxoni- ber of Murray's Magazine, he will find a plan of enses, and as in the ‘Brasenose Calendar,' anno the house at Brussels in which “the Duchess of 1762.

W. E. BUCKLEY. Richmond's Waterloo Ball took place,” communi

cated by the Dowager Lady de Ros, who also gives HISTORIATED (7th S. v. 485; vi. 98).-Historiated a list of invitations sent out. Instead of " a thouis, I fancy, a very late, and in any case quite un- sand hearts beating happily” at this memorable necessary, importation. We have the very sufficient party, it would appear that there were not above equivalent “storied.” This is a case in which the two hundred guests invited, and of these only Italian form (often so superior in matters of art), about fifty were ladies, a mixture of English with borrowed by a few writers through the French Flemish in equal proportion. It is related by imitation, being no better, it is only affectation Lady de Ros in her interesting article that it was to use it. I should hope, therefore, that Dr. “the Cumberland Hussars, a Hanoverian regiMURRAY will not fall into the snare of inserting ment," which “ came full gallop through Brussels," the slip with which we are told he has been sup- saying the allied army was defeated, and that the plied. I quote an early and a late example of French were coming." It has always been supstoried. Dallaway, 'Observations on English posed that the “braves Belges," rushing from the Architecture,' 1806, p. 289, has :

field, gave this false alarm, and probably the “Are the tints of Reynolds......legs admirable for English allowed them the credit, in order to screen being transfused over the surface of a storied window?" their Hanoverian fellow-subjects ! And C. C. Perkins, ‘Historical Handbook of Italian

J. STANDISH HALY. Sculpture, 1883, p. 47:

Temple. “Enriched with every kind of ornament, and storied with bas-reliefs illustrative of the Madonna's history."

MONKEY ISLAND (7th S. vi. 468).- A well-known R. H. Busk.

island in the Thames above Windsor. See

Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames,' or any COLLECTION OF H. WALPOLE (7th S. vi. 228, other guide to the river, or the Ordnance map. 330).--I have a note of the two works :

E. T. Evans. Auction Catalogue of the Classic Contents of the Villa The plan mentioned by Mr. Ward was carried at Strawberry Hill. 4to. London, 1842.

out when the Grand Junction Canal was conÆdes Strawberrianæ: Names of Purchasers and the Prices to the Detailed Sale Catalogue. 4to. London,

structed, which connects Brentford and Uxbridge, 1842.—The pagination is not the same as that of the

and saves a large amount of Thames navigation. former.

J. F. MANSERGH. I think that I saw these either in the Bodleian or

Liverpool. in the British Museum. There is a 'Description (Mr. R. _W. HACKWOOD and Mr. W. LIALL reply to of the Villa at Strawberry Hill'in Walpole's Col. | the same effect.] lected Works,' 4to., London, 1798, vol. ii.

ONCE A WEEK' (7th S. vi. 306, 418). - As ED. MARSHALL.

| MR. WALFORD well knows, after the reigns of THE WATERLOO BALL (7th S. vi. 441, 472, 515). Mr. Samuel Lucas and himself, the once popular -The ground plan of the Duke of Richmond's periodical Once a Week changed its editors and house at Brussels in 1815 is reproduced in Lady publishers many times, also the distinctive covers de Ros's most interesting article in this month's of its monthly parts. I possess the periodical Murray's Magazine. The plan, with all the rooms bound in volumes, and also in monthly numbers, named as shown, including the ball-room, was and there are at least nine varieties of covers to the given to Lady de Ros by Lord William P. Lennox latter. But I make this note concerning ap apt himself. This fact, coupled with Lord William's quotation for Once a week. When Mr. E. S. written statement, completely disposes of any value Dallas became its editor, in January, 1868, the which could attach to his alleged conversation. cover for the monthly'parts was very simple; but in

the next year the cover for January, 1869, was working classes of London. Within the last twenty entirely new, printed in black and red, on yellow years saloop vendors might have been seen plying paper, with an admirable design by John Leighton, their trade in the streets of London. The term F.S.A. In the four corners of the design were four saloop was also applied to an infusion of the sun-dials, bearing the following Shakspearean quota- sassafras bark or wood. In Pereira's Materia tion: (1) “What, keep a week away! seven days Medica, published in 1850, it is stated that and nights; (2) Eight score eight hours, and" sassafras tea, flavoured with milk and sugar, is Lovers' absent hours ; (3) More tedious than the sold at daybreak in the streets of London under the dial eight score times ; (4) O, weary reckoning ! name of saloop.". Saloop in balls is still sold in Shakspeare, Othello,' Act III. sc. iv." When a London, and comes mostly from Smyrna. “New Series" was started, in 1873, a fresh cover

A. B. S. was designed by F. Waddy, in which the four [Very many contributors are thanked for replies.] quotations reappeared with a fresh treatment. But before the end of the same year there was

HARPER, OR HARPUR (7th S. vi. 505).-In reply another “New Series,” with a new cover and a l to the query as to how the wife of John Bannister fresh design, omitting the quotation from Shak. | wrote her maiden name, I think I can produce speare.


incontrovertible evidence ; namely, that of the lady

herself. I have before me a "sampler”-now the GRAHAM OF GARTMORE (7th S. vi. 500).-Under

property of her granddaughter-on which are the the title of “O tell me how to woo thee," Sir words," Elizabeth Harper ended this Sampler Walter Scott, in 'The Minstrelsy of the Scottish febuary the 1 in the Eigth year of her Age, Anno Border,' 1812, has the following note :

| Dommin MDCCLXVI." ** The following verses are taken down from recitation, I may also take the opportunity of saying that and are averred to be of the age of Charles I. They during Mr. Bannister's life he used armorial bearkave, indeed, much of the romantic expression of passion, common to the poets of that period, whose lays still ings, Argent, a cross patonce sable within a border reflected the setting beams of chivalry; but, since their gules, bezantée; impaling Argent, a lion rampant publication in the first edition of this work, the editor within a border engrailed sable. These latter has been informed that they were composed by the late arms, I believe, are those of a well-known DerbyMr. Graham of Gartmore.'

shire family from which Mrs. Bannister was The 'Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen' gives descended, but whose name has been subject to Robert Graham of Gartmore, b. 1750, d. 1797, as similar variety of spelling, although it is now author of this song, which begins :

usually written with a U. Mrs. Bannister died in If doughty deeds my ladye please, 1849, aged ninety-one.

G. H. Right soon I'll mount my steed."


I have a Haymarket play-bill of Saturday,

Aug. 1, 1778, on which day. The Waterman' was Saloop (7th S. vi. 468).—The starchy roots of lai

1 given, and the part of “Wilhelmina (with Songs Orchis morio and 0. mascula supplied the material Pos

rial Restored and Newly Composed)” was played by for saloop, which was a kind of gruel sold at stalls

"Miss Harper,” Bannister being the Tom Tagg. and houses of refreshment, as we now have “Bovril, served hot.” The Eastern name for such food is

JULIAN MARSHALL. sahleb; the English name in “ good society” is! MARGINALIA BY S. T. COLERIDGE (7th S. vi. salep; in the language of the people saloop. When 501). —The first two only of the notes in MR. gruel is called "slab” we probably have saloop at TROLLOPE's copy of Fuller's 'Worthies’ are printed one remove. It is not improbable that in Lamb's in “Notes, Theological, Political, and Miscellatime sassafras was tacked on to the starchy stuff in neous, by S. T. Coleridge, edited by the Rev. saloop; but it has no more right to such a place Derwent Coleridge, M.A., Moxon, 1853." As it than chicory has to be mixed with coffee.

is scarcely likley that Coleridge wrote the same SHIRLEY HIBBERD. notes in different copies of the same book, the

omission by the rev. editor of the notes now sent by Saloop, salep, salop, and saleb are synonymous

4S | MR. TROLLOPE is well worth making a note of. terms, derived from the Arabic sahleb, the equi. valent of the Greek orchis. It is a starch procured

Most people would much prefer to know exactly

*|wbat S. T. Coleridge wrote, and not what any principally from orchid tubers, and was largely exported to this country from the East before the

editor, reverend or otherwise, thought it would be good for them to know.

R. R. discovery of coffee. It is made up in small yellow

Boston, Lincolnshire. balls, which are ground to a fine powder before being used. Like its substitutes, coffee and tea, I PARKIN (7th S. vi. 448, 514).—The derivation of it is mixed with boiling water and milk, and thar-cake from tharf-cake is quite right. See sweetened to taste. It used to be considered a Catholicon Anglicum,' ed. Herrtage, s.v. Tharf.Tery wholesome beverage in this country, and was Your correspondent adds that “thar-cake or thorsold ready prepared in the early morning to the cake suggests a still older origin." To me it sug

gests that thor-cake is a non-existent form, invented when Harington wrote his epigram he alludes to for the purpose of insinuating an etymology which it. This kind of wit in commonplace allusion is has no other support. WALTER W. SKEAT. characteristic of that author's Orlando Furioso,'

as MR. Mount must know, “ if he has read it.” Flint FLAKES (766 S. vi. 489).—Though we do it

8: _Thouga we do It is almost all that makes that lengthy poem not, I believe, possess any record to prove the fact,

to prove the fact; readable in the search for archaisms. That the it is reasonable to suppose that the Roman colonists

term was in use seemed to me to be the case from introduced into Britain the use of the tribulum as

Ralph Roister Doister' (vol. iii. p. 153 in Hazlitt's an auxiliary implement for threshing out corn. It

Dodsley '), and the more I look at it the more I is described by Varro in his 'De Re Rustica,'

am convinced that I am probably right. There is lib. i. cap. 52, and modern travellers in sundry Eastern countries have met with what they think

no occasion to quote the passage in full, any more

than there was to quote Harington's epigram, to be its modern representative type, of which they

hey which I purposely avoided doing for the salvation give full particulars. Engravings of it are supplied by Sir Charles Fellows in his ' As for MR. Mount's theoretical and chrono. Asia Minor' (London, 1838, p. 70), and also by the Sieur Paul Lucas in vol. i. of his 'Voyage par

logical arguments, I consider them of little account.

In the first place, having been duly grounded in Ordre de Louis XIV......en Asie Mineure,' &c. (Paris, 1712, p. 231), where a plan is given of the

the principles of geology, I have learned to regard

“imperfect records” as a possible concomitant arrangement of the teeth. A few months ago a

in any antiquarian research. And though I give friend in Hull showed me a large quantity of dark flints which had been found in a cargo of wheat

place to no one in my admiration for the New

English Dictionary,'I do not consider it absolutely brought over from Smyrna last year, and were no

certain that this word will not yet be found prior doubt the broken-off teeth of a tribulum.

to 1840 because the compilers of that volume have Many, if not all, of the heaps of flakes alluded

not done so. If I do not mistake, lists of overto by your correspondent as found in various parts of this country are old workings, the rubbish heaps

looked priorities have already appeared in these

pages. of old workshops for the production of flint imple

But I do not depend upon this line of reply. ments.

Let it be that the word never appears in print. In connexion with this subject I may mention

MR. MOUNT thinks, therefore, that it is selfthat flint chipping, I am told, is carried on in Eng

evident it cannot have been in use. This is land as a regular trade to this day, though naturally

hy I a strange fallacy. Are there not hundreds of soon a very limited scale only, to supply a still exist

called obsolete words spoken in all the provinces ing demand for flint-lock muskets, a small quantity

words which would never have appeared in print of which antiquated weapons is exported every year

again, perhaps, save for the energy of the English to some benighted corner of the globe.

Dialect Society. Perhaps Mr. Mount has never The exploits of the notorious forger of prehistoric

turned his attention to this sort of investigation. implements “Flint Jack” are still fresh in the

I bave, and hope some day to give many instances memory of many a reader. A Malton newspaper

of such words from my county. What is to hinder some years ago did him the honour of publishing

such terms, as they come in touch with civilization, his biography in its columns, which has since been

from being started again into circulation? I bereprinted in pamphlet form. His portrait and tools

lieve that instances could be produced of this are now in the possession of a well-known collector

regeneration of terms, especially if we call to aid in Yorkshire,

L. L. K.

terms which have lived in America, and again A machine of the kind after which MR. W. H. crossed the herring-pond with modern traffic. PATTERSON inquires was to be seen some years Moreover, this word has been used in a variety ago in the Christie Collection. I believe that all of provincial senses. Several are given in Jamiethe objects formerly preserved there are now in son's 'Scottish Dictionary' either for cheek or the British Museum.

Anon. cheeky. Halliwell gives “ Cheek, to accuse"; and Two such threshing implements as Mr. Pat

to Mo Pin. Mr. Peacock, in his "Manley and Corringham TERSON inquires about can be seen at the Black

(Lincoln) Words' has the same sense. And this more Museum, Salisbury. I forget where they

meaning was always capable of easy development came from.

J. H. C.

to our own sense. Thus, in 'The Slang Dic

tionary' the interpretation given is “Cheek, to DICTIONARY DESIDERATA (7th S. vi. 267, 453, irritate by impudence, to accuse." Dr. Murray 498). — Cheek. - MR. MOUNT'S peremptory dis- asks for some new information in the history of a posal of the instance that I advanced of the early word. Does it not seem a little unreasonable, use of this word does not satisfy me so confidently when a correspondent endeavours to help him, to as he seems to be satisfied that I was wrong. be told that as Dr. Murray has already traced the

In the first place, I think if the word was in use word to a certain point only, it is “ absolutely certain” that it cannot occur much earlier ? Yet xxvii. 339). There are two parishes in the county this is what Mr. Mount does. H. C. Hart. of Somerset, where the Champflower family had the MR. Hart's surprise "to find overlooked by

he manor, viz., Huishe-Champflower, near Taunton, Dr. Murray" the words “I shrewe his best cheeke"

and Wyke-Champflower, near Bruton ; but there in 'Ralph Roister Doister ' might well have been

does not appear to be any place in the county checked till he ascertained whether the passage bad

called Thursk. Possibly the Gazette was printed actually been overlooked, which a post-card to me

in error for Huishe; but an inquiry at the Diocesan would have ascertained. The overlooking exists

Registry would solve the doubt. C. R. M. only in MR, Hart's imagination ; the quotation The identification of this name is wanted. It is in question will be found in the 'Dictionary'in a small parish near Dunster, in West Somerset. its proper place, along with several parallel ones. It is now called “Huish-Champflower "; but in the Meanwhile, a glance at the article “Beshrew” will Gentleman's Magazine for 1757 it is named as show that one might beshrew or shrew a man's face, “ Thursk-Champflower.” Mr. Tanner obtained a skin, fingers, as well as his beard, teeth, eyes, or dispensation to hold it with North Petherton cheek, and that Mr. Hart's “impudence or Vicarage.

W. HARDMAN, LL.D. assurance” is as much out of place in this connexion as in the line from Harington, of which MR. TWEENIE (7th S. vi. 367, 458).-On the day MOUNT has given the context. But no one has yet I read the last-noted communication on this subject sent me a quotation for “ cheek "=cool impudence an advertisement in a Scots newspaper caught my or presumption before 1840, when I find it coming eye: A girl seeks a situation as a "go-between." up in public school slang. Can it really be got no I am told it is a not uncommon term for a servant earlier ?

J. A. H. MURRAY. who assists, equally, both housemaid and cook. Oxford.

ALEX. FERGUSSON, Lieut.-Col. HARVEST HORN (7th S. vi. 448).-The practice “GRÂCE ME GUIDE(7th S. vi. 520).---Would of harvest horn blowing is very prevalent amongst some correspondent kindly inform me the exact the boys of this district. It is a simple common origin of this motto, and the most serviceable books tin instrument, sold at a penny, and is periodically for searching out the question ? I am of opinion offered for sale at the local toy-shops during the that it is French, and that its date is about 1442; last four months of the year.

but would be greatly obliged if I could gather the

GEORGE C. PRATT. contemporary literature of the period of origin. Sorwich.

N. Hay-FORBES. LIQUID Gas (7th S. vi. 448).—Macready's note

Sandgate. on liquid gas probably refers to the gas prepared MUSICAL TASTE IN BIRDS (7th S. vi. 447).-It by dropping oil into red-hot iron retorts filled with can fall to the lot of very few to bear testimony coal. The gas evolved needed no purification, and from their own experience to such an incident as

23 sent out, to such as required it, in iron that of which the Essex naturalist was the fortunate vessels, into which it had been compressed to a witness. But his narrative confirms the truth of density of many atmospheres, and from which it Famianus Strada's imitation of Claudian in the celewas used for lighting purposes by a special con- brated poem 'Philomelæ et Citharæ di Concertatio,' trivance. The vessels, when emptied of the gas, book ii. Prolusio 6 of his 'Prolusiones Academicæ.' were replaced by fresh ones. The costliness of This has been translated by John Ford in his tbe materials and preparation caused the scheme Lover's Melancholy,' i. 1; by Richard Crashaw for a general use of this gas to fall through. Tin his 'Music's Duel'; by Ambrose Philips in his

JULIUS STEGGALL. Fifth Pastoral; by Sir Francis Woolley in his See 'Encyclopædia Britannica,' s.v. “Gas,” | Characters and Elegies'; and is referred to by where it is stated that "the carburetting of com- Robert Herrick in his 'Oberon's Feast'; to all mon coal-gas, with the vapour of benzol obtained which I must refer your readers, who will be reby the distillation of gas-tar, was originally sug- warded for their trouble in looking out the passages, gested by Lowe as early as 1832, and subsequently especially in the fine poetry of Ford and Crashaw. by the late Charles Mansfield." It is also stated Classical readers will enjoy the original of Strada, that “the efforts to introduce carburetted water whose imitations are so good. His ‘Prolusiones' gas...... bave led to the loss of much capital.” were printed at Oxford, "E Theatro Sheldoniano,

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. 1745," and I hope are not unknown to the present Hastings Corporation Reference Library.


W. E. BUCKLEY, THORSK-CAAMPFLOWER (7th S. vi. 509).-Nicho- ! Every one knows how canaries and other cagelas Tanner obtained a dispensation in 1757, to hold birds will always sing their loudest—and have, I together the two livings of North Petherton and believe, been known even to entirely exhaust themTaarak - Champflower, co. Somerset (Gent. Mag. selves by so doing-when music is being played in

any room where they are. Possibly parrots will which time he has worn the white-lined hood. This not count, but I knew one (deceased now, poor being the case, has not DR. COBHAM BREWER fellow !) who, being located in a schoolroom where transposed the terms ? Not being a Cambridge children were always accustomed to chant the man, I write with diffidence ; but it seems strange morning and evening psalms, would persist in fol. that black hoods should have been assumed after lowing the whole through in the key and as near five years' standing, and yet that Masters of less the tune as he could get from beginning to end, than that standing should alone be eligible for the but was at last obliged to be removed because- black-hood house. E. L. H. TEw, M.A. judging, I presume, from some inflexion in the reader's voice-be entertained erroneous ideas as to

THE PRINTER'S CHAPEL (7th S. vi. 364, 450).when the “Amens" should be chanted in the course Allow me to refer your readers who are interested of the prayers.


in this subject to a paper entitled 'The Chapel'in

'Half-Hours with the Best Authors,' vol. iv. p. 303, I remember some fifty years ago a robin took up no date, but probably published in 1850, and its abode in Durham Cathedral. It used to perch written originally by Charles Knight, the editor, in on the organ during service, apparently singing William Caxton : à Biography,' one of “Knight's while the organ was being played, and very often Weekly Volumes," published in 1844. The exceltrilling out a few notes as the organ ceased to lent writer apologizes for its insertion as follows:sound.

E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP. “It may appear presumptuous that I should insert an INITIALS AFTER NAMES (7ľb S. vi. 107, 255, 312, I perhaps no sufficient excuse that I have inserted pas

extract from my own writings in these volumes. It is 398).-It may interest some of your readers to sages from the writings of friends who are, or whose know that, however it may be in the Oxford or memories are, very dear to me. My apology is, that the Cambridge University Calendars, in the Glasgow extract has relation to the purposes of this work. The University Calendar many graduates are entered

following is from the concluding chapter of William

Caxton: a Biography': “The scene is supposed to be the “M. A., B.D.," though no one can be a B.D. with Almonry of Westminster. The Father of the Chapel is out first being an M. A. It is redundant and utterly Wynkyn de Worde, and the workmen are said to be absurd, but still it is done. B.A., M.A., or M.B., “girding on their swords " after their day's labour. M.D., would be about as sonsible. In the Calendar 1 Only a few days before they had followed their master for 1886-87 there are 79 M.A., B.D., and 53 B.D.

Caxton to his grave in tbe adjacent church of St. Mar.

garet's, Westminster, in 1491–92.'” In the Calendar for 1888-89, 80 M.A., B.D., and

John PICKFORD, M.A. 88 B.D., the proportion improving in the direc

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. tion of common sense, and many, I notice, who are entered in the 1886–87 Calendar as M.A., AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (7th S. ii. B.D., are entered in the 1888–89 as B.D. only. 69).Surely the university authorities should see that Whirl the long mop and ply the airy flail. these entries are correct. On honour's head honours

Quoted in the Heart of Midlothian,' chap. xxvi. accumulate, and if all the initiala a man of ani. I have found this line, which I inquired for more than versity honours earns are to be tagged on to bis :

two years ago at the above reference. It is in some

| Supplementary Stanzas to Collins's Ode on the Super. name there will be no end of them. Is there not stitions of the Highlands,' written by Sir Walter Scott's also a little bit of a desire to impress the profanum friend, William Erskine, afterwards Lord Kinnedder, vulgus with a string of letters, reminding one of quoted in one of the appendices to the Minstrelsy of the the canny Scot in Melbourne who put L.F.P.S.

Scottish Border' (Scott's Poetical Works,' ed. 1868,

vol. i. pp. 271-3). As there are several verbal differences after his name, and when challenged with having

between the line as it stands in Erskine's verses and in no connexion with any Faculty of Physicians and the Heart of Midlothian,'Scott no doubt quoted it from Surgeons, said it stood for Late From Paisley, Scot- memory :land.

J. B. FLEMING. Hail, from thy wanderings long, my much-loved sprite!

[i.e., the Brownie) A friend of mine who graduated M. A. at Christ's Thou friend, thou lover of the lowly, bail! College in 1847 wore, and for all I know still wears, Tell, in what realms thou sport'st thy merry night, a plain black silk hood, very much like the B.D. Trail’st the long mop, or whirl'st the mimic fail. hood. DR. BREWER's note, however, removes my The following lines in the same stanza, as Scott points difficulty, for I never could understand why my

out in his introduction, are interesting, as showing the friend did not wear the ordinary M.A. Cambridge

susceptibilities of the Brownies in the matter of recombood.

icularly recompense of the nature of food, in

M.A.Oxon. contrast to Milton's “ drudging goblin” who used to I have always understood that a Cambridge

"sweat to earn his cream-bowl duly set":M.A. of five years' standing used to remove the

'Twas thus in Caledonia's domes, 'tis said, white lining from his hood and wear a black one. At last, in luckless hour, some erring maid

Thou plied'st the kindly task in years of yore. havo oiten seen old M.A.S wearing this latter, | Spread in thy nightly cell of viands store: and my former vicar told me he had done so for Ne'er was thy form bebeld among their mountains more. many years, until the statute was altered, since Scott praises this poem of Erskine's highly; and, indeed,

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