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BEEF

BOUILLON,

LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1889.

to the qualities enumerated, it is pleasant to know

that Francklin stood alone in befriending Amhurst CONTENT 8.-No 160.

in his last days of poverty, and that it is entirely NOTES :- Richard Francklin, 41.--Shakspeariana, 42-West owing to the bookseller's liberality that the remains

of England Ballads --- Beige--Salle Church, 44- Kinderen of the original “ Caleb D'Anvers” were preserved Schoolmaster Wanted - " Arrant Scot” – Dictionary of from a pauper's grave. Anonymous Literature'-Clerks of the Peace, 45-Spence's

Although I have been unable to find any account Anecdotes' - Bearded Darnel - Citizens of the United States, 46.

either of the date of Francklin's birth or of his QUERIES :-Carbonari of Naples-Lord Mayor's Show-Book death, it is certain that be served an apprentice

Gregory – Codex Compendiensis' – Mongeot - Bridge at ship to Edmund Curll (“Curll Papers,' p. 80.), and Schaffhausen-Sir John Friend—“Gofer" Bells -Countess that he succeeded William Rufus Chetwood as a of Blessington, 47 - Corte Castle -- Macaroni --Garrard Family bookseller in Russell Street, Covent Garden. It -John Rollos, 43 --Twenty-Franc Piece-Lovelyn's Poems would appear from 'An Epistle from Dick Franck

--Comitatus, Cereticus - Erasmus – Butterfield –“The Fox lin, Bookseller, to Nick Amhurst, Poet, up Three REPLIES :-Dress of London Apprentice, 49–Bed-rock, 50-Pair of Stairs’ (1721), that the two had been inti

Heraldic – Kissing under the Mistletoe - Kenelm Henry mately associated for some time. This poetical Digby – Queenie, 51 - Death Warrants - The For-Chestnut, skit, which I do not find in the British Museum, 53–Miss Foote-Allibone's Dictionary -Charger-English was occasioned by Amhurst's 'Epistle to Sir John Grammars – Relic of Witchcraft - Children, 54-Book of Blount,' one of the directors of the South Sea - Mercury - Blography – Tete-a-Tete Portraits--- Count Company (1720). From this " poem " it would Lucanor - Tennyson's 'J. S., 55-Cheese-making-Burial of seem that the general impression ran to the effect Horse and Owner-Death of Clive - Uncle--Exeter Coach that Amhurst was not only in the employ of Road, 56–Inkerman-English Dialect Dictionary-Highering-Fairholt - Muffling Bells – Belgian Custom-Thomas Francklin, but that he took as part payment for Lucas, 67--Practical Jokes in Comedy--Longitude and Mar- his work board and lodging-somewhat similar,

riage-Book of Jasher-Medieval Names, 58. In Memoriam: J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps, 59.

perhaps, to the arrangement between Dryden and NOTES ON BOOKS :-Toulmin Smith's Jusserand's English Herringman. The following eight lines conclude Wayfaring Life in the Middle Ages on-Christy's Proverbs; the “poem” (Francklin is, of course, supposed to Maxims, and Phrases '-Thomas's • Philobiblon of Richard de Bury'

be writing) : Notices to Correspondents, &c.

So may thy name be spread, and I

With Tonson and with Lintot vie;
Pates.

So may'st thou pay, in Fame or Wealth,
The score we tick'd to BI--T's good health:

So may in time a just reward
RICHARD FRANCKLIN, BOOKSELLER.

Descend on bim, and thee, his bard; There are very many facts about this interesting And thus your diff'rent emblems shine, and courageous personage which one would like to The rope be Bl——T's, the Laurel thine, know, but most of which are probably beyond The next most important event in the careers of learning. Biographical dictionaries do not men Amhurst and Francklin was the publication of the tion him at all; John Nichols only alludes to him Craftsman, concerning wbich a few notes appear once as the publisher of 'An Historical and Critical in the December number of the Bookworm. The Essay on the Thirty-nine Articles' (1724); and his earlier numbers did not bear Francklin's imprint, name only occurs twice in the several indices to but may all the same have been undertaken by ‘N. & Q. Yet he is a prominent figure in the him. The first number appeared December 5, early newspaper history of this country. One likes 1726, and the paper soon secured an unprecedented to dwell upon the careers of the very few men who popularity. The ministry of Walpole quickly felt lived and acted consistently and fearlessly during the result of its persistent and uncompromising the first quarter of the last century. The tempta- criticism. The sixteenth issue caused both Francktions to "run" with the party in power were so lin and Amhurst to be arrested, but they were great, and the penalties of an antagonistic policy apparently soon released. No. 31 again brought so severe, that those who actually stuck to their about the imprisonment of Francklin, but the principles through thick and thin were very few prosecution, through a flaw in some of the forms of indeed. Richard Francklin, the bookseller, and procedure, came to nothing. In January, 1730/1, Nicholas Amhurst, the journalist, were two men the bookseller once more suffered incarceration. A whom neither fear nor favour enticed off the high number of political “friends” promised to subroad of political virtue. Precedent (in the House scribe 50l. each as compensation to him, but only of Commons) is regarded as of great importance, and three paid up, one of whom was Pulteney. if the two just named desired to turn, they might In 1732 a pamphlet of 32 pp. appeared, entitled have adduced innumerable instances of the most 'Bob-Lynn against Franck-Lynn,' a political tract, barefaced and flagrant turncoatism. Nearly every which purports to be the history of the leading man had at one time or other found it con controversies and dissentions in the family of the venient to veer like a weathercock. In addition Lynns; occasioned by the quarrel of Bob-Lynn (i, e., Sir

Robert Walpole) and Will Worthy, which involved James true reagon-its power of dilating the pupil, and thus
Waver, Tom Starch. Squire Maiden, Dick Dabble, and giving brilliancy to the eye.] ”-Parkinson, Th. Botan.,'
Mr. Munick on Bob's side, and Franck-Lynn and Nick 1640, p. 348.
Waver, cum multis aliis, on the other."

Of the Moors who paint Angels

Black, and Divils White. It will be seen, therefore, that Francklin was con

J. Owen, D.D., * Epigrams,'translated by sidered a politician of some importance.

Th. Harvey, 1677, Bk. ii. 15, p. 173. The Daily Gazetteer, which was the Craftsman's bitterest opponent, published in its issue of May

Steevens, also, not understanding the use of guiled,

says that our author “ in this instance, as in many 12, 1736 (No. 273), a 'Supposed Letter from Dicky Francklin to Caleb D Anvers, Esq.,' in

others, confounds the participles. Guiled stands which the bookseller is made to lament the de

for guiling." But Shakespeare, I take it, uses this clining state of the Craftsman, which he attributes

far more appropriate form, in its causal sense, as the to the enforced absence of Bolingbroke. He

shore that by the beauty added to it is made guiled,

or made the guile to a most dangerous sea. grimly “thinks of” and dreads the “calamitous

BR. NICHOLSON. day ” when “your own native air shall no longer agree with you, and you shall chuse to seek a re- THE OBELI OF THE GLOBE EDITION IN 'As treat in some foreign country.”

You LIKE IT' (7th S. vi. 262, 343).-On returning Johnson alludes to the dispute between Mallet to ' N. & Q.' after an absence of seven years, while and Francklin in connexion with the copyright of sorry at missing the names of several former concertain works of Bolingbroke. In May, 1754, tributors to the 'Shakspeariana,'I was very happy appeared 'A Short States ? ment] of the Case re- to see still extant the well-known and honoured lating to a Claim made by Richard Francklin on name of DR. NICHOLSON. We have crossed swords David Mallet.' Although the matter was referred before. I hope we shall always do so with “leaden by mutual consent to Draper and Wotton, and points." although Mallet not only agreed to abide by their II. vii. 70.-In his remarks on my note on this decision, but signed to that effect, he shortly passage DR. NICHOLSON has strangely mistaken me. afterwards repudiated it. This pamphlet is com- I never discarded “very." On the contrary, one mented on in the Gentleman's Magazine, xxiv. of my principal objections to Singer's emendation 247. The Rev. T. Francklin, who wrote many was that in it“ very " had no significance. No one works, several of which bore his father's imprint, would speak of a man spending bis“ very" means ; and who died in Great Queen Street, March 15, but there is great significance in saying that pride 1784, was a son of the bookseller, and was edu endures to the “very " end of life. DR. NICHOLcated for the Church by the advice of Pulteney. Son seems to have overlooked my P.S., in which I

W. ROBERTS. give evidence that “means" was a form of “moans." 10, Charlotte Street, Bedford Square.

Shakspeare may have used it here in order (having regard to the simile employed) to keep up the mono

tone of the vowel sound,“ weary meang." People SHAKSPEARIANA.

with “a manor on their backs" must bave felt “INDIAN BEAUTY": ‘MERCHANT OF Venice,' III. ii.

rather embarrassed in the “tide.” Had Shak

speare no regard to consistency of metaphor ? Thus ornament is but the guiled shore

III. v. 6.—When the complex sentence" he that To a most dangerous sea; the beauteous scarf Veiling an Indian beauty ; in a word,

dies and lives by bloody drops" is resolved into The seeming truth which cunning times put on its two simple elements they are as follow : "he T'entrap the wisest.

that dies by bloody drops" and " he that lives by Both his conclusion and its happy result, as well as bloody drops." Whether the first stands first or the whole scope of this passage clearly show that

'thig naggate clearlo show that second DR. NICHOLSON may, on presenting it, still he would tell us that ornament is but the gaudy say, "Pause, reader, on this dying by bloody addition used to conceal something ill-looking or drops' and refrain from laughter if you can." It repulsive, or even ill-doing. But some, not know. was just because in its literal sense it is nonsense ing what " an Indian beauty" meant in Shake- that I sought for a meaning which gives it an imspeare's days, would assign a wrong meaning to the portant sense. No less than “the common execuphrase ; while others would, as they suppose, emend tioner," the fraudulent banker, the swindling the word “beauty." As correctives to these, and company-promoter, &c., as illustrations of his true meaning, let me quote Whose heart the accustomed sight of woe makes hard, the following :

while they ruthlessly pursue their selfish money1. “The sixth (species of Nightsbade] is generally by making ends, kill their own souls, die while they the Italians called Bella Donna, either per Antiphrasin, live, if not "by bloody drops," on orphans' bread because it is blacke, as the Moores do account them fairest that have the finest blacke skinne, or, as some have and widows' tears. reported, because the Italian dames use the juice or dis Summum crede nefas animam præferre pudori, tilled water thereof for a fucur. (He not knowing the Et propter vitam vivendi perdere causas.

IV. iii. 86.-I do not think DR. NICHOLSON is I have always preferred Hanmer's reading, “To do likely to have many rivals in his liking for the it slander," though it is far from clear that the “ripe ” Rosalind. Warned off by the editors of the text of the Folio is not correct. But why MR. Globe, who do not like while they tolerate her, I, MOORE should lay his hand on the previous line, for one, shall avoid her. In support of my proposed which makes perfect sense, is beyond my concepreading, cf.

tion. Are we to be for ever modernizing ShakeI am a right maid for my cowardice.

speare, or bringing his pregnant sentences down to •Midsummer Night's Dream,' III. ii, 302; | the level of our commonplace mediocrity ? and “a right gipsy" ( Ant. and Cleop.,'IV. xii.

HOLCOMBE INGLEBY. 28).

R. M. SPENCE, M.A. Eastbourne. Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B.

P.S.--I have much pleasure in adding that, in

| regard to the note on the first passage, so good an THE OBELI OF THE GLOBE EDITION IN 'MEA

authority as Dr. BR. NICHOLSON quite concurs in SURE FOR MEASURE' (766 S. v. 442 ; vi. 303, 423). || -I am sorry that I have not the number of

my interpretation. *N. & Q.' by me which contains MR. SPENCE'S TIMON OF ATHENS,' IV. iii. 143 (7th S. vi. original notes on the Globe-marked corruptions of 423). —Though I entirely agree with Dr. NICHOL

Measure for Measure'; but there are one or two son, at the above reference, in condemning MR. passages, where MR. MOORE dissents from MR. WATKISS LLOYD's most liberal treatment of ShakeSeesce's suggestions, which seem to me to require speare's text in this passage, I think the champion a last word.

of the Folio has an unlucky remark which tends to I. i. 6:

weaken his argument. All MR. LLOYD wants in Then no more remains

support of his variant "pale sick mouths ” (apart But that to your sufficiency, as your worth is able,

from authority) is something entirely wrong with And let them work.

that portion of the face. DR. Nicholson says, As De. NICHOLSON says in regard to another pas-“Where does Shakespeare or other author of that sage, “it may be my obtuseness,” but I confessdate ever allude to the loss of teeth as caused by," that, for myself, I have never found any great diffi- &c. ? MR. LLOYD did mention, quite needlessly, culty in understanding this passage. If every“ teeth.” I give references to two passages (they are elliptical or condensed passage in Shakespeare is

not fit for transcription) which are sufficient for the to be amended, we shall destroy much that is cha- argument of MR. LLOYD, and it would be very easy caeteristic of our unrivalled dramatist. Undoubtedly to find more. I refer to Middleton's 'Mad World to my mind he intends the duke to say, “Then my Masters' (Bullen's ed., vol. iii. p. 321), and Ben aothing remains for me but to add my authority | Jonson's Poetaster.' IV. i. (he holds in his hand the commission) so as to In another note 7th S. vi. 305) DR. NICHOLSON make up your sufficiency, your worth being able, explains the long-contested passage in Winter's and leave them (your worth and sufficiency) to do Tale' (II. i. 133) by a dictum from Aristotle to the their work." I maintain that this is a thoroughly effect that the horse is the most lascivious of characteristic passage ; and if the metre be put quadrupeds. Does DR. NICHOLSON mean that forward as a stumbling-block, I answer that there this equine characteristic will explain the mulare a dozen such lines in this very play, and that titudinous passages in the play-writer referring 20 line is to be considered corrupt because it hap-to horse-keepers or grooms in this wise ? “If pens to be a rugged double-ending Alexandrine. she change but a trencher with the groome of your

II. i. 21.-This last remark applies more or less stable, 'tis dealing enough to be divorced.” This to the next passage :

allusion, or superstition, or whatever it is called, What's open made to justice

| will be met with continually amongst the dramaThat justice seizes.

tists. See Chapman's 'May Day' and 'All The sense of this passage is so clear that no radical Fools': Greene's James IV.; Middleton's 'Mad emendation can possibly be upbeld. Again, the World my Masters '; 'Much Ado about Nothing,' only stumbling-block is the metre ; and again I III. iv. 48 : Cupid's Whirligig': Day's Isle of say that, having regard to the slovenliness of the Gulls': Brome's City Wit': and Marlowe's ' Dr. metre in many of the plays, it is impossible to con- Faustus.' In all these plays passages with a similar sider this a sufficient reason for trying one's hand

| meaning to that quoted may be found. I think at improvement. No doubt MR. SPENCE is right something more is wanted in explanation than has in saying that the compositor's eye caught the ce of yet been given.

H. C. HART. crizes from the end of the preceding word, which sufficiently accounts for the slight misprint of c

RAVENSPUR.-In Bartholomew's Gazetteer of for s.

the British Isles'(1887) it is stated that Ravenspur I. iv. 42.

was a former seaport“ near " Spurn Head ; that it And yet my nature never in the fight

was “ also ” called Ravenspurn, Ravenser, RavensTo do in blander,

rode ; that it was the landing-place of Henry IV.

in 1399 and Edward IV. in 1471; and was “soon I want a kiss from thy lily-white lips,

One kiss is all I crave," &c. afterwards" entirely swept away by the sea. Nearly all these statements are wrong. Ravenspur and Then comes this curious verse :Ravenspurn are the old names of the headland it “Go fetch me a light from dongeon deep self. There stood formerly two seaport towns on

And water from a wheel,

And gather milk from a maiden's breast, the Spurn, viz., Ravenser and Ravenser-Odd. Both

Spin sunshine off a reel." these were entirely swept away by the sea long before the date of Bolingbroke's landing“upon the Can any one furnish me with the complete ballad?

S. BARING GOULD. naked shore at Ravenspurg” ('1 Hen. IV.,'1V. iii.).

Lew Trenchard, N. Devon. Shakespeare no doubt copied Holioshed in spelling the name with a g, which is also wrong. Cf. an

Beige.—This is a French word, no doubt, and article on the 'Early History of Spurn Head' ip the Hull Portfolio for 1887.

L. L. K.

an old French word it would seem (see Littre), still, as it has been domiciled among us for quite

the last ten years (so I am assured by ladies), it BALLADS AND SONGS OF THE WEST OF might, I think, have been admitted to naturalizaENGLAND.

tion, and have found a place in the 'N.E.D.'; but, (Continued from 7th S. vi. 443.)

alas! it bas not. It is used, I am told, of a thin, of the following I have obtained two versions, light, woollen material, commonly grey or drab ip both incomplete. The first and fullest represents colour, and suitable for ladies' summer dresses. a girl mourning at the grave of her dead lover. Littré defines "laine beige” as “laine qui a sa The second reverses the sexes.

The melodies to couleur naturelle," and the stuff which is now which the two forms of the ballad were sung were

called beige in England has, I am informed, much distinct :

the colour and appearance of Jaeger's underclothing,

which professes to be pure, undyed wool. It is Cold blows the wind to-nigbt, sweetheart, Cold are the drops of rain.

not surprising, therefore, that we now find (in The very first love that ever I had

England at least) beige applied to the colour as well In greenwood he was slain,

as to the stuff. I'll do as much for my sweetheart

The word bas lately undergone promotion, for it As any young woman may,

has been freely admitted into Mr. W. Besant's I'll sit and mourn on his grave-side

• The Inner House,' and this is how my attention A twelvemonth and a day.

was drawn to it. See, e.g., pp. 18, 29, 51, 53, 56 A twelvemonth and a day being up

of the Arrowsmith edition, 1888. Mr. Besant The ghost began to speak,

speaks of beige everywhere as grey. He praises it “Why sit you here by my grave-side,

because “it is a useful stuff" and " wears well,” And will not let mo sleep?"

because “it is soft and yet warm," and because "O think upon the garden, love,

“it cannot be ohjected to......on the score of ugliWhere you and I did walk. The fairest flower that blossom'd there

ness” (p. 18); and this is why he has chosen it for Is withered on the stalk.”

the dress of his socialist women of the Later Era," * What is it that you want of me,

who must all, of course, wear one uniform dress. Who moulder in my grave?'

Surely, then, this stuff, with such a transcendent “ A kies from off thy lily-white lips

future before it, is worthy to find some mention in Is all from thee I crave."

the pages of 'N. & “Cold are my lips in death, sweetheart,

As for the derivation of beige, Littré connects it My breath is earthy strong.

with the French bis=gris brun, and with the Ital. If you should kiss my clay-cold lips

bigio=grey; and as in Old French the form is Thy time would not be long.

bege, and the present form of bis is bėge in the " If you were not my very true love,

Berry dialect, there seems to be some foundation As now I know you be,

for this view.

F. CHANCE. I'd tear you as the withered leaves Are torn from off yon tree."

Sydenham Hill.

SALLE CHURCH, NORFOLK. (See 7th S. vi. 202.) And now I've mourned upon his grave

-The derivation of this name appears to be from One twelvemonth and a day,

the Anglo-Saxon sál=a willow, and there might I'll set my sails before the wind And I will sail away.

have been some large trees of that species in the In the other fragment the maid " in the church-place. It is analogous to the Latin salictum and yard she is lain.”

salix. In the district of Craven, in Yorkshire, on

the banks of the Ribble, are the ruins of Sawley or When a twelvemonth and a day were up Her body straight arose,

Sallay Abbey, the name of which is derived from a “Say wherefore weep upon my grave

similar source.

At Pershore, in Worcestershire, a And trouble my repose ?"

willow osier bed is called “a sallay bed.”

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