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informs us that in the northern dialects the mean. true, our Australian cousins might try the experiing of bush is extended to include nettles, ferns, ment of straining wires, and thus protecting their and rushes. Probably the most widely known ex sheep from the ravages of the dingo; indeed, the ample of this use of the word occurs in the ballad Government should undertake the duty. of the ‘Battle of Otterbourne,' where the Douglas

HENRY L. TOTTENHAM. says :O bury me by the bracken bush,

Tace,” LATIN FOR A HORSELOCK. —The usual Beneath the blooming brier,

proverb or caution runs thus: “Don't you know Let never living mortal ken

that tace is Latin for a candle?" In the Beaufort Tbat ere a kindly Scot lies here.

Papers,' just published, pp. 48 and xvi, may be Scott, ‘Border Min.,' ed. 1861, vol. i. p. 360. found this anecdote :I have, however, come recently upon a very good “ The reason of Edmond of Langley impress of the instance of it in reading Prof. Knight's 'Prin- Falcon in a Fetterlock was an intimac'on that he was cipal Shairp and his Friends.' Shairp and some shutt up from all hope of this Kingdom when his brother friends of his were in the woods near Loudoun John began to prtend to it: Whereupon observing his

sons to be looking upon this device sett up in a window, Castle, and he said to them :

Asked them what was Latin for such an Horselock, “Now, friends, this is the last time we shall all meet whereat ye young Gentlemen considering: The ffather together; I know that well. Let us have a memorial of sayd, Well if you cannot tell me I will tell you, Hic ha's our meeting. Yonder are a number of primrose bushes. hoc Taceatis, as advizeing them to be silent and quiet, Each of you take up one root with his own hands; I will and therewith all sayd, Yétt Gód knoweth what may do the same; and we shall plant them at the mange in come to pass hereafter. (Thence perhaps may proceed remembrance of this day. So we each did, and carried the usual caution to keep a secret, which I have often home each bis own primrose bush."—P. 27.

heard in Worcestershire and elsewhere attended with It would be interesting to know whether these these words, Tace is Latin for an Horselock)." primrose bushes are growing still in the manse gar- If my memory serves me, an explanation of the den. If they are, they form a pathetic living caution,.“ Why is tace said to be Latin for a memorial of a man of 'whom all Scotchmen have candle ?" has been more than once demanded in reason to be proud. EDWARD PEACOCK.

your columns.

BOILEAU. Bottesford Manor, Brigg.

[See 7th S. v. 85, 235, 260, 393.] LONDONSHIRE. — The City of London, with its CASANOVIANA.—'Mémoires,' vol. vi. pp. 46–47. liberties, is, or was, a county in itself, located in Scene, a court of justice :Middlesex. Our new jurisdiction creates a county " Au fond j'aperçus, assis dans un fauteuil, un vieillard of London, it being the great metropolis minus the qui portait un bandeau sur la vue et qui écoutait les ex. City, extending into Essex, Kent, and Surrey. plications de plusieurs inculpés. C'etait le juge ; on me Upon the precedent of Yorkshire, Leicestershire,

dit qu'il était aveugle et qu'il s'appelait Fielding. J'etais

en présence du célèbre auteur de. Tom Jones,» &c., this new jurisdiction should be named Londonshire.

A. H.

Casanova was in London in 1763. The author of

Tom Jones' died at Lisbon in 1754. The judge FLIES AND WOLVES. - When visiting a friend bere mentioned was probably Sir John Fielding, last summer he called my attention to a curious half-brother of the novelist and his successor as a plan for preventing the plague of flies in his house. justice for Middlesex. Though blind from his The upper sash of one of the windows in his sitting childhood, he is said to have discharged his office room being open for ventilation, there was suspended with great credit, and died 1780. An error on the outside a piece of common fishing-net. My friend part of a foreigner easily accounted for. told me that not a fly would venture to pass

RICHARD EDGCUMBE. through it. He has watched for an hour at a time,

33, Tedworth Square, S.W. and seen swarms fly to within a few inches of thé

A CURIOUS ETYMOLOGY.-If ever an net, and then, after buzzing about for a little, logy” deserved to be “gibbeted,” certainly the depart. He told me the flies would pass through following deserves it richly. It is from the Genthe net if there was a thorough light—that is, tleman's Magazine, Dec., 1888, p. 605 :— another window in the opposite wall. Though the day was very warm, I did not see a single fly in the old word for the gibbet is galg, and gallow is the low or

“One word in conclusion on the word gallows. The room during my visit, though elsewhere in the place for the gibbet.” town they were to be seen in abundance. I sup. It follows that gallows are " the places for the gibpose they imagine the net to be a spider's web, or bet,” which is highly satisfactory. In what language some other trap intended for their destruction. My friend mentioned the curious fact that in form we are not told. Such is "etymology” in

the “old word” galg occurs in a monosyllabic Russia no wolves will pass under telegraph wires, the nineteenth century.

CELER. and that the Government are utilizing this valuable discovery, and already clearing districts of the HAMPOLE'S VERSION OF THE PSALMs.- I have country from these brutes. If this information be said in 'Specimens of English,' part ii. p. 107, that


Hampole was “the author of a metrical version of were discovered years afterwards among the Caffres the Psalms," &c. I took this statement from Prof. by the Landdrost of Graaf Reynet, who went into Morley's English Writers' without suspicion. Caffraria in search of survivors. They were dressed Since then Mr. Bramley has edited Hampole's in the small apron and little else of the Caffre version, and lo! it is in prose! How, then, did the women, and having been married to Caffres, by error arise ? Perhaps thus. The copy of the work whom they had families, preferred to stay where in MS. Laud 286 begins with sixty lines of verse, they were. which may easily bave induced the consulter of the In Macgillivray's Voyage of H.M.S. Rattle. MS. to suppose it was wholly in verse. However, snake' is recorded the rescue of a young Scotchthese sixty lines are a mere prologue; they are not woman, who had lived nearly five years with the blacks by Hampole, but by another hand; and they do on an island off Cape York, they having rescued not appear in any other of the rather numerous her from a wreck in which her husband, the owner copies. I conclude that a verse translation of the of a small cutter, and his crew had perished. She Psalms by Hampole does not exist. If it does, was compelled to become the wife of one of her let its existence be proved.

preservers, and was in appearance hardly distin. WALTER W. SKEAT. guishable from the black gins, being as dirty and Pope's PROPAETIC VISION OF QUEEN VICTORIA.

as nearly naked as they. But she eagerly returned - It seems worth noting the curious prophecy

to civilization, and was restored to her friends at which in Pope's 'Windsor Forest' is put into the

Sydney “in excellent condition." This was in mouth of Father Thames :

1849. Another girl seems to have met the same

horrible fate about the same time; for in a letter I see, I see, where two fair cities bend Their ample bow, a new Whitehall ascend !

written early in 1850 (No. lxxv. in his 'Life and There mighty nations shall enquire their doom,

Letters'), Robertson, of Brighton, mentions reading The world's great oracle in times to come.

the melancholy story of a young English lady, reThere kings shall sue, and suppliant states be seen turning from school in England to her parents in Once more to bend before a British Queen.

Australia, but wrecked, and all the party slain but If one could substitute the Houses of Parliament herself. She was taken by the blacks, and had for Whiteball it might be taken as a poet's vision been forced to live with them ever since. of the Jubilee. Much in the same strain follows I shall be grateful for any information about which no stretch of imagination could suppose to this last case, and any others that have occurred, be applicable to Queen Aune or her reign, illus- though I sincerely trust that none has occurred. trious as it was. C. G. BOGER.

CHEGOCRA. St. Saviour's.

SHEFFIELD PLATE.-It is well known that there MEDIEVAL NAMES.-In the various charters is a considerable difference in value between articles and conveyances relating to the parish of Hendon manufactured by the electro-plating process and I have found several names which may interest those by the older method of overlaying base metals HERMENTRODE. In a charter dated in 1258 the with silver, known as “Sheffield plate." The folname Marsilla occurs, being that of the wife of lowing extract from the Derby Mercury of SepRobert, son of Benedict de Hamstede, and among tember, 17, 1788, is interesting in this conthe witnesses to the same document is Robert le nexion :Engyniur, which I presume is equivalent to Robert

"On Thursday se'nnight died at Whitely Wood, near the Engineer ; but I should like to know what an Sheffield, Mr. Thomas Bolsover, aged 84. This Gentleengineer's calling really was in those days—if, man was the first Inventor of Plated Metal : which like indeed, there was any civil occupation which was many other curious Arts, was discovered by Accident. 80 designated. The very curious names of Bur

About the Year 1750 (at which Time he kept a Cutler's

Dus retail Shop at Sheffield) Mr. Bolsover was employed to lerd and Giteburst appear among the witnesses to

repair a Knife Haft which was composed of Silver and a charter dated 18 Edward II. I also, in the Copper; and having effected the Job, the cementing of time of Richard II., find the names Pymberd, the two Metals immediately struck him with the pracChalkhill, Philbow, and Rippon.

| ticability of manufacturing Plated Articles, and he preE. T. Evans.

sently commenced a Manufacturer of plated Snuff Boxes 63, Fellows Road, N.W.

and Buttons. Consequently from Mr. Bolgover's acci

dental Acquirement, the beneficial and extensive Trade EUROPEAN WOMEN AMONG SAVAGES. Besides

of plated Goods had its origin. He bas been justly eg. those noted below, there may be other instances

teemed one of the most ingenious Mechanics that Sheffield

can boast." known of European women having fallen among

The name Bolsover indicates a Derbyshire origin. savages and been compelled to live with them like their own women.

ALFRED WALLIS. In the Rev. John Campbell's "Travels in South MARRIAGE ONLY ALLOWED AT CERTAIN TIMES Africa' it is recorded that two ladies who were OF THE YEAR.—The last paragraph in a pocket wrecked in the Grosvenor Indiaman on that coast almanac (Gallen's) for 1678 runs thus :

Times prohibiting Marriage.-- Marriage comes in on tion about Hart's parentage and early career before the 13 day of January, and at Septuagesima Sunday it is entering the Middle Temple in 1776. There are out again until Low sunday; at which time it comes in considerable discrepancies in the accounts given is forbidden untill Trinity-sunday: from whence it is un in Foss, O'Flanagan, J. R. Burke, and the obituary forbidden till Advent-sunday: but then it goes out, and notices in the Annual Register and Gentleman's comes not in again till the 13 day of January next follow- Magazine. Where was Hart buried ? Possibly ing."

the tombstone may give the correct date of his I find no such notice in any other almanac of the birth. The Georgian Era' says that he left a same period, out of a pretty large collection. widow and one daughter. Can any reader of

J. ELIOT HODGKIN. ‘N. & Q.'give me the date of his marriage? Finally,
is there any portrait of him in existence ?

G. F. R. B.
We must request correspondents desiring information THE GREAT SEAL OF QUEEN KATHERINE PARR.
on family matters of only private interest, to affix their -In Archeologia for the year 1779 appears an en-
names and addresses to their queries, in order that the graving of this seal. Can any of your readers in-
answers may be addressed to them direct.

form me whether any impression of it is still extant;

and, if so, where it is to be seen ? SIGILLUM. John BUNYAN. —Some recent correspondents of the Echo have communicated particulars concern

MONTE VIDEO.—What is the proper pronunciaing. Bunyan which seem worthy of record, and tion of this name and its derivation i Sach a perhaps require sifting, in ‘N. & Q. Unhappily, Macaronic preposterous mixture of Portuguese and references are wanting. The question was raised Latin as “ Mount I see" is, of course, out of the whether Bunyan was a Baptist, as has always been question. It surely means “Vineclad Hill." hitherto supposed. Mr. J. H. Stephenson (who,

R. O. A. P. oddly, pleads that Bunyan was a Baptist) says that [The pronunciation is assumed to be Mon-to Vid-e-o, " in the licence to preach, granted by the wretched with the e's sounded as in French. “ Video" does not Charles II. on May 15, 1672, he is allowed to mean “I see " in Portuguese. "Ver" is the word orditeach as a Congregational person, being of th

narily used ] persuasion.'” Another correspondent gives the BISHOPS OF NORWICH.-I shall be very much dates of baptism of two of Bunyan's children-a obliged if any of your readers will give me the daughter, at Elstow Charch, 1654, and a son, at authority for a statement made by. Thiselton, in St. Cuthbert's, Bedford, 1672. No names are Regia Insignia,' p. 267, that " a former Bishop given. A third writer, who signs “Thomas Han- of Norwich held the appointment of Paymaster cock," quotes from a pamphlet by Edward Bur- of the Band of Gentlemen Pensioners) till his rough, the Quaker, wherein Bunyan and John death.”

H. BRACKENBURY. Barton are referred to as “Independent ministers, 80 called” (Burrough's Truth the Strongest of LONGITUDE AND MARRIAGE.—'N. & Q.' having All,' 1657). If these quotations are to be trusted, dealt recently with legal questions, I may take they settle the question of Bunyan's Baptist per- the opportunity of calling the attention of some suasion in the negative, and plainly show him as an of the legal luminaries to another question, which Independent. But where is the original licence of sundry of the gens togata to whom I have proCharles II. ! Will any one at Bedford and Elstow posed it have admitted to be knotty. A. B. goes examine the registers for the baptisms of these and from London to Naples, leaving his wife resident other of Bunyan's children? Was he married in in the former city. But he, unfortunately, falls in church; and, if so, can we have the registers of love with a young lady at Naples; and being a both his marriages ? I find none of these details wicked man, with no fear of God and little in Mr. Offor's memoir, further than a quotation fear of the law before his eyes, he determines to from the records of Leicester concerning the royal deceive her by a bigamous and invalid marriage. licence, wherein it is stated that Banyan was “ of He is, accordingly, married, to all appearance the Congregational persuasion."

legally, on board an English man-of-war in the

HERMENTRUDE. bay, in the presence of the captain, at eleven MONODY ON HENDERSON.' - Did Coleridge

o'clock in the morning of February 10—the time write such ? I know, of course, his 'Monody on left in London died on that same February 10 at

being unquestionably ascertained. But the wife Chatterton.' In Temple Bar for January, P: 36; half-past ten in the morning, the time being certireference is made to the monody, which I fail to find in his 'Poems,' Moxon, 1859, and of which I fied beyond all question. Well! the case is clear have never heard.

B. T.

and simple. A. B. had been a widower for half an

hour when he married, and could, of course, legally SiR' ANTHONY Hart, LORD CHANCELLOR OF do so. But, stay! When it was 10.30 in London IRELAND.— I should be glad to have any informa- it was 11.23 in Naples. Had a telegram been de

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“ Amercement 1s.-Robert Wrediche has unjustly cut set out for India,


spatched instantly after the wife's death it would have between this demesne and that of Rychemond, which reached Naples a few minutes later than 11.23, and was 'a crosse tree ' and one of the marke stakes between would have found A.B.a married man of over twenty

the said demesnes, therefore," &c. minutes standing ! His first wife died, in fact, What is the meaning of "& crosse tree”? I twenty-three minutes subsequently to the Naples should be glad of an explanation. marriage, though that was authentically declared

F. B. LEWIS. to have taken place at 11 A.m., and the wife's

Putney. death was vith equal certainty shown to have oc

TAE SORBONNE.- Where can I find a descripcurred at half-past ten. Was the marriage legal tion of the old chapel of this college ?

It was and valid, or bigamous and null ?

dedicated to St. Ursula, and in the seventeenth T. ADOLPHUS TROLLOPE. Budleigh Salterton.

century was pulled down, by Cardinal Richelieu's order, to make room for the present church, where

JOHN A. RANDOLPA. “A COOL HUNDRED."-When did this expression bis tomb now stands. first come into use? I have met with it in 'The


A STRONG BACKBONE.”-I Provoked Husband,' by Sir John Vanbrugh and have seen quoted a saying, ascribed to Pope Colley Cibber, II. 'i. p. 311, ed. 1730 : “ C. Bas. Martin V. (as Martin III. is generally styled), to No faith! I came in when it was all over. think I just made a couple of Betts with him, took the effect that he “ sighed [or longed) for a laity up a cool hundred, and so went to the King's tell if such an expression, or anything to that

with a strong backbone." Can any of your readers Arms." The same phrase in used by Smollett in effect, was used by him or any other Pope ? If his translation of 'Don Quixote,' bk. iii.c. viii. : “My

F. shoulders were accommodated with a cool hundred, so, by whom, when, and on what occasion 1 I was advised to divert myself three years in the SOAPSTONE FIGURES FROM SHANGHAI.-Would Gurapas; and so the business ended.

some of your travelled readers kindly inform me F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. anent the nature of soapstone ; and, secondly, POLIDORE VERGIL.—In the registers of the whether these figures are idols, or priests, or what?

EBORACUM. parish of Marksbury, near Bath, the names of Polydore and Vergil severally occur as Christian Medal PORTRAITS. —A friend has presented names in at least two families, e.g.:

me with a collection of plaster casts, about four Jan., 1602. Polydor, son of Virgell Vanham, baptized. hundred, all named. Some fifty had not been The same buried April, 1604.

identified as to position in life, birth, and death. July, 1600. Baptized Henrie, the son of Virgill Watkins, of these, the following have since not been found alias Vanbam.

in the many biographical works referred to for the Dec., 1607. Polidorus Vanham, alias Watkins, sepultus. purpose. Will some students kindly assist me ?

Feb. 18, 1662. Polydor Evans, late Rector of Marks Christianus Hugienus. bury, was buried.

J. G. Eynard de Genève. This would seem to point to some connexion with Jean Varin. Polidore Vergil, the versatile ecclesiastic and Enrichetta Lalande. voluminous writer, who in Henry VIII.'s and Léopold Jean, Prince de Salerne. Queen Mary's time had considerable preferment March. Jos. Stioctius. Ridolfius. Eq. Josephian in England, and is known to have been Arch- Ord I. deacon of Wells in 1507. He remained in Eng C. L. de Joux Statuatel. land till 1550, and died in Italy five years later. Abrahamus G. Vernerus. Can it be shown that he had any more immediate Major-General Sir W. P. Garrol, Kt.C.B., &c. connexion with Marksbury? Possibly he was Tommaso Sgricci. rector of the parish; but I have no means of finding D'Antonio Quiroca. out.

W. S. B. H. F. X. Belzunce Eve, née en 1671, morte en 1755.


33, Bloomsbury Street, W.C. can I find a good engraving of this, with the seals attached thereto? These are considered the first WATER-MARKS.—Is there such a book as a examples in which lines in different directions in register of water-marks, or any other work by dicate the tinctures, therefore the popular litho which I can find when a certain water-mark was graph is of no use.


first used ? I have searched the British Museum,

but can get no information later than the middle Cross Tree. In the Court Rolls of the Manor of the eighteenth century.

GEORGE GRANT. of Wimbledon, March 1, 34 Hen. VIII., there is this entry:

and returned in 1633 (Cal. down and carried of a tree called “ an assho' growing | State Papers, Dom.

1629-31, p. 329 ; 1633-4,

p. 195). V Lodge describes him as ambassador to BAPTIST MAY.-In the Memoirs of Count the Sophi ("Portraits,' ed. 1850, p. 117). Is any Grammont,' a new edition of which has just been account of his proceedings in the East, or of the published, allusion is made in a note respecting reasons for his mission thither, in print ?

Mr. Chiffinch to a Mr. Baptist May, who is there

C. H. FIRTH. spoken of as one of Charles II.'s supper com33, Norbam Road, Oxford.

panions. Can any of your readers give me any BETHAM.-Can any of your readers inform me

information respecting this gentleman ?

J. SAUMAREZ. in what parish in Staffordshire & place called

43, Grosvenor Place. Bethom or Betham was situate ? From about 1490 until 1600 I find it mentioned without an AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED. — interval as the place of residence of different

The young-eyed Poesy Staffordshire families. After the last-mentioned

All deftly masked as hoar Antiquity. date I find no trace of it.

F. W. M.

'Twas strange that such a little thing

Should leave a blank so large.
INSCRIPTIONS ON ALTARS.—Can you tell me of

And the name of the isle is the Long Ago, any instances of inscriptions on altars? I have And we bury our treasures there. WINNIE. heard of one near Denbigh, inscribed in Greek

“God made man after his likeness, and man has rocharacters “Non Incognito Deo.” It is said to turned the compliment.” I think it is in Voltaire. have been on an old altar table in a church

R. F. C. formerly the old parish church of Denbigh, and is

We toil through pain and wrong, now about a mile from Denbigh. After the above

We fight, we fly, words come “I. R.,

We love, we lose, 1617." Can any of your And in a little time stone dead we liecorrespondents throw any light on the subject?

Oh! Life, is all thy song "endure and die ?” A. G.

THOMAS J. EWING. VERTUE.—There was a Vertue & bookseller at

Who with a lingering stay his course doth let the Royal Exchange, whose widow married the

Till every minute pays the hour his debt.

J. W. DONIGAN, famous Samuel Goatsby, and he carried on the business, dying at a great age in 1808. The widow's name was Hannah Vertue. Timperley

spells it Virtue, but he is wrong. Was her hus-
band a descendant of Geo. Vertue, the engraver ?


(7th S. vi. 308, 414.) Walthamstow.

Surely a more sarcastic commentary on the preMILL'S LOGIC.'—At p. 228 of his 'Principles vailing mode of furnishing derivations of placeof Science,' Prof. Jevons says: “But I shall feel names than that afforded on the page last quoted bound to state, in a separate publication, my very could hardly be met with. Three guesses at the deliberate opinion that many of Mill's innovations derivation of the one name Wetherby are backed in logical science, and especially his doctrine of by such names as those of Sir J. A. Picton and reasoning from particulars to particulars, are en- CANON TAYLOR, of which it is perfectly safe to say tirely groundless and false.” Has such a publica- that, while two of them must be wrong, it is most tion ever appeared; and, if so, who are the pub- likely all three of them are. Admitting the possilishers, and what is its price ? E, Hobson. bility of the compound viðar-bor—though I greatly

doubt if it ever could bave been “standard” or CAPT. MARRYAT.—This popular author, chiefly " classical” Old Danish or Icelandic-still it is not of books relating to seafaring life, is said, in his clear how it ever could have meant “wooden house."

Life,' by his daughter, Mrs. Church, to have been The authority quoted by Canon TAYLOR gives to born in Westminster. No special locality is given the Icel. bær or býr, Dan. and Swed. by, the mean. Is it known where he was born ?

ing of “a farm, a landed estate," and adds that J. MASKELL.

in Iceland it denotes “ Emanuel Hospital, S.W.

a farm, or farmyard and

buildings." In other words, but for the “ dirty BEVERIDGE OR BELFRAGE.-I should be glad acres " there would be no bær or by. Nor do I see to know whether this is strictly a Scottish family how this consideration is to be excluded in the name. Bishop Beveridge was born in Leicester attempt to explain the formation and meaning of shire, and I am not aware that he came of a an English place-name ending in by. But besides, Scottish family. The name is very common in in such a settlement, over and above the owner's Fife. Belfrage is the older form of it. Its de- or settler's own domicile, the dwelling or dwellings rivation is unknown to me.

of his servants-thrall or free-the byres and A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN. stables and cotes for his stock, the lathes for his Alloa,

corn, and the like, have all to be thought of as

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