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Folio will not think that I have taken an unwar- Though unable to accept Mr. SPENCE's readrantable liberty in eliding it from “swears" in ing in its entirety, I am yet obliged to him for 1. 6.

throwing a light on this passage which may lead MR. FLETCHER's second note, on 'King John,'|to its true interpretation. I accept his first sagIV. ii., needs neither emendation nor addition, gestion of removing the semicolon at forget, but I He has fairly hit the nail on the head, and driven would preserve the Folio punctuation in the next it home.

R. M. SPENCE, M.A. line, and understand the relative pronoun. This Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B.

form of construction is almost too common to need P.S.—“Swears," in l. 6, may be allowed to stand illustration; but I append a capital instance from if we regard it as an abbreviation for “ One gwears." this very play, the failure to understand which has, For similar instances of ellipsis of nominative see until quite lately, led the editors all astray :Abbott's 'Shak. Gram.,' 390–402.

A solemn air and the best comforter

To an unsettled fancy cure thy brains, I cannot agree with MR. FLETCHER in his inter Now useless boil within tby skull. pretation of III. i. 279-84; and to rely on the

'Tempest,' V. i. 60. punctuation of the Folio to establish any particular Were busilest analogous to the easilest in 'Cym. reading is to rest on a very broken reed. The beline 'I should prefer that reading, as requiring argument, to my mind, is not so difficult as the only the slightest alteration; but, as the analogy editors have found it: “ It is religion that makes will not hold, perhaps busiest is the reading to be Vows kept, but you have sworn (second oath) preferred. We then get this very satisfactory against religion (which in your first oath you swore interpretation: “I forget everything but these to champion). In so far as you swear against your sweet thoughts, which refresh even my most first oath, and make your second oath a surety for busiest labours, when I give way to them." your truth, thereby setting the truth against an "Do it” is a common expression of the day, and oath (viz., your first oath), you are on unstable may mean almost anything. Cf. 'Cymbeline, ground; in swearing one swears only to keep | II. ii. 18:one's vow (and you have sworn to break it)." As a

Rubies unparagon'd, matter of fact, the punctuation of the Folio appears How dearly they do't. to be correct, except that there should be a stop at I may not have suggested the true solution of this “ unsure.”

HOLCOMBE INGLEBY. difficult passage, but I think the above interpreta

| tion is worth consideration. *TEMPEST,' III. i. (7th S. vii. 403).- A mean

HOLCOMBE INGLEBY. ing much clearer than that MR. SPENCE manages

Athenæum Club. to find in the passage may be brought out from a legs violent alteration of the text than is required for his interpretation. I would propose only to

PRICES OF JACOBEAN QUARTOES : ENTRIES IN read least instead of " lest" in the First Folio, and STATIONERS' REGISTERS. -The evidence here set to omit the "it" at the end of the sentence. The

forth as to prices is, as yet, too little to found any passage would then run :

certain conclusion upon; nevertheless I give it as a I forget:

first conclusion and for what it is worth. My copy But these sweet thoughts do even refresh my labours, of Jonson's “Execration against Vulcan. With Most busy least when I do. .

divers Epigrams......Printed by J. O. for John Ferdinand has allowed his thoughts to run on the Benson......1640," has in MS. on its title-page charms of Miranda, when he awakes to the con.“ 4d.” Its leaves (including the first fly-leaf, which sciousness that he is forgetting his task of drudgery. is part of the signatures in a) are thirty. My But even so, he would fain argue, he gives his Chapman's Conspiracie......of Charles, Dake of master no cause of complaint, inasmuch as the Byron,' 1608, has in MS. on its title-page“ pret. thoughts of her are so refreshing that he is 100 1° Junij. 1608." Its leaves are 65 (for signapractically busiest in his master's service when for ture A only includes the title-leaf and the dedicathe moment he is beguiled into entire cessation of tion-leaf, both unsigned). Assuming, then, that the bodily labour.

fourpence for the Jonson quarto was its published, The foregoing correction was suggested to me in and not its second-hand price, an assumption renmy sleep many years ago. I had not been specu. dered most probable by its coincidence of result lating at all upon any mode of amending the with the Chapman quarto, the publisher's pricepassage, when one night, without any corresponding rate seems to have been one penny for every seven dream, I awoke with the words running in my and a half leaves (390 lines of larger print) in the head : “Most busy when least I do." It was Jonson booklet, and for six and a half leaves some time before I could think what they referred (11. 494) in the Chapman one. to, but after a little I recognized them as pointing. It is true that Drummond of Hawthornden to the true reading of the famous crux in the bought a 'Romeo and Juliet' for fourpence, that 'Tempest.'

. WEDGWOOD. is at the rate of a penny for eleven leaves ; but ss

be appears to have bought it in London in 1606, I some account of the methods pursued in the prewhile the quartos were published in 1597 and paration of it is given, no mention is made of any 1598, it is not impossible that he bought it at a matter obtained from any unprinted source, nor in reduced rate, and this is perhaps the more likely the 'Life' by Heber. as it is the only book out of five of Shakespeare's

T. ADOLPHUS TROLLOPE. against which he marks a price.

Budleigh Salterton. But there is to me a still more curious result from the MS. entry in Chapman's Byron. This

WHORWOOD FAMILY AND CROMWELLIAN RELIC. entry is dated “ 1° Junij,” showing that the book

-In 1883 there was some correspondence in ‘N. was then for sale, or at least, on the "favoured pur

W & Qi' about the Whorwood and Freton families chaser” supposition, that it'was then printed and I (61 S. vii. 229, 514), and it may interest those about to be issued to the public. But the entry of who were then making inquiries respecting them the book in the Stationers' Registers is on the 5th to note that last month (May) at Christie & Manof June." 1608, and we have thus proof that the son's there was sold a piece of old English plate, book-and, therefore, very possibly others—was

mounted on an ebony stand, with an inscription on printed and ready for sale before it was entered.

it to the effect that it had been given by Oliver BR. NICHOLSON.

Cromwell to Col. Fleetwood, and by him left to

Dame Ursula Whorwood. A DICKENS COINCIDENCE.—Prof. A. W. Ward,

B. FLORENCE SCARLETT. in the preface to his monograph on 'Dickens'in the English Men of Letters Series." speaks of the QUOTES.—I think that this is a newly-coined kindness of Capt. and Mrs. Budden in allowing word, as an abbreviation for quotations. Your him to see Gad's Hill, where they reside. One of correspondent St. SWITHIN (7th S. vii. 92) menthe characters in the very first' literary work of tioned the ‘Local Notes and Queries' column of Charles Dickens, which appeared as 'A'Dinner at the Grantham Journal, and quoted therefrom a Poplar Walk' in the Monthly Magazine, Decem-note, signed Viator, Oct. 26, 1878, which was ber. 1833. and is contained, under the name of. Mr. written by me. This column of* Local Notes and Minds and his Cousin,' in Sketches by Boz' is Queries ' has ceased to appear, and has been sucMr. Octavins Budden.' who, with Mrs. Budden ceeded by a column entitled 'Notes and Quotes.' and Master Alexander Augustus Budden, enter

CUTHBERT BEDE. tain their bachelor cousin in their suburban resi PARMESAN CHEESE. — The P. du Val, in his dence at Stamford Hill, T. CANN HUGHES.

'Description d'Italie,' Paris, 1656, says, speaking Manchester,

of Parma :BICENTENARY OF SAMUEL RICHARDSON.— The

"On fait cas des fromages de cette ville, qui sont

grands de deux pieds et demy de diametre et quelquefois annexed account, with the signature of W. Lovell, I davantage, de sorte qu'ils pesent quelquefois plus de appeared in a recent issue (April 15) of the Pub- deux cens de leurs livres commu

x cens de leurs livres communes; la plus part des lisher's Circular, and seems worthy of a place in Estrangers recherchent cette sorte de mets, et les 'N. & Q.':

Venitiens en font transporter tous les ans une grande

quantité à Constantinople, pour faire leurs presens aux “This celebrated novelist was born in 1689 in Derby- | Visirs, aux Bachas et autres ministres de la Cour du shire, the exact place and month being unknown. He Grand Seigneur et mesme à sa Hautesse.” was apprenticed at Stationers' Hall on July 1, 1706, and became free of the City on June 13, 1715, and Master of

Ralph N. JAMES. the Stationers' Company in 1754. His letter to his apprentice is still supplied to every apprentice to this

MAXIMILIAN, LORD ZEVEMBERGHES.—The date Company. Richardson was buried in the middle aisle of of his death is erroneously given in ‘N. & Q.’ (666 St. Bride's Church, Fleet Street, on July 10, 1761. His S. x. 281) as 1545. He died in 1521 “at Spires, tombstone is covered with matting and dust, and can on his way to the Swiss," as reported by Spinelli only be seen and deciphered with difficulty."

to Cardinal Wolsey in a letter dated Brussels,

DANIEL HIPWELL. August 9 of that year. According to Denis 34, Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell.

(Wien's Buchdruckergeschichte,' Suppl., p. 51)

Brassicanus published a poem in 1524 lamenting UNPRINTED SERMONS OF JEREMY TAYLOR.

the early death of Maximilian, his patron. No Coleridge, in ‘Omniana,' vol. i. p. 257, says “ there donbt your correspondent was misled by Maurice. is extant in MS. a folio volume of unprinted ser

L. L. K. mons by Jeremy Taylor.” Does any Notes-andQueryite know anything of any such MS.? The DISCOVERY OF THE BURIAL-PLACE OF CHARLES above assertion by Coleridge was printed in 1812. I. AT WINDSOR.—It would appear from the paper Bishop Heber's edition of Jeremy Taylor was pub- by Mr. J. G. Alger on the Posthumous Vicissi. lished in 1822. And it may be that the statement tudes of James II.' in the January number of the of Coleridge then ceased to be true. In the pre- Nineteenth Century that this discovery was made face which Heber prefixes to his edition, in which previously to the year 1824, for Chateaubriand, in

his 'Quatre Stuarts,' written in London in 1824, tesque faces ornament the sides. The rest of the moralizes on the coincidence of the discovery (in space, which would otherwise be blank, is occupied July, 1824) of portions of the remains of James II. by two ovals with pseudo-classic decoration around at St. Germains and the body of Charles I. at them. They each contain a bridge of three arches Windsor, as also on the distinction of Louis XIV.'s with towers protecting the right and left entrances. remains at St. Denis and the recovery of his royal Above the bridge is an object which looks like & guest (Nineteenth century, p. 107). See also 'Les star or comet. Round the margin is the date 1568 Derniers Stuarts,' by Madame Campana de Cavelli. in Roman numerals. I am wishful to know whether

JNO. HEBB. this is the arms of some foreign city, or the trade. IRISH ECCLESIASTICAL APPOINTMENTS. — Mr.

mark of the maker. Abbadie, Dean of Killaloe, was appointed to that

About the same time I acquired at a Lincolodeanery instead of that of St. Patrick, because he

shire village near the Humber a mortar dated could speak no English.

1666, bearing a shield charged with a key in pale I take this from Primate Boulter's 'Letters,' p. 73; and he might have

between two stars, impaling a nondescript bird, added that, being a French Huguenot, the dean

which may be meant for a falcon. Around the

bottom is inscribed “SCALITZWEGH DROSTE,” out could not speak Irish, but only his own language. They manage things better in these days.

of which my ignorance can extract no meaning.

ANON. Y. S. M. LILLIPUT.—Lille in Danish and Swedish = our

| A CORIOUS COPY OF OTHELLO,' with MS. little, and putto in Italian=child or boy.

NOTES.—I have lately come across the following Lilli

interesting letter in the Morning Chronicle of putto would, therefore, mean little child or boy, and Jan Rhis word I actually find used in much this sense= |

Jan. 13, 1809, and forward it for the benefit of figurina, in an Italian novel by Mastrani called 'Il yo

your readers :mio Cadavere' (sixth edit., Naples, 1880, i. 61).

To the Editor of the Mor vir('hronicle. The writer, after describing “un tondo di mogano

SIR-I happened to be rummaging among some old a lastra di marmo......zeppo di tutte quelle figurine

plays the other day, when, by good luck, I found a very

curious copy of Othello,' interspersed with manuscript di marmo, di stucco, di alabastro che popolano i notes, and in perfect condition, except that it is rather salotti," goes on to say, “questo mondo di lilli. worm-eaten and has lost the title-page. The first leaf has putti preziosi che si accalcano sovra un tondo o suffered most severely, and I regret it the more because sovra una mensola," where it is evident that lilli- |

it contains the following remarkable deviation from the

authenticated text of Shakespeare :-putti in the second sentence=figurine in the first.

For certes, says he, It must not be supposed, however, that the author I have all ready chose my secretary. made up the word in the way I have done. And what was he?...... He evidently borrowed it from Gulliver's Travels,'| Forsooth, a great tautologician, though he was probably induced, in part at least,

One Vi...... Cas....... an Irishman, to use it here by finding in it the familiar word putto.

A fellow allmost damn'd in a faire wife,

That never gett a squadron in the field, But Swift evidently did make up the word some Nor the division of a battle knows how, and the question is, Did he make it up in the More than a spinster; unlesse the bookish theoriche barbarous way that I have described ? It would not Wherein the toged consuls can propose require any great knowledge of Swedish (or Danish)

As masterly as he: mere prattle without practice and Italian to do so, as both lille and putto are

Is all his soldiershippe. But he, Sir, had the election. words in common use. At all events, I am not

The imperfect part of the fourth line, Vi...... Cas.

may be easily construed into Michael Cassio, as the the only person who has found the Danish and

when perfect was most likely an M. But where did the Swedish lille in Lilliput. Three or four years after printer get the words “tautoligician" [sic] and " IrishI had met with this Italian lilliputto (1884), and man"? I should be glad if any of your intelligent it had led me to the derivation which I have given

readers who may happen to possess a similar copy in above, I met with the following in Kleinpaul's

better condition will inform me, through the medium of

your widely circulated paper, what is the printer's name, ‘Menschen- und Völkernamen' (Leipzig, 1885),

and the date which the imprint bears. p. 129, “Das Wort (Lütke*], schwedisch und

I am, Sir, yours, dänisch lille, steckt auch in Liliput."

F. CHANCE 9th Jan., 1809. Sydenham Hill.

W. I. R. V. MORTARS.-Some years ago I bought at a sale CarnELICKUMS : SLICK.-Amongst the manuof household goods which took place near Wake- scripts of Sir Henry Ingilby, Bart., of Ripley field a rather large bronze mortar. It has two Castle, co.York (Hist. MSS. Commission, Appendix handles in the form of human heads, and four gro-to Sixth Report, p. 365), is a letter to his wife

from Sir Robert Paston (March 17, 1667), in * Lülke is a Low German diminutive name, which which, speaking of the Lord Chancellor, he says, Kleinpaul regards as akin to our little.

“We parted kindly with some chinelickums, bat

A COMMENTATOR.

all the assurances of friendships that might be." additions, and the commencement of a preface for What are “chinelickums”? The same letter con- the third edition. Can any one tell me who is the tains the following: “Jack Carie cut bis own throat author, the date of publication (about 1802-3, I

the other night, but was kept from going through fancy), and whether a third edition was issued ? E slick with his work, and remains yet alive." "Slick"

J. CUTHBERT WELCH, F.C.S. is commonly regarded as a transherringpondism. The Browery, Reading.

FRANK REDE FOWKE. 24, Victoria Grove, Chelsea.

HERSEY FAMILY.—The male line of the family

of Hersey, or Hersee, in Notts, Warwick, and Berks, LINCOLN'S INN.-It will be a matter of interest has failed (in the reigns of Elizabeth, Edward I., to many readers of 'N. & Q.' that the old gate- and say George III.). There is a large family in way of Lincoln's Ion is again said to be in danger. the States, that originated from an emigrant in A memorial is being extensively signed by members, 1635, and I wish to trace him this side of the which will be presented to the benchers, entreating water.

CHAS. J. HERSEY. them to stay their hands. A good photograph of P.S.--I have seen it spelt Hersey, Hersee, Herc the gateway, from either side, would be a desirable Hercye, Hersy, Hersi, Hercé, Hercey, Hersé. possession.

W. H.

STONE COFFINS FILLED WITH COCKLE-SHELLS. Queries.

- In excavating the soil, which has been brought We must request correspondents desiring information in to heighten the floor of the transitional portion on family matters of only private interest, to affix their of Frampton Church, several stone coffins were names and addresses to their queries, in order that the discovered, which must originally have had their answers may be addressed to them direct.

lids level with the floor. The lids are all gone,

but the bones remain in the coffins, and each has SELINA.-I am desirous of ascertaining when been filled with cockle and other shells and sand. this name, which is now common, was first intro- It is evident, from their being filled up to the top,

duced into England. Miss Yonge tells us, I and shells not being found elsewhere, that this e believe, that the famous Countess of Huntingdon

was done by design, and not by accident. The (daughter of Washington, second Earl Ferrers) effect appears to have been to preserve the bones, was the first who bore it. It is probable that her which are perfectly fresh, although they must have notoriety popularized the name, but it is certain been buried six hundred years, and before the level that she was not the first Selina. In Mr. E. P. of the ground line was raised and made to correShirley's “Stemmata Shirleiana ' we read of Selina spond with the second, or decorated portion of the (Celina), daughter of George Finch, Esq., merchant, church. Is there any other instance known of seaof London, and formerly alderman of Londonderry, shells being used for such a purpose ? who married the first Earl Ferrers, and was buried

Another curious circumstance is the peculiar at Twickenham, aged eighty, in 1762. But an size of one coffin, it being 5 ft. 10 in. in length earlier instance is that of Selina, daughter of John (within), and only 13 in. broad at the head and Godschall, merchant, of East Sheen, who married | 74 in. at the foot. The skeleton fitted tight every Sir Edward Frewen, and died in 1714, aged fifty, way; though for some inexplicable cause about two four (cf. Burke's 'Commoners'). The families of inches have been sliced off the sides and ends of Shirley and of Frewen always have a Selina among the coffin, and the face, knee-caps, and toes of the their daughters. We have a tradition that “the skeleton were similarly sliced off level with the name was introduced by a Turkish merchant, who coffin ; but as the floor was raised, instead of brought it from the East.” May this have been lowered, there seems no conceivable reason for this the John Godschall mentioned above ; and may treatment. As the rest of the bones were undisthere be a delicate allusion to his calling, in giving turbed, it would appear as if this was done before the name of the Turkish crescent moon, oenon, to the flesh was off the bones, for the feet were in his daughter ? Perhaps, however, your readers can their original upright position with the severed remember instances of its occurrence earlier than toes lying close by them. Can any one give a pro1660.

C. Moor.

bable reason for this treatment ? 15, Montpelier Square, S.W.

C. T. J. MOORE. 'BRIEF HISTORY OF BIRMINGHAM.'—I have in

Frampton Hall, near Boston. my possession a “Brief History of Birmingham, and Guide to Strangers : Embellished with a Plan the first shipment of pale ale made, in wood or

PALE ALE.—When, whence, and whither was of the Town.” It is a 12mo., containing 59 pp., bottle, from England ?

ECLIPSE. in boards, and published by Grafton & Reddell, Birmingham. It is the second edition, and bears FLEET ON THE SERPENTINE. An etching, no date. It is also interleaved, being the author's worked in with Indian ink, which is now before own copy, and contains many MS. alterations and me, represents, according to pencil inscription

written at the lower margin by some former pos- such or to be buried with them. But in this case sessor, “Fleet on the Serpentine, Hyde Park.” the subject is not even a native, but an insignificant Eleven full-rigged ships are shown, but these foreigner, without, so far as my historical knowmust have only been gigantic toys, as, judg- ledge goes, any title to notoriety, good or bad. ing by boats which are near them, none of The guide-book is silent on the matter, and the them can have been longer than about three human guide so oppressively attached on certain times the length of a small row-boat. Some days to those who wish to study the monuments foreground figures in the etching are suggestive of is as ignorant of the matter as you would expect Rowlandson or his period. When were these ships to find him.

HERMAN BIDDELL. placed upon the Serpentine; and when were they removed 7 Had they any particular significance; or

MARIE LACHENSTEN.—Can any of your readers are they only intended for ornament? They are

who are acquainted with the biographies of Charles principally two-deckers, with gun ports. Some fly Edward, the Pretender, state who Marie Lachenthe Union Jack, while others have a flag over the

sten was ? A miniature of her on a snuff-box stern which is evidently intended for the French

which belonged to the Pretender, and came origin

ally from General Sir Herbert Taylor, has been tricolour. Size of etching about 14 in. by 9 in.

W. H. PATTERSON.
exhibited at the Stuart Exhibition.

F. PERCIVAL. Belfast,

2, Southwick Place, W. St. Paul's DEANERY.—Wren is said by Milman LINES ON MUSIC.-In what seems to be the to have rebuilt it on the old site, “but shorn of commonplace book of a Scotch dominie who lived much of its pleasant garden stretching towards the labout 1688, among notes on music, which appear river, which was portioned off on building leases I to be copied from Playford's 'Introduction to to defray the cost of the new house.” Did the Main Time

Music' (1683), there are the following lines :gardens of the old house extend down to the

Through routing of the river lang, churchyard of St. Bennet's, Paul's Wharf ? If so,

The rocks sounding like a sang, they would have covered the ground of old Doc

Where descants did abound, tors' Commons. Is there any deanery garden now

With Treble, Tenor, Counter, Mean, beyond what may be seen from Dean's Yard ? If

And Echo blow a basse between Milman had not said that the house was built on

In Diapason sound.

Sett with the o sol fa uth clieffe the old site, I should have thought the original

With long and large at list, deanery would be much further east and nearer

With quiver, Crotchet, Semibrief, to the transept of the cathedral, with which I fan

And not a mainim mist. cied it used to be in connexion. Carter Lane and

Compleatly more sweetly

The fire down flat, and all those streets must surely always have inter

Then Muses which uses fered much with the deanery garden.

To pin Apollo's harp.

0. A. WARD. Walthamstow.

Are these lines a copy, or a translation, or what?

J. G. C. CEMETERY GUIDES.-Is any guide published STAG Match.-In looking over a file of the directing visitors where to find the graves of emi. London Chronicle for 1758, I find mention of s nent men and women who have been buried in description of sport that can never, I think, have London cemeteries ? It is one thing to know, for been common, and of which I have not before instance, that “George Eliot" is buried in High- found mention. The Chronicle for June 29 states gate Cemetery, but quite another to find the grave. that the races at Newcastle-upon-Tyne had been The sixpenny guide to Bunhill Fields, with its held during the previous week. There were five numbered plan, is undoubtedly a great boon to the prizes, one of which was run for on each day, from public. I shall be glad to know if it is unique or Monday to Friday. The writer then proceeds: not.

JOHN T. PAGE. “ The main [cock-fight] between the Duke of Holmby House, Forest Gate,

Cleveland and the Earl of Northumberland was

won by the Earl. And the stag match between BURIALS IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY.-Can any l Sir Henry Grey, Bart., and Jeremiah Shafto, Esq., of your readers tell me why the Duke of Mont

was won by Sir Henry.” A “main” was a regula pensier, who died in 1807, is buried in Westminster

item in the sports of a race week until within Abbey? He was the brother of Louis Philippe. living memory. But what was a “stag match"! His monument (a recumbent effigy by Westmacott) | Are we to suppose that the animals were incites is close by that of Dean Stanley, the only two in to fight?

John LATIMER. the south-east recess of Henry VII.'s Chapel. The same question might be asked of a number of others “HOW MUCH THE WIFE IS DEARER THAN THR who share the memorial honours of our national BRIDE.”—This is mentioned in Colebs in Search heroes, but who have no claim to be ranked as of a Wife,' ninth edition, 1809, i. 288. In 'The

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