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King, W. W., College Hill, Cannon

Street, London King, James, High Holborn, London King, Rev. C., Stratford-sub-Castle Kinneir, Dr., Purton Knapp, John, Bradford-on-Avon Knight, Rev. John, Heytesbury

Ladd, J. N., Calne
Lambert, John, Peterborough
Lancaster, Rev. T, B., Grittleton
Lansdown, T. S., Malmesbury
Lansdowne, The Most Hon. the Mar-

quis of, K.G., Bowood (Life Mem.)
Law, Rev. R. V., Christian Malford
Lawrence, W., Highworth
Leach, Robert V., Devizes
Lear, Rev. F., Bishopston, Salisbury
Littlewood, Rev. S., Edington
Locke, F. A, S., Rowdeford
Locke, John, Chicklade, Hindon
Long, Walter, M.P., Rood Ashton

(Life Member) Long, Walter, M.A., Preshaw House,

Bishop's Waltham, Hants Long, William, M.A., Lansdown

Place, Bath Long, Henry Lawes, Seals, near

Farnham Lopes, Henry, The Grange, Bradford

on-Avon Luce, Thomas, Malmesbury Ludlow, H. G. G. Heywood House,

Westbury Lukis, Rev. W. C., F.S,A., Wath

Rectory, Ripon Lukis, F. C., The Grange, Guernsey

Medlicott, Rev. J., Potterne
Meek, Alexander, Devizes
Meredith, Capt., Heddington
Merewether, Henry Alworth, Bowdon

Hill (Life Member)
Merrick, William, Bradford-on-Avon
Merriman, Thomas B., Marlborough
Merriman, William C., Marlborough
Merriman, Edward B., Marlborough
Merriman, S.W.J., M.D., Charles St.

Westbourne Terrace, London Methuen, The Rt. Hon. Lord, Cor

sham Court Methuen, Rev. Henry H., Allcan

nings Meyrick, Rev. E., Chiseldon Miles, Rev. Thomas, Stockton Miles, Edward, Dauntsey House Miles, C. W., Burton Hill, Malmes

bury Miles, J., Wexcombe, Burbage Montgomrey, R., Devizes Morgan, Rev. D., Ham, Hungerford Morgell, Rev. C., Knoyle Mornington, The Rt. Hon. the Earl

of, Draycote House (Life Member) Morrice, Rev. W. D., Longbridge

Deverill Morris, William, Swindon Morrison, Alfred, Fonthill (Life

Member) Moulton, Stephen, Kingston House,

Bradford-on-Avon Mullings, Richard, Stratton, Ciren


MNiven, Rev. C., Patney
Mann, Rev. Thomas, Trowbridge
Mannings, George, Jun.,Wedhampton
Mantell, E. W., Swindon
Markland, James Heywood, D.C.L.,

F.R.S., F.S.A., Lansdown Cres

cent, Bath Maskelyne, Edmund Story, Basset

Down House, Swindon Matcham, Geo., New House, Downton

Neeld, Sir John, Bart., Grittleton

House (Life Member) Nelson, The Rt. Hon. the Earl, Tra

falgar Nichols, J. B., F.S.A., Parliament

Street, Westminster Nichols, J. Gough, F.S.A., Parlia

ment Street, Westminster Nightingale, J. E., Wilton Nisbet, Robert Parry, Southbroom

House, Devizes (Life Member) Nott, William, Devizes

Noyes, John, Lansdown Road North,

Kensington Park, London Noyes, James, Chippenham Noyes, John, Chippenham

Olivier, Lieut.-Col., Bath (Life Mem)

Pain, T., Salisbury
Parfitt, Very Rev. Canon, Cottles
Parry, Joseph, Jun., Allington, De-

vizes Parsons, John, Bread Street, Cheap

side, London Parsons, W. F., Huntsmill, Wootton

Basset Penruddocke, C., Compton Park,

Salisbury (Life Member) Phillips, Jacob, Chippenham Phillipps, Sir Thomas, Bart., Middle

Hill, near Broadway, Worcester Phipps, Rev. Edward James, Stans

field, Suffolk Phipps, John Lewis, Leighton House,

Westbury Phipps, Charles Paul, Chalcot House,

Westbury Pickwick, Capt., Frankleigh Lodge,

Bradford-on-Avon Pinckney, G. H., Overton Pooke, Rev. W. H., Keevil Popham, Francis Leybourne, Little

cote House Popham, Rev. J. L., Chilton Powell, Rev. J.R., Monkton Farleigh Poynder, Thomas Henry Allen, M.A.,

Hartham Park (Life Member) Pratt, James, Wootton Bassett Preston, Rev. T. A., Marlborough

College Price, Richard E., Marlborough Prior, Dr.R,C. Alexander, York Ter

race, Regents Park, London Proctor, William, Cathay, Bristol Proctor, Thomas, Cathay, Bristol Prower, Rev. Canon, Purton

Randell, James S., Rudlow Lodge,

Randle, N. B., Devizes
Ravenhill, John, Ashton Gifford
Ravenshaw, Rev. T. F. T., Pewsey
Reed, Capt. John, Marlborough
Reynolds, Rev. J. J., Shaftesbury
Rich, Rev. J., Chippenham
Ross, Rev. J. Lockhart, Avebury
Rumboll, Alfred, Hilldrop Farm,

Rutter, J., Farley, Mere

Sadler, S, C., Purton Court
Saunders, T. Bush, Bradford-on-Avon
Scarth, Rev. H. M., Bathwick
Scrope, G. Poulett, M.P., F.R.S., &c.,

Castle Combe (Life Member)
Seagram, William Ballard, Bratton
Seagram, W. F., Warminster
Selfe, H., Marten, Great Bedwyn

(Life Member) Seymour, Alfred, Knoyle House Seymour, Capt., Chilton, Hungerford Silcock, T. B., Bradford-on-Avon Simpson, George, Devizes Skrine, H. D., Warleigh Manor,

Bradford-on-Avon Sladen, Rev. E. H. M., Alton Barnes Sloper, George Elgar, Devizes Sloper, George Elgar, Jun., Devizes Smart, Rev. Newton, Alderbury Soames, Rev. Charles, Mildenhall Southby, A., M.D., Bulford Spencer, John, Bowood Squarey, Coard W., Salisbury Stallard, Rev. G., East Grafton Stancomb, J. Perkins, Trowbridge Stanton, Rev. Thomas, Burbage Stevens, Edward Thomas, Salisbury Smith, Rev. Alfred, Old Park, De

vizes Smith, Rev. Alfred Charles, Yates

bury Smith, R., Stone, William, Winsley, Bradford

on-Avon Stratton, Alfred, Rushall

Radnor, The Rt. Hon. the Earl,

Coleshill, Highworth

Ward, Rev. Henry, Aldwincle,

Thrapston Ward, Isaiah, Devizes Warren, Rev. E. B., Marlborough Waylen, Robert, Devizes Wayte, Rev. W., Eton Wellesley, The Rt. Hon. Lady Char

les, Conholt Park, Andover (Life

Member) Westminster, The Most Hon. the

Marquis of, Eaton Hall, Chester

(Life Member) Wheeler, J. B., Steeple Ashton Whinfield, Rev. E. T., Woodleigh,

Bradford-on-Avon Whitby, Rev. R. V., Lechlade White, W. M., Springfield Villa,

Lansdown, Bath Wickens, Miss, The Close, Salisbury Wilkes, B. J., Manor Farm, Baydon Wilkinson, Rev. Matthew, D.D.,

West Lavington Wilkinson, Rev. John, Broughton

Gifford Wilmot, F. S., Chippenham Winthrop, Rev. B. Hardenhuish Wilson, John, M.A., Chippenham Wilton, Rev. Edw., West Lavington Wittey. S., Devizes Wyatt, Thomas Henry, Great Rus

sell Street, London Wyld, Rev. W. T., Woodborough

Zillwood, Frederick William, Salis

Stratton, Joseph, Manningford
Stratton, Richard, Broadhinton
Strickland, Rev. E., Brixton Deverill
Strong, Rev. Augustus, Chippenham
Suffolk, The Rt. Hon. the Earl of,

Charlton House, Malmesbury
Swayne, John, Wilton
Swayne, Henry, J. F., Nether-

hampton House, Salisbury Swyer, Robert, Shaftesbury

Tanner, William, Rockley
Tanner, J., Mudeford House, Christ-

Tayler, Christopher, Trowbridge
Taylor, Simon Watson, Erle Stoke

Taylor, W. H., Warminster
Teale, Rev. W. H., Devizes
Temple, George, Bishopstrow
Thring, Rev. J. C., Uppingham, Rut-

Thurnam, John, M.D., F.S.A.,

Townsend, J. Copleston, Swindon
Tugwell, William Edmund, Devizes
Turner, Rev. J., North Tidworth
Tyssen, J. R. D., F.S.A., Lower Rock

Gardens, Brighton

Uncles, J. W., Chippenham

Vardy, Richard E., Warminster
Vicary, G., Warminster
Wansey, William, F.S.A., Reform

Club, London


Honorary Members.
Akerman, J. Yonge, F.S.A., &c., Abingdon.
Bell, Thomas, New Broad Street, London.
Godwin, George, Alexander Square, Brompton, London.
Owen, Richard, Sheen Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey.
Smith, C. Roach, Strood, near Rochester,
Way, Albert, F.S.A., &c., Wonham Manor, Reigate.
Wright, Thomas, Sydney Street, Brompton, London.





As to the Ancient State of Marlborough.



NITI respect to this subject, I am not unmindful that

Marlborough has already its History, and that there also was a Lecture on the Castle (now the College), by the Bishop of Calcutta; and that I am therefore only a Leazer in the Antiquarian field; and that my niches of leased Antiquarian lore would have been small in size and but few in number if my friend Mr. T. B. Merriman had not for this purpose kindly thrown open his very extensive and valuable collections relating to Marlborough.

I therefore intend to advert to such matters as have been hitherto either unnoticed, or have been only slightly touched on by others.

I will commence with THE POLL Tax, which was collected in the reign of Richard 2nd, (1378); the Marlborough assessment being in the general Record office. This tax was imposed on all persons above fourteen years old, except clergymen, married women, and common beggars. Two hundred and seventy-four persons paid the tax in Marlborough, whose names and callings are given. Peter Ramenhall, Esq., Adam Kyneton, Liberus (probably a considerable freeholder), and John Janevyne (a tanner who was the Mayor), paying each six and eightpence, the tax on an esquire. Two hostellers, paying each three and fourpence, the same tax as was paid by gentlemen.

The inhabitants of the town then consisted of three fishmongers, three fishermen (no doubt from the number of maigre days), ten tanners, one skinner, one currier, three peliparii (leather sellers), ten VOL. VII.-NO. XIX.


souters (shoemakers), three butchers, one baker (which showed that most people then baked at home), three tailors, one shearman, two merchants, one mercer, two ironmongers, one plumber, four weavers, one webber, one saddler, four carpenters, two coopers, one mason, four heliers (tilers), one mustard maker, one glazier, one netmaker, one honeymonger, (a considerable trade before the introduction of West India sugar), one victualler, two brewers, twenty-five men servants (of whom William the Rector's footman was one), fortyeight female servants. Many of the servants of both sexes had no surnames. Eleven labourers were taxed at sixpence each, as were eleven Liberi (probably small freeholders), the tax upon servants being fourpence each, and on the artizans sixpence.

There is one Mareschal who is charged sixpence, but it is stated by Mr. Riley in his introduction to the Liber Asbus, that notwithstanding his high sounding appellation, a Mareschal means a shoeing smith.

It has been erroneously supposed that there was no Poll Tax after the revolt of Wat Tyler, in the reign of Richard 2nd : this is not so, as by an Act passed in the eighteenth year of the reign of Charles 2nd, every subject in this kingdom was assessed to a Poll Tax according to his degree; a Duke a hundred pounds, a Marquis eighty pounds, a Baron fifty pounds, a Baronet thirty pounds, a Knight twenty pounds, an Esquire ten pounds, and every common person one shilling. And in the 1st and 2nd years of King William 3rd and Queen Mary a general twelvepenny Poll Tax was granted by the Parliament for the public service.


I will next advert to the Churches, as to which the Commissioners of Chantries (2 Edw. 6, 1548, certif. no. 58), say:

“The Towne of Marlbrowe is a great Towne, wherein be three parisshe Churches, and in the same a thousand and sixty-one people, which receyve the blessed Communion; in every of which parisshe Churches there is a Vicar inducted, albeyt there lyvingis be so small and their Cures so great, that withoute helpe of some minister they be not able to serve the said Cures."

This number of Communicants appears to be very large, but by

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