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King, W. W., College Hill, Cannon
Street, London King, James, High Holborn, London King, Rev. C., Stratford-sub-Castle Kinneir, Dr., Purton Knapp, John, Bradford-on-Avon Knight, Rev. John, Heytesbury
Ladd, J. N., Calne
quis of, K.G., Bowood (Life Mem.)
(Life Member) Long, Walter, M.A., Preshaw House,
Bishop's Waltham, Hants Long, William, M.A., Lansdown
Place, Bath Long, Henry Lawes, Seals, near
Farnham Lopes, Henry, The Grange, Bradford
on-Avon Luce, Thomas, Malmesbury Ludlow, H. G. G. Heywood House,
Westbury Lukis, Rev. W. C., F.S,A., Wath
Rectory, Ripon Lukis, F. C., The Grange, Guernsey
Medlicott, Rev. J., Potterne
Hill (Life Member)
Westbourne Terrace, London Methuen, The Rt. Hon. Lord, Cor
sham Court Methuen, Rev. Henry H., Allcan
nings Meyrick, Rev. E., Chiseldon Miles, Rev. Thomas, Stockton Miles, Edward, Dauntsey House Miles, C. W., Burton Hill, Malmes
bury Miles, J., Wexcombe, Burbage Montgomrey, R., Devizes Morgan, Rev. D., Ham, Hungerford Morgell, Rev. C., Knoyle Mornington, The Rt. Hon. the Earl
of, Draycote House (Life Member) Morrice, Rev. W. D., Longbridge
Deverill Morris, William, Swindon Morrison, Alfred, Fonthill (Life
Member) Moulton, Stephen, Kingston House,
Bradford-on-Avon Mullings, Richard, Stratton, Ciren
MNiven, Rev. C., Patney
F.R.S., F.S.A., Lansdown Cres
cent, Bath Maskelyne, Edmund Story, Basset
Down House, Swindon Matcham, Geo., New House, Downton
Neeld, Sir John, Bart., Grittleton
House (Life Member) Nelson, The Rt. Hon. the Earl, Tra
falgar Nichols, J. B., F.S.A., Parliament
Street, Westminster Nichols, J. Gough, F.S.A., Parlia
ment Street, Westminster Nightingale, J. E., Wilton Nisbet, Robert Parry, Southbroom
House, Devizes (Life Member) Nott, William, Devizes
Noyes, John, Lansdown Road North,
Kensington Park, London Noyes, James, Chippenham Noyes, John, Chippenham
Olivier, Lieut.-Col., Bath (Life Mem)
Pain, T., Salisbury
vizes Parsons, John, Bread Street, Cheap
side, London Parsons, W. F., Huntsmill, Wootton
Basset Penruddocke, C., Compton Park,
Salisbury (Life Member) Phillips, Jacob, Chippenham Phillipps, Sir Thomas, Bart., Middle
Hill, near Broadway, Worcester Phipps, Rev. Edward James, Stans
field, Suffolk Phipps, John Lewis, Leighton House,
Westbury Phipps, Charles Paul, Chalcot House,
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cote House Popham, Rev. J. L., Chilton Powell, Rev. J.R., Monkton Farleigh Poynder, Thomas Henry Allen, M.A.,
Hartham Park (Life Member) Pratt, James, Wootton Bassett Preston, Rev. T. A., Marlborough
College Price, Richard E., Marlborough Prior, Dr.R,C. Alexander, York Ter
race, Regents Park, London Proctor, William, Cathay, Bristol Proctor, Thomas, Cathay, Bristol Prower, Rev. Canon, Purton
Randell, James S., Rudlow Lodge,
Sadler, S, C., Purton Court
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(Life Member) Seymour, Alfred, Knoyle House Seymour, Capt., Chilton, Hungerford Silcock, T. B., Bradford-on-Avon Simpson, George, Devizes Skrine, H. D., Warleigh Manor,
Bradford-on-Avon Sladen, Rev. E. H. M., Alton Barnes Sloper, George Elgar, Devizes Sloper, George Elgar, Jun., Devizes Smart, Rev. Newton, Alderbury Soames, Rev. Charles, Mildenhall Southby, A., M.D., Bulford Spencer, John, Bowood Squarey, Coard W., Salisbury Stallard, Rev. G., East Grafton Stancomb, J. Perkins, Trowbridge Stanton, Rev. Thomas, Burbage Stevens, Edward Thomas, Salisbury Smith, Rev. Alfred, Old Park, De
vizes Smith, Rev. Alfred Charles, Yates
bury Smith, R., Stone, William, Winsley, Bradford
on-Avon Stratton, Alfred, Rushall
Radnor, The Rt. Hon. the Earl,
Ward, Rev. Henry, Aldwincle,
Thrapston Ward, Isaiah, Devizes Warren, Rev. E. B., Marlborough Waylen, Robert, Devizes Wayte, Rev. W., Eton Wellesley, The Rt. Hon. Lady Char
les, Conholt Park, Andover (Life
Member) Westminster, The Most Hon. the
Marquis of, Eaton Hall, Chester
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Bradford-on-Avon Whitby, Rev. R. V., Lechlade White, W. M., Springfield Villa,
Lansdown, Bath Wickens, Miss, The Close, Salisbury Wilkes, B. J., Manor Farm, Baydon Wilkinson, Rev. Matthew, D.D.,
West Lavington Wilkinson, Rev. John, Broughton
Gifford Wilmot, F. S., Chippenham Winthrop, Rev. B. Hardenhuish Wilson, John, M.A., Chippenham Wilton, Rev. Edw., West Lavington Wittey. S., Devizes Wyatt, Thomas Henry, Great Rus
sell Street, London Wyld, Rev. W. T., Woodborough
Zillwood, Frederick William, Salis
Stratton, Joseph, Manningford
Charlton House, Malmesbury
hampton House, Salisbury Swyer, Robert, Shaftesbury
Tanner, William, Rockley
Uncles, J. W., Chippenham
Vardy, Richard E., Warminster
MULTORUM MANIBUS GRANDE LEVATUR ONUS."— Ovid.
FACTS AND OBSERVATIONS
As to the Ancient State of Marlborough.
By F. A. CARRINGTON, ESQ.
NITI respect to this subject, I am not unmindful that
Marlborough has already its History, and that there also was a Lecture on the Castle (now the College), by the Bishop of Calcutta; and that I am therefore only a Leazer in the Antiquarian field; and that my niches of leased Antiquarian lore would have been small in size and but few in number if my friend Mr. T. B. Merriman had not for this purpose kindly thrown open his very extensive and valuable collections relating to Marlborough.
I therefore intend to advert to such matters as have been hitherto either unnoticed, or have been only slightly touched on by others.
I will commence with THE POLL Tax, which was collected in the reign of Richard 2nd, (1378); the Marlborough assessment being in the general Record office. This tax was imposed on all persons above fourteen years old, except clergymen, married women, and common beggars. Two hundred and seventy-four persons paid the tax in Marlborough, whose names and callings are given. Peter Ramenhall, Esq., Adam Kyneton, Liberus (probably a considerable freeholder), and John Janevyne (a tanner who was the Mayor), paying each six and eightpence, the tax on an esquire. Two hostellers, paying each three and fourpence, the same tax as was paid by gentlemen.
The inhabitants of the town then consisted of three fishmongers, three fishermen (no doubt from the number of maigre days), ten tanners, one skinner, one currier, three peliparii (leather sellers), ten VOL. VII.-NO. XIX.
souters (shoemakers), three butchers, one baker (which showed that most people then baked at home), three tailors, one shearman, two merchants, one mercer, two ironmongers, one plumber, four weavers, one webber, one saddler, four carpenters, two coopers, one mason, four heliers (tilers), one mustard maker, one glazier, one netmaker, one honeymonger, (a considerable trade before the introduction of West India sugar), one victualler, two brewers, twenty-five men servants (of whom William the Rector's footman was one), fortyeight female servants. Many of the servants of both sexes had no surnames. Eleven labourers were taxed at sixpence each, as were eleven Liberi (probably small freeholders), the tax upon servants being fourpence each, and on the artizans sixpence.
There is one Mareschal who is charged sixpence, but it is stated by Mr. Riley in his introduction to the Liber Asbus, that notwithstanding his high sounding appellation, a Mareschal means a shoeing smith.
It has been erroneously supposed that there was no Poll Tax after the revolt of Wat Tyler, in the reign of Richard 2nd : this is not so, as by an Act passed in the eighteenth year of the reign of Charles 2nd, every subject in this kingdom was assessed to a Poll Tax according to his degree; a Duke a hundred pounds, a Marquis eighty pounds, a Baron fifty pounds, a Baronet thirty pounds, a Knight twenty pounds, an Esquire ten pounds, and every common person one shilling. And in the 1st and 2nd years of King William 3rd and Queen Mary a general twelvepenny Poll Tax was granted by the Parliament for the public service.
I will next advert to the Churches, as to which the Commissioners of Chantries (2 Edw. 6, 1548, certif. no. 58), say:
“The Towne of Marlbrowe is a great Towne, wherein be three parisshe Churches, and in the same a thousand and sixty-one people, which receyve the blessed Communion; in every of which parisshe Churches there is a Vicar inducted, albeyt there lyvingis be so small and their Cures so great, that withoute helpe of some minister they be not able to serve the said Cures."
This number of Communicants appears to be very large, but by