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and bone implements, and a variety of articles of a domestic, warlike, or sepulchral character, most of which had been exhumed from the barrows of Wiltshire, and all of which were freely opened to the inspection of the Society by the present owner, Sir Henry Hoare. After dining at the Inn at Stourton the journey was continued to Pen Pits, Pen Church, and Gillingham; and so back to Shaftesbury. We cannot conclude our report of this congress without a word of praise to the inhabitants of Shaftesbury, who from the first moment of the proposal of the Society to visit their town being made known to them, were indefatigable in all their arrangements. We would particularly name the Local Secretaries, (the Rev. H. T. Glyn, and Mr. Bennett), the Curator of the Museum (Mr. W. Batten), and the Chairman of the Committee, the Worshipful the Mayor, Mr. Brine.
A List of Articles Exhibited
TEMPORARY MUSEUM AT THE LITERARY INSTITUTION,
August 7th, 8th, and 9th, 1861.
Those marked with an Asterisk have been presented to the Society.
The two silver Maces of the Borough of Shaftesbury were exhibited by the Mayor, (J. E. BRINE, Esq.,) and the BOROUGH SEALs by the Town Clerk,
(C. BUCKLAND, Esq.) By The Most Hon. the MARQUIS OF WESTMINSTER :
Quern (of Pudding Stone) dug up at Hawker's Hill, Motcombe. Flint Celt from Melbury. Rude sculpture of a Knight on horseback, in low relief, from old ruins at Shaftesbury. Ornamented tiles from Alcazar, Seville. Ancient halberts, swords, Turkish armour and stirrups. Petrified wood, fossil bones and vertebræ, from Motcombe. Large fossil palm head from Portland. Lepidodendron elegans and piece of Fern tree from coal. Fossil Nautilus from Shaftesbury, and Ammonites from Tisbury and Portland. Specimens of Sicilian agate, and coral from Delos. Several cases of stuffed birds. Model
of Fonthill Abbey. By ALFRED SEYMOUR, Esq., Knoyle House :
Marble head from Nineveh. Miniature Egyptian tomb enclosing a small figure. Egyptian seals, alabaster figure of a god, table with hieroglyphics, and copies of Egyptian paintings in fresco. Linen and cover-pieces of a tomb from Thebes. Fossil bones from the Kimmeridge clay at East Knoyle. Oil painting of Rudolph II. Ditto of Virgin and Child by Luca Della Robbini (15th century). Magician's bowl 1260. Damascus bowl and dish.
Chinese enamel dish. Delft dish. Piece of malachite from Siberia. By C. PENRUDDOCKE, Esq., Compton Park :
Large oil painting (full length) of Sir George Penruddocke, of Ivychurch, standard-bearer to William, Earl of Pembroke, at the battle of St. Quentin, 1557. Half-length portraits of Colonel John Penruddocke, beheaded at Exeter in 1665; and his wife Arundel. Also a gilt frame containing several documents including Cromwell's warrant for Colonel Penruddocke's execution, cap in which he was beheaded, his last letter to his wife, &c., Cavalier
swords, pistols and other accoutrements. By T. FRASER GROVE, Esq., Ferne House :
A list (written on parchment) of more than eighty persons who were hanged at Dorchester, Weymouth, Lyme, Sherborne, Bridport, Poole and Wareham, VOL. VII.-NO. XXI.
on account of Monmouth's rebellion. New Zealand cloths, and several war clubs used by the natives. A large collection of Chinese curiosities, including rich dresses and personal decorations, articles of domestic use, books, drawings,
idols, &c. By J. DU BOULAY, Esq., Donhead Hall :
A collection of Norwegian, Russian, Japanese and other articles. By John Hussey, Esq., Marnhull :
Three manuscripts and a volume of sketches by Giles Hussey. Portrait of Prince Charles. By the Rev. C. A. GRIFFITH, Berwick St. John :
Lock and key of the 16th century, and a specimen of encaustic tiles from Berwick Church. A rudely carved wooden shield from the ceiling of the North aisle bearing the words “ DOMINUS JOHES BEKE” in raised letters ; another shield charged with the instruments of the Passion, and the rudder of a ship several times repeated, also taken from the church roof. [According to Sir R. C. Hoare a considerable portion of the present church of Berwick St. John was built during the reign of Henry VII.; and the ships-rudder, the wellknown badge of the Willoughby family, was probably placed here as a compliment to Edward Willoughby, Rector from 1485 to 1506, who may have been a contributor towards its erection. The shield bearing the name of Sir John Beke may also have been placed here by the same individual out of respect to the memory of one of his ancestors; the Willoughby family having derived the greater part of their possessions, together with the barony, from Walter Baron Beke, who died in 1316.]
Mr. Griffith also contributed a written description (accompanied with two drawings) of some ancient paintings discovered on the walls of the church, and a plate of the early monumental effigy of Sir Robert Lucy, engraved in
Hoare's “ Modern Wilts."
* Several interesting examples of ancient British urns, and an almost unique hammer head, from barrows in the neighbourhood of Collingbourne, Bronze celts from Ludgershall. Ox Horn from a long barrow at Tidcombe. Bone
chisel and stone mullers from a cromlech in Temple Bottom near Rockley. By STEPHEN B. Dixon, Esq., Pewsey :
Flint celt found near Pewsey.
Tracings from some remains of ancient paintings recently discovered on the walls of Highworth Church. By the Rev. J. J. REYNOLDS, Shaftesbury :
An illuminated missal: Circa 1420.
Impression from the great seal of Queen Mary. A large collection of fossils from the chalk and green sand of South Wilts, corn-brash and forest-marble of North Wilts, and carboniferous limestone of the neighbourhood of Frome ;
amongst them many fine examples of pentacrinites and other crinoidea. By HENRY BENNETT, Esq., Shaftesbury:
Beehive hat and hanger, formerly worn by the keepers in Cranborne chace. Keeper's flail, pocket swingel a weapon of defence used both by the keepers
and poachers, and wire noose used by poachers for catching deer. Medal found in Trinity church-yard, Shaftesbury. A large and interesting collection of stuffed birds and animals. Case of English butterflies. Case of shells mats, flax, &c., from New Zealand. Water colour drawings of scenery, &c., in ditto. Set of Chinese chessmen. Chinese Pagoda carved from the
soap stone, cups, &c. Encaustic tiles from the site of Shaftesbury Abbey. Two silver apostle spoons—date 1628 and 1642. Green quartz ornament from New Zealand. Specimens of fossil wood, ammonites, echini, &c., illustrating the
strata of the neighbourhood of Shaftesbury. Oil paintings, &c. By J. F. RUTTER, Esq., Mere ;
Bronze celt. Large collection of gold, silver, and copper coins. Fragments of urn in which 400 Roman coins were discovered at Mere in 1856, together with several of the coins. Circular seal found near Castle Hill, Mere, bearing
Ermine a fess fretty, and the legend “ Sigillum Johis d'Orchard." By ROBERT SWYRE, Esq., Shaftesbury
The original byzant (of gilded wood in the form of a palm tree about three feet in height) which was formerly carried in procession to Enmore Green near Motcombe, on the Monday before Holy Thursday in each year,
presented by the Mayor of Shaftesbury to the stewards of the manor, together with a pair of gloves, a calf's head, a gallon of ale, and two loaves of wheaten bread, as an acknowledgement for the water which formerly supplied the town of Shaftesbury, and was brought on horses' backs from the well on Enmore Green. This ceremony being concluded, the byzant, usually hung with jewels and costly ornaments, was returned to the Mayor, and carried back into the town in procession. The first written authority for this custom occurs in the Court Rolls of Gillingham Manor, dated 1527, to the effect that it hath been the custom in the tithing of Motcomb, Dorset, time out of remembrance, on the Sunday after Holy-Cross Day, in May, for the villagers to assemble at Enmore Green, at one o'clock, and with the minstrels, and “mirth of game,” to dance till two o'clock. “The Mayor of Shaston shall see the Queen's Bailiff have a penny loaf, a gallon of ale, and a calf's head, with a a pair of gloves, to see the order of the dance that day. And if the dance fail that day and the Queen's Bailiff have not his duty (i.e., the calf's head, &c.,) then the Bailiff and his men shall stop the water from the wells of Shaston from time
to time." By Mrs. Chitty, Cann :
Two pairs of byzant gloves, the last presented by the Mayor of Shaftesbury to the Lord of the Manor of Motcombe in accordance with the custom above
described. Chinese pictures, purse, fan, &c. Ry the Rev. J. PENNY, Blandford :
Fossils from the upper green sand, including sigillaria, section of nautilus (polished), and septaria. By J. E. BRINE, EsQ, Shaftesbury :
Fossil mushroom coral from Gillingham. Specimen of agate from Mere. A collection of ferns including many curious varieties of Scolopendrium from the neighbourhood of Shaftesbury. Cases of moths and beetles. Nearly 100
silver coins of various periods. Also a collection of antique china. By J. R. Lyon, Esq., Marnhull : Sculptured stone (apparently a piece of groining) representing St. George
and the Dragon found in a wall; and twelve silver coins found in paring down
a bank at West Orchard. By Mr. CUNNINGTON, F.G.S., Devizes :
Ancient British celts in stone and bronze from Manningford, Rushall, Beckhampton, &c.; also a series including the different forms found in the gravel of Amiens, with illustrations of those formed by the modern Indians, the whole constituting a very complete series of these implements which have recently attracted so much attention. Large specimen of fossil turtle from Swanage (Pleurosternon marginatum). A series of ammonites, trigonias, &c., illustrating the Portland beds of Tisbury. Flint sponges from the upper chalk of North Wilts. An achromatic microscope by Smith and Beck, in which was exhibited a collection of the desmidiæ of Wiltshire, including several rare forms lately discovered by F. Okeden, Esq. Globigerina cretacea from the chalk of Roundway, and specimens of the same shell from the bottom of
the Atlantic. By Mr. Soul, Shaftesbury :
Bronze celt found near Shaftesbury. By Mr. W. DOWDING, Fisherton :
A collection of crystallised flints (46 specimens). By Mr. H. THOMPSON, Gillingham :
Two Roman British urns. Roman earthern lamp. Cast from the leaden seal (bulla) of a bull of Pope John XXIII (1410—15) found at Gillingham. Brass apostle spoon. A series of Roman and other coins, abbey pieces,
tokens, &c. By Mr. T. P. LILLY, Gillingham :
Sandstone quern from railway cutting near Semley. Ammonite and fossil shells from cuttings near Bradford Abbas, &c. By W. HANNEN, Esq.. Cann:
English cross bow. New Zealand and Malay weapons. Mexican bridle used for wild horses. Top of a warming pan with date 1673, and inscription, “ WH0 BURN'D THE BED ? NOBODY.” A collection of stuffed birds and ani
mals in 18 cases. By W. BATTEN, Esq., Shaftesbury
Case of humming birds. Several specimens of antique china. Tooth of Asiatic elephant. Canadian bead cap. Prussian gun stock. Oil painting.
Head of Saint Peter-by Spagnoletti. By Miss BATTEN, Shaftesbury:
A collection of Chinese articles, including scent bottle, bracelets and handkerchiefs. A copy of the first newspaper printed in Chinese. Copy of the
Salisbury Journal 1748. Silver cup and stand. By Mr. G. PHILLIPS, Shaftesbury :
A collection of silver and copper coins, case of butterflies, sling-stones from Hamilton Hill. Glass from Pompeii, Lava from Mount Vesuvius, &c. By Mr. J. C. HIGHMAN, Shaftesbury ::
A collection of nearly 100 coins, and several antique silver articles of domestic use. By M. ANKETILL, Esq., Notting Hill, London:
Five ancient maps (in fine condition) of Dorset, Somerset, and parts of Somerset and Devon.