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Let him depart; his passport shall be made,
s- of CRISPIAN:] The battle of Agincourt was fought upon the 25th of October (1415), St. Crispin's day. The legend upon which this is founded, follows :—“ Crispinus and Crispianus were brethren, born at Rome; from whence they travelled to Soissons, in France, about the year 303, to propagate the Christian religion ; but because they would not be chargeable to others for their maintenance, they exercised the trade of shoemakers ; but the governor of the town discovering them to be Christians, ordered them to be beheaded about the year 303. From which time, the shoemakers made choice of them for their tutelar saints." Wheatley's Rational Illustration, folio edit. p. 76. See Hall's Chronicle, fol. 47. Grey.
6 He, that shall live this day, and see old age,] The folio reads :
“ He that shall see this day and live old age." The transposition (which is supported by the quarto) was made by Mr. Pope. Malone. - the vigil—] i. e. the evening before this festival.
STEEVENS. 8 And say, these wounds I had on Crispin's day.) This line I have restored from the quarto, 1600. The preceding line appears to me abrupt and imperfect without it. MALONE, 9 - yet all --] I believe we should read-yea, all, &c.
MALONE. with advantages,] Old men, notwithstanding the natural forgetfulness of age, shall remember "their feats of this day,"
What feats he did that day: Then shall our names,
and remember to tell them “ with advantage." Age is commonly boastful, and inclined to magnify past acts and past times.
JOHNSON. 2 Familiar in THEIR MOUTHS -] i. e. in the mouths of the old man (" who has outlived the battle and come safe home,") and his friends." This is the reading of the quarto, which I have preferred to that of the folio,-his mouth ; because their
the reading of the folio in the subsequent line, would otherwise appear, if not ungrammatical, extremely aukward. The quarto reads—in their flowing bowls; and there are other considerable variations in the two copies. Malone.
3 From this day to the ending ---] It may be observed that we are apt to promise to ourselves a more lasting memory than the changing state of human things admits. This prediction is not verified; the feast of Crispin passes by without any mention of Agincourt. Late events obliterate the former : the civil wars have left in this nation scarcely any tradition of more ancient history. Johnson.
1- gentle his condition :) This day shall advance him to the rank of a gentleman. Johnson.
King Henry V. inhibited any person but such as had a right by inheritance, or grant, to assume coats of arms, except those who fought with him at the battle of Agincourt; and, I think, these last were allowed the chief seats of honour at all feasts and publick meetings. Tollet.
That Mr. Tollet is right in his account, is proved by the original writ to the Sheriff of Southampton and others, printed in Rymer's Federa, anno 5 Henry V. vol. ix. p. 457. And see more fully on the subject Anstis's Order of the Garter, vol. ii. p. 108, VOL. XVII.
And gentlemen in England, now a-bed,
K. Hen. All things are ready, if our minds be so.
England, cousin ?
who mentions it, and observes thereon, citing Gore's Catalog. Rei Herald. Introduct. and Sandford's Geneal. Hist. p. 283.
VAILLANT. 5 - upon Saint Crispin's day.) This speech, like many others of the declamatory kind, is too long. Had it been contracted to about half the number of lines, it might have gained force, and lost none of the sentiments. Johnson.
6 bravely -] Is splendidly, ostentatiously. Johnson.
“ Bravely the figure of this harpy hast thou
Ariel !” Steevens.
“ Are making hither with all due expedience." Steevens.
MIGHT fight this battle out!] Thus the quarto. The folio reads :
could fight this royal battle." MALONE. 9 - thou hast unwish'd five thousand men ;] By wishing only thyself and me, thou hast wished five thousand men away. Shakspeare never thinks of such trifles as numbers. In the last scene the French are said to be full threescore thousand, which Exeter
Which likes me better, than to wish us one.-
Tucket. Enter Montjoy.
declares to be five to one ; but, by the king's account, they are
Holinshed makes the English army consist of 15,000, and the
supposes that Henry means to say, that Westmoreland, wish-
such trifles as numbers,” is here not inaccurate. He undoubt-
Mr. Malone, in a very elaborate note, has endeavoured to prove
If for thy ransom thou wilt now compound,
bodies Must lie and fester. K. Hen.
Who hath sent thee now?
and Thi tha the the abre
feru bale be
Bid them achieve me, and then sell my bones.
thou her Mus but does that
mind,] i. e. remind. So, in Coriolanus :
“ I minded him how royal 'twas to pardon." Steevens. 2 A many -] Thus the folio. The quarto—" And many.
STEEVENS. - in brass -] i. e. in brazen plates anciently let into tombstones. STEEVENS. 4 Mark then a
BOUNDING valour in our English ;] The old folios
The have are ther