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the public taste, which is likely to fix an æra in the history of poetry. I have now (he says) made the experiment; but the full success of it is only to be learnt from the voice of our country.' The idea was perhaps well conceived in our author's particular case; for he seems conscious, by adopting it, that the great defect of his versification is monotony; and when he sufpects his readers may be nodding under the effects of this powerful opiate, he applies a gentle stimulant in the form of a long or a sonnet. But we can never consent that the succedaneum of weakness should be erected into a rule of composition. There is, without doubt, a tendency to monotony in a long heroic poem; and it is one of the difficulties with which poets have to struggle. But it is a difficulty which our classical writers have not sought to get rid of by such inartificial contrivances: their ambition and glory have been, to overcome it by the vigour of their lines, and the variety of their cadence. The epic poets of antiquity were as much exposed to the danger of monotony as our modern rhymers. The hexameter verse must be managed with infinite dexterity, not to fatigue the ear. A school-boy's verses may be perfectly correct in quantity : yet no man can read ten of them, without being struck with their heavy monotonous sound. Let him then take up Virgil, and read an equal number of his lines. He will find in the latter a richness and varied melody, which could only be effected by the consummate art of the poet. If Mr Hayley's patchwork plan were at all confiftent with taste, it is too obvious to have lain concealed for ages, in order to be revealed to a minor poet of the nineteenth century.

As to the lyrical pieces themselves, they are not at all calculated to recommend the novelty of the plan. There are not fewer than seventy songs, sonnets and hymns, scattered through the work, They seldom arise naturally from the story, but are pressed into the service, in a manner which plainly shew's that the poem was made for them, rather than they for the poem. We look upon them as the sweepings of the author's port-folio, in which, for his credit, they should have rested for ever. A few of them, the author fays, he found medicinal to his own mind under severe affiction, and these, on that account, notwithstanding the want of poetical language, are confiderably interesting ; for the forrows of a parent are a subject sacred to sympathy and reverence. We shall give the following sonnet and long as specimens :

• Of the rich legacies the dying leave,

Remembrance of their virtue is the best :
How opulerit am I in this bequeft,
Which I from you, my buried friende, receive!
Nor force, nor fraud, can e'er my heart bergave


Of this my nobleft wealth! The mifer's chest
To this is poor : this, hoarded and carest,
Irradiates life, forbidding grief to grieve !

God's kindeft gift! I prize it as I ought,
And bless him that I hold it justly dear :
Review'd in daily and in nightly thought,
I find it Itill with endless value fraught ;'
Still inexhauftible, though lavish'd here,
And fill to be enjoyed in truth's eternal sphere.'

p. 98.


• There is, good heaven! a sacred charm

In that pure love we pay the dead,
Which may the rage of grief disarm,

Nor let her dark delirium spread:
'Tis when fair truth to ber fond gaze,

In glory's light, her idol shews ;
Then, listening to that idol's praise,

Grief feels a tender, proud repose.' p. 7. In one or two more of the same caft, we meet with some pretty sentiments clumsily expressed; but the rest are trash, that {carcely deserve a place among Watt's Divine Hymns, or even the labours of a Grub-Street fonneteer. We cannot allow the piety of such hymns as the following to plead for their poverty :

• Lord ! in whose hand are life and death,

So let me live, so let me die ;
That love may grace my vital breath,

And faith and hope my final figh! p. 96. There is a hymn in the ad canto which seems to be a favourite of the author's. To give it a fair chance of becoming so with the reader, we shall extract it :

« Without the help of God,
Nor innocence nor faith are sure

Their being to retain ;
Or trial from the fiends endure,

With no contagious ftain:
Not safe the path by angels trod

Without the help of God!

Without the help of God,
The powers of wisdom, courage, youth,

Diffolve, like steel, by ruft:
The blazing eye of spotless truth

Is only raylefs duit ;
And mental fire, a senseless clod,
Without the help of God!



Without the help of God,
All is deeay, dolution all,

On which mankind rely :
The firmament is felf would fall,

And even narure die
Beneath Annihilation's nod,

Without the help of God i' p. 37 We have feldom seen a more exquitite mixture of tameness and extravagance than this. Indeed, we could not read a fiogle page, without aftonishment that a man, who has been so long a dabbler in poetry, and devoted his whole life to the study of the fine arts, Thould have finned so grossly against good writing. Who could have expected such lines as the following from the pen of a literary veteran ? Venusia has just vowed to Lucilio never to marry the old noble Zanetti :

• That found exalted him to feverifh bliss ;

Grateful he gave her hand a burniog kiss.
Intoxicated friendthip made a trip ;
He touch’d, in blind temerity, her lip:
But angry lightning from Venusia's eye,
Pierc'd his pale form--hé could not speak or sich!

In penitential awe,
The mute inflrucior hattend to withdraw':
The modest maiden would not bid him ftay;

But for their meeting nam'd a future day! p. 14 It would be swelling needlesly the length of an article, already out of all proportion to the importance of the subject, were we to point out more in detail the faults both of the ttory and of the language. The reader is sure to find them, if he opens the book at all. He will be immediately struck with that constant characteristic of an inferior poet, the abundance of infignificant epithets; luch as, awful gratitude (p. 114.), hideous peril (119.), ihuddering terror, fecurity's fure veil,' &c. &c. He will find pride, on account of its convenience in rhyming, in high favour, furnished with a whule wardrobe of epithets, and appearing in a new suit almost every time he meets it. It is Venetian (3.), ecstatic (22.), speechless (42.), honourable (11.), zealous (31.), illusive (34.), sportive (113), freakith (61.), connubial (146.), &c. He will discover no less sterility of fancy than want of taite, in the conduct of the fimiles and metaphors-that important part of poetical embellifhment; for example,

• Quck, tho’ leeming flow, arriv'd the morn,

When, like a nightingale upot a thorn,
The tender fongitreis ceas'd her song. to meet

Her kind precuptor. Yet, on reficction, this simile may not be o flat as we at first imagined; for i erhaps te author meant to imply, not only that


P. 16.

the songstress sung like a nightingale, but that the foc upin thorns till her lover arrived. The reader will also hear of . fiery ftornis,' in which the mind is like a fhrivelld scroll,' (p. 21.); and of an affalin,' through whole cleans'd heart unfeignd repentance ran.' This is metaphor run mad.

Upon the whole, we fincerely hope, for Mr Hayley's fake, that he has bid an eternal adieu to the Mufes; for whatever else the world may say of his poctry, it will not complain of his having written too little. A profe work is announced at the end of the prefent volume; and we shall be happy to find it such, as to redeem his credit with the public, and fix his reputation on the only basis that can give it stability.

ART. VI. Erili fur les Avantages à retirer de Colonics Nouvel

les dans les circonstances presentes. Par le Cit. Talleyrand.

Memoire fur les Relations Commerciales des Etats-Unis avec

1' Angleterre. Par le Meme.

(From the Memoires de la Classe des Sciences Morales et

Politiques de l'Institut National.)


The name of the author gives these tracs no inconsiderable

share of interest : but they derive a ftill more permanent claim to our attention, from the importance of their subject, and from their intrinsic merits. We have therefore judged it proper to present our readers with some account of them; and as they evidently belong to the fame class of discussion, we have brought them together for examination, although they may appear to be separated by their titles.

On his return from America, whither he had emigrated during the first stage of the French revolution, M. Talleyrand seems to have been strongly impressed with the situation in which he found his countrymen, after the violence of the Jacobin times had sublided. Their minds were still in an unsettled and turbus lent state; and there seemed great reason to dread both the commotions of those restless spirits whom the time had engendered, and the effects of that apathy which, in the great mass of the people, generally succeeds to extreme irritation. The latter of these topics, however, is but flightly touched upon; and, with out considering the fatal consequcoces of the cooperation of these two evils, or reflecting on the impoffibility of preventing a few factious men from placing their leader upon a throne 123


which the general indifference might prepare, and the universal dread of new revolutions might fortify, Talleyrand (at the date of his work, only a speculative inquirer) directs his regards entirely to the means of providing a safe retreat for those unquiet spirits whom the revolution had left behind it. The state of the country in which he had lately resided, ftruck him as some what analogous to that of his own. He reflected on the fingular ease with which all the violence of a revolutionary civil war had there subsided; and was naturally led to conclude, that industry is the grand pacificator, both of individuals and of nations, the best conservator both of domestic tranquillity and social peace. The impoflibility of adopting dire& measures for promoting new exertions of labour among the people at home, was too obvious to require any expofition, and the observations which he had made upon the fabric of society in the infant settlements of the Ame. rican continent, suggested, as the best means of accomplishing the great end in view, a recurrence to the colonial system, then almost overthrown by the crimes and follies of the revolutionary government.

The papers now before us, are evidently di&tated by this train of reflection; but they have assumed a more general form, and contain a variety of discussions upon the principles of colonizarion. Independent of the epigrammatic force and eloquence of their style, and of their more fubftantial merits as found and ingenious speculations upon a subject of equal difficulty and importance, they cannot fail to interest us in their practical applications. They were the result of actual observation in countries where the author had access to the best information, or was actually engaged in affairs. They were drawn up with a view to influence the conduct of France, under a government in which he foon after bore an active part. Subsequent events prove, that they were not without effect in shaping the measures of that ambitious power. These tracts, it should be observed, however, appear in a form purely speculative; their reasonings are general and philosophical; formed indeed upon facts, but guided by large, scientific views; by an appeal to principles at every step and by the kind of argument that inferioritatesmen deride as theo retical, while their adversaries are conquering the world by the combinations to which it leads. The views of political econonomy by which our author seems to have been guided, are liberal and enlightened. He knows thoroughly the best doctrines of the science, and is fully impressed with their truth. It will be difficult indeed for our readers to believe that the writer of some of the passages which we mean to extract, is a leading personage in the present fiscal adminiftration of France,


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